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MKDIR(2)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		      MKDIR(2)

       mkdir, mkdirat - create a directory

       #include <sys/stat.h>
       #include <sys/types.h>

       int mkdir(const char *pathname, mode_t mode);

       #include <fcntl.h>	    /* Definition of AT_* constants */
       #include <sys/stat.h>

       int mkdirat(int dirfd, const char *pathname, mode_t mode);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

	   Since glibc 2.10:
	       _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L
	   Before glibc 2.10:

       mkdir() attempts to create a directory named pathname.

       The  argument  mode  specifies  the  mode  for  the  new directory (see
       stat(2)).  It is modified by the process's umask in the usual  way:  in
       the  absence  of	 a  default  ACL, the mode of the created directory is
       (mode & ~umask & 0777).	Whether other mode bits are  honored  for  the
       created	directory  depends  on	the  operating system.	For Linux, see
       NOTES below.

       The newly created directory will be owned by the effective user	ID  of
       the process.  If the directory containing the file has the set-group-ID
       bit set, or if the filesystem  is  mounted  with	 BSD  group  semantics
       (mount -o bsdgroups or, synonymously mount -o grpid), the new directory
       will inherit the group ownership from its parent; otherwise it will  be
       owned by the effective group ID of the process.

       If  the parent directory has the set-group-ID bit set, then so will the
       newly created directory.

       The mkdirat() system call operates in exactly the same way as  mkdir(),
       except for the differences described here.

       If  the	pathname given in pathname is relative, then it is interpreted
       relative to the directory referred to  by  the  file  descriptor	 dirfd
       (rather	than  relative to the current working directory of the calling
       process, as is done by mkdir() for a relative pathname).

       If pathname is relative and dirfd is the special value  AT_FDCWD,  then
       pathname	 is  interpreted  relative to the current working directory of
       the calling process (like mkdir()).

       If pathname is absolute, then dirfd is ignored.

       See openat(2) for an explanation of the need for mkdirat().

       mkdir() and mkdirat() return  zero  on  success,	 or  -1	 if  an	 error
       occurred (in which case, errno is set appropriately).

       EACCES The  parent  directory  does  not	 allow write permission to the
	      process, or one of the directories in  pathname  did  not	 allow
	      search permission.  (See also path_resolution(7).)

       EDQUOT The  user's quota of disk blocks or inodes on the filesystem has
	      been exhausted.

       EEXIST pathname already exists (not necessarily as a directory).	  This
	      includes the case where pathname is a symbolic link, dangling or

       EFAULT pathname points outside your accessible address space.

       ELOOP  Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving pathname.

       EMLINK The number  of  links  to	 the  parent  directory	 would	exceed

	      pathname was too long.

       ENOENT A	 directory  component  in pathname does not exist or is a dan-
	      gling symbolic link.

       ENOMEM Insufficient kernel memory was available.

       ENOSPC The device containing pathname has no room for  the  new	direc-

       ENOSPC The  new	directory  cannot  be  created because the user's disk
	      quota is exhausted.

	      A component used as a directory in pathname is not, in  fact,  a

       EPERM  The filesystem containing pathname does not support the creation
	      of directories.

       EROFS  pathname refers to a file on a read-only filesystem.

       The following additional errors can occur for mkdirat():

       EBADF  dirfd is not a valid file descriptor.

	      pathname is relative and dirfd is a file descriptor referring to
	      a file other than a directory.

       mkdirat()  was  added  to  Linux	 in kernel 2.6.16; library support was
       added to glibc in version 2.4.

       mkdir(): SVr4, BSD, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

       mkdirat(): POSIX.1-2008.

       Under Linux, apart from the permission bits, the S_ISVTX	 mode  bit  is
       also honored.

       There  are  many	 infelicities in the protocol underlying NFS.  Some of
       these affect mkdir().

   Glibc notes
       On older kernels where mkdirat()	 is  unavailable,  the	glibc  wrapper
       function falls back to the use of mkdir().  When pathname is a relative
       pathname, glibc constructs a pathname based on  the  symbolic  link  in
       /proc/self/fd that corresponds to the dirfd argument.

       mkdir(1),  chmod(2),  chown(2),	mknod(2), mount(2), rmdir(2), stat(2),
       umask(2), unlink(2), acl(5) path_resolution(7)

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Linux				  2016-03-15			      MKDIR(2)