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SMB.CONF(5)		 File Formats and Conventions		   SMB.CONF(5)



NAME
       smb.conf - The configuration file for the Samba suite

SYNOPSIS
       The smb.conf file is a configuration file for the Samba suite.
       smb.conf contains runtime configuration information for the Samba
       programs. The complete description of the file format and possible
       parameters held within are here for reference purposes.

FILE FORMAT
       The file consists of sections and parameters. A section begins with the
       name of the section in square brackets and continues until the next
       section begins. Sections contain parameters of the form:

	   name = value

       The file is line-based - that is, each newline-terminated line
       represents either a comment, a section name or a parameter.

       Section and parameter names are not case sensitive.

       Only the first equals sign in a parameter is significant. Whitespace
       before or after the first equals sign is discarded. Leading, trailing
       and internal whitespace in section and parameter names is irrelevant.
       Leading and trailing whitespace in a parameter value is discarded.
       Internal whitespace within a parameter value is retained verbatim.

       Any line beginning with a semicolon (";") or a hash ("#") character is
       ignored, as are lines containing only whitespace.

       Any line ending in a "\" is continued on the next line in the customary
       UNIX fashion.

       The values following the equals sign in parameters are all either a
       string (no quotes needed) or a boolean, which may be given as yes/no,
       1/0 or true/false. Case is not significant in boolean values, but is
       preserved in string values. Some items such as create masks are
       numeric.

SECTION DESCRIPTIONS
       Each section in the configuration file (except for the [global]
       section) describes a shared resource (known as a "share"). The section
       name is the name of the shared resource and the parameters within the
       section define the shares attributes.

       There are three special sections, [global], [homes] and [printers],
       which are described under special sections. The following notes apply
       to ordinary section descriptions.

       A share consists of a directory to which access is being given plus a
       description of the access rights which are granted to the user of the
       service. Some housekeeping options are also specifiable.

       Sections are either file share services (used by the client as an
       extension of their native file systems) or printable services (used by
       the client to access print services on the host running the server).

       Sections may be designated guest services, in which case no password is
       required to access them. A specified UNIX guest account is used to
       define access privileges in this case.

       Sections other than guest services will require a password to access
       them. The client provides the username. As older clients only provide
       passwords and not usernames, you may specify a list of usernames to
       check against the password using the user = option in the share
       definition. For modern clients such as Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000, this
       should not be necessary.

       The access rights granted by the server are masked by the access rights
       granted to the specified or guest UNIX user by the host system. The
       server does not grant more access than the host system grants.

       The following sample section defines a file space share. The user has
       write access to the path /home/bar. The share is accessed via the share
       name foo:

		[foo]
		path = /home/bar
		read only = no

       The following sample section defines a printable share. The share is
       read-only, but printable. That is, the only write access permitted is
       via calls to open, write to and close a spool file. The guest ok
       parameter means access will be permitted as the default guest user
       (specified elsewhere):

		[aprinter]
		path = /usr/spool/public
		read only = yes
		printable = yes
		guest ok = yes


SPECIAL SECTIONS
   The [global] section
       Parameters in this section apply to the server as a whole, or are
       defaults for sections that do not specifically define certain items.
       See the notes under PARAMETERS for more information.

   The [homes] section
       If a section called [homes] is included in the configuration file,
       services connecting clients to their home directories can be created on
       the fly by the server.

       When the connection request is made, the existing sections are scanned.
       If a match is found, it is used. If no match is found, the requested
       section name is treated as a username and looked up in the local
       password file. If the name exists and the correct password has been
       given, a share is created by cloning the [homes] section.

       Some modifications are then made to the newly created share:

       o   The share name is changed from homes to the located username.

       o   If no path was given, the path is set to the user's home directory.


       If you decide to use a path = line in your [homes] section, it may be
       useful to use the %S macro. For example:

	   path = /data/pchome/%S

       is useful if you have different home directories for your PCs than for
       UNIX access.

       This is a fast and simple way to give a large number of clients access
       to their home directories with a minimum of fuss.

       A similar process occurs if the requested section name is "homes",
       except that the share name is not changed to that of the requesting
       user. This method of using the [homes] section works well if different
       users share a client PC.

       The [homes] section can specify all the parameters a normal service
       section can specify, though some make more sense than others. The
       following is a typical and suitable [homes] section:

	   [homes]
	   read only = no

       An important point is that if guest access is specified in the [homes]
       section, all home directories will be visible to all clients without a
       password. In the very unlikely event that this is actually desirable,
       it is wise to also specify read only access.

       The browseable flag for auto home directories will be inherited from
       the global browseable flag, not the [homes] browseable flag. This is
       useful as it means setting browseable = no in the [homes] section will
       hide the [homes] share but make any auto home directories visible.

   The [printers] section
       This section works like [homes], but for printers.

       If a [printers] section occurs in the configuration file, users are
       able to connect to any printer specified in the local host's printcap
       file.

       When a connection request is made, the existing sections are scanned.
       If a match is found, it is used. If no match is found, but a [homes]
       section exists, it is used as described above. Otherwise, the requested
       section name is treated as a printer name and the appropriate printcap
       file is scanned to see if the requested section name is a valid printer
       share name. If a match is found, a new printer share is created by
       cloning the [printers] section.

       A few modifications are then made to the newly created share:

       o   The share name is set to the located printer name

       o   If no printer name was given, the printer name is set to the
	   located printer name

       o   If the share does not permit guest access and no username was
	   given, the username is set to the located printer name.


       The [printers] service MUST be printable - if you specify otherwise,
       the server will refuse to load the configuration file.

       Typically the path specified is that of a world-writeable spool
       directory with the sticky bit set on it. A typical [printers] entry
       looks like this:

	   [printers]
	   path = /usr/spool/public
	   guest ok = yes
	   printable = yes

       All aliases given for a printer in the printcap file are legitimate
       printer names as far as the server is concerned. If your printing
       subsystem doesn't work like that, you will have to set up a
       pseudo-printcap. This is a file consisting of one or more lines like
       this:

	   alias|alias|alias|alias...

       Each alias should be an acceptable printer name for your printing
       subsystem. In the [global] section, specify the new file as your
       printcap. The server will only recognize names found in your
       pseudo-printcap, which of course can contain whatever aliases you like.
       The same technique could be used simply to limit access to a subset of
       your local printers.

       An alias, by the way, is defined as any component of the first entry of
       a printcap record. Records are separated by newlines, components (if
       there are more than one) are separated by vertical bar symbols (|).

	   Note
	   On SYSV systems which use lpstat to determine what printers are
	   defined on the system you may be able to use printcap name = lpstat
	   to automatically obtain a list of printers. See the printcap name
	   option for more details.

USERSHARES
       Starting with Samba version 3.0.23 the capability for non-root users to
       add, modify, and delete their own share definitions has been added.
       This capability is called usershares and is controlled by a set of
       parameters in the [global] section of the smb.conf. The relevant
       parameters are :

       usershare allow guests
	   Controls if usershares can permit guest access.

       usershare max shares
	   Maximum number of user defined shares allowed.

       usershare owner only
	   If set only directories owned by the sharing user can be shared.

       usershare path
	   Points to the directory containing the user defined share
	   definitions. The filesystem permissions on this directory control
	   who can create user defined shares.

       usershare prefix allow list
	   Comma-separated list of absolute pathnames restricting what
	   directories can be shared. Only directories below the pathnames in
	   this list are permitted.

       usershare prefix deny list
	   Comma-separated list of absolute pathnames restricting what
	   directories can be shared. Directories below the pathnames in this
	   list are prohibited.

       usershare template share
	   Names a pre-existing share used as a template for creating new
	   usershares. All other share parameters not specified in the user
	   defined share definition are copied from this named share.

       To allow members of the UNIX group foo to create user defined shares,
       create the directory to contain the share definitions as follows:

       Become root:

	   mkdir /usr/local/samba/lib/usershares
	   chgrp foo /usr/local/samba/lib/usershares
	   chmod 1770 /usr/local/samba/lib/usershares

       Then add the parameters

		usershare path = /usr/local/samba/lib/usershares
		usershare max shares = 10 # (or the desired number of shares)

       to the global section of your smb.conf. Members of the group foo may
       then manipulate the user defined shares using the following commands.

       net usershare add sharename path [comment] [acl] [guest_ok=[y|n]]
	   To create or modify (overwrite) a user defined share.

       net usershare delete sharename
	   To delete a user defined share.

       net usershare list wildcard-sharename
	   To list user defined shares.

       net usershare info wildcard-sharename
	   To print information about user defined shares.

PARAMETERS
       Parameters define the specific attributes of sections.

       Some parameters are specific to the [global] section (e.g., security).
       Some parameters are usable in all sections (e.g., create mask). All
       others are permissible only in normal sections. For the purposes of the
       following descriptions the [homes] and [printers] sections will be
       considered normal. The letter G in parentheses indicates that a
       parameter is specific to the [global] section. The letter S indicates
       that a parameter can be specified in a service specific section. All S
       parameters can also be specified in the [global] section - in which
       case they will define the default behavior for all services.

       Parameters are arranged here in alphabetical order - this may not
       create best bedfellows, but at least you can find them! Where there are
       synonyms, the preferred synonym is described, others refer to the
       preferred synonym.

VARIABLE SUBSTITUTIONS
       Many of the strings that are settable in the config file can take
       substitutions. For example the option "path = /tmp/%u" is interpreted
       as "path = /tmp/john" if the user connected with the username john.

       These substitutions are mostly noted in the descriptions below, but
       there are some general substitutions which apply whenever they might be
       relevant. These are:

       %U
	   session username (the username that the client wanted, not
	   necessarily the same as the one they got).

       %G
	   primary group name of %U.

       %h
	   the Internet hostname that Samba is running on.

       %m
	   the NetBIOS name of the client machine (very useful).

	   This parameter is not available when Samba listens on port 445, as
	   clients no longer send this information. If you use this macro in
	   an include statement on a domain that has a Samba domain controller
	   be sure to set in the [global] section smb ports = 139. This will
	   cause Samba to not listen on port 445 and will permit include
	   functionality to function as it did with Samba 2.x.

       %L
	   the NetBIOS name of the server. This allows you to change your
	   config based on what the client calls you. Your server can have a
	   "dual personality".

       %M
	   the Internet name of the client machine.

       %R
	   the selected protocol level after protocol negotiation. It can be
	   one of CORE, COREPLUS, LANMAN1, LANMAN2, NT1, SMB2_02, SMB2_10,
	   SMB2_22, SMB2_24, SMB3_00, SMB3_02 or SMB2_FF.

       %d
	   the process id of the current server process.

       %a
	   The architecture of the remote machine. It currently recognizes
	   Samba (Samba), the Linux CIFS file system (CIFSFS), OS/2, (OS2),
	   Mac OS X (OSX), Windows for Workgroups (WfWg), Windows 9x/ME
	   (Win95), Windows NT (WinNT), Windows 2000 (Win2K), Windows XP
	   (WinXP), Windows XP 64-bit(WinXP64), Windows 2003 including 2003R2
	   (Win2K3), and Windows Vista (Vista). Anything else will be known as
	   UNKNOWN.

       %I
	   the IP address of the client machine.

	   Before 4.0.0 it could contain IPv4 mapped IPv6 addresses, now it
	   only contains IPv4 or IPv6 addresses.

       %i
	   the local IP address to which a client connected.

	   Before 4.0.0 it could contain IPv4 mapped IPv6 addresses, now it
	   only contains IPv4 or IPv6 addresses.

       %T
	   the current date and time.

       %D
	   name of the domain or workgroup of the current user.

       %w
	   the winbind separator.

       %$(envvar)
	   the value of the environment variable envar.

       The following substitutes apply only to some configuration options
       (only those that are used when a connection has been established):

       %S
	   the name of the current service, if any.

       %P
	   the root directory of the current service, if any.

       %u
	   username of the current service, if any.

       %g
	   primary group name of %u.

       %H
	   the home directory of the user given by %u.

       %N
	   the name of your NIS home directory server. This is obtained from
	   your NIS auto.map entry. If you have not compiled Samba with the
	   --with-automount option, this value will be the same as %L.

       %p
	   the path of the service's home directory, obtained from your NIS
	   auto.map entry. The NIS auto.map entry is split up as %N:%p.

       There are some quite creative things that can be done with these
       substitutions and other smb.conf options.

NAME MANGLING
       Samba supports name mangling so that DOS and Windows clients can use
       files that don't conform to the 8.3 format. It can also be set to
       adjust the case of 8.3 format filenames.

       There are several options that control the way mangling is performed,
       and they are grouped here rather than listed separately. For the
       defaults look at the output of the testparm program.

       These options can be set separately for each service.

       The options are:

       case sensitive = yes/no/auto
	   controls whether filenames are case sensitive. If they aren't,
	   Samba must do a filename search and match on passed names. The
	   default setting of auto allows clients that support case sensitive
	   filenames (Linux CIFSVFS and smbclient 3.0.5 and above currently)
	   to tell the Samba server on a per-packet basis that they wish to
	   access the file system in a case-sensitive manner (to support UNIX
	   case sensitive semantics). No Windows or DOS system supports
	   case-sensitive filename so setting this option to auto is that same
	   as setting it to no for them. Default auto.

       default case = upper/lower
	   controls what the default case is for new filenames (ie. files that
	   don't currently exist in the filesystem). Default lower. IMPORTANT
	   NOTE: As part of the optimizations for directories containing large
	   numbers of files, the following special case applies. If the
	   options case sensitive = yes, preserve case = No, and short
	   preserve case = No are set, then the case of all incoming client
	   filenames, not just new filenames, will be modified. See additional
	   notes below.

       preserve case = yes/no
	   controls whether new files (ie. files that don't currently exist in
	   the filesystem) are created with the case that the client passes,
	   or if they are forced to be the default case. Default yes.

       short preserve case = yes/no
	   controls if new files (ie. files that don't currently exist in the
	   filesystem) which conform to 8.3 syntax, that is all in upper case
	   and of suitable length, are created upper case, or if they are
	   forced to be the default case. This option can be used with
	   preserve case = yes to permit long filenames to retain their case,
	   while short names are lowercased. Default yes.

       By default, Samba 3.0 has the same semantics as a Windows NT server, in
       that it is case insensitive but case preserving. As a special case for
       directories with large numbers of files, if the case options are set as
       follows, "case sensitive = yes", "case preserve = no", "short preserve
       case = no" then the "default case" option will be applied and will
       modify all filenames sent from the client when accessing this share.

REGISTRY-BASED CONFIGURATION
       Starting with Samba version 3.2.0, the capability to store Samba
       configuration in the registry is available. The configuration is stored
       in the registry key HKLM\Software\Samba\smbconf. There are two levels
       of registry configuration:

	1. Share definitions stored in registry are used. This is triggered by
	   setting the global parameter registry shares to "yes" in smb.conf.

	   The registry shares are loaded not at startup but on demand at
	   runtime by smbd. Shares defined in smb.conf take priority over
	   shares of the same name defined in registry.

	2. Global smb.conf options stored in registry are used. This can be
	   activated in two different ways:

	   Firstly, a registry only configuration is triggered by setting
	   config backend = registry in the [global] section of smb.conf. This
	   resets everything that has been read from config files to this
	   point and reads the content of the global configuration section
	   from the registry. This is the recommended method of using registry
	   based configuration.

	   Secondly, a mixed configuration can be activated by a special new
	   meaning of the parameter include = registry in the [global] section
	   of smb.conf. This reads the global options from registry with the
	   same priorities as for an include of a text file. This may be
	   especially useful in cases where an initial configuration is needed
	   to access the registry.

	   Activation of global registry options automatically activates
	   registry shares. So in the registry only case, shares are loaded on
	   demand only.


       Note: To make registry-based configurations foolproof at least to a
       certain extent, the use of lock directory and config backend inside the
       registry configuration has been disabled: Especially by changing the
       lock directory inside the registry configuration, one would create a
       broken setup where the daemons do not see the configuration they loaded
       once it is active.

       The registry configuration can be accessed with tools like regedit or
       net (rpc) registry in the key HKLM\Software\Samba\smbconf. More
       conveniently, the conf subcommand of the net(8) utility offers a
       dedicated interface to read and write the registry based configuration
       locally, i.e. directly accessing the database file, circumventing the
       server.

EXPLANATION OF EACH PARAMETER
       bind interfaces only (G)

	   This global parameter allows the Samba admin to limit what
	   interfaces on a machine will serve SMB requests. It affects file
	   service smbd(8) and name service nmbd(8) in a slightly different
	   ways.

	   For name service it causes nmbd to bind to ports 137 and 138 on the
	   interfaces listed in the interfaces parameter.  nmbd also binds to
	   the "all addresses" interface (0.0.0.0) on ports 137 and 138 for
	   the purposes of reading broadcast messages. If this option is not
	   set then nmbd will service name requests on all of these sockets.
	   If bind interfaces only is set then nmbd will check the source
	   address of any packets coming in on the broadcast sockets and
	   discard any that don't match the broadcast addresses of the
	   interfaces in the interfaces parameter list. As unicast packets are
	   received on the other sockets it allows nmbd to refuse to serve
	   names to machines that send packets that arrive through any
	   interfaces not listed in the interfaces list. IP Source address
	   spoofing does defeat this simple check, however, so it must not be
	   used seriously as a security feature for nmbd.

	   For file service it causes smbd(8) to bind only to the interface
	   list given in the interfaces parameter. This restricts the networks
	   that smbd will serve, to packets coming in on those interfaces.
	   Note that you should not use this parameter for machines that are
	   serving PPP or other intermittent or non-broadcast network
	   interfaces as it will not cope with non-permanent interfaces.

	   If bind interfaces only is set and the network address 127.0.0.1 is
	   not added to the interfaces parameter list smbpasswd(8) may not
	   work as expected due to the reasons covered below.

	   To change a users SMB password, the smbpasswd by default connects
	   to the localhost - 127.0.0.1 address as an SMB client to issue the
	   password change request. If bind interfaces only is set then unless
	   the network address 127.0.0.1 is added to the interfaces parameter
	   list then smbpasswd will fail to connect in it's default mode.
	   smbpasswd can be forced to use the primary IP interface of the
	   local host by using its smbpasswd(8)-r remote machine parameter,
	   with remote machine set to the IP name of the primary interface of
	   the local host.

