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EXIT(3)			   Linux Programmer's Manual		       EXIT(3)

       exit - cause normal process termination

       #include <stdlib.h>

       void exit(int status);

       The  exit() function causes normal process termination and the value of
       status & 0377 is returned to the parent (see wait(2)).

       All functions registered with atexit() and on_exit() are called, in the
       reverse	order of their registration.  (It is possible for one of these
       functions to use atexit() or on_exit() to register an additional	 func-
       tion  to	 be  executed  during exit processing; the new registration is
       added to the front of the list of functions that remain to be  called.)

       All  open  streams  are flushed and closed.  Files created by tmpfile()
       are removed.

       The C standard specifies two constants, EXIT_SUCCESS and	 EXIT_FAILURE,
       that  may  be  passed  to exit() to indicate successful or unsuccessful
       termination, respectively.

       The exit() function does not return.

       SVr4, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.

       It is undefined what happens if one of the functions  registered	 using
       atexit() and on_exit() calls either exit() or longjmp().

       The  use of EXIT_SUCCESS and EXIT_FAILURE is slightly more portable (to
       non-Unix environments) than that of 0 and some non-zero value like 1 or
       -1. In particular, VMS uses a different convention.

       BSD has attempted to standardize exit codes; see the file <sysexits.h>.

       After exit(), the exit status must be transmitted to  the  parent  pro-
       cess. There are three cases. If the parent has set SA_NOCLDWAIT, or has
       set the SIGCHLD handler to SIG_IGN, the status  is  discarded.  If  the
       parent  was  waiting on the child it is notified of the exit status. In
       both cases the exiting process dies immediately. If the parent has  not
       indicated  that	it  is	not  interested in the exit status, but is not
       waiting, the exiting process turns into a "zombie"  process  (which  is
       nothing	but a container for the single byte representing the exit sta-
       tus) so that the parent can learn the exit status when it  later	 calls
       one of the wait() functions.

       If  the implementation supports the SIGCHLD signal, this signal is sent
       to the parent. If the parent has	 set  SA_NOCLDWAIT,  it	 is  undefined
       whether a SIGCHLD signal is sent.

       If  the process is a session leader and its controlling terminal is the
       controlling terminal of the session, then each  process	in  the	 fore-
       ground process group of this controlling terminal is sent a SIGHUP sig-
       nal, and the terminal is disassociated from this session,  allowing  it
       to be acquired by a new controlling process.

       If  the	exit of the process causes a process group to become orphaned,
       and if any member of the newly orphaned process group is stopped,  then
       a  SIGHUP signal followed by a SIGCONT signal will be sent to each pro-
       cess in this process group.

       _exit(2), wait(2), atexit(3), on_exit(3), tmpfile(3)

				  2001-11-17			       EXIT(3)
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