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MYSQLDUMP(1)		     MySQL Database System		  MYSQLDUMP(1)



NAME
       mysqldump - a database backup program

SYNOPSIS
       mysqldump [options] [db_name [tbl_name ...]]

DESCRIPTION
       The mysqldump client is a backup program originally written by Igor
       Romanenko. It can be used to dump a database or a collection of
       databases for backup or transfer to another SQL server (not necessarily
       a MySQL server). The dump typically contains SQL statements to create
       the table, populate it, or both. However, mysqldump can also be used to
       generate files in CSV, other delimited text, or XML format.

       If you are doing a backup on the server and your tables all are MyISAM
       tables, consider using the mysqlhotcopy instead because it can
       accomplish faster backups and faster restores. See mysqlhotcopy(1).

       There are three general ways to invoke mysqldump:

	   shell> mysqldump [options] db_name [tbl_name ...]
	   shell> mysqldump [options] --databases db_name ...
	   shell> mysqldump [options] --all-databases

       If you do not name any tables following db_name or if you use the
       --databases or --all-databases option, entire databases are dumped.

       mysqldump does not dump the INFORMATION_SCHEMA database. If you name
       that database explicitly on the command line, mysqldump silently
       ignores it.

       To see a list of the options your version of mysqldump supports,
       execute mysqldump --help.

       Some mysqldump options are shorthand for groups of other options:

       ?   Use of --opt is the same as specifying --add-drop-table,
	   --add-locks, --create-options, --disable-keys, --extended-insert,
	   --lock-tables, --quick, and --set-charset. All of the options that
	   --opt stands for also are on by default because --opt is on by
	   default.

       ?   Use of --compact is the same as specifying --skip-add-drop-table,
	   --skip-add-locks, --skip-comments, --skip-disable-keys, and
	   --skip-set-charset options.

       To reverse the effect of a group option, uses its --skip-xxx form
       (--skip-opt or --skip-compact). It is also possible to select only part
       of the effect of a group option by following it with options that
       enable or disable specific features. Here are some examples:

       ?   To select the effect of --opt except for some features, use the
	   --skip option for each feature. To disable extended inserts and
	   memory buffering, use --opt --skip-extended-insert --skip-quick.
	   (Actually, --skip-extended-insert --skip-quick is sufficient
	   because --opt is on by default.)

       ?   To reverse --opt for all features except index disabling and table
	   locking, use --skip-opt --disable-keys --lock-tables.

       When you selectively enable or disable the effect of a group option,
       order is important because options are processed first to last. For
       example, --disable-keys --lock-tables --skip-opt would not have the
       intended effect; it is the same as --skip-opt by itself.

       mysqldump can retrieve and dump table contents row by row, or it can
       retrieve the entire content from a table and buffer it in memory before
       dumping it. Buffering in memory can be a problem if you are dumping
       large tables. To dump tables row by row, use the --quick option (or
       --opt, which enables --quick). The --opt option (and hence --quick) is
       enabled by default, so to enable memory buffering, use --skip-quick.

       If you are using a recent version of mysqldump to generate a dump to be
       reloaded into a very old MySQL server, you should not use the --opt or
       --extended-insert option. Use --skip-opt instead.

       Before MySQL 4.1.2, out-of-range numeric values such as -inf and inf,
       as well as NaN (not-a-number) values are dumped by mysqldump as NULL.
       You can see this using the following sample table:

	   mysql> CREATE TABLE t (f DOUBLE);
	   mysql> INSERT INTO t VALUES(1e+111111111111111111111);
	   mysql> INSERT INTO t VALUES(-1e111111111111111111111);
	   mysql> SELECT f FROM t;
	   +------+
	   | f	  |
	   +------+
	   |  inf |
	   | -inf |
	   +------+

       For this table, mysqldump produces the following data output:

	   --
	   -- Dumping data for table 't'
	   --
	   INSERT INTO t VALUES (NULL);
	   INSERT INTO t VALUES (NULL);

       The significance of this behavior is that if you dump and restore the
       table, the new table has contents that differ from the original
       contents. This problem is fixed as of MySQL 4.1.2; you cannot insert
       inf in the table, so this mysqldump behavior is only relevant when you
       deal with old servers.