	   Default: bind interfaces only = no

       comment (S)

	   This is a text field that is seen next to a share when a client
	   does a queries the server, either via the network neighborhood or
	   via net view to list what shares are available.

	   If you want to set the string that is displayed next to the machine
	   name then see the server string parameter.

	   Default: comment =  # No comment

	   Example: comment = Fred's Files

       config backend (G)

	   This controls the backend for storing the configuration. Possible
	   values are file (the default) and registry. When config backend =
	   registry is encountered while loading smb.conf, the configuration
	   read so far is dropped and the global options are read from
	   registry instead. So this triggers a registry only configuration.
	   Share definitions are not read immediately but instead registry
	   shares is set to yes.

	   Note: This option can not be set inside the registry configuration
	   itself.

	   Default: config backend = file

	   Example: config backend = registry

       dos charset (G)

	   DOS SMB clients assume the server has the same charset as they do.
	   This option specifies which charset Samba should talk to DOS
	   clients.

	   The default depends on which charsets you have installed. Samba
	   tries to use charset 850 but falls back to ASCII in case it is not
	   available. Run testparm(1) to check the default on your system.

	   No default

       enable core files (G)

	   This parameter specifies whether core dumps should be written on
	   internal exits. Normally set to yes. You should never need to
	   change this.

	   Default: enable core files = yes

	   Example: enable core files = no

       interfaces (G)

	   This option allows you to override the default network interfaces
	   list that Samba will use for browsing, name registration and other
	   NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NBT) traffic. By default Samba will query the
	   kernel for the list of all active interfaces and use any interfaces
	   except 127.0.0.1 that are broadcast capable.

	   The option takes a list of interface strings. Each string can be in
	   any of the following forms:

	   o   a network interface name (such as eth0). This may include
	       shell-like wildcards so eth* will match any interface starting
	       with the substring "eth"

	   o   an IP address. In this case the netmask is determined from the
	       list of interfaces obtained from the kernel

	   o   an IP/mask pair.

	   o   a broadcast/mask pair.

       The "mask" parameters can either be a bit length (such as 24 for a C
       class network) or a full netmask in dotted decimal form.

       The "IP" parameters above can either be a full dotted decimal IP
       address or a hostname which will be looked up via the OS's normal
       hostname resolution mechanisms.

       By default Samba enables all active interfaces that are broadcast
       capable except the loopback adaptor (IP address 127.0.0.1).

       The example below configures three network interfaces corresponding to
       the eth0 device and IP addresses 192.168.2.10 and 192.168.3.10. The
       netmasks of the latter two interfaces would be set to 255.255.255.0.

       Default: interfaces =

       Example: interfaces = eth0 192.168.2.10/24 192.168.3.10/255.255.255.0

       multicast dns register (G)

	   If compiled with proper support for it, Samba will announce itself
	   with multicast DNS services like for example provided by the Avahi
	   daemon.

	   This parameter allows disabling Samba to register itself.

	   Default: multicast dns register = yes

       netbios aliases (G)

	   This is a list of NetBIOS names that nmbd will advertise as
	   additional names by which the Samba server is known. This allows
	   one machine to appear in browse lists under multiple names. If a
	   machine is acting as a browse server or logon server none of these
	   names will be advertised as either browse server or logon servers,
	   only the primary name of the machine will be advertised with these
	   capabilities.

	   Default: netbios aliases =  # empty string (no additional names)

	   Example: netbios aliases = TEST TEST1 TEST2

       netbios name (G)

	   This sets the NetBIOS name by which a Samba server is known. By
	   default it is the same as the first component of the host's DNS
	   name. If a machine is a browse server or logon server this name (or
	   the first component of the hosts DNS name) will be the name that
	   these services are advertised under.

	   Note that the maximum length for a NetBIOS name is 15 charactars.

	   There is a bug in Samba that breaks operation of browsing and
	   access to shares if the netbios name is set to the literal name
	   PIPE. To avoid this problem, do not name your Samba server PIPE.

	   Default: netbios name =  # machine DNS name

	   Example: netbios name = MYNAME

       netbios scope (G)

	   This sets the NetBIOS scope that Samba will operate under. This
	   should not be set unless every machine on your LAN also sets this
	   value.

	   Default: netbios scope =

       directory

	   This parameter is a synonym for path.

       path (S)

	   This parameter specifies a directory to which the user of the
	   service is to be given access. In the case of printable services,
	   this is where print data will spool prior to being submitted to the
	   host for printing.

	   For a printable service offering guest access, the service should
	   be readonly and the path should be world-writeable and have the
	   sticky bit set. This is not mandatory of course, but you probably
	   won't get the results you expect if you do otherwise.

	   Any occurrences of %u in the path will be replaced with the UNIX
	   username that the client is using on this connection. Any
	   occurrences of %m will be replaced by the NetBIOS name of the
	   machine they are connecting from. These replacements are very
	   useful for setting up pseudo home directories for users.

	   Note that this path will be based on root dir if one was specified.

	   Default: path =

	   Example: path = /home/fred

       realm (G)

	   This option specifies the kerberos realm to use. The realm is used
	   as the ADS equivalent of the NT4 domain. It is usually set to the
	   DNS name of the kerberos server.

	   Default: realm =

	   Example: realm = mysambabox.mycompany.com

       server services (G)

	   This option contains the services that the Samba daemon will run.

	   An entry in the smb.conf file can either override the previous
	   value completely or entries can be removed from or added to it by
	   prefixing them with + or -.

	   Default: server services = s3fs, rpc, nbt, wrepl, ldap, cldap, kdc,
	   drepl, winbindd, ntp_signd, kcc, dnsupdate, dns

	   Example: server services = -s3fs, +smb

       server string (G)

	   This controls what string will show up in the printer comment box
	   in print manager and next to the IPC connection in net view. It can
	   be any string that you wish to show to your users.

	   It also sets what will appear in browse lists next to the machine
	   name.

	   A %v will be replaced with the Samba version number.

	   A %h will be replaced with the hostname.

	   Default: server string = Samba %v

	   Example: server string = University of GNUs Samba Server

       share backend (G)

	   This option specifies the backend that will be used to access the
	   configuration of file shares.

	   Traditionally, Samba file shares have been configured in the
	   smb.conf file and this is still the default.

	   At the moment there are no other supported backends.

	   Default: share backend = classic

       unix charset (G)

	   Specifies the charset the unix machine Samba runs on uses. Samba
	   needs to know this in order to be able to convert text to the
	   charsets other SMB clients use.

	   This is also the charset Samba will use when specifying arguments
	   to scripts that it invokes.

	   Default: unix charset = UTF-8

	   Example: unix charset = ASCII

       workgroup (G)

	   This controls what workgroup your server will appear to be in when
	   queried by clients. Note that this parameter also controls the
	   Domain name used with the security = domain setting.

	   Default: workgroup = WORKGROUP

	   Example: workgroup = MYGROUP

       administrative share (S)

	   If this parameter is set to yes for a share, then the share will be
	   an administrative share. The Administrative Shares are the default
	   network shares created by all Windows NT-based operating systems.
	   These are shares like C$, D$ or ADMIN$. The type of these shares is
	   STYPE_DISKTREE_HIDDEN.

	   See the section below on security for more information about this
	   option.

	   Default: administrative share = no

       browsable

	   This parameter is a synonym for browseable.

       browseable (S)

	   This controls whether this share is seen in the list of available
	   shares in a net view and in the browse list.

	   Default: browseable = yes

       browse list (G)

	   This controls whether smbd(8) will serve a browse list to a client
	   doing a NetServerEnum call. Normally set to yes. You should never
	   need to change this.

	   Default: browse list = yes

       domain master (G)

	   Tell smbd(8) to enable WAN-wide browse list collation. Setting this
	   option causes nmbd to claim a special domain specific NetBIOS name
	   that identifies it as a domain master browser for its given
	   workgroup. Local master browsers in the same workgroup on
	   broadcast-isolated subnets will give this nmbd their local browse
	   lists, and then ask smbd(8) for a complete copy of the browse list
	   for the whole wide area network. Browser clients will then contact
	   their local master browser, and will receive the domain-wide browse
	   list, instead of just the list for their broadcast-isolated subnet.

	   Note that Windows NT Primary Domain Controllers expect to be able
	   to claim this workgroup specific special NetBIOS name that
	   identifies them as domain master browsers for that workgroup by
	   default (i.e. there is no way to prevent a Windows NT PDC from
	   attempting to do this). This means that if this parameter is set
	   and nmbd claims the special name for a workgroup before a Windows
	   NT PDC is able to do so then cross subnet browsing will behave
	   strangely and may fail.

	   If domain logons = yes, then the default behavior is to enable the
	   domain master parameter. If domain logons is not enabled (the
	   default setting), then neither will domain master be enabled by
	   default.

	   When domain logons = Yes the default setting for this parameter is
	   Yes, with the result that Samba will be a PDC. If domain master =
	   No, Samba will function as a BDC. In general, this parameter should
	   be set to 'No' only on a BDC.

	   Default: domain master = auto

       enhanced browsing (G)

	   This option enables a couple of enhancements to cross-subnet browse
	   propagation that have been added in Samba but which are not
	   standard in Microsoft implementations.

	   The first enhancement to browse propagation consists of a regular
	   wildcard query to a Samba WINS server for all Domain Master
	   Browsers, followed by a browse synchronization with each of the
	   returned DMBs. The second enhancement consists of a regular
	   randomised browse synchronization with all currently known DMBs.

	   You may wish to disable this option if you have a problem with
	   empty workgroups not disappearing from browse lists. Due to the
	   restrictions of the browse protocols, these enhancements can cause
	   a empty workgroup to stay around forever which can be annoying.

	   In general you should leave this option enabled as it makes
	   cross-subnet browse propagation much more reliable.

	   Default: enhanced browsing = yes

       lm announce (G)

	   This parameter determines if nmbd(8) will produce Lanman announce
	   broadcasts that are needed by OS/2 clients in order for them to see
	   the Samba server in their browse list. This parameter can have
	   three values, yes, no, or auto. The default is auto. If set to no
	   Samba will never produce these broadcasts. If set to yes Samba will
	   produce Lanman announce broadcasts at a frequency set by the
	   parameter lm interval. If set to auto Samba will not send Lanman
	   announce broadcasts by default but will listen for them. If it
	   hears such a broadcast on the wire it will then start sending them
	   at a frequency set by the parameter lm interval.

	   Default: lm announce = auto

	   Example: lm announce = yes

       lm interval (G)

	   If Samba is set to produce Lanman announce broadcasts needed by
	   OS/2 clients (see the lm announce parameter) then this parameter
	   defines the frequency in seconds with which they will be made. If
	   this is set to zero then no Lanman announcements will be made
	   despite the setting of the lm announce parameter.

	   Default: lm interval = 60

	   Example: lm interval = 120

       local master (G)

	   This option allows nmbd(8) to try and become a local master browser
	   on a subnet. If set to no then nmbd will not attempt to become a
	   local master browser on a subnet and will also lose in all browsing
	   elections. By default this value is set to yes. Setting this value
	   to yes doesn't mean that Samba will become the local master browser
	   on a subnet, just that nmbd will participate in elections for local
	   master browser.

	   Setting this value to no will cause nmbdnever to become a local
	   master browser.

	   Default: local master = yes

       os level (G)

	   This integer value controls what level Samba advertises itself as
	   for browse elections. The value of this parameter determines
	   whether nmbd(8) has a chance of becoming a local master browser for
	   the workgroup in the local broadcast area.

	    Note: By default, Samba will win a local master browsing election
	   over all Microsoft operating systems except a Windows NT 4.0/2000
	   Domain Controller. This means that a misconfigured Samba host can
	   effectively isolate a subnet for browsing purposes. This parameter
	   is largely auto-configured in the Samba-3 release series and it is
	   seldom necessary to manually override the default setting. Please
	   refer to the chapter on Network Browsing in the Samba-3 HOWTO
	   document for further information regarding the use of this
	   parameter.  Note: The maximum value for this parameter is 255. If
	   you use higher values, counting will start at 0!

	   Default: os level = 20

	   Example: os level = 65

       prefered master

	   This parameter is a synonym for preferred master.

       preferred master (G)

	   This boolean parameter controls if nmbd(8) is a preferred master
	   browser for its workgroup.

	   If this is set to yes, on startup, nmbd will force an election, and
	   it will have a slight advantage in winning the election. It is
	   recommended that this parameter is used in conjunction with domain
	   master = yes, so that nmbd can guarantee becoming a domain master.

	   Use this option with caution, because if there are several hosts
	   (whether Samba servers, Windows 95 or NT) that are preferred master
	   browsers on the same subnet, they will each periodically and
	   continuously attempt to become the local master browser. This will
	   result in unnecessary broadcast traffic and reduced browsing
	   capabilities.

	   Default: preferred master = auto

       allow dns updates (G)

	   This option determines what kind of updates to the DNS are allowed.

	   DNS updates can either be disallowed completely by setting it to
	   disabled, enabled over secure connections only by setting it to
	   secure only or allowed in all cases by setting it to nonsecure.

	   Default: allow dns updates = secure only

	   Example: allow dns updates = disabled

       dns forwarder (G)

	   This option specifies the DNS server that DNS requests will be
	   forwarded to if they can not be handled by Samba itself.

	   The DNS forwarder is only used if the internal DNS server in Samba
	   is used.

	   Default: dns forwarder =

	   Example: dns forwarder = 192.168.0.1

       dns update command (G)

	   This option sets the command that is called when there are DNS
	   updates. It should update the local machines DNS names using
	   TSIG-GSS.

	   Default: dns update command =
	   /builddir/build/BUILD/samba-4.2.10/source4/scripting/bin/samba_dnsupdate

	   Example: dns update command = /usr/local/sbin/dnsupdate

       machine password timeout (G)

	   If a Samba server is a member of a Windows NT Domain (see the
	   security = domain parameter) then periodically a running smbd
	   process will try and change the MACHINE ACCOUNT PASSWORD stored in
	   the TDB called private/secrets.tdb (or private/secrets.ntdb). This
	   parameter specifies how often this password will be changed, in
	   seconds. The default is one week (expressed in seconds), the same
	   as a Windows NT Domain member server.

	   See also smbpasswd(8), and the security = domain parameter.

	   Default: machine password timeout = 604800

       nsupdate command (G)

	   This option sets the path to the nsupdate command which is used for
	   GSS-TSIG dynamic DNS updates.

	   Default: nsupdate command = /usr/bin/nsupdate -g

       rndc command (G)

	   This option specifies the path to the name server control utility.

	   The rndc utility should be a part of the bind installation.

	   Default: rndc command = /usr/sbin/rndc

	   Example: rndc command = /usr/local/bind9/sbin/rndc

       spn update command (G)

	   This option sets the command that for updating servicePrincipalName
	   names from spn_update_list.

	   Default: spn update command =
	   /builddir/build/BUILD/samba-4.2.10/source4/scripting/bin/samba_spnupdate

	   Example: spn update command = /usr/local/sbin/spnupdate

       casesignames

	   This parameter is a synonym for case sensitive.

       case sensitive (S)

	   See the discussion in the section name mangling.

	   Default: case sensitive = auto

       default case (S)

	   See the section on name mangling. Also note the short preserve case
	   parameter.

	   Default: default case = lower

       delete veto files (S)

	   This option is used when Samba is attempting to delete a directory
	   that contains one or more vetoed directories (see the veto files
	   option). If this option is set to no (the default) then if a vetoed
	   directory contains any non-vetoed files or directories then the
	   directory delete will fail. This is usually what you want.

	   If this option is set to yes, then Samba will attempt to
	   recursively delete any files and directories within the vetoed
	   directory. This can be useful for integration with file serving
	   systems such as NetAtalk which create meta-files within directories
	   you might normally veto DOS/Windows users from seeing (e.g.
	   .AppleDouble)

	   Setting delete veto files = yes allows these directories to be
	   transparently deleted when the parent directory is deleted (so long
	   as the user has permissions to do so).

	   Default: delete veto files = no

       hide dot files (S)

	   This is a boolean parameter that controls whether files starting
	   with a dot appear as hidden files.

	   Default: hide dot files = yes

       hide files (S)

	   This is a list of files or directories that are not visible but are
	   accessible. The DOS 'hidden' attribute is applied to any files or
	   directories that match.

	   Each entry in the list must be separated by a '/', which allows
	   spaces to be included in the entry. '*' and '?' can be used to
	   specify multiple files or directories as in DOS wildcards.

	   Each entry must be a Unix path, not a DOS path and must not include
	   the Unix directory separator '/'.

	   Note that the case sensitivity option is applicable in hiding
	   files.

	   Setting this parameter will affect the performance of Samba, as it
	   will be forced to check all files and directories for a match as
	   they are scanned.

	   The example shown above is based on files that the Macintosh SMB
	   client (DAVE) available from Thursby creates for internal use, and
	   also still hides all files beginning with a dot.

	   An example of us of this parameter is:

	       hide files = /.*/DesktopFolderDB/TrashFor%m/resource.frk/

	   Default: hide files =  # no file are hidden

       hide special files (S)

	   This parameter prevents clients from seeing special files such as
	   sockets, devices and fifo's in directory listings.

	   Default: hide special files = no

       hide unreadable (S)

	   This parameter prevents clients from seeing the existance of files
	   that cannot be read. Defaults to off.

	   Please note that enabling this can slow down listing large
	   directories significantly. Samba has to evaluate the ACLs of all
	   directory members, which can be a lot of effort.

	   Default: hide unreadable = no

       hide unwriteable files (S)

	   This parameter prevents clients from seeing the existance of files
	   that cannot be written to. Defaults to off. Note that unwriteable
	   directories are shown as usual.

	   Please note that enabling this can slow down listing large
	   directories significantly. Samba has to evaluate the ACLs of all
	   directory members, which can be a lot of effort.

