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DU(1)				 User Commands				 DU(1)

       du - estimate file space usage

       du [OPTION]... [FILE]...
       du [OPTION]... --files0-from=F

       Summarize disk usage of each FILE, recursively for directories.

       Mandatory  arguments  to	 long  options are mandatory for short options

       -0, --null
	      end each output line with 0 byte rather than newline

       -a, --all
	      write counts for all files, not just directories

	      print apparent sizes,  rather  than  disk	 usage;	 although  the
	      apparent	size is usually smaller, it may be larger due to holes
	      in ('sparse') files, internal  fragmentation,  indirect  blocks,
	      and the like

       -B, --block-size=SIZE
	      scale  sizes  by	SIZE  before printing them; e.g., '-BM' prints
	      sizes in units of 1,048,576 bytes; see SIZE format below

       -b, --bytes
	      equivalent to '--apparent-size --block-size=1'

       -c, --total
	      produce a grand total

       -D, --dereference-args
	      dereference only symlinks that are listed on the command line

       -d, --max-depth=N
	      print the total for a directory (or file, with --all) only if it
	      is   N   or  fewer  levels  below	 the  command  line  argument;
	      --max-depth=0 is the same as --summarize

	      summarize disk usage of the NUL-terminated file names  specified
	      in file F; if F is -, then read names from standard input

       -H     equivalent to --dereference-args (-D)

       -h, --human-readable
	      print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)

	      list inode usage information instead of block usage

       -k     like --block-size=1K

       -L, --dereference
	      dereference all symbolic links

       -l, --count-links
	      count sizes many times if hard linked

       -m     like --block-size=1M

       -P, --no-dereference
	      don't follow any symbolic links (this is the default)

       -S, --separate-dirs
	      for directories do not include size of subdirectories

       --si   like -h, but use powers of 1000 not 1024

       -s, --summarize
	      display only a total for each argument

       -t, --threshold=SIZE
	      exclude  entries	smaller	 than  SIZE  if	 positive,  or entries
	      greater than SIZE if negative

       --time show time of the last modification of any file in the directory,
	      or any of its subdirectories

	      show  time  as WORD instead of modification time: atime, access,
	      use, ctime or status

	      show times using STYLE, which can be: full-iso,  long-iso,  iso,
	      or +FORMAT; FORMAT is interpreted like in 'date'

       -X, --exclude-from=FILE
	      exclude files that match any pattern in FILE

	      exclude files that match PATTERN

       -x, --one-file-system
	      skip directories on different file systems

       --help display this help and exit

	      output version information and exit

       Display	 values	 are  in  units	 of  the  first	 available  SIZE  from
       --block-size, and the DU_BLOCK_SIZE, BLOCK_SIZE and BLOCKSIZE  environ-
       ment  variables.	  Otherwise,  units  default  to 1024 bytes (or 512 if
       POSIXLY_CORRECT is set).

       SIZE is an integer and optional unit (example:  10M  is	10*1024*1024).
       Units  are K, M, G, T, P, E, Z, Y (powers of 1024) or KB, MB, ... (pow-
       ers of 1000).

       GNU  coreutils  online  help:  <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       Report du translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

       PATTERN	is  a shell pattern (not a regular expression).	 The pattern ?
       matches any one character, whereas * matches any	 string	 (composed  of
       zero,  one  or  multiple	 characters).  For example, *.o will match any
       files whose names end in .o.  Therefore, the command

	      du --exclude='*.o'

       will skip all files and subdirectories ending in .o (including the file
       .o itself).

       Written	by  Torbjorn  Granlund,	 David MacKenzie, Paul Eggert, and Jim

       Copyright (C) 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+:  GNU
       GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This  is	 free  software:  you  are free to change and redistribute it.
       There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

       The full documentation for du is maintained as a	 Texinfo  manual.   If
       the  info and du programs are properly installed at your site, the com-

	      info coreutils 'du invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.22		 February 2016				 DU(1)