RSSH.CONF(5) Derek D. Martin RSSH.CONF(5)
/etc/rssh.conf - configuration file for rssh
rssh.conf is the configuration file for rssh. It allows the system
administrator to control the behavior of the shell. Configuration key-
words are either used by themselves on a line, or followed by an equal
sign ('=') and a configuration value. Comments start with a hash ('#')
and can occur anywhere on the line. Configuration options are case
insensitive. Spaces at the beginning or end of line, or between the
equal sign and the configuration keywords or values are ignored. If
the value of a configuration option contains spaces, it (or at least
the space) must be enclosed in either single or double quotes.
A default configuration file is provided with the source distribution
of rssh. If no configuration file is used, rssh will assume a default
umask of 022, and allow only scp. If a config file is present, the
default is to lock out users if neither scp nor sftp have been explic-
New in v2.1 is the ability to configure options on a per-user basis,
using the user keyword. More details are below.
Tells the shell that scp is allowed.
Tells the shell that sftp is allowed.
Tells the shell that cvs is allowed.
Tells the shell that rdist is allowed.
Tells the shell that rsync is allowed.
Sets the umask value for file creations in the scp/sftp session.
This is normally set at login time by the user's shell. In
order not to use the system default, rssh must set the umask.
Allows the system administrator to control what syslog facility
rssh logs to. The facilities are the same as those used by sys-
logd.conf(5), or the C macros for the facilities can be used
instead. For example:
are equivalent, and tell rssh to use the user facility for log-
ging to syslog.
Causes rssh (actually a helper program) to call the chroot()
system call, changing the root of the file system to whatever
directory is specified. Note that the value on the right hand
side of the equal sign is the name of a directory, not a
command. For example:
will change the root of the virtual file system to /usr/chroot,
preventing the user from being able to access anything below
/usr/chroot in the file system, and making /usr/chroot appear to
be the root directory. Care must be taken to set up a proper
chroot jail; see the file CHROOT in the rssh source distribution
for hints about how to do this. See also the chroot(2) man
If the user's home directory (as specified in /etc/passwd) is
underneath the path specified by this keyword, then the user
will be chdir'd into their home directory. If it is not, then
they will be chdir'd to the root of the chroot jail.
In other words, if the jail is /chroot, and your user's home
directory is /chroot/home/user, then once rssh_chroot_helper
changes the root of the system, it will cd into /home/user
inside the jail. However, if your user's home directory is
given as /home/user in /etc/passwd, then even if that directory
exists in the jail, the chroot helper will not try to cd there.
The user's normal home directory must live inside the jail for
this to work.
The user keyword allows for the configuration of options on a
per-user basis. THIS KEYWORD OVERRIDES ALL OTHER KEYWORDS FOR
THE SPECIFIED USER. That is, if you use a user keyword for user
foo, then foo will use only the settings in that user line, and
not any of the settings set with the keywords above. The user
keyword's argument consists of a group of fields separated by a
colon (':'), as shown below. The fields are, in order:
The username of the user for whom the entry provides
The umask for this user, in octal, just as it would be
specified to the shell
Five binary digits, which indicate whether the user is
allowed to use rsync, rdist, cvs, sftp, and scp, in that
order. One means the command is allowed, zero means it
The directory to which this user should be chrooted (this
is not a command, it is a directory name). See
chroot_path above for complete details.
For example, you might have something like this:
user = luser:022:00001:
This does the following: for the user with the username "luser",
set the umask to 022, disallow sftp, and allow scp. Because
there is no chroot path specified, the user will not be
chrooted, regardless of default options set with the keywords
above. If you wanted this user to be chrooted, you would need
to specify the chroot path explicitly, even if it should be the
same as that set using the chrootpath keyword. Remember that if
there are spaces in the path, you need to quote it, something
user = "luser:022:00001:/usr/local/chroot dir"
See the default rssh.conf file for more examples.
rssh(1), sshd(8), ssh(1), scp(1), sftp(1), syslogd.conf(5), chroot(2).
man pages 7 Jul 2003 RSSH.CONF(5)