	   Default: hide unwriteable files = no

       mangled names (S)

	   This controls whether non-DOS names under UNIX should be mapped to
	   DOS-compatible names ("mangled") and made visible, or whether
	   non-DOS names should simply be ignored.

	   See the section on name mangling for details on how to control the
	   mangling process.

	   If mangling is used then the mangling method is as follows:

	   o   The first (up to) five alphanumeric characters before the
	       rightmost dot of the filename are preserved, forced to upper
	       case, and appear as the first (up to) five characters of the
	       mangled name.

	   o   A tilde "~" is appended to the first part of the mangled name,
	       followed by a two-character unique sequence, based on the
	       original root name (i.e., the original filename minus its final
	       extension). The final extension is included in the hash
	       calculation only if it contains any upper case characters or is
	       longer than three characters.

	       Note that the character to use may be specified using the
	       mangling char option, if you don't like '~'.

	   o   Files whose UNIX name begins with a dot will be presented as
	       DOS hidden files. The mangled name will be created as for other
	       filenames, but with the leading dot removed and "___" as its
	       extension regardless of actual original extension (that's three
	       underscores).

       The two-digit hash value consists of upper case alphanumeric
       characters.

       This algorithm can cause name collisions only if files in a directory
       share the same first five alphanumeric characters. The probability of
       such a clash is 1/1300.

       The name mangling (if enabled) allows a file to be copied between UNIX
       directories from Windows/DOS while retaining the long UNIX filename.
       UNIX files can be renamed to a new extension from Windows/DOS and will
       retain the same basename. Mangled names do not change between sessions.

       Default: mangled names = yes

       mangle prefix (G)

	   controls the number of prefix characters from the original name
	   used when generating the mangled names. A larger value will give a
	   weaker hash and therefore more name collisions. The minimum value
	   is 1 and the maximum value is 6.

	   mangle prefix is effective only when mangling method is hash2.

	   Default: mangle prefix = 1

	   Example: mangle prefix = 4

       mangling char (S)

	   This controls what character is used as the magic character in name
	   mangling. The default is a '~' but this may interfere with some
	   software. Use this option to set it to whatever you prefer. This is
	   effective only when mangling method is hash.

	   Default: mangling char = ~

	   Example: mangling char = ^

       mangling method (G)

	   controls the algorithm used for the generating the mangled names.
	   Can take two different values, "hash" and "hash2". "hash" is the
	   algorithm that was used in Samba for many years and was the default
	   in Samba 2.2.x "hash2" is now the default and is newer and
	   considered a better algorithm (generates less collisions) in the
	   names. Many Win32 applications store the mangled names and so
	   changing to algorithms must not be done lightly as these
	   applications may break unless reinstalled.

	   Default: mangling method = hash2

	   Example: mangling method = hash

       map archive (S)

	   This controls whether the DOS archive attribute should be mapped to
	   the UNIX owner execute bit. The DOS archive bit is set when a file
	   has been modified since its last backup. One motivation for this
	   option is to keep Samba/your PC from making any file it touches
	   from becoming executable under UNIX. This can be quite annoying for
	   shared source code, documents, etc...

	   Note that this parameter will be ignored if the store dos
	   attributes parameter is set, as the DOS archive attribute will then
	   be stored inside a UNIX extended attribute.

	   Note that this requires the create mask parameter to be set such
	   that owner execute bit is not masked out (i.e. it must include
	   100). See the parameter create mask for details.

	   Default: map archive = yes

       map hidden (S)

	   This controls whether DOS style hidden files should be mapped to
	   the UNIX world execute bit.

	   Note that this parameter will be ignored if the store dos
	   attributes parameter is set, as the DOS hidden attribute will then
	   be stored inside a UNIX extended attribute.

	   Note that this requires the create mask to be set such that the
	   world execute bit is not masked out (i.e. it must include 001). See
	   the parameter create mask for details.

	   Default: map hidden = no

       map readonly (S)

	   This controls how the DOS read only attribute should be mapped from
	   a UNIX filesystem.

	   This parameter can take three different values, which tell smbd(8)
	   how to display the read only attribute on files, where either store
	   dos attributes is set to No, or no extended attribute is present.
	   If store dos attributes is set to yes then this parameter is
	   ignored. This is a new parameter introduced in Samba version
	   3.0.21.

	   The three settings are :

	   o   Yes - The read only DOS attribute is mapped to the inverse of
	       the user or owner write bit in the unix permission mode set. If
	       the owner write bit is not set, the read only attribute is
	       reported as being set on the file. If the read only DOS
	       attribute is set, Samba sets the owner, group and others write
	       bits to zero. Write bits set in an ACL are ignored by Samba. If
	       the read only DOS attribute is unset, Samba simply sets the
	       write bit of the owner to one.

	   o   Permissions - The read only DOS attribute is mapped to the
	       effective permissions of the connecting user, as evaluated by
	       smbd(8) by reading the unix permissions and POSIX ACL (if
	       present). If the connecting user does not have permission to
	       modify the file, the read only attribute is reported as being
	       set on the file.

	   o   No - The read only DOS attribute is unaffected by permissions,
	       and can only be set by the store dos attributes method. This
	       may be useful for exporting mounted CDs.

       Note that this parameter will be ignored if the store dos attributes
       parameter is set, as the DOS 'read-only' attribute will then be stored
       inside a UNIX extended attribute.

       Default: map readonly = yes

       map system (S)

	   This controls whether DOS style system files should be mapped to
	   the UNIX group execute bit.

	   Note that this parameter will be ignored if the store dos
	   attributes parameter is set, as the DOS system attribute will then
	   be stored inside a UNIX extended attribute.

	   Note that this requires the create mask to be set such that the
	   group execute bit is not masked out (i.e. it must include 010). See
	   the parameter create mask for details.

	   Default: map system = no

       max stat cache size (G)

	   This parameter limits the size in memory of any stat cache being
	   used to speed up case insensitive name mappings. It represents the
	   number of kilobyte (1024) units the stat cache can use. A value of
	   zero, meaning unlimited, is not advisable due to increased memory
	   usage. You should not need to change this parameter.

	   Default: max stat cache size = 256

	   Example: max stat cache size = 100

       preserve case (S)

	   This controls if new filenames are created with the case that the
	   client passes, or if they are forced to be the default case.

	   See the section on NAME MANGLING for a fuller discussion.

	   Default: preserve case = yes

       short preserve case (S)

	   This boolean parameter controls if new files which conform to 8.3
	   syntax, that is all in upper case and of suitable length, are
	   created upper case, or if they are forced to be the default case.
	   This option can be use with preserve case = yes to permit long
	   filenames to retain their case, while short names are lowered.

	   See the section on NAME MANGLING.

	   Default: short preserve case = yes

       stat cache (G)

	   This parameter determines if smbd(8) will use a cache in order to
	   speed up case insensitive name mappings. You should never need to
	   change this parameter.

	   Default: stat cache = yes

       store dos attributes (S)

	   If this parameter is set Samba attempts to first read DOS
	   attributes (SYSTEM, HIDDEN, ARCHIVE or READ-ONLY) from a filesystem
	   extended attribute, before mapping DOS attributes to UNIX
	   permission bits (such as occurs with map hidden and map readonly).
	   When set, DOS attributes will be stored onto an extended attribute
	   in the UNIX filesystem, associated with the file or directory. When
	   this parameter is set it will override the parameters map hidden,
	   map system, map archive and map readonly and they will behave as if
	   they were set to off. This parameter writes the DOS attributes as a
	   string into the extended attribute named "user.DOSATTRIB". This
	   extended attribute is explicitly hidden from smbd clients
	   requesting an EA list. On Linux the filesystem must have been
	   mounted with the mount option user_xattr in order for extended
	   attributes to work, also extended attributes must be compiled into
	   the Linux kernel. In Samba 3.5.0 and above the "user.DOSATTRIB"
	   extended attribute has been extended to store the create time for a
	   file as well as the DOS attributes. This is done in a backwards
	   compatible way so files created by Samba 3.5.0 and above can still
	   have the DOS attribute read from this extended attribute by earlier
	   versions of Samba, but they will not be able to read the create
	   time stored there. Storing the create time separately from the
	   normal filesystem meta-data allows Samba to faithfully reproduce
	   NTFS semantics on top of a POSIX filesystem.

	   Default: store dos attributes = no

       veto files (S)

	   This is a list of files and directories that are neither visible
	   nor accessible. Each entry in the list must be separated by a '/',
	   which allows spaces to be included in the entry. '*' and '?' can be
	   used to specify multiple files or directories as in DOS wildcards.

	   Each entry must be a unix path, not a DOS path and must not include
	   the unix directory separator '/'.

	   Note that the case sensitive option is applicable in vetoing files.

	   One feature of the veto files parameter that it is important to be
	   aware of is Samba's behaviour when trying to delete a directory. If
	   a directory that is to be deleted contains nothing but veto files
	   this deletion will fail unless you also set the delete veto files
	   parameter to yes.

	   Setting this parameter will affect the performance of Samba, as it
	   will be forced to check all files and directories for a match as
	   they are scanned.

	   Examples of use include:

	       ; Veto any files containing the word Security,
	       ; any ending in .tmp, and any directory containing the
	       ; word root.
	       veto files = /*Security*/*.tmp/*root*/

	       ; Veto the Apple specific files that a NetAtalk server
	       ; creates.
	       veto files = /.AppleDouble/.bin/.AppleDesktop/Network Trash Folder/

	   Default: veto files =  # No files or directories are vetoed

       veto oplock files (S)

	   This parameter is only valid when the oplocks parameter is turned
	   on for a share. It allows the Samba administrator to selectively
	   turn off the granting of oplocks on selected files that match a
	   wildcarded list, similar to the wildcarded list used in the veto
	   files parameter.

	   You might want to do this on files that you know will be heavily
	   contended for by clients. A good example of this is in the NetBench
	   SMB benchmark program, which causes heavy client contention for
	   files ending in .SEM. To cause Samba not to grant oplocks on these
	   files you would use the line (either in the [global] section or in
	   the section for the particular NetBench share.

	   An example of use is:

	       veto oplock files = /.*SEM/

	   Default: veto oplock files =	 # No files are vetoed for oplock
	   grants

       client ldap sasl wrapping (G)

	   The client ldap sasl wrapping defines whether ldap traffic will be
	   signed or signed and encrypted (sealed). Possible values are plain,
	   sign and seal.

	   The values sign and seal are only available if Samba has been
	   compiled against a modern OpenLDAP version (2.3.x or higher).

	   This option is needed in the case of Domain Controllers enforcing
	   the usage of signed LDAP connections (e.g. Windows 2000 SP3 or
	   higher). LDAP sign and seal can be controlled with the registry key
	   "HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters\LDAPServerIntegrity"
	   on the Windows server side.

	   Depending on the used KRB5 library (MIT and older Heimdal versions)
	   it is possible that the message "integrity only" is not supported.
	   In this case, sign is just an alias for seal.

	   The default value is sign. That implies synchronizing the time with
	   the KDC in the case of using Kerberos.

	   Default: client ldap sasl wrapping = sign

       ldap admin dn (G)

	   The ldap admin dn defines the Distinguished Name (DN) name used by
	   Samba to contact the ldap server when retreiving user account
	   information. The ldap admin dn is used in conjunction with the
	   admin dn password stored in the private/secrets.tdb (or
	   private/secrets.ntdb) file. See the smbpasswd(8) man page for more
	   information on how to accomplish this.

	   The ldap admin dn requires a fully specified DN. The ldap suffix is
	   not appended to the ldap admin dn.

	   No default

       ldap connection timeout (G)

	   This parameter tells the LDAP library calls which timeout in
	   seconds they should honor during initial connection establishments
	   to LDAP servers. It is very useful in failover scenarios in
	   particular. If one or more LDAP servers are not reachable at all,
	   we do not have to wait until TCP timeouts are over. This feature
	   must be supported by your LDAP library.

	   This parameter is different from ldap timeout which affects
	   operations on LDAP servers using an existing connection and not
	   establishing an initial connection.

	   Default: ldap connection timeout = 2

       ldap delete dn (G)

	   This parameter specifies whether a delete operation in the ldapsam
	   deletes the complete entry or only the attributes specific to
	   Samba.

	   Default: ldap delete dn = no

       ldap deref (G)

	   This option controls whether Samba should tell the LDAP library to
	   use a certain alias dereferencing method. The default is auto,
	   which means that the default setting of the ldap client library
	   will be kept. Other possible values are never, finding, searching
	   and always. Grab your LDAP manual for more information.

	   Default: ldap deref = auto

	   Example: ldap deref = searching

       ldap follow referral (G)

	   This option controls whether to follow LDAP referrals or not when
	   searching for entries in the LDAP database. Possible values are on
	   to enable following referrals, off to disable this, and auto, to
	   use the libldap default settings. libldap's choice of following
	   referrals or not is set in /etc/openldap/ldap.conf with the
	   REFERRALS parameter as documented in ldap.conf(5).

	   Default: ldap follow referral = auto

	   Example: ldap follow referral = off

       ldap group suffix (G)

	   This parameter specifies the suffix that is used for groups when
	   these are added to the LDAP directory. If this parameter is unset,
	   the value of ldap suffix will be used instead. The suffix string is
	   pre-pended to the ldap suffix string so use a partial DN.

	   Default: ldap group suffix =

	   Example: ldap group suffix = ou=Groups

       ldap idmap suffix (G)

	   This parameters specifies the suffix that is used when storing
	   idmap mappings. If this parameter is unset, the value of ldap
	   suffix will be used instead. The suffix string is pre-pended to the
	   ldap suffix string so use a partial DN.

	   Default: ldap idmap suffix =

	   Example: ldap idmap suffix = ou=Idmap

       ldap machine suffix (G)

	   It specifies where machines should be added to the ldap tree. If
	   this parameter is unset, the value of ldap suffix will be used
	   instead. The suffix string is pre-pended to the ldap suffix string
	   so use a partial DN.

	   Default: ldap machine suffix =

	   Example: ldap machine suffix = ou=Computers

       ldap page size (G)

	   This parameter specifies the number of entries per page.

	   If the LDAP server supports paged results, clients can request
	   subsets of search results (pages) instead of the entire list. This
	   parameter specifies the size of these pages.

	   Default: ldap page size = 1024

	   Example: ldap page size = 512

       ldap password sync

	   This parameter is a synonym for ldap passwd sync.

       ldap passwd sync (G)

	   This option is used to define whether or not Samba should sync the
	   LDAP password with the NT and LM hashes for normal accounts (NOT
	   for workstation, server or domain trusts) on a password change via
	   SAMBA.

	   The ldap passwd sync can be set to one of three values:

	   o   Yes = Try to update the LDAP, NT and LM passwords and update
	       the pwdLastSet time.

	   o   No = Update NT and LM passwords and update the pwdLastSet time.

	   o   Only = Only update the LDAP password and let the LDAP server do
	       the rest.

       Default: ldap passwd sync = no

       ldap replication sleep (G)

	   When Samba is asked to write to a read-only LDAP replica, we are
	   redirected to talk to the read-write master server. This server
	   then replicates our changes back to the 'local' server, however the
	   replication might take some seconds, especially over slow links.
	   Certain client activities, particularly domain joins, can become
	   confused by the 'success' that does not immediately change the LDAP
	   back-end's data.

	   This option simply causes Samba to wait a short time, to allow the
	   LDAP server to catch up. If you have a particularly high-latency
	   network, you may wish to time the LDAP replication with a network
	   sniffer, and increase this value accordingly. Be aware that no
	   checking is performed that the data has actually replicated.

	   The value is specified in milliseconds, the maximum value is 5000
	   (5 seconds).

	   Default: ldap replication sleep = 1000

       ldapsam:editposix (G)

	   Editposix is an option that leverages ldapsam:trusted to make it
	   simpler to manage a domain controller eliminating the need to set
	   up custom scripts to add and manage the posix users and groups.
	   This option will instead directly manipulate the ldap tree to
	   create, remove and modify user and group entries. This option also
	   requires a running winbindd as it is used to allocate new uids/gids
	   on user/group creation. The allocation range must be therefore
	   configured.

	   To use this option, a basic ldap tree must be provided and the ldap
	   suffix parameters must be properly configured. On virgin servers
	   the default users and groups (Administrator, Guest, Domain Users,
	   Domain Admins, Domain Guests) can be precreated with the command
	   net sam provision. To run this command the ldap server must be
	   running, Winbindd must be running and the smb.conf ldap options
	   must be properly configured. The typical ldap setup used with the
	   ldapsam:trusted = yes option is usually sufficient to use
	   ldapsam:editposix = yes as well.

	   An example configuration can be the following:

		    encrypt passwords = true
		    passdb backend = ldapsam

		    ldapsam:trusted=yes
		    ldapsam:editposix=yes

		    ldap admin dn = cn=admin,dc=samba,dc=org
		    ldap delete dn = yes
		    ldap group suffix = ou=groups
		    ldap idmap suffix = ou=idmap
		    ldap machine suffix = ou=computers
		    ldap user suffix = ou=users
		    ldap suffix = dc=samba,dc=org

		    idmap backend = ldap:"ldap://localhost"

		    idmap uid = 5000-50000
		    idmap gid = 5000-50000


	   This configuration assumes a directory layout like described in the
	   following ldif:

		    dn: dc=samba,dc=org
		    objectClass: top
		    objectClass: dcObject
		    objectClass: organization
		    o: samba.org
		    dc: samba

		    dn: cn=admin,dc=samba,dc=org
		    objectClass: simpleSecurityObject
		    objectClass: organizationalRole
		    cn: admin
		    description: LDAP administrator
		    userPassword: secret

		    dn: ou=users,dc=samba,dc=org
		    objectClass: top
		    objectClass: organizationalUnit
		    ou: users

		    dn: ou=groups,dc=samba,dc=org
		    objectClass: top
		    objectClass: organizationalUnit
		    ou: groups

		    dn: ou=idmap,dc=samba,dc=org
		    objectClass: top
		    objectClass: organizationalUnit
		    ou: idmap

		    dn: ou=computers,dc=samba,dc=org
		    objectClass: top
		    objectClass: organizationalUnit
		    ou: computers


	   Default: ldapsam:editposix = no

       ldapsam:trusted (G)

	   By default, Samba as a Domain Controller with an LDAP backend needs
	   to use the Unix-style NSS subsystem to access user and group
	   information. Due to the way Unix stores user information in
	   /etc/passwd and /etc/group this inevitably leads to inefficiencies.
	   One important question a user needs to know is the list of groups
	   he is member of. The plain UNIX model involves a complete
	   enumeration of the file /etc/group and its NSS counterparts in
	   LDAP. UNIX has optimized functions to enumerate group membership.
	   Sadly, other functions that are used to deal with user and group
	   attributes lack such optimization.