       For additional information about mysqldump, see Section 6.4, "Using
       mysqldump for Backups".

       mysqldump supports the following options, which can be specified on the
       command line or in the [mysqldump] and [client] groups of an option
       file.  mysqldump also supports the options for processing option files
       described at Section 4.2.3.3.1, "Command-Line Options that Affect
       Option-File Handling".

       ?   --help, -?

	   Display a help message and exit.

       ?   --add-drop-database

	   Add a DROP DATABASE statement before each CREATE DATABASE
	   statement. This option is typically used in conjunction with the
	   --all-databases or --databases option because no CREATE DATABASE
	   statements are written unless one of those options is specified.

       ?   --add-drop-table

	   Add a DROP TABLE statement before each CREATE TABLE statement.

       ?   --add-locks

	   Surround each table dump with LOCK TABLES and UNLOCK TABLES
	   statements. This results in faster inserts when the dump file is
	   reloaded. See Section 7.3.2.1, "Speed of INSERT Statements".

       ?   --all-databases, -A

	   Dump all tables in all databases. This is the same as using the
	   --databases option and naming all the databases on the command
	   line.

       ?   --allow-keywords

	   Permit creation of column names that are keywords. This works by
	   prefixing each column name with the table name.

       ?   --character-sets-dir=path

	   The directory where character sets are installed. See Section 9.5,
	   "Character Set Configuration".

       ?   --comments, -i

	   Write additional information in the dump file such as program
	   version, server version, and host. This option is enabled by
	   default. To suppress this additional information, use
	   --skip-comments.

       ?   --compact

	   Produce more compact output. This option enables the
	   --skip-add-drop-table, --skip-add-locks, --skip-comments,
	   --skip-disable-keys, and --skip-set-charset options.

	       Note
	       Prior to MySQL 5.0.48, this option did not create valid SQL if
	       the database dump contained views. The recreation of views
	       requires the creation and removal of temporary tables and this
	       option suppressed the removal of those temporary tables. As a
	       workaround, use --compact with the --add-drop-table option and
	       then manually adjust the dump file.

       ?   --compatible=name

	   Produce output that is more compatible with other database systems
	   or with older MySQL servers. The value of name can be ansi,
	   mysql323, mysql40, postgresql, oracle, mssql, db2, maxdb,
	   no_key_options, no_table_options, or no_field_options. To use
	   several values, separate them by commas. These values have the same
	   meaning as the corresponding options for setting the server SQL
	   mode. See Section 5.1.6, "Server SQL Modes".

	   This option does not guarantee compatibility with other servers. It
	   only enables those SQL mode values that are currently available for
	   making dump output more compatible. For example,
	   --compatible=oracle does not map data types to Oracle types or use
	   Oracle comment syntax.

	   This option requires a server version of 4.1.0 or higher. With
	   older servers, it does nothing.

       ?   --complete-insert, -c

	   Use complete INSERT statements that include column names.

       ?   --compress, -C

	   Compress all information sent between the client and the server if
	   both support compression.

       ?   --create-options

	   Include all MySQL-specific table options in the CREATE TABLE
	   statements.

       ?   --databases, -B

	   Dump several databases. Normally, mysqldump treats the first name
	   argument on the command line as a database name and following names
	   as table names. With this option, it treats all name arguments as
	   database names.  CREATE DATABASE and USE statements are included in
	   the output before each new database.

       ?   --debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]

	   Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is
	   ?d:t:o,file_name?. The default value is
	   ?d:t:o,/tmp/mysqldump.trace?.

       ?   --debug-info

	   Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage statistics
	   when the program exits. This option was added in MySQL 5.0.32.

       ?   --default-character-set=charset_name

	   Use charset_name as the default character set. See Section 9.5,
	   "Character Set Configuration". If no character set is specified,
	   mysqldump uses utf8, and earlier versions use latin1.

	   This option has no effect for output data files produced by using
	   the --tab option. See the description for that option.

       ?   --delayed-insert

	   Write INSERT DELAYED statements rather than INSERT statements.

       ?   --delete-master-logs

	   On a master replication server, delete the binary logs by sending a
	   PURGE BINARY LOGS statement to the server after performing the dump
	   operation. This option automatically enables --master-data.

       ?   --disable-keys, -K

	   For each table, surround the INSERT statements with /*!40000 ALTER
	   TABLE tbl_name DISABLE KEYS */; and /*!40000 ALTER TABLE tbl_name
	   ENABLE KEYS */; statements. This makes loading the dump file faster
	   because the indexes are created after all rows are inserted. This
	   option is effective only for nonunique indexes of MyISAM tables.

