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DMESG(8)							      DMESG(8)



NAME
       dmesg - print or control the kernel ring buffer

SYNOPSIS
       dmesg [ -c ] [ -n level ] [ -s bufsize ]

DESCRIPTION
       dmesg is used to examine or control the kernel ring buffer.

       The program helps users to print out their bootup messages.  Instead of
       copying the messages by hand, the user need only:
	      dmesg > boot.messages
       and mail the boot.messages file to whoever can debug their problem.

OPTIONS
       -c     Clear the ring buffer contents after printing.

       -sbufsize
	      Use a buffer of size bufsize to query the	 kernel	 ring  buffer.
	      This  is	16392  by  default.  (The default kernel syslog buffer
	      size was 4096 at first, 8192 since 1.3.54, 16384 since 2.1.113.)
	      If  you have set the kernel buffer to be larger than the default
	      then this option can be used to view the entire buffer.

       -nlevel
	      Set the level at which logging of messages is done to  the  con-
	      sole.   For  example,  -n	 1 prevents all messages, expect panic
	      messages, from appearing on the console.	All levels of messages
	      are still written to /proc/kmsg, so syslogd(8) can still be used
	      to control exactly where kernel messages appear.	 When  the  -n
	      option  is  used,	 dmesg will not print or clear the kernel ring
	      buffer.

	      When both options are used, only the last option on the  command
	      line will have an effect.

SEE ALSO
       syslogd(8)



								      DMESG(8)
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