	   To make Samba scale well in large environments, the ldapsam:trusted
	   = yes option assumes that the complete user and group database that
	   is relevant to Samba is stored in LDAP with the standard
	   posixAccount/posixGroup attributes. It further assumes that the
	   Samba auxiliary object classes are stored together with the POSIX
	   data in the same LDAP object. If these assumptions are met,
	   ldapsam:trusted = yes can be activated and Samba can bypass the NSS
	   system to query user group memberships. Optimized LDAP queries can
	   greatly speed up domain logon and administration tasks. Depending
	   on the size of the LDAP database a factor of 100 or more for common
	   queries is easily achieved.

	   Default: ldapsam:trusted = no

       ldap server require strong auth (G)

	   The ldap server require strong auth defines whether the ldap server
	   requires ldap traffic to be signed or signed and encrypted
	   (sealed). Possible values are no, allow_sasl_over_tls and yes.

	   A value of no allows simple and sasl binds over all transports.

	   A value of allow_sasl_over_tls allows simple and sasl binds
	   (without sign or seal) over TLS encrypted connections. Unencrypted
	   connections only allow sasl binds with sign or seal.

	   A value of yes allows only simple binds over TLS encrypted
	   connections. Unencrypted connections only allow sasl binds with
	   sign or seal.

	   Default: ldap server require strong auth = yes

       ldap ssl (G)

	   This option is used to define whether or not Samba should use SSL
	   when connecting to the ldap server This is NOT related to Samba's
	   previous SSL support which was enabled by specifying the --with-ssl
	   option to the configure script.

	   LDAP connections should be secured where possible. This may be done
	   setting either this parameter to Start_tlsor by specifying ldaps://
	   in the URL argument of passdb backend.

	   The ldap ssl can be set to one of two values:

	   o   Off = Never use SSL when querying the directory.

	   o   start tls = Use the LDAPv3 StartTLS extended operation
	       (RFC2830) for communicating with the directory server.

       Please note that this parameter does only affect rpc methods. To enable
       the LDAPv3 StartTLS extended operation (RFC2830) for ads, set ldap ssl
       = yesandldap ssl ads = yes. See smb.conf(5) for more information on
       ldap ssl ads.

       Default: ldap ssl = start tls

       ldap ssl ads (G)

	   This option is used to define whether or not Samba should use SSL
	   when connecting to the ldap server using ads methods. Rpc methods
	   are not affected by this parameter. Please note, that this
	   parameter won't have any effect if ldap ssl is set to no.

	   See smb.conf(5) for more information on ldap ssl.

	   Default: ldap ssl ads = no

       ldap suffix (G)

	   Specifies the base for all ldap suffixes and for storing the
	   sambaDomain object.

	   The ldap suffix will be appended to the values specified for the
	   ldap user suffix, ldap group suffix, ldap machine suffix, and the
	   ldap idmap suffix. Each of these should be given only a DN relative
	   to the ldap suffix.

	   Default: ldap suffix =

	   Example: ldap suffix = dc=samba,dc=org

       ldap timeout (G)

	   This parameter defines the number of seconds that Samba should use
	   as timeout for LDAP operations.

	   Default: ldap timeout = 15

       ldap user suffix (G)

	   This parameter specifies where users are added to the tree. If this
	   parameter is unset, the value of ldap suffix will be used instead.
	   The suffix string is pre-pended to the ldap suffix string so use a
	   partial DN.

	   Default: ldap user suffix =

	   Example: ldap user suffix = ou=people

       blocking locks (S)

	   This parameter controls the behavior of smbd(8) when given a
	   request by a client to obtain a byte range lock on a region of an
	   open file, and the request has a time limit associated with it.

	   If this parameter is set and the lock range requested cannot be
	   immediately satisfied, samba will internally queue the lock
	   request, and periodically attempt to obtain the lock until the
	   timeout period expires.

	   If this parameter is set to no, then samba will behave as previous
	   versions of Samba would and will fail the lock request immediately
	   if the lock range cannot be obtained.

	   Default: blocking locks = yes

       csc policy (S)

	   This stands for client-side caching policy, and specifies how
	   clients capable of offline caching will cache the files in the
	   share. The valid values are: manual, documents, programs, disable.

	   These values correspond to those used on Windows servers.

	   For example, shares containing roaming profiles can have offline
	   caching disabled using csc policy = disable.

	   Default: csc policy = manual

	   Example: csc policy = programs

       fake oplocks (S)

	   Oplocks are the way that SMB clients get permission from a server
	   to locally cache file operations. If a server grants an oplock
	   (opportunistic lock) then the client is free to assume that it is
	   the only one accessing the file and it will aggressively cache file
	   data. With some oplock types the client may even cache file
	   open/close operations. This can give enormous performance benefits.

	   When you set fake oplocks = yes, smbd(8) will always grant oplock
	   requests no matter how many clients are using the file.

	   It is generally much better to use the real oplocks support rather
	   than this parameter.

	   If you enable this option on all read-only shares or shares that
	   you know will only be accessed from one client at a time such as
	   physically read-only media like CDROMs, you will see a big
	   performance improvement on many operations. If you enable this
	   option on shares where multiple clients may be accessing the files
	   read-write at the same time you can get data corruption. Use this
	   option carefully!

	   Default: fake oplocks = no

       kernel oplocks (S)

	   For UNIXes that support kernel based oplocks (currently only IRIX
	   and the Linux 2.4 kernel), this parameter allows the use of them to
	   be turned on or off. However, this disables Level II oplocks for
	   clients as the Linux and IRIX kernels do not support them properly.

	   Kernel oplocks support allows Samba oplocks to be broken whenever a
	   local UNIX process or NFS operation accesses a file that smbd(8)
	   has oplocked. This allows complete data consistency between
	   SMB/CIFS, NFS and local file access (and is a very cool feature
	   :-).

	   If you do not need this interaction, you should disable the
	   parameter on Linux and IRIX to get Level II oplocks and the
	   associated performance benefit.

	   This parameter defaults to no and is translated to a no-op on
	   systems that do not have the necessary kernel support.

	   Default: kernel oplocks = no

       kernel share modes (S)

	   This parameter controls whether SMB share modes are translated into
	   UNIX flocks.

	   Kernel share modes provide a minimal level of interoperability with
	   local UNIX processes and NFS operations by preventing access with
	   flocks corresponding to the SMB share modes. Generally, it is very
	   desirable to leave this enabled.

	   Note that in order to use SMB2 durable file handles on a share, you
	   have to turn kernel share modes off.

	   This parameter defaults to yes and is translated to a no-op on
	   systems that do not have the necessary kernel flock support.

	   Default: kernel share modes = yes

       level2 oplocks (S)

	   This parameter controls whether Samba supports level2 (read-only)
	   oplocks on a share.

	   Level2, or read-only oplocks allow Windows NT clients that have an
	   oplock on a file to downgrade from a read-write oplock to a
	   read-only oplock once a second client opens the file (instead of
	   releasing all oplocks on a second open, as in traditional,
	   exclusive oplocks). This allows all openers of the file that
	   support level2 oplocks to cache the file for read-ahead only (ie.
	   they may not cache writes or lock requests) and increases
	   performance for many accesses of files that are not commonly
	   written (such as application .EXE files).

	   Once one of the clients which have a read-only oplock writes to the
	   file all clients are notified (no reply is needed or waited for)
	   and told to break their oplocks to "none" and delete any read-ahead
	   caches.

	   It is recommended that this parameter be turned on to speed access
	   to shared executables.

	   For more discussions on level2 oplocks see the CIFS spec.

	   Currently, if kernel oplocks are supported then level2 oplocks are
	   not granted (even if this parameter is set to yes). Note also, the
	   oplocks parameter must be set to yes on this share in order for
	   this parameter to have any effect.

	   Default: level2 oplocks = yes

       locking (S)

	   This controls whether or not locking will be performed by the
	   server in response to lock requests from the client.

	   If locking = no, all lock and unlock requests will appear to
	   succeed and all lock queries will report that the file in question
	   is available for locking.

	   If locking = yes, real locking will be performed by the server.

	   This option may be useful for read-only filesystems which may not
	   need locking (such as CDROM drives), although setting this
	   parameter of no is not really recommended even in this case.

	   Be careful about disabling locking either globally or in a specific
	   service, as lack of locking may result in data corruption. You
	   should never need to set this parameter.

	   Default: locking = yes

       lock spin time (G)

	   The time in milliseconds that smbd should keep waiting to see if a
	   failed lock request can be granted. This parameter has changed in
	   default value from Samba 3.0.23 from 10 to 200. The associated lock
	   spin count parameter is no longer used in Samba 3.0.24. You should
	   not need to change the value of this parameter.

	   Default: lock spin time = 200

       oplock break wait time (G)

	   This is a tuning parameter added due to bugs in both Windows 9x and
	   WinNT. If Samba responds to a client too quickly when that client
	   issues an SMB that can cause an oplock break request, then the
	   network client can fail and not respond to the break request. This
	   tuning parameter (which is set in milliseconds) is the amount of
	   time Samba will wait before sending an oplock break request to such
	   (broken) clients.

	       Warning
	       DO NOT CHANGE THIS PARAMETER UNLESS YOU HAVE READ AND
	       UNDERSTOOD THE SAMBA OPLOCK CODE.
	   Default: oplock break wait time = 0

       oplock contention limit (S)

	   This is a very advanced smbd(8) tuning option to improve the
	   efficiency of the granting of oplocks under multiple client
	   contention for the same file.

	   In brief it specifies a number, which causes smbd(8)not to grant an
	   oplock even when requested if the approximate number of clients
	   contending for an oplock on the same file goes over this limit.
	   This causes smbd to behave in a similar way to Windows NT.

	       Warning
	       DO NOT CHANGE THIS PARAMETER UNLESS YOU HAVE READ AND
	       UNDERSTOOD THE SAMBA OPLOCK CODE.
	   Default: oplock contention limit = 2

       oplocks (S)

	   This boolean option tells smbd whether to issue oplocks
	   (opportunistic locks) to file open requests on this share. The
	   oplock code can dramatically (approx. 30% or more) improve the
	   speed of access to files on Samba servers. It allows the clients to
	   aggressively cache files locally and you may want to disable this
	   option for unreliable network environments (it is turned on by
	   default in Windows NT Servers).

	   Oplocks may be selectively turned off on certain files with a
	   share. See the veto oplock files parameter. On some systems oplocks
	   are recognized by the underlying operating system. This allows data
	   synchronization between all access to oplocked files, whether it be
	   via Samba or NFS or a local UNIX process. See the kernel oplocks
	   parameter for details.

	   Default: oplocks = yes

       posix locking (S)

	   The smbd(8) daemon maintains an database of file locks obtained by
	   SMB clients. The default behavior is to map this internal database
	   to POSIX locks. This means that file locks obtained by SMB clients
	   are consistent with those seen by POSIX compliant applications
	   accessing the files via a non-SMB method (e.g. NFS or local file
	   access). It is very unlikely that you need to set this parameter to
	   "no", unless you are sharing from an NFS mount, which is not a good
	   idea in the first place.

	   Default: posix locking = yes

       smb2 leases (G)

	   This boolean option tells smbd whether to globally negotiate SMB2
	   leases on file open requests. Leasing is an SMB2-only feature which
	   allows clients to aggressively cache files locally above and beyond
	   the caching allowed by SMB1 oplocks. This (experimental) parameter
	   is set to off by default until the SMB2 leasing code is declared
	   fully stable.

	   This is only available with oplocks = yes and kernel oplocks = no.

	   Note that the write cache won't be used for file handles with a
	   smb2 write lease.

	   The Samba implementation of leases is currently marked as
	   experimental!

	   Default: smb2 leases = no

       strict locking (S)

	   This is an enumerated type that controls the handling of file
	   locking in the server. When this is set to yes, the server will
	   check every read and write access for file locks, and deny access
	   if locks exist. This can be slow on some systems.

	   When strict locking is set to Auto (the default), the server
	   performs file lock checks only on non-oplocked files. As most
	   Windows redirectors perform file locking checks locally on oplocked
	   files this is a good trade off for improved performance.

	   When strict locking is disabled, the server performs file lock
	   checks only when the client explicitly asks for them.

	   Well-behaved clients always ask for lock checks when it is
	   important. So in the vast majority of cases, strict locking = Auto
	   or strict locking = no is acceptable.

	   Default: strict locking = Auto

       debug class (G)

	   With this boolean parameter enabled, the debug class (DBGC_CLASS)
	   will be displayed in the debug header.

	   For more information about currently available debug classes, see
	   section about log level.

	   Default: debug class = no

       debug hires timestamp (G)

	   Sometimes the timestamps in the log messages are needed with a
	   resolution of higher that seconds, this boolean parameter adds
	   microsecond resolution to the timestamp message header when turned
	   on.

	   Note that the parameter debug timestamp must be on for this to have
	   an effect.

	   Default: debug hires timestamp = yes

       debug pid (G)

	   When using only one log file for more then one forked
	   smbd(8)-process there may be hard to follow which process outputs
	   which message. This boolean parameter is adds the process-id to the
	   timestamp message headers in the logfile when turned on.

	   Note that the parameter debug timestamp must be on for this to have
	   an effect.

	   Default: debug pid = no

       debug prefix timestamp (G)

	   With this option enabled, the timestamp message header is prefixed
	   to the debug message without the filename and function information
	   that is included with the debug timestamp parameter. This gives
	   timestamps to the messages without adding an additional line.

	   Note that this parameter overrides the debug timestamp parameter.

	   Default: debug prefix timestamp = no

       timestamp logs

	   This parameter is a synonym for debug timestamp.

       debug timestamp (G)

	   Samba debug log messages are timestamped by default. If you are
	   running at a high debug level these timestamps can be distracting.
	   This boolean parameter allows timestamping to be turned off.

	   Default: debug timestamp = yes

       debug uid (G)

	   Samba is sometimes run as root and sometime run as the connected
	   user, this boolean parameter inserts the current euid, egid, uid
	   and gid to the timestamp message headers in the log file if turned
	   on.

	   Note that the parameter debug timestamp must be on for this to have
	   an effect.

	   Default: debug uid = no

       ldap debug level (G)

	   This parameter controls the debug level of the LDAP library calls.
	   In the case of OpenLDAP, it is the same bit-field as understood by
	   the server and documented in the slapd.conf(5) manpage. A typical
	   useful value will be 1 for tracing function calls.

	   The debug output from the LDAP libraries appears with the prefix
	   [LDAP] in Samba's logging output. The level at which LDAP logging
	   is printed is controlled by the parameter ldap debug threshold.

	   Default: ldap debug level = 0

	   Example: ldap debug level = 1

       ldap debug threshold (G)

	   This parameter controls the Samba debug level at which the ldap
	   library debug output is printed in the Samba logs. See the
	   description of ldap debug level for details.

	   Default: ldap debug threshold = 10

	   Example: ldap debug threshold = 5

       log file (G)

	   This option allows you to override the name of the Samba log file
	   (also known as the debug file).

	   This option takes the standard substitutions, allowing you to have
	   separate log files for each user or machine.

	   No default

	   Example: log file = /usr/local/samba/var/log.%m

       debuglevel

	   This parameter is a synonym for log level.

       log level (G)

	   The value of the parameter (a astring) allows the debug level
	   (logging level) to be specified in the smb.conf file.

	   This parameter has been extended since the 2.2.x series, now it
	   allows to specify the debug level for multiple debug classes. This
	   is to give greater flexibility in the configuration of the system.
	   The following debug classes are currently implemented:

	   o   all

	   o   tdb

	   o   printdrivers

	   o   lanman

	   o   smb

	   o   rpc_parse

	   o   rpc_srv

	   o   rpc_cli

	   o   passdb

	   o   sam

	   o   auth

	   o   winbind

	   o   vfs

	   o   idmap

	   o   quota

	   o   acls

	   o   locking

	   o   msdfs

	   o   dmapi

	   o   registry

       Default: log level = 0

       Example: log level = 3 passdb:5 auth:10 winbind:2

       max log size (G)

	   This option (an integer in kilobytes) specifies the max size the
	   log file should grow to. Samba periodically checks the size and if
	   it is exceeded it will rename the file, adding a .old extension.

	   A size of 0 means no limit.

	   Default: max log size = 5000

	   Example: max log size = 1000

       syslog (G)

	   This parameter maps how Samba debug messages are logged onto the
	   system syslog logging levels. Samba debug level zero maps onto
	   syslog LOG_ERR, debug level one maps onto LOG_WARNING, debug level
	   two maps onto LOG_NOTICE, debug level three maps onto LOG_INFO. All
	   higher levels are mapped to LOG_DEBUG.

	   This parameter sets the threshold for sending messages to syslog.
	   Only messages with debug level less than this value will be sent to
	   syslog. There still will be some logging to log.[sn]mbd even if
	   syslog only is enabled.

	   Default: syslog = 1

       syslog only (G)

	   If this parameter is set then Samba debug messages are logged into
	   the system syslog only, and not to the debug log files. There still
	   will be some logging to log.[sn]mbd even if syslog only is enabled.

	   Default: syslog only = no

       abort shutdown script (G)

	   This a full path name to a script called by smbd(8) that should
	   stop a shutdown procedure issued by the shutdown script.

	   If the connected user possesses the SeRemoteShutdownPrivilege,
	   right, this command will be run as root.

