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PUTENV(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		     PUTENV(3)

       putenv - change or add an environment variable

       #include <stdlib.h>

       int putenv(char *string);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       putenv(): _XOPEN_SOURCE
	   || /* Glibc since 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
	   || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _SVID_SOURCE

       The  putenv()  function	adds or changes the value of environment vari-
       ables.  The argument string is of the form name=value.	If  name  does
       not already exist in the environment, then string is added to the envi-
       ronment.	 If name does exist, then the value of name in the environment
       is  changed  to value.  The string pointed to by string becomes part of
       the environment, so altering the string changes the environment.

       The putenv() function returns zero on success, or nonzero if  an	 error
       occurs.	In the event of an error, errno is set to indicate the cause.

       ENOMEM Insufficient space to allocate new environment.

       For   an	  explanation	of   the  terms	 used  in  this	 section,  see

       |Interface | Attribute	  | Value		|
       |putenv()  | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe const:env |
       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SVr4, 4.3BSD.

       The putenv() function is not required to be reentrant, and the  one  in
       glibc 2.0 is not, but the glibc 2.1 version is.

       Since  version  2.1.2,  the glibc implementation conforms to SUSv2: the
       pointer string given to putenv() is used.  In particular,  this	string
       becomes	part  of  the  environment;  changing it later will change the
       environment.  (Thus, it is an error is to call putenv() with  an	 auto-
       matic  variable	as the argument, then return from the calling function
       while string is still part of the environment.)	 However,  glibc  ver-
       sions  2.0  to  2.1.1 differ: a copy of the string is used.  On the one
       hand this causes a memory leak, and  on	the  other  hand  it  violates

       The 4.4BSD version, like glibc 2.0, uses a copy.

       SUSv2 removes the const from the prototype, and so does glibc 2.1.3.

       clearenv(3), getenv(3), setenv(3), unsetenv(3), environ(7)

       This  page  is  part of release 4.10 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest	  version     of     this    page,    can    be	   found    at

GNU				  2016-03-15			     PUTENV(3)