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MODPROBE.D(5)			  modprobe.d			 MODPROBE.D(5)

       modprobe.d - Configuration directory for modprobe




       Because the modprobe command can add or remove more than one module,
       due to modules having dependencies, we need a method of specifying what
       options are to be used with those modules. All files underneath the
       /etc/modprobe.d directory which end with the .conf extension specify
       those options as required. They can also be used to create convenient
       aliases: alternate names for a module, or they can override the normal
       modprobe behavior altogether for those with special requirements (such
       as inserting more than one module).

       Note that module and alias names (like other module names) can have -
       or _ in them: both are interchangeable throughout all the module
       commands as underscore conversion happens automatically.

       The format of and files under modprobe.d is simple: one command per
       line, with blank lines and lines starting with '#' ignored (useful for
       adding comments). A '\' at the end of a line causes it to continue on
       the next line, which makes the file a bit neater.

       alias wildcard modulename
	   This allows you to give alternate names for a module. For example:
	   "alias my-mod really_long_modulename" means you can use "modprobe
	   my-mod" instead of "modprobe really_long_modulename". You can also
	   use shell-style wildcards, so "alias my-mod*
	   really_long_modulename" means that "modprobe my-mod-something" has
	   the same effect. You can't have aliases to other aliases (that way
	   lies madness), but aliases can have options, which will be added to
	   any other options.

	   Note that modules can also contain their own aliases, which you can
	   see using modinfo. These aliases are used as a last resort (ie. if
	   there is no real module, install, remove, or alias command in the

       blacklist modulename
	   Modules can contain their own aliases: usually these are aliases
	   describing the devices they support, such as "pci:123...". These
	   "internal" aliases can be overridden by normal "alias" keywords,
	   but there are cases where two or more modules both support the same
	   devices, or a module invalidly claims to support a device that it
	   does not: the blacklist keyword indicates that all of that
	   particular module's internal aliases are to be ignored.

       install modulename command...
	   This command instructs modprobe to run your command instead of
	   inserting the module in the kernel as normal. The command can be
	   any shell command: this allows you to do any kind of complex
	   processing you might wish. For example, if the module "fred" works
	   better with the module "barney" already installed (but it doesn't
	   depend on it, so modprobe won't automatically load it), you could
	   say "install fred /sbin/modprobe barney; /sbin/modprobe
	   --ignore-install fred", which would do what you wanted. Note the
	   --ignore-install, which stops the second modprobe from running the
	   same install command again. See also remove below.

	   The long term future of this command as a solution to the problem
	   of providing additional module dependencies is not assured and it
	   is intended to replace this command with a warning about its
	   eventual removal or deprecation at some point in a future release.
	   Its use complicates the automated determination of module
	   dependencies by distribution utilities, such as mkinitrd (because
	   these now need to somehow interpret what the install commands might
	   be doing. In a perfect world, modules would provide all dependency
	   information without the use of this command and work is underway to
	   implement soft dependency support within the Linux kernel.

	   If you use the string "$CMDLINE_OPTS" in the command, it will be
	   replaced by any options specified on the modprobe command line.
	   This can be useful because users expect "modprobe fred opt=1" to
	   pass the "opt=1" arg to the module, even if there's an install
	   command in the configuration file. So our above example becomes
	   "install fred /sbin/modprobe barney; /sbin/modprobe
	   --ignore-install fred $CMDLINE_OPTS"

       options modulename option...
	   This command allows you to add options to the module modulename
	   (which might be an alias) every time it is inserted into the
	   kernel: whether directly (using modprobemodulename or because the
	   module being inserted depends on this module.

	   All options are added together: they can come from an option for
	   the module itself, for an alias, and on the command line.

       remove modulename command...
	   This is similar to the install command above, except it is invoked
	   when "modprobe -r" is run.

       softdep modulename pre: modules... post: modules...
	   The softdep command allows you to specify soft, or optional, module
	   dependencies.  modulename can be used without these optional
	   modules installed, but usually with some features missing. For
	   example, a driver for a storage HBA might require another module be
	   loaded in order to use management features.

	   pre-deps and post-deps modules are lists of names and/or aliases of
	   other modules that modprobe will attempt to install (or remove) in
	   order before and after the main module given in the modulename

	   Example: Assume "softdep c pre: a b post: d e" is provided in the
	   configuration. Running "modprobe c" is now equivalent to "modprobe
	   a b c d e" without the softdep. Flags such as --use-blacklist are
	   applied to all the specified modules, while module parameters only
	   apply to module c.

	   Note: if there are install or remove commands with the same
	   modulename argument, softdep takes precedence.

       A future version of kmod will come with a strong warning to avoid use
       of the install as explained above. This will happen once support for
       soft dependencies in the kernel is complete. That support will
       complement the existing softdep support within this utility by
       providing such dependencies directly within the modules.

       This manual page originally Copyright 2004, Rusty Russell, IBM
       Corporation. Maintained by Jon Masters and others.

       modprobe(8), modules.dep(5)

       Jon Masters <jcm@jonmasters.org>

       Robby Workman <rworkman@slackware.com>

       Lucas De Marchi <lucas.demarchi@profusion.mobi>

kmod				  07/02/2013			 MODPROBE.D(5)