       ?   --dump-date

	   If the --comments option is given, mysqldump produces a comment at
	   the end of the dump of the following form:

	       -- Dump completed on DATE

	   However, the date causes dump files taken at different times to
	   appear to be different, even if the data are otherwise identical.
	   --dump-date and --skip-dump-date control whether the date is added
	   to the comment. The default is --dump-date (include the date in the
	   comment).  --skip-dump-date suppresses date printing. This option
	   was added in MySQL 5.0.52.

       ?   --extended-insert, -e

	   Use multiple-row INSERT syntax that include several VALUES lists.
	   This results in a smaller dump file and speeds up inserts when the
	   file is reloaded.

       ?   --fields-terminated-by=..., --fields-enclosed-by=...,
	   --fields-optionally-enclosed-by=..., --fields-escaped-by=...

	   These options are used with the --tab option and have the same
	   meaning as the corresponding FIELDS clauses for LOAD DATA INFILE.
	   See Section 12.2.6, "LOAD DATA INFILE Syntax".

       ?   --first-slave

	   Deprecated. Use --lock-all-tables instead.  --first-slave is
	   removed in MySQL 5.5.

       ?   --flush-logs, -F

	   Flush the MySQL server log files before starting the dump. This
	   option requires the RELOAD privilege. If you use this option in
	   combination with the --all-databases option, the logs are flushed
	   for each database dumped. The exception is when using
	   --lock-all-tables or --master-data: In this case, the logs are
	   flushed only once, corresponding to the moment that all tables are
	   locked. If you want your dump and the log flush to happen at
	   exactly the same moment, you should use --flush-logs together with
	   either --lock-all-tables or --master-data.

       ?   --flush-privileges

	   Send a FLUSH PRIVILEGES statement to the server after dumping the
	   mysql database. This option should be used any time the dump
	   contains the mysql database and any other database that depends on
	   the data in the mysql database for proper restoration. This option
	   was added in MySQL 5.0.26.

       ?   --force, -f

	   Continue even if an SQL error occurs during a table dump.

	   One use for this option is to cause mysqldump to continue executing
	   even when it encounters a view that has become invalid because the
	   definition refers to a table that has been dropped. Without
	   --force, mysqldump exits with an error message. With --force,
	   mysqldump prints the error message, but it also writes an SQL
	   comment containing the view definition to the dump output and
	   continues executing.

       ?   --host=host_name, -h host_name

	   Dump data from the MySQL server on the given host. The default host
	   is localhost.

       ?   --hex-blob

	   Dump binary columns using hexadecimal notation (for example, ?abc?
	   becomes 0x616263). The affected data types are BINARY, VARBINARY,
	   and the BLOB types. As of MySQL 5.0.13, BIT columns are affected as
	   well.

       ?   --ignore-table=db_name.tbl_name

	   Do not dump the given table, which must be specified using both the
	   database and table names. To ignore multiple tables, use this
	   option multiple times. This option also can be used to ignore
	   views.

       ?   --insert-ignore

	   Write INSERT IGNORE statements rather than INSERT statements.

       ?   --lines-terminated-by=...

	   This option is used with the --tab option and has the same meaning
	   as the corresponding LINES clause for LOAD DATA INFILE. See
	   Section 12.2.6, "LOAD DATA INFILE Syntax".

       ?   --lock-all-tables, -x

	   Lock all tables across all databases. This is achieved by acquiring
	   a global read lock for the duration of the whole dump. This option
	   automatically turns off --single-transaction and --lock-tables.

       ?   --lock-tables, -l

	   For each dumped database, lock all tables to be dumped before
	   dumping them. The tables are locked with READ LOCAL to permit
	   concurrent inserts in the case of MyISAM tables. For transactional
	   tables such as InnoDB and BDB, --single-transaction is a much
	   better option than --lock-tables because it does not need to lock
	   the tables at all.

	   Because --lock-tables locks tables for each database separately,
	   this option does not guarantee that the tables in the dump file are
	   logically consistent between databases. Tables in different
	   databases may be dumped in completely different states.

       ?   --log-error=file_name

	   Log warnings and errors by appending them to the named file. The
	   default is to do no logging. This option was added in MySQL 5.0.42.

