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GETSERVENT(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		 GETSERVENT(3)



NAME
       getservent,  getservbyname, getservbyport, setservent, endservent - get
       service entry

SYNOPSIS
       #include <netdb.h>

       struct servent *getservent(void);

       struct servent *getservbyname(const char *name, const char *proto);

       struct servent *getservbyport(int port, const char *proto);

       void setservent(int stayopen);

       void endservent(void);

DESCRIPTION
       The getservent() function reads the next entry from the services	 data-
       base  (see  services(5)) and returns a servent structure containing the
       broken-out fields from the entry.  A connection is opened to the	 data-
       base if necessary.

       The  getservbyname() function returns a servent structure for the entry
       from the database that matches the service name using  protocol	proto.
       If proto is NULL, any protocol will be matched.	A connection is opened
       to the database if necessary.

       The getservbyport() function returns a servent structure for the	 entry
       from  the  database  that  matches the port port (given in network byte
       order) using protocol proto.  If proto is NULL, any  protocol  will  be
       matched.	 A connection is opened to the database if necessary.

       The  setservent() function opens a connection to the database, and sets
       the next entry to the first entry.  If stayopen is  nonzero,  then  the
       connection  to  the database will not be closed between calls to one of
       the getserv*() functions.

       The endservent() function closes the connection to the database.

       The servent structure is defined in <netdb.h> as follows:

	   struct servent {
	       char  *s_name;	    /* official service name */
	       char **s_aliases;    /* alias list */
	       int    s_port;	    /* port number */
	       char  *s_proto;	    /* protocol to use */
	   }

       The members of the servent structure are:

       s_name The official name of the service.

       s_aliases
	      A NULL-terminated list of alternative names for the service.

       s_port The port number for the service given in network byte order.

       s_proto
	      The name of the protocol to use with this service.

RETURN VALUE
       The getservent(), getservbyname() and getservbyport() functions	return
       a  pointer  to  a statically allocated servent structure, or NULL if an
       error occurs or the end of the file is reached.

FILES
       /etc/services
	      services database file

ATTRIBUTES
       For  an	explanation  of	 the  terms  used   in	 this	section,   see
       attributes(7).

       +----------------+---------------+---------------------------+
       |Interface	| Attribute	| Value			    |
       +----------------+---------------+---------------------------+
       |getservent()	| Thread safety | MT-Unsafe race:servent    |
       |		|		| race:serventbuf locale    |
       +----------------+---------------+---------------------------+
       |getservbyname() | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe race:servbyname |
       |		|		| locale		    |
       +----------------+---------------+---------------------------+
       |getservbyport() | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe race:servbyport |
       |		|		| locale		    |
       +----------------+---------------+---------------------------+
       |setservent(),	| Thread safety | MT-Unsafe race:servent    |
       |endservent()	|		| locale		    |
       +----------------+---------------+---------------------------+
       In  the	above  table, servent in race:servent signifies that if any of
       the functions setservent(3), getservent(3), or endservent(3)  are  used
       in  parallel  in	 different threads of a program, then data races could
       occur.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, 4.3BSD.

SEE ALSO
       getnetent(3), getprotoent(3), getservent_r(3), services(5)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 4.04 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of	the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest	 version    of	  this	  page,	   can	   be	  found	    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



GNU				  2015-07-23			 GETSERVENT(3)