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HTTPD(8)			     httpd			      HTTPD(8)

       httpd - Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol Server

       httpd [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C directive ] [ -c directive ]
       [ -D parameter ] [ -e level ] [ -E file	]  [  -k  start|restart|grace-
       ful|stop|graceful-stop ] [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -v ] [ -V
       ] [ -X ] [ -M ] [ -T ]

       On Windows systems, the following additional arguments are available:

       httpd [ -k install|config|uninstall ] [ -n name ] [ -w ]

       httpd is the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server  program.
       It is designed to be run as a standalone daemon process. When used like
       this it will create a pool of child  processes  or  threads  to	handle

       In  general, httpd should not be invoked directly, but rather should be
       invoked via apachectl on Unix-based systems or as a service on  Windows
       NT, 2000 and XP and as a console application on Windows 9x and ME.

       -d serverroot
	      Set  the	initial	 value for the ServerRoot directive to server-
	      root. This can be overridden by the ServerRoot directive in  the
	      configuration file. The default is /etc/httpd.

       -f config
	      Uses  the	 directives  in	 the file config on startup. If config
	      does not begin with a /, then it is taken to be a path  relative
	      to the ServerRoot. The default is conf/httpd.conf.

       -k start|restart|graceful|stop|graceful-stop
	      Signals  httpd  to  start, restart, or stop. See Stopping Apache
	      httpd for more information.

       -C directive
	      Process the configuration directive before reading config files.

       -c directive
	      Process the configuration directive after reading config files.

       -D parameter
	      Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with <IfDefine>
	      sections	in  the	 configuration	files to conditionally skip or
	      process commands at server startup and restart. Also can be used
	      to   set	 certain   less-common	startup	 parameters  including
	      -DNO_DETACH (prevent the parent from forking)  and  -DFOREGROUND
	      (prevent the parent from calling setsid() et al).

       -e level
	      Sets the LogLevel to level during server startup. This is useful
	      for temporarily increasing the verbosity of the  error  messages
	      to find problems during startup.

       -E file
	      Send error messages during server startup to file.

       -h     Output a short summary of available command line options.

       -l     Output a list of modules compiled into the server. This will not
	      list dynamically loaded modules included	using  the  LoadModule

       -L     Output a list of directives provided by static modules, together
	      with expected arguments and places where the directive is valid.
	      Directives provided by shared modules are not listed.

       -M     Dump a list of loaded Static and Shared Modules.

       -S     Show the settings as parsed from the config file (currently only
	      shows the virtualhost settings).

       -T (Available in 2.3.8 and later)
	      Skip document root check at startup/restart.

       -t     Run syntax tests for configuration files only. The program imme-
	      diately  exits  after  these  syntax parsing tests with either a
	      return code of 0 (Syntax OK) or return code not equal to 0 (Syn-
	      tax  Error).  If -D DUMP_VHOSTS is also set, details of the vir-
	      tual host configuration will be printed. If -D DUMP_MODULES   is
	      set, all loaded modules will be printed.

       -v     Print the version of httpd, and then exit.

       -V     Print the version and build parameters of httpd, and then exit.

       -X     Run httpd in debug mode. Only one worker will be started and the
	      server will not detach from the console.

       The following arguments are available only on the Windows platform:

       -k install|config|uninstall
	      Install Apache httpd as a Windows	 NT  service;  change  startup
	      options  for  the Apache httpd service; and uninstall the Apache
	      httpd service.

       -n name
	      The name of the Apache httpd service to signal.

       -w     Keep the console window open on error so that the error  message
	      can be read.

Apache HTTP Server		  2018-07-06			      HTTPD(8)