	   Default: abort shutdown script = ""

	   Example: abort shutdown script = /sbin/shutdown -c

       add group script (G)

	   This is the full pathname to a script that will be run AS ROOT by
	   smbd(8) when a new group is requested. It will expand any %g to the
	   group name passed. This script is only useful for installations
	   using the Windows NT domain administration tools. The script is
	   free to create a group with an arbitrary name to circumvent unix
	   group name restrictions. In that case the script must print the
	   numeric gid of the created group on stdout.

	   Default: add group script =

	   Example: add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd %g

       add machine script (G)

	   This is the full pathname to a script that will be run by smbd(8)
	   when a machine is added to Samba's domain and a Unix account
	   matching the machine's name appended with a "$" does not already
	   exist.

	   This option is very similar to the add user script, and likewise
	   uses the %u substitution for the account name. Do not use the %m
	   substitution.

	   Default: add machine script =

	   Example: add machine script = /usr/sbin/adduser -n -g machines -c
	   Machine -d /var/lib/nobody -s /bin/false %u

       add user script (G)

	   This is the full pathname to a script that will be run AS ROOT by
	   smbd(8) under special circumstances described below.

	   Normally, a Samba server requires that UNIX users are created for
	   all users accessing files on this server. For sites that use
	   Windows NT account databases as their primary user database
	   creating these users and keeping the user list in sync with the
	   Windows NT PDC is an onerous task. This option allows smbd to
	   create the required UNIX users ON DEMAND when a user accesses the
	   Samba server.

	   When the Windows user attempts to access the Samba server, at login
	   (session setup in the SMB protocol) time, smbd(8) contacts the
	   password server and attempts to authenticate the given user with
	   the given password. If the authentication succeeds then smbd
	   attempts to find a UNIX user in the UNIX password database to map
	   the Windows user into. If this lookup fails, and add user script is
	   set then smbd will call the specified script AS ROOT, expanding any
	   %u argument to be the user name to create.

	   If this script successfully creates the user then smbd will
	   continue on as though the UNIX user already existed. In this way,
	   UNIX users are dynamically created to match existing Windows NT
	   accounts.

	   See also security, password server, delete user script.

	   Default: add user script =

	   Example: add user script = /usr/local/samba/bin/add_user %u

       add user to group script (G)

	   Full path to the script that will be called when a user is added to
	   a group using the Windows NT domain administration tools. It will
	   be run by smbd(8)AS ROOT. Any %g will be replaced with the group
	   name and any %u will be replaced with the user name.

	   Note that the adduser command used in the example below does not
	   support the used syntax on all systems.

	   Default: add user to group script =

	   Example: add user to group script = /usr/sbin/adduser %u %g

       allow nt4 crypto (G)

	   This option controls whether the netlogon server (currently only in
	   'active directory domain controller' mode), will reject clients
	   which does not support NETLOGON_NEG_STRONG_KEYS nor
	   NETLOGON_NEG_SUPPORTS_AES.

	   This option was added with Samba 4.2.0. It may lock out clients
	   which worked fine with Samba versions up to 4.1.x. as the effective
	   default was "yes" there, while it is "no" now.

	   If you have clients without RequireStrongKey = 1 in the registry,
	   you may need to set "allow nt4 crypto = yes", until you have fixed
	   all clients.

	   "allow nt4 crypto = yes" allows weak crypto to be negotiated, maybe
	   via downgrade attacks.

	   This option yields precedence to the 'reject md5 clients' option.

	   Default: allow nt4 crypto = no

       delete group script (G)

	   This is the full pathname to a script that will be run AS
	   ROOTsmbd(8) when a group is requested to be deleted. It will expand
	   any %g to the group name passed. This script is only useful for
	   installations using the Windows NT domain administration tools.

	   Default: delete group script =

       delete user from group script (G)

	   Full path to the script that will be called when a user is removed
	   from a group using the Windows NT domain administration tools. It
	   will be run by smbd(8)AS ROOT. Any %g will be replaced with the
	   group name and any %u will be replaced with the user name.

	   Default: delete user from group script =

	   Example: delete user from group script = /usr/sbin/deluser %u %g

       delete user script (G)

	   This is the full pathname to a script that will be run by smbd(8)
	   when managing users with remote RPC (NT) tools.

	   This script is called when a remote client removes a user from the
	   server, normally using 'User Manager for Domains' or rpcclient.

	   This script should delete the given UNIX username.

	   Default: delete user script =

	   Example: delete user script = /usr/local/samba/bin/del_user %u

       domain logons (G)

	   If set to yes, the Samba server will provide the netlogon service
	   for Windows 9X network logons for the workgroup it is in. This will
	   also cause the Samba server to act as a domain controller for NT4
	   style domain services. For more details on setting up this feature
	   see the Domain Control chapter of the Samba HOWTO Collection.

	   Default: domain logons = no

       enable privileges (G)

	   This deprecated parameter controls whether or not smbd will honor
	   privileges assigned to specific SIDs via either net rpc rights or
	   one of the Windows user and group manager tools. This parameter is
	   enabled by default. It can be disabled to prevent members of the
	   Domain Admins group from being able to assign privileges to users
	   or groups which can then result in certain smbd operations running
	   as root that would normally run under the context of the connected
	   user.

	   An example of how privileges can be used is to assign the right to
	   join clients to a Samba controlled domain without providing root
	   access to the server via smbd.

	   Please read the extended description provided in the Samba HOWTO
	   documentation.

	   Default: enable privileges = yes

       init logon delay (G)

	   This parameter specifies a delay in milliseconds for the hosts
	   configured for delayed initial samlogon with init logon delayed
	   hosts.

	   Default: init logon delay = 100

       init logon delayed hosts (G)

	   This parameter takes a list of host names, addresses or networks
	   for which the initial samlogon reply should be delayed (so other
	   DCs get preferred by XP workstations if there are any).

	   The length of the delay can be specified with the init logon delay
	   parameter.

	   Default: init logon delayed hosts =

	   Example: init logon delayed hosts = 150.203.5. myhost.mynet.de

       logon drive (G)

	   This parameter specifies the local path to which the home directory
	   will be connected (see logon home) and is only used by NT
	   Workstations.

	   Note that this option is only useful if Samba is set up as a logon
	   server.

	   Default: logon drive =

	   Example: logon drive = h:

       logon home (G)

	   This parameter specifies the home directory location when a
	   Win95/98 or NT Workstation logs into a Samba PDC. It allows you to
	   do

	   C:\>NET USE H: /HOME

	   from a command prompt, for example.

	   This option takes the standard substitutions, allowing you to have
	   separate logon scripts for each user or machine.

	   This parameter can be used with Win9X workstations to ensure that
	   roaming profiles are stored in a subdirectory of the user's home
	   directory. This is done in the following way:

	   logon home = \\%N\%U\profile

	   This tells Samba to return the above string, with substitutions
	   made when a client requests the info, generally in a NetUserGetInfo
	   request. Win9X clients truncate the info to \\server\share when a
	   user does net use /home but use the whole string when dealing with
	   profiles.

	   Note that in prior versions of Samba, the logon path was returned
	   rather than logon home. This broke net use /home but allowed
	   profiles outside the home directory. The current implementation is
	   correct, and can be used for profiles if you use the above trick.

	   Disable this feature by setting logon home = "" - using the empty
	   string.

	   This option is only useful if Samba is set up as a logon server.

	   Default: logon home = \\%N\%U

	   Example: logon home = \\remote_smb_server\%U

       logon path (G)

	   This parameter specifies the directory where roaming profiles
	   (Desktop, NTuser.dat, etc) are stored. Contrary to previous
	   versions of these manual pages, it has nothing to do with Win 9X
	   roaming profiles. To find out how to handle roaming profiles for
	   Win 9X system, see the logon home parameter.

	   This option takes the standard substitutions, allowing you to have
	   separate logon scripts for each user or machine. It also specifies
	   the directory from which the "Application Data", desktop, start
	   menu, network neighborhood, programs and other folders, and their
	   contents, are loaded and displayed on your Windows NT client.

	   The share and the path must be readable by the user for the
	   preferences and directories to be loaded onto the Windows NT
	   client. The share must be writeable when the user logs in for the
	   first time, in order that the Windows NT client can create the
	   NTuser.dat and other directories. Thereafter, the directories and
	   any of the contents can, if required, be made read-only. It is not
	   advisable that the NTuser.dat file be made read-only - rename it to
	   NTuser.man to achieve the desired effect (a MANdatory profile).

	   Windows clients can sometimes maintain a connection to the [homes]
	   share, even though there is no user logged in. Therefore, it is
	   vital that the logon path does not include a reference to the homes
	   share (i.e. setting this parameter to \\%N\homes\profile_path will
	   cause problems).

	   This option takes the standard substitutions, allowing you to have
	   separate logon scripts for each user or machine.

	       Warning
	       Do not quote the value. Setting this as "\\%N\profile\%U" will
	       break profile handling. Where the tdbsam or ldapsam passdb
	       backend is used, at the time the user account is created the
	       value configured for this parameter is written to the passdb
	       backend and that value will over-ride the parameter value
	       present in the smb.conf file. Any error present in the passdb
	       backend account record must be editted using the appropriate
	       tool (pdbedit on the command-line, or any other locally
	       provided system tool).
	   Note that this option is only useful if Samba is set up as a domain
	   controller.

	   Disable the use of roaming profiles by setting the value of this
	   parameter to the empty string. For example, logon path = "". Take
	   note that even if the default setting in the smb.conf file is the
	   empty string, any value specified in the user account settings in
	   the passdb backend will over-ride the effect of setting this
	   parameter to null. Disabling of all roaming profile use requires
	   that the user account settings must also be blank.

	   An example of use is:

	       logon path = \\PROFILESERVER\PROFILE\%U

	   Default: logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

       logon script (G)

	   This parameter specifies the batch file (.bat) or NT command file
	   (.cmd) to be downloaded and run on a machine when a user
	   successfully logs in. The file must contain the DOS style CR/LF
	   line endings. Using a DOS-style editor to create the file is
	   recommended.

	   The script must be a relative path to the [netlogon] service. If
	   the [netlogon] service specifies a path of
	   /usr/local/samba/netlogon, and logon script = STARTUP.BAT, then the
	   file that will be downloaded is:

		    /usr/local/samba/netlogon/STARTUP.BAT

	   The contents of the batch file are entirely your choice. A
	   suggested command would be to add NET TIME \\SERVER /SET /YES, to
	   force every machine to synchronize clocks with the same time
	   server. Another use would be to add NET USE U: \\SERVER\UTILS for
	   commonly used utilities, or

	       NET USE Q: \\SERVER\ISO9001_QA

	   for example.

	   Note that it is particularly important not to allow write access to
	   the [netlogon] share, or to grant users write permission on the
	   batch files in a secure environment, as this would allow the batch
	   files to be arbitrarily modified and security to be breached.

	   This option takes the standard substitutions, allowing you to have
	   separate logon scripts for each user or machine.

	   This option is only useful if Samba is set up as a logon server.

	   Default: logon script =

	   Example: logon script = scripts\%U.bat

       reject md5 clients (G)

	   This option controls whether the netlogon server (currently only in
	   'active directory domain controller' mode), will reject clients
	   which does not support NETLOGON_NEG_SUPPORTS_AES.

	   You can set this to yes if all domain members support aes. This
	   will prevent downgrade attacks.

	   This option takes precedence to the 'allow nt4 crypto' option.

	   Default: reject md5 clients = no

       set primary group script (G)

	   Thanks to the Posix subsystem in NT a Windows User has a primary
	   group in addition to the auxiliary groups. This script sets the
	   primary group in the unix user database when an administrator sets
	   the primary group from the windows user manager or when fetching a
	   SAM with net rpc vampire.  %u will be replaced with the user whose
	   primary group is to be set.	%g will be replaced with the group to
	   set.

	   Default: set primary group script =

	   Example: set primary group script = /usr/sbin/usermod -g '%g' '%u'

       shutdown script (G)

	   This a full path name to a script called by smbd(8) that should
	   start a shutdown procedure.

	   If the connected user possesses the SeRemoteShutdownPrivilege,
	   right, this command will be run as root.

	   The %z %t %r %f variables are expanded as follows:

	   o   %z will be substituted with the shutdown message sent to the
	       server.

	   o   %t will be substituted with the number of seconds to wait
	       before effectively starting the shutdown procedure.

	   o   %r will be substituted with the switch -r. It means reboot
	       after shutdown for NT.

	   o   %f will be substituted with the switch -f. It means force the
	       shutdown even if applications do not respond for NT.

       Shutdown script example:

	   #!/bin/bash

	   time=$2
	   let time="${time} / 60"
	   let time="${time} + 1"

	   /sbin/shutdown $3 $4 +$time $1 &


       Shutdown does not return so we need to launch it in background.

       Default: shutdown script =

       Example: shutdown script = /usr/local/samba/sbin/shutdown %m %t %r %f

       add share command (G)

	   Samba 2.2.0 introduced the ability to dynamically add and delete
	   shares via the Windows NT 4.0 Server Manager. The add share command
	   is used to define an external program or script which will add a
	   new service definition to smb.conf.

	   In order to successfully execute the add share command, smbd
	   requires that the administrator connects using a root account (i.e.
	   uid == 0) or has the SeDiskOperatorPrivilege. Scripts defined in
	   the add share command parameter are executed as root.

	   When executed, smbd will automatically invoke the add share command
	   with five parameters.

	   o   configFile - the location of the global smb.conf file.

	   o   shareName - the name of the new share.

	   o   pathName - path to an **existing** directory on disk.

	   o   comment - comment string to associate with the new share.

	   o   max connections Number of maximum simultaneous connections to
	       this share.

       This parameter is only used to add file shares. To add printer shares,
       see the addprinter command.

       Default: add share command =

       Example: add share command = /usr/local/bin/addshare

       afs share (S)

	   This parameter controls whether special AFS features are enabled
	   for this share. If enabled, it assumes that the directory exported
	   via the path parameter is a local AFS import. The special AFS
	   features include the attempt to hand-craft an AFS token if you
	   enabled --with-fake-kaserver in configure.

	   Default: afs share = no

       afs token lifetime (G)

	   This parameter controls the lifetime of tokens that the AFS
	   fake-kaserver claims. In reality these never expire but this
	   lifetime controls when the afs client will forget the token.

	   Set this parameter to 0 to get NEVERDATE.

	   Default: afs token lifetime = 604800

       afs username map (G)

	   If you are using the fake kaserver AFS feature, you might want to
	   hand-craft the usernames you are creating tokens for. For example
	   this is necessary if you have users from several domain in your AFS
	   Protection Database. One possible scheme to code users as
	   DOMAIN+User as it is done by winbind with the + as a separator.

	   The mapped user name must contain the cell name to log into, so
	   without setting this parameter there will be no token.

	   Default: afs username map =

	   Example: afs username map = %u@afs.samba.org

       allow insecure wide links (G)

	   In normal operation the option wide links which allows the server
	   to follow symlinks outside of a share path is automatically
	   disabled when unix extensions are enabled on a Samba server. This
	   is done for security purposes to prevent UNIX clients creating
	   symlinks to areas of the server file system that the administrator
	   does not wish to export.

	   Setting allow insecure wide links to true disables the link between
	   these two parameters, removing this protection and allowing a site
	   to configure the server to follow symlinks (by setting wide links
	   to "true") even when unix extensions is turned on.

	   If is not recommended to enable this option unless you fully
	   understand the implications of allowing the server to follow
	   symbolic links created by UNIX clients. For most normal Samba
	   configurations this would be considered a security hole and setting
	   this parameter is not recommended.

	   This option was added at the request of sites who had deliberately
	   set Samba up in this way and needed to continue supporting this
	   functionality without having to patch the Samba code.

	   Default: allow insecure wide links = no

       async smb echo handler (G)

	   This parameter specifies whether Samba should fork the async smb
	   echo handler. It can be beneficial if your file system can block
	   syscalls for a very long time. In some circumstances, it prolongs
	   the timeout that Windows uses to determine whether a connection is
	   dead.

	   Default: async smb echo handler = no

       available (S)

	   This parameter lets you "turn off" a service. If available = no,
	   then ALL attempts to connect to the service will fail. Such
	   failures are logged.

	   Default: available = yes

       cache directory (G)

	   Usually, most of the TDB files are stored in the lock directory.
	   Since Samba 3.4.0, it is possible to differentiate between TDB
	   files with persistent data and TDB files with non-persistent data
	   using the state directory and the cache directory options.

	   This option specifies the directory where TDB files containing
	   non-persistent data will be stored.

	   Default: cache directory = /var/lib/samba

	   Example: cache directory = /var/run/samba/locks/cache

       change notify (S)

	   This parameter specifies whether Samba should reply to a client's
	   file change notify requests.

	   You should never need to change this parameter

	   Default: change notify = yes

       change share command (G)

	   Samba 2.2.0 introduced the ability to dynamically add and delete
	   shares via the Windows NT 4.0 Server Manager. The change share
	   command is used to define an external program or script which will
	   modify an existing service definition in smb.conf.

	   In order to successfully execute the change share command, smbd
	   requires that the administrator connects using a root account (i.e.
	   uid == 0) or has the SeDiskOperatorPrivilege. Scripts defined in
	   the change share command parameter are executed as root.

	   When executed, smbd will automatically invoke the change share
	   command with six parameters.

	   o   configFile - the location of the global smb.conf file.

	   o   shareName - the name of the new share.

	   o   pathName - path to an **existing** directory on disk.

	   o   comment - comment string to associate with the new share.

	   o   max connections Number of maximum simultaneous connections to
	       this share.

	   o   CSC policy - client side caching policy in string form. Valid
	       values are: manual, documents, programs, disable.

       This parameter is only used to modify existing file share definitions.
       To modify printer shares, use the "Printers..." folder as seen when
       browsing the Samba host.

       Default: change share command =

       Example: change share command = /usr/local/bin/changeshare

       cluster addresses (G)

	   With this parameter you can add additional addresses nmbd will
	   register with a WINS server. These addresses are not necessarily
	   present on all nodes simultaneously, but they will be registered
	   with the WINS server so that clients can contact any of the nodes.