       ?   --master-data[=value]

	   Use this option to dump a master replication server to produce a
	   dump file that can be used to set up another server as a slave of
	   the master. It causes the dump output to include a CHANGE MASTER TO
	   statement that indicates the binary log coordinates (file name and
	   position) of the dumped server. These are the master server
	   coordinates from which the slave should start replicating after you
	   load the dump file into the slave.

	   If the option value is 2, the CHANGE MASTER TO statement is written
	   as an SQL comment, and thus is informative only; it has no effect
	   when the dump file is reloaded. If the option value is 1, the
	   statement is not written as a comment and takes effect when the
	   dump file is reloaded. If no option value is specified, the default
	   value is 1.

	   This option requires the RELOAD privilege and the binary log must
	   be enabled.

	   The --master-data option automatically turns off --lock-tables. It
	   also turns on --lock-all-tables, unless --single-transaction also
	   is specified, in which case, a global read lock is acquired only
	   for a short time at the beginning of the dump (see the description
	   for --single-transaction). In all cases, any action on logs happens
	   at the exact moment of the dump.

	   It is also possible to set up a slave by dumping an existing slave
	   of the master. To do this, use the following procedure on the
	   existing slave:

	    1. Stop the slave?s SQL thread and get its current status:

		   mysql> STOP SLAVE SQL_THREAD;
		   mysql> SHOW SLAVE STATUS;

	    2. From the output of the SHOW SLAVE STATUS statement, the binary
	       log coordinates of the master server from which the new slave
	       should start replicating are the values of the
	       Relay_Master_Log_File and Exec_Master_Log_Pos fields. Denote
	       those values as file_name and file_pos.

	    3. Dump the slave server:

		   shell> mysqldump --master-data=2 --all-databases > dumpfile

	       Using --master-data=2 works only if binary logging has been
	       enabled on the slave. Otherwise, mysqldump fails with the error
	       Binlogging on server not active. In this case you must handle
	       any locking issues in another manner, using one or more of
	       --add-locks, --lock-tables, --lock-all-tables, or
	       --single-transaction, as required by your application and
	       environment.

	    4. Restart the slave:

		   mysql> START SLAVE;

	    5. On the new slave, load the dump file:

		   shell> mysql < dumpfile

	    6. On the new slave, set the replication coordinates to those of
	       the master server obtained earlier:

		   mysql> CHANGE MASTER TO
		       -> MASTER_LOG_FILE = ?file_name?, MASTER_LOG_POS = file_pos;

	       The CHANGE MASTER TO statement might also need other
	       parameters, such as MASTER_HOST to point the slave to the
	       correct master server host. Add any such parameters as
	       necessary.

       ?   --no-autocommit

	   Enclose the INSERT statements for each dumped table within SET
	   autocommit = 0 and COMMIT statements.

       ?   --no-create-db, -n

	   This option suppresses the CREATE DATABASE statements that are
	   otherwise included in the output if the --databases or
	   --all-databases option is given.

       ?   --no-create-info, -t

	   Do not write CREATE TABLE statements that re-create each dumped
	   table.

       ?   --no-data, -d

	   Do not write any table row information (that is, do not dump table
	   contents). This is useful if you want to dump only the CREATE TABLE
	   statement for the table (for example, to create an empty copy of
	   the table by loading the dump file).

       ?   --no-set-names, -N

	   This has the same effect as --skip-set-charset.

       ?   --opt

	   This option is shorthand. It is the same as specifying
	   --add-drop-table --add-locks --create-options --disable-keys
	   --extended-insert --lock-tables --quick --set-charset. It should
	   give you a fast dump operation and produce a dump file that can be
	   reloaded into a MySQL server quickly.

	   The --opt option is enabled by default. Use --skip-opt to disable
	   it.	See the discussion at the beginning of this section for
	   information about selectively enabling or disabling a subset of the
	   options affected by --opt.

       ?   --order-by-primary

	   Dump each table?s rows sorted by its primary key, or by its first
	   unique index, if such an index exists. This is useful when dumping
	   a MyISAM table to be loaded into an InnoDB table, but will make the
	   dump operation take considerably longer.

       ?   --password[=password], -p[password]

	   The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the
	   short option form (-p), you cannot have a space between the option
	   and the password. If you omit the password value following the
	   --password or -p option on the command line, mysqldump prompts for
	   one.

	   Specifying a password on the command line should be considered
	   insecure. See Section 5.3.2.2, "End-User Guidelines for Password
	   Security". You can use an option file to avoid giving the password
	   on the command line.

