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GETPROTOENT(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		GETPROTOENT(3)



NAME
       getprotoent, getprotobyname, getprotobynumber, setprotoent, endprotoent
       - get protocol entry

SYNOPSIS
       #include <netdb.h>

       struct protoent *getprotoent(void);

       struct protoent *getprotobyname(const char *name);

       struct protoent *getprotobynumber(int proto);

       void setprotoent(int stayopen);

       void endprotoent(void);

DESCRIPTION
       The getprotoent() function reads the  next  entry  from	the  protocols
       database (see protocols(5)) and returns a protoent structure containing
       the broken-out fields from the entry.  A connection is  opened  to  the
       database if necessary.

       The  getprotobyname()  function	returns	 a  protoent structure for the
       entry from the database that matches the protocol name name.  A connec-
       tion is opened to the database if necessary.

       The  getprotobynumber()	function  returns a protoent structure for the
       entry from the database that matches the	 protocol  number  number.   A
       connection is opened to the database if necessary.

       The setprotoent() function opens a connection to the database, and sets
       the next entry to the first entry.  If stayopen is  nonzero,  then  the
       connection  to  the database will not be closed between calls to one of
       the getproto*() functions.

       The endprotoent() function closes the connection to the database.

       The protoent structure is defined in <netdb.h> as follows:

	   struct protoent {
	       char  *p_name;	    /* official protocol name */
	       char **p_aliases;    /* alias list */
	       int    p_proto;	    /* protocol number */
	   }

       The members of the protoent structure are:

       p_name The official name of the protocol.

       p_aliases
	      A NULL-terminated list of alternative names for the protocol.

       p_proto
	      The protocol number.

RETURN VALUE
       The getprotoent(), getprotobyname()  and	 getprotobynumber()  functions
       return  a  pointer  to  a statically allocated protoent structure, or a
       null pointer if an error occurs or the end of the file is reached.

FILES
       /etc/protocols
	      protocol database file

ATTRIBUTES
       For  an	explanation  of	 the  terms  used   in	 this	section,   see
       attributes(7).

       +-------------------+---------------+------------------------------+
       |Interface	   | Attribute	   | Value			  |
       +-------------------+---------------+------------------------------+
       |getprotoent()	   | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe race:protoent	  |
       |		   |		   | race:protoentbuf locale	  |
       +-------------------+---------------+------------------------------+
       |getprotobyname()   | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe race:protobyname	  |
       |		   |		   | locale			  |
       +-------------------+---------------+------------------------------+
       |getprotobynumber() | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe race:protobynumber |
       |		   |		   | locale			  |
       +-------------------+---------------+------------------------------+
       |setprotoent(),	   | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe race:protoent	  |
       |endprotoent()	   |		   | locale			  |
       +-------------------+---------------+------------------------------+
       In  the above table, protoent in race:protoent signifies that if any of
       the functions setprotoent(3),  getprotoent(3),  or  endprotoent(3)  are
       used  in	 parallel  in  different threads of a program, then data races
       could occur.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, 4.3BSD.

SEE ALSO
       getnetent(3), getprotoent_r(3), getservent(3), protocols(5)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 4.04 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of	the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest	 version    of	  this	  page,	   can	   be	  found	    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



GNU				  2015-07-23			GETPROTOENT(3)