	   Default: cluster addresses =

	   Example: cluster addresses = 10.0.0.1 10.0.0.2 10.0.0.3

       clustering (G)

	   This parameter specifies whether Samba should contact ctdb for
	   accessing its tdb files and use ctdb as a backend for its messaging
	   backend.

	   Set this parameter to yes only if you have a cluster setup with
	   ctdb running.

	   Default: clustering = no

       config file (G)

	   This allows you to override the config file to use, instead of the
	   default (usually smb.conf). There is a chicken and egg problem here
	   as this option is set in the config file!

	   For this reason, if the name of the config file has changed when
	   the parameters are loaded then it will reload them from the new
	   config file.

	   This option takes the usual substitutions, which can be very
	   useful.

	   If the config file doesn't exist then it won't be loaded (allowing
	   you to special case the config files of just a few clients).

	   No default

	   Example: config file = /usr/local/samba/lib/smb.conf.%m

       copy (S)

	   This parameter allows you to "clone" service entries. The specified
	   service is simply duplicated under the current service's name. Any
	   parameters specified in the current section will override those in
	   the section being copied.

	   This feature lets you set up a 'template' service and create
	   similar services easily. Note that the service being copied must
	   occur earlier in the configuration file than the service doing the
	   copying.

	   Default: copy =

	   Example: copy = otherservice

       ctdbd socket (G)

	   If you set clustering=yes, you need to tell Samba where ctdbd
	   listens on its unix domain socket. The default path as of ctdb 1.0
	   is /tmp/ctdb.socket which you have to explicitly set for Samba in
	   smb.conf.

	   Default: ctdbd socket =

	   Example: ctdbd socket = /tmp/ctdb.socket

       ctdb locktime warn threshold (G)

	   In a cluster environment using Samba and ctdb it is critical that
	   locks on central ctdb-hosted databases like locking.tdb are not
	   held for long. With the current Samba architecture it happens that
	   Samba takes a lock and while holding that lock makes file system
	   calls into the shared cluster file system. This option makes Samba
	   warn if it detects that it has held locks for the specified number
	   of milliseconds. If this happens, smbd will emit a debug level 0
	   message into its logs and potentially into syslog. The most likely
	   reason for such a log message is that an operation of the cluster
	   file system Samba exports is taking longer than expected. The
	   messages are meant as a debugging aid for potential cluster
	   problems.

	   The default value of 0 disables this logging.

	   Default: ctdb locktime warn threshold = 0

       ctdb timeout (G)

	   This parameter specifies a timeout in seconds for the connection
	   between Samba and ctdb. It is only valid if you have compiled Samba
	   with clustering and if you have set clustering=yes.

	   When something in the cluster blocks, it can happen that we wait
	   indefinitely long for ctdb, just adding to the blocking condition.
	   In a well-running cluster this should never happen, but there are
	   too many components in a cluster that might have hickups. Choosing
	   the right balance for this value is very tricky, because on a busy
	   cluster long service times to transfer something across the cluster
	   might be valid. Setting it too short will degrade the service your
	   cluster presents, setting it too long might make the cluster itself
	   not recover from something severely broken for too long.

	   Be aware that if you set this parameter, this needs to be in the
	   file smb.conf, it is not really helpful to put this into a registry
	   configuration (typical on a cluster), because to access the
	   registry contact to ctdb is required.

	   Setting ctdb timeout to n makes any process waiting longer than n
	   seconds for a reply by the cluster panic. Setting it to 0 (the
	   default) makes Samba block forever, which is the highly recommended
	   default.

	   Default: ctdb timeout = 0

       default

	   This parameter is a synonym for default service.

       default service (G)

	   This parameter specifies the name of a service which will be
	   connected to if the service actually requested cannot be found.
	   Note that the square brackets are NOT given in the parameter value
	   (see example below).

	   There is no default value for this parameter. If this parameter is
	   not given, attempting to connect to a nonexistent service results
	   in an error.

	   Typically the default service would be a guest ok, read-only
	   service.

	   Also note that the apparent service name will be changed to equal
	   that of the requested service, this is very useful as it allows you
	   to use macros like %S to make a wildcard service.

	   Note also that any "_" characters in the name of the service used
	   in the default service will get mapped to a "/". This allows for
	   interesting things.

	   Default: default service =

	   Example: default service = pub

       delete readonly (S)

	   This parameter allows readonly files to be deleted. This is not
	   normal DOS semantics, but is allowed by UNIX.

	   This option may be useful for running applications such as rcs,
	   where UNIX file ownership prevents changing file permissions, and
	   DOS semantics prevent deletion of a read only file.

	   Default: delete readonly = no

       delete share command (G)

	   Samba 2.2.0 introduced the ability to dynamically add and delete
	   shares via the Windows NT 4.0 Server Manager. The delete share
	   command is used to define an external program or script which will
	   remove an existing service definition from smb.conf.

	   In order to successfully execute the delete share command, smbd
	   requires that the administrator connects using a root account (i.e.
	   uid == 0) or has the SeDiskOperatorPrivilege. Scripts defined in
	   the delete share command parameter are executed as root.

	   When executed, smbd will automatically invoke the delete share
	   command with two parameters.

	   o   configFile - the location of the global smb.conf file.

	   o   shareName - the name of the existing service.

       This parameter is only used to remove file shares. To delete printer
       shares, see the deleteprinter command.

       Default: delete share command =

       Example: delete share command = /usr/local/bin/delshare

       dfree cache time (S)

	   The dfree cache time should only be used on systems where a problem
	   occurs with the internal disk space calculations. This has been
	   known to happen with Ultrix, but may occur with other operating
	   systems. The symptom that was seen was an error of "Abort Retry
	   Ignore" at the end of each directory listing.

	   This is a new parameter introduced in Samba version 3.0.21. It
	   specifies in seconds the time that smbd will cache the output of a
	   disk free query. If set to zero (the default) no caching is done.
	   This allows a heavily loaded server to prevent rapid spawning of
	   dfree command scripts increasing the load.

	   By default this parameter is zero, meaning no caching will be done.

	   No default

	   Example: dfree cache time = 60

       dfree command (S)

	   The dfree command setting should only be used on systems where a
	   problem occurs with the internal disk space calculations. This has
	   been known to happen with Ultrix, but may occur with other
	   operating systems. The symptom that was seen was an error of "Abort
	   Retry Ignore" at the end of each directory listing.

	   This setting allows the replacement of the internal routines to
	   calculate the total disk space and amount available with an
	   external routine. The example below gives a possible script that
	   might fulfill this function.

	   In Samba version 3.0.21 this parameter has been changed to be a
	   per-share parameter, and in addition the parameter dfree cache time
	   was added to allow the output of this script to be cached for
	   systems under heavy load.

	   The external program will be passed a single parameter indicating a
	   directory in the filesystem being queried. This will typically
	   consist of the string ./. The script should return two integers in
	   ASCII. The first should be the total disk space in blocks, and the
	   second should be the number of available blocks. An optional third
	   return value can give the block size in bytes. The default
	   blocksize is 1024 bytes.

	   Note: Your script should NOT be setuid or setgid and should be
	   owned by (and writeable only by) root!

	   Where the script dfree (which must be made executable) could be:


	       #!/bin/sh
	       df $1 | tail -1 | awk '{print $(NF-4),$(NF-2)}'

	   or perhaps (on Sys V based systems):


	       #!/bin/sh
	       /usr/bin/df -k $1 | tail -1 | awk '{print $3" "$5}'

	   Note that you may have to replace the command names with full path
	   names on some systems.

	   By default internal routines for determining the disk capacity and
	   remaining space will be used.

	   No default

	   Example: dfree command = /usr/local/samba/bin/dfree

       directory name cache size (S)

	   This parameter specifies the size of the directory name cache. It
	   will be needed to turn this off for *BSD systems.

	   Default: directory name cache size = 100

       dmapi support (S)

	   This parameter specifies whether Samba should use DMAPI to
	   determine whether a file is offline or not. This would typically be
	   used in conjunction with a hierarchical storage system that
	   automatically migrates files to tape.

	   Note that Samba infers the status of a file by examining the events
	   that a DMAPI application has registered interest in. This heuristic
	   is satisfactory for a number of hierarchical storage systems, but
	   there may be system for which it will fail. In this case, Samba may
	   erroneously report files to be offline.

	   This parameter is only available if a supported DMAPI
	   implementation was found at compilation time. It will only be used
	   if DMAPI is found to enabled on the system at run time.

	   Default: dmapi support = no

       dont descend (S)

	   There are certain directories on some systems (e.g., the /proc tree
	   under Linux) that are either not of interest to clients or are
	   infinitely deep (recursive). This parameter allows you to specify a
	   comma-delimited list of directories that the server should always
	   show as empty.

	   Note that Samba can be very fussy about the exact format of the
	   "dont descend" entries. For example you may need ./proc instead of
	   just /proc. Experimentation is the best policy :-)

	   Default: dont descend =

	   Example: dont descend = /proc,/dev

       dos filemode (S)

	   The default behavior in Samba is to provide UNIX-like behavior
	   where only the owner of a file/directory is able to change the
	   permissions on it. However, this behavior is often confusing to
	   DOS/Windows users. Enabling this parameter allows a user who has
	   write access to the file (by whatever means, including an ACL
	   permission) to modify the permissions (including ACL) on it. Note
	   that a user belonging to the group owning the file will not be
	   allowed to change permissions if the group is only granted read
	   access. Ownership of the file/directory may also be changed. Note
	   that using the VFS modules acl_xattr or acl_tdb which store native
	   Windows as meta-data will automatically turn this option on for any
	   share for which they are loaded, as they require this option to
	   emulate Windows ACLs correctly.

	   Default: dos filemode = no

       dos filetime resolution (S)

	   Under the DOS and Windows FAT filesystem, the finest granularity on
	   time resolution is two seconds. Setting this parameter for a share
	   causes Samba to round the reported time down to the nearest two
	   second boundary when a query call that requires one second
	   resolution is made to smbd(8).

	   This option is mainly used as a compatibility option for Visual C++
	   when used against Samba shares. If oplocks are enabled on a share,
	   Visual C++ uses two different time reading calls to check if a file
	   has changed since it was last read. One of these calls uses a
	   one-second granularity, the other uses a two second granularity. As
	   the two second call rounds any odd second down, then if the file
	   has a timestamp of an odd number of seconds then the two timestamps
	   will not match and Visual C++ will keep reporting the file has
	   changed. Setting this option causes the two timestamps to match,
	   and Visual C++ is happy.

	   Default: dos filetime resolution = no

       dos filetimes (S)

	   Under DOS and Windows, if a user can write to a file they can
	   change the timestamp on it. Under POSIX semantics, only the owner
	   of the file or root may change the timestamp. By default, Samba
	   emulates the DOS semantics and allows to change the timestamp on a
	   file if the user smbd is acting on behalf has write permissions.
	   Due to changes in Microsoft Office 2000 and beyond, the default for
	   this parameter has been changed from "no" to "yes" in Samba 3.0.14
	   and above. Microsoft Excel will display dialog box warnings about
	   the file being changed by another user if this parameter is not set
	   to "yes" and files are being shared between users.

	   Default: dos filetimes = yes

       fake directory create times (S)

	   NTFS and Windows VFAT file systems keep a create time for all files
	   and directories. This is not the same as the ctime - status change
	   time - that Unix keeps, so Samba by default reports the earliest of
	   the various times Unix does keep. Setting this parameter for a
	   share causes Samba to always report midnight 1-1-1980 as the create
	   time for directories.

	   This option is mainly used as a compatibility option for Visual C++
	   when used against Samba shares. Visual C++ generated makefiles have
	   the object directory as a dependency for each object file, and a
	   make rule to create the directory. Also, when NMAKE compares
	   timestamps it uses the creation time when examining a directory.
	   Thus the object directory will be created if it does not exist, but
	   once it does exist it will always have an earlier timestamp than
	   the object files it contains.

	   However, Unix time semantics mean that the create time reported by
	   Samba will be updated whenever a file is created or deleted in the
	   directory. NMAKE finds all object files in the object directory.
	   The timestamp of the last one built is then compared to the
	   timestamp of the object directory. If the directory's timestamp if
	   newer, then all object files will be rebuilt. Enabling this option
	   ensures directories always predate their contents and an NMAKE
	   build will proceed as expected.

	   Default: fake directory create times = no

       follow symlinks (S)

	   This parameter allows the Samba administrator to stop smbd(8) from
	   following symbolic links in a particular share. Setting this
	   parameter to no prevents any file or directory that is a symbolic
	   link from being followed (the user will get an error). This option
	   is very useful to stop users from adding a symbolic link to
	   /etc/passwd in their home directory for instance. However it will
	   slow filename lookups down slightly.

	   This option is enabled (i.e.	 smbd will follow symbolic links) by
	   default.

	   Default: follow symlinks = yes

       fstype (S)

	   This parameter allows the administrator to configure the string
	   that specifies the type of filesystem a share is using that is
	   reported by smbd(8) when a client queries the filesystem type for a
	   share. The default type is NTFS for compatibility with Windows NT
	   but this can be changed to other strings such as Samba or FAT if
	   required.

	   Default: fstype = NTFS

	   Example: fstype = Samba

       homedir map (G)

	   If nis homedir is yes, and smbd(8) is also acting as a Win95/98
	   logon server then this parameter specifies the NIS (or YP) map from
	   which the server for the user's home directory should be extracted.
	   At present, only the Sun auto.home map format is understood. The
	   form of the map is:

	       username server:/some/file/system

	   and the program will extract the servername from before the first
	   ':'. There should probably be a better parsing system that copes
	   with different map formats and also Amd (another automounter) maps.

	       Note
	       A working NIS client is required on the system for this option
	       to work.
	   Default: homedir map =

	   Example: homedir map = amd.homedir

       include (G)

	   This allows you to include one config file inside another. The file
	   is included literally, as though typed in place.

	   It takes the standard substitutions, except %u, %P and %S.

	   The parameter include = registry has a special meaning: It does not
	   include a file named registry from the current working directory,
	   but instead reads the global configuration options from the
	   registry. See the section on registry-based configuration for
	   details. Note that this option automatically activates registry
	   shares.

	   Default: include =

	   Example: include = /usr/local/samba/lib/admin_smb.conf

       kernel change notify (S)

	   This parameter specifies whether Samba should ask the kernel for
	   change notifications in directories so that SMB clients can refresh
	   whenever the data on the server changes.

	   This parameter is only used when your kernel supports change
	   notification to user programs using the inotify interface.

	   Default: kernel change notify = yes

       lock dir

	   This parameter is a synonym for lock directory.

       lock directory (G)

	   This option specifies the directory where lock files will be
	   placed. The lock files are used to implement the max connections
	   option.

	   Note: This option can not be set inside registry configurations.

	   Default: lock directory = /var/lib/samba

	   Example: lock directory = /var/run/samba/locks

       log writeable files on exit (G)

	   When the network connection between a CIFS client and Samba dies,
	   Samba has no option but to simply shut down the server side of the
	   network connection. If this happens, there is a risk of data
	   corruption because the Windows client did not complete all write
	   operations that the Windows application requested. Setting this
	   option to "yes" makes smbd log with a level 0 message a list of all
	   files that have been opened for writing when the network connection
	   died. Those are the files that are potentially corrupted. It is
	   meant as an aid for the administrator to give him a list of files
	   to do consistency checks on.

	   Default: log writeable files on exit = no

       magic output (S)

	   This parameter specifies the name of a file which will contain
	   output created by a magic script (see the magic script parameter
	   below).

	       Warning
	       If two clients use the same magic script in the same directory
	       the output file content is undefined.
	   Default: magic output =  # <magic script name>.out

	   Example: magic output = myfile.txt

       magic script (S)

	   This parameter specifies the name of a file which, if opened, will
	   be executed by the server when the file is closed. This allows a
	   UNIX script to be sent to the Samba host and executed on behalf of
	   the connected user.

	   Scripts executed in this way will be deleted upon completion
	   assuming that the user has the appropriate level of privilege and
	   the file permissions allow the deletion.

	   If the script generates output, output will be sent to the file
	   specified by the magic output parameter (see above).

	   Note that some shells are unable to interpret scripts containing
	   CR/LF instead of CR as the end-of-line marker. Magic scripts must
	   be executable as is on the host, which for some hosts and some
	   shells will require filtering at the DOS end.

	   Magic scripts are EXPERIMENTAL and should NOT be relied upon.

	   Default: magic script =

	   Example: magic script = user.csh

       message command (G)

	   This specifies what command to run when the server receives a
	   WinPopup style message.

	   This would normally be a command that would deliver the message
	   somehow. How this is to be done is up to your imagination.

	   An example is:

	       message command = csh -c 'xedit %s;rm %s' &

	   This delivers the message using xedit, then removes it afterwards.
	   NOTE THAT IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT THIS COMMAND RETURN
	   IMMEDIATELY. That's why I have the '&' on the end. If it doesn't
	   return immediately then your PCs may freeze when sending messages
	   (they should recover after 30 seconds, hopefully).

	   All messages are delivered as the global guest user. The command
	   takes the standard substitutions, although
	    %u won't work (%U may be better in this case).

	   Apart from the standard substitutions, some additional ones apply.
	   In particular:

	   o   %s = the filename containing the message.

	   o   %t = the destination that the message was sent to (probably the
	       server name).

	   o   %f = who the message is from.

       You could make this command send mail, or whatever else takes your
       fancy. Please let us know of any really interesting ideas you have.

       Here's a way of sending the messages as mail to root:

	   message command = /bin/mail -s 'message from %f on %m' root < %s; rm %s

       If you don't have a message command then the message won't be delivered
       and Samba will tell the sender there was an error. Unfortunately WfWg
       totally ignores the error code and carries on regardless, saying that
       the message was delivered.

       If you want to silently delete it then try:

	   message command = rm %s

       Default: message command =

       Example: message command = csh -c 'xedit %s; rm %s' &

       socket address

	   This parameter is a synonym for nbt client socket address.

       nbt client socket address (G)

	   This option allows you to control what address Samba will send NBT
	   client packets from, and process replies using, including in nmbd.

	   Setting this option should never be necessary on usual Samba
	   servers running only one nmbd.