       ?   --pipe, -W

	   On Windows, connect to the server using a named pipe. This option
	   applies only if the server supports named-pipe connections.

       ?   --port=port_num, -P port_num

	   The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.

       ?   --protocol={TCP|SOCKET|PIPE|MEMORY}

	   The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server. It is
	   useful when the other connection parameters normally would cause a
	   protocol to be used other than the one you want. For details on the
	   permissible values, see Section 4.2.2, "Connecting to the MySQL
	   Server".

       ?   --quick, -q

	   This option is useful for dumping large tables. It forces mysqldump
	   to retrieve rows for a table from the server a row at a time rather
	   than retrieving the entire row set and buffering it in memory
	   before writing it out.

       ?   --quote-names, -Q

	   Quote identifiers (such as database, table, and column names)
	   within "'" characters. If the ANSI_QUOTES SQL mode is enabled,
	   identifiers are quoted within """ characters. This option is
	   enabled by default. It can be disabled with --skip-quote-names, but
	   this option should be given after any option such as --compatible
	   that may enable --quote-names.

       ?   --result-file=file_name, -r file_name

	   Direct output to a given file. This option should be used on
	   Windows to prevent newline "\n" characters from being converted to
	   "\r\n" carriage return/newline sequences. The result file is
	   created and its previous contents overwritten, even if an error
	   occurs while generating the dump.

       ?   --routines, -R

	   Included stored routines (procedures and functions) for the dumped
	   databases in the output. Use of this option requires the SELECT
	   privilege for the mysql.proc table. The output generated by using
	   --routines contains CREATE PROCEDURE and CREATE FUNCTION statements
	   to re-create the routines. However, these statements do not include
	   attributes such as the routine creation and modification
	   timestamps. This means that when the routines are reloaded, they
	   will be created with the timestamps equal to the reload time.

	   If you require routines to be re-created with their original
	   timestamp attributes, do not use --routines. Instead, dump and
	   reload the contents of the mysql.proc table directly, using a MySQL
	   account that has appropriate privileges for the mysql database.

	   This option was added in MySQL 5.0.13. Before that, stored routines
	   are not dumped. Routine DEFINER values are not dumped until MySQL
	   5.0.20. This means that before 5.0.20, when routines are reloaded,
	   they will be created with the definer set to the reloading user. If
	   you require routines to be re-created with their original definer,
	   dump and load the contents of the mysql.proc table directly as
	   described earlier.

       ?   --set-charset

	   Add SET NAMES default_character_set to the output. This option is
	   enabled by default. To suppress the SET NAMES statement, use
	   --skip-set-charset.

       ?   --single-transaction

	   This option sends a START TRANSACTION SQL statement to the server
	   before dumping data. It is useful only with transactional tables
	   such as InnoDB and BDB, because then it dumps the consistent state
	   of the database at the time when BEGIN was issued without blocking
	   any applications.

	   When using this option, you should keep in mind that only InnoDB
	   tables are dumped in a consistent state. For example, any MyISAM or
	   MEMORY tables dumped while using this option may still change
	   state.

	   While a --single-transaction dump is in process, to ensure a valid
	   dump file (correct table contents and binary log coordinates), no
	   other connection should use the following statements: ALTER TABLE,
	   CREATE TABLE, DROP TABLE, RENAME TABLE, TRUNCATE TABLE. A
	   consistent read is not isolated from those statements, so use of
	   them on a table to be dumped can cause the SELECT that is performed
	   by mysqldump to retrieve the table contents to obtain incorrect
	   contents or fail.

	   The --single-transaction option and the --lock-tables option are
	   mutually exclusive because LOCK TABLES causes any pending
	   transactions to be committed implicitly.

	   This option is not supported for MySQL Cluster tables; the results
	   cannot be guaranteed to be consistent due to the fact that the
	   NDBCLUSTER storage engine supports only the READ_COMMITTED
	   transaction isolation level. You should always use NDB backup and
	   restore instead.

	   To dump large tables, you should combine the --single-transaction
	   option with --quick.

       ?   --skip-comments

	   See the description for the --comments option.

       ?   --skip-opt

	   See the description for the --opt option.

       ?   --socket=path, -S path

	   For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on
	   Windows, the name of the named pipe to use.