	   By default Samba will send UDP packets from the OS default address
	   for the destination, and accept replies on 0.0.0.0.

	   This parameter is deprecated. See bind interfaces only = Yes and
	   interfaces for the previous behaviour of controlling the normal
	   listening sockets.

	   Default: nbt client socket address = 0.0.0.0

	   Example: nbt client socket address = 192.168.2.20

       ncalrpc dir (G)

	   This directory will hold a series of named pipes to allow RPC over
	   inter-process communication.

	   This will allow Samba and other unix processes to interact over
	   DCE/RPC without using TCP/IP. Additionally a sub-directory 'np' has
	   restricted permissions, and allows a trusted communication channel
	   between Samba processes

	   Default: ncalrpc dir = /var/run/samba/ncalrpc

	   Example: ncalrpc dir = /var/run/samba/ncalrpc

       NIS homedir (G)

	   Get the home share server from a NIS map. For UNIX systems that use
	   an automounter, the user's home directory will often be mounted on
	   a workstation on demand from a remote server.

	   When the Samba logon server is not the actual home directory
	   server, but is mounting the home directories via NFS then two
	   network hops would be required to access the users home directory
	   if the logon server told the client to use itself as the SMB server
	   for home directories (one over SMB and one over NFS). This can be
	   very slow.

	   This option allows Samba to return the home share as being on a
	   different server to the logon server and as long as a Samba daemon
	   is running on the home directory server, it will be mounted on the
	   Samba client directly from the directory server. When Samba is
	   returning the home share to the client, it will consult the NIS map
	   specified in homedir map and return the server listed there.

	   Note that for this option to work there must be a working NIS
	   system and the Samba server with this option must also be a logon
	   server.

	   Default: NIS homedir = no

       nmbd bind explicit broadcast (G)

	   This option causes nmbd(8) to explicitly bind to the broadcast
	   address of the local subnets. This is needed to make nmbd work
	   correctly in combination with the socket address option. You should
	   not need to unset this option.

	   Default: nmbd bind explicit broadcast = yes

       panic action (G)

	   This is a Samba developer option that allows a system command to be
	   called when either smbd(8) or nmbd(8) crashes. This is usually used
	   to draw attention to the fact that a problem occurred.

	   Default: panic action =

	   Example: panic action = "/bin/sleep 90000"

       perfcount module (G)

	   This parameter specifies the perfcount backend to be used when
	   monitoring SMB operations. Only one perfcount module may be used,
	   and it must implement all of the apis contained in the
	   smb_perfcount_handler structure defined in smb.h.

	   No default

       pid directory (G)

	   This option specifies the directory where pid files will be placed.

	   Default: pid directory = /var/run

	   Example: pid directory = /var/run/

       postexec (S)

	   This option specifies a command to be run whenever the service is
	   disconnected. It takes the usual substitutions. The command may be
	   run as the root on some systems.

	   An interesting example may be to unmount server resources:

	   postexec = /etc/umount /cdrom

	   Default: postexec =

	   Example: postexec = echo \"%u disconnected from %S from %m (%I)\"
	   >> /tmp/log

       exec

	   This parameter is a synonym for preexec.

       preexec (S)

	   This option specifies a command to be run whenever the service is
	   connected to. It takes the usual substitutions.

	   An interesting example is to send the users a welcome message every
	   time they log in. Maybe a message of the day? Here is an example:

	   preexec = csh -c 'echo \"Welcome to %S!\" |
	   /usr/local/samba/bin/smbclient -M %m -I %I' &

	   Of course, this could get annoying after a while :-)

	   See also preexec close and postexec.

	   Default: preexec =

	   Example: preexec = echo \"%u connected to %S from %m (%I)\" >>
	   /tmp/log

       preexec close (S)

	   This boolean option controls whether a non-zero return code from
	   preexec should close the service being connected to.

	   Default: preexec close = no

       auto services

	   This parameter is a synonym for preload.

       preload (G)

	   This is a list of services that you want to be automatically added
	   to the browse lists. This is most useful for homes and printers
	   services that would otherwise not be visible.

	   Note that if you just want all printers in your printcap file
	   loaded then the load printers option is easier.

	   Default: preload =

	   Example: preload = fred lp colorlp

       registry shares (G)

	   This turns on or off support for share definitions read from
	   registry. Shares defined in smb.conf take precedence over shares
	   with the same name defined in registry. See the section on
	   registry-based configuration for details.

	   Note that this parameter defaults to no, but it is set to yes when
	   config backend is set to registry.

	   Default: registry shares = no

	   Example: registry shares = yes

       remote announce (G)

	   This option allows you to setup nmbd(8) to periodically announce
	   itself to arbitrary IP addresses with an arbitrary workgroup name.

	   This is useful if you want your Samba server to appear in a remote
	   workgroup for which the normal browse propagation rules don't work.
	   The remote workgroup can be anywhere that you can send IP packets
	   to.

	   For example:

	       remote announce = 192.168.2.255/SERVERS 192.168.4.255/STAFF

	   the above line would cause nmbd to announce itself to the two given
	   IP addresses using the given workgroup names. If you leave out the
	   workgroup name, then the one given in the workgroup parameter is
	   used instead.

	   The IP addresses you choose would normally be the broadcast
	   addresses of the remote networks, but can also be the IP addresses
	   of known browse masters if your network config is that stable.

	   See the chapter on Network Browsing in the Samba-HOWTO book.

	   Default: remote announce =

       remote browse sync (G)

	   This option allows you to setup nmbd(8) to periodically request
	   synchronization of browse lists with the master browser of a Samba
	   server that is on a remote segment. This option will allow you to
	   gain browse lists for multiple workgroups across routed networks.
	   This is done in a manner that does not work with any non-Samba
	   servers.

	   This is useful if you want your Samba server and all local clients
	   to appear in a remote workgroup for which the normal browse
	   propagation rules don't work. The remote workgroup can be anywhere
	   that you can send IP packets to.

	   For example:

	       remote browse sync = 192.168.2.255 192.168.4.255

	   the above line would cause nmbd to request the master browser on
	   the specified subnets or addresses to synchronize their browse
	   lists with the local server.

	   The IP addresses you choose would normally be the broadcast
	   addresses of the remote networks, but can also be the IP addresses
	   of known browse masters if your network config is that stable. If a
	   machine IP address is given Samba makes NO attempt to validate that
	   the remote machine is available, is listening, nor that it is in
	   fact the browse master on its segment.

	   The remote browse sync may be used on networks where there is no
	   WINS server, and may be used on disjoint networks where each
	   network has its own WINS server.

	   Default: remote browse sync =

       reset on zero vc (G)

	   This boolean option controls whether an incoming session setup
	   should kill other connections coming from the same IP. This matches
	   the default Windows 2003 behaviour. Setting this parameter to yes
	   becomes necessary when you have a flaky network and windows decides
	   to reconnect while the old connection still has files with share
	   modes open. These files become inaccessible over the new
	   connection. The client sends a zero VC on the new connection, and
	   Windows 2003 kills all other connections coming from the same IP.
	   This way the locked files are accessible again. Please be aware
	   that enabling this option will kill connections behind a
	   masquerading router.

	   Default: reset on zero vc = no

       root postexec (S)

	   This is the same as the postexec parameter except that the command
	   is run as root. This is useful for unmounting filesystems (such as
	   CDROMs) after a connection is closed.

	   Default: root postexec =

       root preexec (S)

	   This is the same as the preexec parameter except that the command
	   is run as root. This is useful for mounting filesystems (such as
	   CDROMs) when a connection is opened.

	   Default: root preexec =

       root preexec close (S)

	   This is the same as the preexec close parameter except that the
	   command is run as root.

	   Default: root preexec close = no

       rpc_daemon:DAEMON (G)

	   Defines whether to use the embedded code or start a separate daemon
	   for the defined rpc services. The rpc_daemon prefix must be
	   followed by the server name, and a value.

	   Two possible values are currently supported:

			 disabled
			 fork


	   The classic method is to run rpc services as internal daemons
	   embedded in smbd, therefore the external daemons are disabled by
	   default.

	   Choosing the fork option will cause samba to fork a separate proces
	   for each daemon configured this way. Each daemon may in turn fork a
	   number of children used to handle requests from multiple smbds and
	   direct tcp/ip connections (if the Endpoint Mapper is enabled).
	   Communication with smbd happens over named pipes and require that
	   said pipes are forward to the external daemon (see rpc_server).

	   Forked RPC Daemons support dynamically forking children to handle
	   connections. The heuristics about how many children to keep around
	   and how fast to allow them to fork and also how many clients each
	   child is allowed to handle concurrently is defined by parametrical
	   options named after the daemon. Five options are currently
	   supported:

			 prefork_min_children
			 prefork_max_children
			 prefork_spawn_rate
			 prefork_max_allowed_clients
			 prefork_child_min_life


	   To set one of these options use the follwing syntax:

		    damonname:prefork_min_children = 5


	   Samba includes separate daemons for spoolss and the lsarpc/lsass,
	   netlogon and samr pipes. Currently three daemons are available and
	   they are called:

			 epmd
			 lsasd
			 spoolssd


	   Example:

		    rpc_daemon:spoolssd = fork


	   Default: rpc_daemon:DAEMON = disabled

       rpc_server:SERVER (G)

	   With this option you can define if a rpc service should be running
	   internal/embedded in smbd or should be redirected to an external
	   daemon like Samba4, the endpoint mapper daemon, the spoolss daemon
	   or the new LSA service daemon. The rpc_server prefix must be
	   followed by the pipe name, and a value.

	   This option can be set for each available rpc service in Samba. The
	   following list shows all available pipe names services you can
	   modify with this option.

	   o   epmapper - Endpoint Mapper

	   o   winreg - Remote Registry Service

	   o   srvsvc - Remote Server Services

	   o   lsarpc - Local Security Authority

	   o   samr - Security Account Management

	   o   netlogon - Netlogon Remote Protocol

	   o   netdfs - Settings for Distributed File System

	   o   dssetup - Active Directory Setup

	   o   wkssvc - Workstation Services

	   o   spoolss - Network Printing Spooler

	   o   svcctl - Service Control

	   o   ntsvcs - Plug and Play Services

	   o   eventlog - Event Logger

	   o   initshutdown - Init Shutdown Service

       Three possible values currently supported are: embeddedexternaldisabled

       The classic method is to run every pipe as an internal function
       embedded in smbd. The defaults may vary depending on the service.

       Choosing the external option allows to run a separate daemon or even a
       completely independent (3rd party) server capable of interfacing with
       samba via the MS-RPC interface over named pipes.

       Currently in Samba3 we support three daemons, spoolssd, epmd and lsasd.
       These daemons can be enabled using the rpc_daemon option. For spoolssd
       you have to enable the daemon and proxy the named pipe with:

       Examples:

			  rpc_daemon:lsasd = fork
			  rpc_server:lsarpc = external
			  rpc_server:samr = external
			  rpc_server:netlogon = external

			  rpc_server:spoolss = external
			  rpc_server:epmapper = disabled


       There is one special option which allows you to enable rpc services to
       listen for ncacn_ip_tcp connections too. Currently this is only used
       for testing and doesn't scale!

			  rpc_server:tcpip = yes


       Default: rpc_server:SERVER = embedded

       state directory (G)

	   Usually, most of the TDB files are stored in the lock directory.
	   Since Samba 3.4.0, it is possible to differentiate between TDB
	   files with persistent data and TDB files with non-persistent data
	   using the state directory and the cache directory options.

	   This option specifies the directory where TDB files containing
	   persistent data will be stored.

	   Default: state directory = /var/lib/samba

	   Example: state directory = /var/run/samba/locks/state

       usershare allow guests (G)

	   This parameter controls whether user defined shares are allowed to
	   be accessed by non-authenticated users or not. It is the equivalent
	   of allowing people who can create a share the option of setting
	   guest ok = yes in a share definition. Due to its security sensitive
	   nature, the default is set to off.

	   Default: usershare allow guests = no

       usershare max shares (G)

	   This parameter specifies the number of user defined shares that are
	   allowed to be created by users belonging to the group owning the
	   usershare directory. If set to zero (the default) user defined
	   shares are ignored.

	   Default: usershare max shares = 0

       usershare owner only (G)

	   This parameter controls whether the pathname exported by a user
	   defined shares must be owned by the user creating the user defined
	   share or not. If set to True (the default) then smbd checks that
	   the directory path being shared is owned by the user who owns the
	   usershare file defining this share and refuses to create the share
	   if not. If set to False then no such check is performed and any
	   directory path may be exported regardless of who owns it.

	   Default: usershare owner only = yes

       usershare path (G)

	   This parameter specifies the absolute path of the directory on the
	   filesystem used to store the user defined share definition files.
	   This directory must be owned by root, and have no access for other,
	   and be writable only by the group owner. In addition the "sticky"
	   bit must also be set, restricting rename and delete to owners of a
	   file (in the same way the /tmp directory is usually configured).
	   Members of the group owner of this directory are the users allowed
	   to create usershares.

	   For example, a valid usershare directory might be
	   /usr/local/samba/lib/usershares, set up as follows.

		    ls -ld /usr/local/samba/lib/usershares/
		    drwxrwx--T	2 root power_users 4096 2006-05-05 12:27 /usr/local/samba/lib/usershares/


	   In this case, only members of the group "power_users" can create
	   user defined shares.

	   Default: usershare path = /var/lib/samba/usershares

       usershare prefix allow list (G)

	   This parameter specifies a list of absolute pathnames the root of
	   which are allowed to be exported by user defined share definitions.
	   If the pathname to be exported doesn't start with one of the
	   strings in this list, the user defined share will not be allowed.
	   This allows the Samba administrator to restrict the directories on
	   the system that can be exported by user defined shares.

	   If there is a "usershare prefix deny list" and also a "usershare
	   prefix allow list" the deny list is processed first, followed by
	   the allow list, thus leading to the most restrictive
	   interpretation.

	   Default: usershare prefix allow list =

	   Example: usershare prefix allow list = /home /data /space

       usershare prefix deny list (G)

	   This parameter specifies a list of absolute pathnames the root of
	   which are NOT allowed to be exported by user defined share
	   definitions. If the pathname exported starts with one of the
	   strings in this list the user defined share will not be allowed.
	   Any pathname not starting with one of these strings will be allowed
	   to be exported as a usershare. This allows the Samba administrator
	   to restrict the directories on the system that can be exported by
	   user defined shares.

	   If there is a "usershare prefix deny list" and also a "usershare
	   prefix allow list" the deny list is processed first, followed by
	   the allow list, thus leading to the most restrictive
	   interpretation.

	   Default: usershare prefix deny list =

	   Example: usershare prefix deny list = /etc /dev /private

       usershare template share (G)

	   User defined shares only have limited possible parameters such as
	   path, guest ok, etc. This parameter allows usershares to "cloned"
	   from an existing share. If "usershare template share" is set to the
	   name of an existing share, then all usershares created have their
	   defaults set from the parameters set on this share.

	   The target share may be set to be invalid for real file sharing by
	   setting the parameter "-valid = False" on the template share
	   definition. This causes it not to be seen as a real exported share
	   but to be able to be used as a template for usershares.

	   Default: usershare template share =

	   Example: usershare template share = template_share

       utmp (G)

	   This boolean parameter is only available if Samba has been
	   configured and compiled with the option --with-utmp. If set to yes
	   then Samba will attempt to add utmp or utmpx records (depending on
	   the UNIX system) whenever a connection is made to a Samba server.
	   Sites may use this to record the user connecting to a Samba share.

	   Due to the requirements of the utmp record, we are required to
	   create a unique identifier for the incoming user. Enabling this
	   option creates an n^2 algorithm to find this number. This may
	   impede performance on large installations.

	   Default: utmp = no

       utmp directory (G)

	   This parameter is only available if Samba has been configured and
	   compiled with the option --with-utmp. It specifies a directory
	   pathname that is used to store the utmp or utmpx files (depending
	   on the UNIX system) that record user connections to a Samba server.
	   By default this is not set, meaning the system will use whatever
	   utmp file the native system is set to use (usually /var/run/utmp on
	   Linux).

	   Default: utmp directory =  # Determined automatically

	   Example: utmp directory = /var/run/utmp

       -valid (S)

	   This parameter indicates whether a share is valid and thus can be
	   used. When this parameter is set to false, the share will be in no
	   way visible nor accessible.

	   This option should not be used by regular users but might be of
	   help to developers. Samba uses this option internally to mark
	   shares as deleted.

	   Default: -valid = yes

       volume (S)

	   This allows you to override the volume label returned for a share.
	   Useful for CDROMs with installation programs that insist on a
	   particular volume label.

	   Default: volume =  # the name of the share

       wide links (S)

	   This parameter controls whether or not links in the UNIX file
	   system may be followed by the server. Links that point to areas
	   within the directory tree exported by the server are always
	   allowed; this parameter controls access only to areas that are
	   outside the directory tree being exported.

	   Note: Turning this parameter on when UNIX extensions are enabled
	   will allow UNIX clients to create symbolic links on the share that
	   can point to files or directories outside restricted path exported
	   by the share definition. This can cause access to areas outside of
	   the share. Due to this problem, this parameter will be
	   automatically disabled (with a message in the log file) if the unix
	   extensions option is on.

	   See the parameter allow insecure wide links if you wish to change
	   this coupling between the two parameters.

	   Default: wide links = no

       wtmp directory (G)

	   This parameter is only available if Samba has been configured and
	   compiled with the option --with-utmp. It specifies a directory
	   pathname that is used to store the wtmp or wtmpx files (depending
	   on the UNIX system) that record user connections to a Samba server.
	   The difference with the utmp directory is the fact that user info
	   is kept after a user has logged out.

	   By default this is not set, meaning the system will use whatever
	   utmp file the native system is set to use (usually /var/run/wtmp on
	   Linux).