       ?   --ssl*

	   Options that begin with --ssl specify whether to connect to the
	   server using SSL and indicate where to find SSL keys and
	   certificates. See Section 5.5.6.3, "SSL Command Options".

       ?   --tab=path, -T path

	   Produce tab-separated text-format data files. For each dumped
	   table, mysqldump creates a tbl_name.sql file that contains the
	   CREATE TABLE statement that creates the table, and the server
	   writes a tbl_name.txt file that contains its data. The option value
	   is the directory in which to write the files.

	       Note
	       This option should be used only when mysqldump is run on the
	       same machine as the mysqld server. You must have the FILE
	       privilege, and the server must have permission to write files
	       in the directory that you specify.
	   By default, the .txt data files are formatted using tab characters
	   between column values and a newline at the end of each line. The
	   format can be specified explicitly using the --fields-xxx and
	   --lines-terminated-by options.

	   Column values are dumped using the binary character set and the
	   --default-character-set option is ignored. In effect, there is no
	   character set conversion. If a table contains columns in several
	   character sets, the output data file will as well and you may not
	   be able to reload the file correctly.

       ?   --tables

	   Override the --databases or -B option.  mysqldump regards all name
	   arguments following the option as table names.

       ?   --triggers

	   Include triggers for each dumped table in the output. This option
	   is enabled by default; disable it with --skip-triggers. This option
	   was added in MySQL 5.0.11. Before that, triggers are not dumped.

       ?   --tz-utc

	   This option enables TIMESTAMP columns to be dumped and reloaded
	   between servers in different time zones.  mysqldump sets its
	   connection time zone to UTC and adds SET TIME_ZONE=?+00:00? to the
	   dump file. Without this option, TIMESTAMP columns are dumped and
	   reloaded in the time zones local to the source and destination
	   servers, which can cause the values to change if the servers are in
	   different time zones.  --tz-utc also protects against changes due
	   to daylight saving time.  --tz-utc is enabled by default. To
	   disable it, use --skip-tz-utc. This option was added in MySQL
	   5.0.15.

       ?   --user=user_name, -u user_name

	   The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server.

       ?   --verbose, -v

	   Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does.

       ?   --version, -V

	   Display version information and exit.

       ?   --where=?where_condition?, -w ?where_condition?

	   Dump only rows selected by the given WHERE condition. Quotes around
	   the condition are mandatory if it contains spaces or other
	   characters that are special to your command interpreter.

	   Examples:

	       --where="user=?jimf?"
	       -w"userid>1"
	       -w"userid<1"

       ?   --xml, -X

	   Write dump output as well-formed XML.

	   NULL, ?NULL?, and Empty Values: For a column named column_name, the
	   NULL value, an empty string, and the string value ?NULL? are
	   distinguished from one another in the output generated by this
	   option as follows.

	   +----------------------+---------------------------------+
	   |Value:		  | XML Representation:		    |
	   +----------------------+---------------------------------+
	   |NULL (unknown value)  | <field name="column_name"	    |
	   |			  | xsi:nil="true" />		    |
	   +----------------------+---------------------------------+
	   |?? (empty string)	  | <field			    |
	   |			  | name="column_name"></field>	    |
	   +----------------------+---------------------------------+
	   |?NULL? (string value) | <field			    |
	   |			  | name="column_name">NULL</field> |
	   +----------------------+---------------------------------+
	   Beginning with MySQL 5.0.26, the output from the mysql client when
	   run using the --xml option also follows the preceding rules. (See
	   the section called "MYSQL OPTIONS".)

	   Beginning with MySQL 5.0.40, XML output from mysqldump includes the
	   XML namespace, as shown here:

	       shell> mysqldump --xml -u root world City
	       <?xml version="1.0"?>
	       <mysqldump xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
	       <database name="world">
	       <table_structure name="City">
	       <field Field="ID" Type="int(11)" Null="NO" Key="PRI" Extra="auto_increment" />
	       <field Field="Name" Type="char(35)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="" Extra="" />
	       <field Field="CountryCode" Type="char(3)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="" Extra="" />
	       <field Field="District" Type="char(20)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="" Extra="" />
	       <field Field="Population" Type="int(11)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="0" Extra="" />
	       <key Table="City" Non_unique="0" Key_name="PRIMARY" Seq_in_index="1" Column_name="ID"
	       Collation="A" Cardinality="4079" Null="" Index_type="BTREE" Comment="" />
	       <options Name="City" Engine="MyISAM" Version="10" Row_format="Fixed" Rows="4079"
	       Avg_row_length="67" Data_length="273293" Max_data_length="18858823439613951"
	       Index_length="43008" Data_free="0" Auto_increment="4080"
	       Create_time="2007-03-31 01:47:01" Update_time="2007-03-31 01:47:02"
	       Collation="latin1_swedish_ci" Create_options="" Comment="" />
	       </table_structure>
	       <table_data name="City">
	       <row>
	       <field name="ID">1</field>
	       <field name="Name">Kabul</field>
	       <field name="CountryCode">AFG</field>
	       <field name="District">Kabol</field>
	       <field name="Population">1780000</field>
	       </row>
	       ...
	       <row>
	       <field name="ID">4079</field>
	       <field name="Name">Rafah</field>
	       <field name="CountryCode">PSE</field>
	       <field name="District">Rafah</field>
	       <field name="Population">92020</field>
	       </row>
	       </table_data>
	       </database>
	       </mysqldump>

       You can also set the following variables by using --var_name=value
       syntax:

       ?   max_allowed_packet

	   The maximum size of the buffer for client/server communication. The
	   maximum is 1GB.

       ?   net_buffer_length

	   The initial size of the buffer for client/server communication.
	   When creating multiple-row INSERT statements (as with the
	   --extended-insert or --opt option), mysqldump creates rows up to
	   net_buffer_length length. If you increase this variable, you should
	   also ensure that the net_buffer_length variable in the MySQL server
	   is at least this large.

       It is also possible to set variables by using --var_name=value. The
       --set-variable format is deprecated.

       A common use of mysqldump is for making a backup of an entire database:

	   shell> mysqldump db_name > backup-file.sql

       You can load the dump file back into the server like this:

	   shell> mysql db_name < backup-file.sql

       Or like this:

	   shell> mysql -e "source /path-to-backup/backup-file.sql" db_name

       mysqldump is also very useful for populating databases by copying data
       from one MySQL server to another:

	   shell> mysqldump --opt db_name | mysql --host=remote_host -C db_name

       It is possible to dump several databases with one command:

	   shell> mysqldump --databases db_name1 [db_name2 ...] > my_databases.sql

       To dump all databases, use the --all-databases option:

	   shell> mysqldump --all-databases > all_databases.sql

       For InnoDB tables, mysqldump provides a way of making an online backup:

	   shell> mysqldump --all-databases --single-transaction > all_databases.sql

       This backup acquires a global read lock on all tables (using FLUSH
       TABLES WITH READ LOCK) at the beginning of the dump. As soon as this
       lock has been acquired, the binary log coordinates are read and the
       lock is released. If long updating statements are running when the
       FLUSH statement is issued, the MySQL server may get stalled until those
       statements finish. After that, the dump becomes lock free and does not
       disturb reads and writes on the tables. If the update statements that
       the MySQL server receives are short (in terms of execution time), the
       initial lock period should not be noticeable, even with many updates.

       For point-in-time recovery (also known as "roll-forward," when you need
       to restore an old backup and replay the changes that happened since
       that backup), it is often useful to rotate the binary log (see
       Section 5.2.3, "The Binary Log") or at least know the binary log
       coordinates to which the dump corresponds:

	   shell> mysqldump --all-databases --master-data=2 > all_databases.sql

       Or:

	   shell> mysqldump --all-databases --flush-logs --master-data=2
			 > all_databases.sql

       The --master-data and --single-transaction options can be used
       simultaneously, which provides a convenient way to make an online
       backup suitable for use prior to point-in-time recovery if tables are
       stored using the InnoDB storage engine.

       For more information on making backups, see Section 6.2, "Database
       Backup Methods", and Section 6.3, "Example Backup and Recovery
       Strategy".

       If you encounter problems backing up views, please read the section
       that covers restrictions on views which describes a workaround for
       backing up views when this fails due to insufficient privileges. See
       Section E.4, "Restrictions on Views".

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 1997, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights
       reserved.

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
       modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
       published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
       but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
       General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with the program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see
       http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.


SEE ALSO
       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which
       may already be installed locally and which is also available online at
       http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.

AUTHOR
       Oracle Corporation (http://dev.mysql.com/).



MySQL 5.0			  12/16/2011			  MYSQLDUMP(1)
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