	   Default: wtmp directory =

	   Example: wtmp directory = /var/log/wtmp

       addport command (G)

	   Samba 3.0.23 introduced support for adding printer ports remotely
	   using the Windows "Add Standard TCP/IP Port Wizard". This option
	   defines an external program to be executed when smbd receives a
	   request to add a new Port to the system. The script is passed two
	   parameters:

	   o   port name

	   o   device URI

       The deviceURI is in the format of socket://<hostname>[:<portnumber>] or
       lpd://<hostname>/<queuename>.

       Default: addport command =

       Example: addport command = /etc/samba/scripts/addport.sh

       addprinter command (G)

	   With the introduction of MS-RPC based printing support for Windows
	   NT/2000 clients in Samba 2.2, The MS Add Printer Wizard (APW) icon
	   is now also available in the "Printers..." folder displayed a share
	   listing. The APW allows for printers to be add remotely to a Samba
	   or Windows NT/2000 print server.

	   For a Samba host this means that the printer must be physically
	   added to the underlying printing system. The addprinter command
	   defines a script to be run which will perform the necessary
	   operations for adding the printer to the print system and to add
	   the appropriate service definition to the smb.conf file in order
	   that it can be shared by smbd(8).

	   The addprinter command is automatically invoked with the following
	   parameter (in order):

	   o   printer name

	   o   share name

	   o   port name

	   o   driver name

	   o   location

	   o   Windows 9x driver location

       All parameters are filled in from the PRINTER_INFO_2 structure sent by
       the Windows NT/2000 client with one exception. The "Windows 9x driver
       location" parameter is included for backwards compatibility only. The
       remaining fields in the structure are generated from answers to the APW
       questions.

       Once the addprinter command has been executed, smbd will reparse the
       smb.conf to determine if the share defined by the APW exists. If the
       sharename is still invalid, then smbd will return an ACCESS_DENIED
       error to the client.

       The addprinter command program can output a single line of text, which
       Samba will set as the port the new printer is connected to. If this
       line isn't output, Samba won't reload its printer shares.

       Default: addprinter command =

       Example: addprinter command = /usr/bin/addprinter

       cups connection timeout (G)

	   This parameter is only applicable if printing is set to cups.

	   If set, this option specifies the number of seconds that smbd will
	   wait whilst trying to contact to the CUPS server. The connection
	   will fail if it takes longer than this number of seconds.

	   Default: cups connection timeout = 30

	   Example: cups connection timeout = 60

       cups encrypt (G)

	   This parameter is only applicable if printing is set to cups and if
	   you use CUPS newer than 1.0.x.It is used to define whether or not
	   Samba should use encryption when talking to the CUPS server.
	   Possible values are auto, yes and no

	   When set to auto we will try to do a TLS handshake on each CUPS
	   connection setup. If that fails, we will fall back to unencrypted
	   operation.

	   Default: cups encrypt = no

       cups options (S)

	   This parameter is only applicable if printing is set to cups. Its
	   value is a free form string of options passed directly to the cups
	   library.

	   You can pass any generic print option known to CUPS (as listed in
	   the CUPS "Software Users' Manual"). You can also pass any printer
	   specific option (as listed in "lpoptions -d printername -l") valid
	   for the target queue. Multiple parameters should be space-delimited
	   name/value pairs according to the PAPI text option ABNF
	   specification. Collection values ("name={a=... b=... c=...}") are
	   stored with the curley brackets intact.

	   You should set this parameter to raw if your CUPS server error_log
	   file contains messages such as "Unsupported format
	   'application/octet-stream'" when printing from a Windows client
	   through Samba. It is no longer necessary to enable system wide raw
	   printing in /etc/cups/mime.{convs,types}.

	   Default: cups options = ""

	   Example: cups options = "raw media=a4"

       cups server (G)

	   This parameter is only applicable if printing is set to cups.

	   If set, this option overrides the ServerName option in the CUPS
	   client.conf. This is necessary if you have virtual samba servers
	   that connect to different CUPS daemons.

	   Optionally, a port can be specified by separating the server name
	   and port number with a colon. If no port was specified, the default
	   port for IPP (631) will be used.

	   Default: cups server = ""

	   Example: cups server = mycupsserver

	   Example: cups server = mycupsserver:1631

       default devmode (S)

	   This parameter is only applicable to printable services. When smbd
	   is serving Printer Drivers to Windows NT/2k/XP clients, each
	   printer on the Samba server has a Device Mode which defines things
	   such as paper size and orientation and duplex settings. The device
	   mode can only correctly be generated by the printer driver itself
	   (which can only be executed on a Win32 platform). Because smbd is
	   unable to execute the driver code to generate the device mode, the
	   default behavior is to set this field to NULL.

	   Most problems with serving printer drivers to Windows NT/2k/XP
	   clients can be traced to a problem with the generated device mode.
	   Certain drivers will do things such as crashing the client's
	   Explorer.exe with a NULL devmode. However, other printer drivers
	   can cause the client's spooler service (spoolsv.exe) to die if the
	   devmode was not created by the driver itself (i.e. smbd generates a
	   default devmode).

	   This parameter should be used with care and tested with the printer
	   driver in question. It is better to leave the device mode to NULL
	   and let the Windows client set the correct values. Because drivers
	   do not do this all the time, setting default devmode = yes will
	   instruct smbd to generate a default one.

	   For more information on Windows NT/2k printing and Device Modes,
	   see the MSDN documentation.

	   Default: default devmode = yes

       deleteprinter command (G)

	   With the introduction of MS-RPC based printer support for Windows
	   NT/2000 clients in Samba 2.2, it is now possible to delete a
	   printer at run time by issuing the DeletePrinter() RPC call.

	   For a Samba host this means that the printer must be physically
	   deleted from the underlying printing system. The deleteprinter
	   command defines a script to be run which will perform the necessary
	   operations for removing the printer from the print system and from
	   smb.conf.

	   The deleteprinter command is automatically called with only one
	   parameter: printer name.

	   Once the deleteprinter command has been executed, smbd will reparse
	   the smb.conf to check that the associated printer no longer exists.
	   If the sharename is still valid, then smbd will return an
	   ACCESS_DENIED error to the client.

	   Default: deleteprinter command =

	   Example: deleteprinter command = /usr/bin/removeprinter

       disable spoolss (G)

	   Enabling this parameter will disable Samba's support for the
	   SPOOLSS set of MS-RPC's and will yield identical behavior as Samba
	   2.0.x. Windows NT/2000 clients will downgrade to using Lanman style
	   printing commands. Windows 9x/ME will be unaffected by the
	   parameter. However, this will also disable the ability to upload
	   printer drivers to a Samba server via the Windows NT Add Printer
	   Wizard or by using the NT printer properties dialog window. It will
	   also disable the capability of Windows NT/2000 clients to download
	   print drivers from the Samba host upon demand.  Be very careful
	   about enabling this parameter.

	   Default: disable spoolss = no

       enable spoolss (G)

	   Inverted synonym for disable spoolss.

	   Default: enable spoolss = yes

       enumports command (G)

	   The concept of a "port" is fairly foreign to UNIX hosts. Under
	   Windows NT/2000 print servers, a port is associated with a port
	   monitor and generally takes the form of a local port (i.e. LPT1:,
	   COM1:, FILE:) or a remote port (i.e. LPD Port Monitor, etc...). By
	   default, Samba has only one port defined--"Samba Printer Port".
	   Under Windows NT/2000, all printers must have a valid port name. If
	   you wish to have a list of ports displayed (smbd does not use a
	   port name for anything) other than the default "Samba Printer
	   Port", you can define enumports command to point to a program which
	   should generate a list of ports, one per line, to standard output.
	   This listing will then be used in response to the level 1 and 2
	   EnumPorts() RPC.

	   Default: enumports command =

	   Example: enumports command = /usr/bin/listports

       force printername (S)

	   When printing from Windows NT (or later), each printer in smb.conf
	   has two associated names which can be used by the client. The first
	   is the sharename (or shortname) defined in smb.conf. This is the
	   only printername available for use by Windows 9x clients. The
	   second name associated with a printer can be seen when browsing to
	   the "Printers" (or "Printers and Faxes") folder on the Samba
	   server. This is referred to simply as the printername (not to be
	   confused with the printer name option).

	   When assigning a new driver to a printer on a remote Windows
	   compatible print server such as Samba, the Windows client will
	   rename the printer to match the driver name just uploaded. This can
	   result in confusion for users when multiple printers are bound to
	   the same driver. To prevent Samba from allowing the printer's
	   printername to differ from the sharename defined in smb.conf, set
	   force printername = yes.

	   Be aware that enabling this parameter may affect migrating printers
	   from a Windows server to Samba since Windows has no way to force
	   the sharename and printername to match.

	   It is recommended that this parameter's value not be changed once
	   the printer is in use by clients as this could cause a user not be
	   able to delete printer connections from their local Printers
	   folder.

	   Default: force printername = no

       iprint server (G)

	   This parameter is only applicable if printing is set to iprint.

	   If set, this option overrides the ServerName option in the CUPS
	   client.conf. This is necessary if you have virtual samba servers
	   that connect to different CUPS daemons.

	   Default: iprint server = ""

	   Example: iprint server = MYCUPSSERVER

       load printers (G)

	   A boolean variable that controls whether all printers in the
	   printcap will be loaded for browsing by default. See the printers
	   section for more details.

	   Default: load printers = yes

       lppause command (S)

	   This parameter specifies the command to be executed on the server
	   host in order to stop printing or spooling a specific print job.

	   This command should be a program or script which takes a printer
	   name and job number to pause the print job. One way of implementing
	   this is by using job priorities, where jobs having a too low
	   priority won't be sent to the printer.

	   If a %p is given then the printer name is put in its place. A %j is
	   replaced with the job number (an integer). On HPUX (see
	   printing=hpux ), if the -p%p option is added to the lpq command,
	   the job will show up with the correct status, i.e. if the job
	   priority is lower than the set fence priority it will have the
	   PAUSED status, whereas if the priority is equal or higher it will
	   have the SPOOLED or PRINTING status.

	   Note that it is good practice to include the absolute path in the
	   lppause command as the PATH may not be available to the server.

	   Currently no default value is given to this string, unless the
	   value of the printing parameter is SYSV, in which case the default
	   is : lp -i %p-%j -H hold or if the value of the printing parameter
	   is SOFTQ, then the default is: qstat -s -j%j -h.

	   Default: lppause command =  # determined by printing parameter

	   Example: lppause command = /usr/bin/lpalt %p-%j -p0

       lpq cache time (G)

	   This controls how long lpq info will be cached for to prevent the
	   lpq command being called too often. A separate cache is kept for
	   each variation of the lpq command used by the system, so if you use
	   different lpq commands for different users then they won't share
	   cache information.

	   The cache files are stored in /tmp/lpq.xxxx where xxxx is a hash of
	   the lpq command in use.

	   The default is 30 seconds, meaning that the cached results of a
	   previous identical lpq command will be used if the cached data is
	   less than 30 seconds old. A large value may be advisable if your
	   lpq command is very slow.

	   A value of 0 will disable caching completely.

	   Default: lpq cache time = 30

	   Example: lpq cache time = 10

       lpq command (S)

	   This parameter specifies the command to be executed on the server
	   host in order to obtain lpq-style printer status information.

	   This command should be a program or script which takes a printer
	   name as its only parameter and outputs printer status information.

	   Currently nine styles of printer status information are supported;
	   BSD, AIX, LPRNG, PLP, SYSV, HPUX, QNX, CUPS, and SOFTQ. This covers
	   most UNIX systems. You control which type is expected using the
	   printing = option.

	   Some clients (notably Windows for Workgroups) may not correctly
	   send the connection number for the printer they are requesting
	   status information about. To get around this, the server reports on
	   the first printer service connected to by the client. This only
	   happens if the connection number sent is invalid.

	   If a %p is given then the printer name is put in its place.
	   Otherwise it is placed at the end of the command.

	   Note that it is good practice to include the absolute path in the
	   lpq command as the $PATH may not be available to the server. When
	   compiled with the CUPS libraries, no lpq command is needed because
	   smbd will make a library call to obtain the print queue listing.

	   Default: lpq command =  # determined by printing parameter

	   Example: lpq command = /usr/bin/lpq -P%p

       lpresume command (S)

	   This parameter specifies the command to be executed on the server
	   host in order to restart or continue printing or spooling a
	   specific print job.

	   This command should be a program or script which takes a printer
	   name and job number to resume the print job. See also the lppause
	   command parameter.

	   If a %p is given then the printer name is put in its place. A %j is
	   replaced with the job number (an integer).

	   Note that it is good practice to include the absolute path in the
	   lpresume command as the PATH may not be available to the server.

	   See also the printing parameter.

	   Default: Currently no default value is given to this string, unless
	   the value of the printing parameter is SYSV, in which case the
	   default is:

	   lp -i %p-%j -H resume

	   or if the value of the printing parameter is SOFTQ, then the
	   default is:

	   qstat -s -j%j -r

	   Default: lpresume command =	# determined by printing parameter

	   Example: lpresume command = /usr/bin/lpalt %p-%j -p2

       lprm command (S)

	   This parameter specifies the command to be executed on the server
	   host in order to delete a print job.

	   This command should be a program or script which takes a printer
	   name and job number, and deletes the print job.

	   If a %p is given then the printer name is put in its place. A %j is
	   replaced with the job number (an integer).

	   Note that it is good practice to include the absolute path in the
	   lprm command as the PATH may not be available to the server.

	   Examples of use are:

	       lprm command = /usr/bin/lprm -P%p %j

	       or

	       lprm command = /usr/bin/cancel %p-%j

	   Default: lprm command =  # determined by printing parameter

       max print jobs (S)

	   This parameter limits the maximum number of jobs allowable in a
	   Samba printer queue at any given moment. If this number is
	   exceeded, smbd(8) will remote "Out of Space" to the client.

	   Default: max print jobs = 1000

	   Example: max print jobs = 5000

       max reported print jobs (S)

	   This parameter limits the maximum number of jobs displayed in a
	   port monitor for Samba printer queue at any given moment. If this
	   number is exceeded, the excess jobs will not be shown. A value of
	   zero means there is no limit on the number of print jobs reported.

	   Default: max reported print jobs = 0

	   Example: max reported print jobs = 1000

       os2 driver map (G)

	   The parameter is used to define the absolute path to a file
	   containing a mapping of Windows NT printer driver names to OS/2
	   printer driver names. The format is:

	   <nt driver name> = <os2 driver name>.<device name>

	   For example, a valid entry using the HP LaserJet 5 printer driver
	   would appear as HP LaserJet 5L = LASERJET.HP LaserJet 5L.

	   The need for the file is due to the printer driver namespace
	   problem described in the chapter on Classical Printing in the
	   Samba3-HOWTO book. For more details on OS/2 clients, please refer
	   to chapter on other clients in the Samba3-HOWTO book.

	   Default: os2 driver map =

       print ok

	   This parameter is a synonym for printable.

       printable (S)

	   If this parameter is yes, then clients may open, write to and
	   submit spool files on the directory specified for the service.

	   Note that a printable service will ALWAYS allow writing to the
	   service path (user privileges permitting) via the spooling of print
	   data. The read only parameter controls only non-printing access to
	   the resource.

	   Default: printable = no

       printcap cache time (G)

	   This option specifies the number of seconds before the printing
	   subsystem is again asked for the known printers.

	   Setting this parameter to 0 disables any rescanning for new or
	   removed printers after the initial startup.

	   Default: printcap cache time = 750

	   Example: printcap cache time = 600

       printcap

	   This parameter is a synonym for printcap name.

       printcap name (G)

	   This parameter may be used to override the compiled-in default
	   printcap name used by the server (usually /etc/printcap). See the
	   discussion of the [printers] section above for reasons why you
	   might want to do this.

	   To use the CUPS printing interface set printcap name = cups. This
	   should be supplemented by an additional setting printing = cups in
	   the [global] section.  printcap name = cups will use the "dummy"
	   printcap created by CUPS, as specified in your CUPS configuration
	   file.

	   On System V systems that use lpstat to list available printers you
	   can use printcap name = lpstat to automatically obtain lists of
	   available printers. This is the default for systems that define
	   SYSV at configure time in Samba (this includes most System V based
	   systems). If
	    printcap name is set to lpstat on these systems then Samba will
	   launch lpstat -v and attempt to parse the output to obtain a
	   printer list.

	   A minimal printcap file would look something like this:

	       print1|My Printer 1
	       print2|My Printer 2
	       print3|My Printer 3
	       print4|My Printer 4
	       print5|My Printer 5

	   where the '|' separates aliases of a printer. The fact that the
	   second alias has a space in it gives a hint to Samba that it's a
	   comment.

	       Note
	       Under AIX the default printcap name is /etc/qconfig. Samba will
	       assume the file is in AIX qconfig format if the string qconfig
	       appears in the printcap filename.
	   Default: printcap name = /etc/printcap

	   Example: printcap name = /etc/myprintcap

       print command (S)

	   After a print job has finished spooling to a service, this command
	   will be used via a system() call to process the spool file.
	   Typically the command specified will submit the spool file to the
	   host's printing subsystem, but there is no requirement that this be
	   the case. The server will not remove the spool file, so whatever
	   command you specify should remove the spool file when it has been
	   processed, otherwise you will need to manually remove old spool
	   files.

	   The print command is simply a text string. It will be used verbatim
	   after macro substitutions have been made:

	   %s, %f - the path to the spool file name

	   %p - the appropriate printer name

	   %J - the job name as transmitted by the client.

	   %c - The number of printed pages of the spooled job (if known).

	   %z - the size of the spooled print job (in bytes)

	   The print command MUST contain at least one occurrence of %s or %f
	   - the %p is optional. At the time a job is submitted, if no printer
	   name is supplied the %p will be silently removed from the printer
	   command.

	   If specified in the [global] section, the print command given will
	   be used for any printable service that does not have its own print
	   command specified.

	   If there is neither a specified print command for a printable
	   service nor a global print command, spool files will be created but
	   not processed and (most importantly) not removed.

	   Note that printing may fail on some UNIXes from the nobody account.
	   If this happens then create an alternative guest account that can
	   print and set the guest account in the [global] section.

	   You can form quite complex print commands by realizing that they
	   are just passed to a shell. For example the following will log a
	   print job, print the file, then remove it. Note that ';' is the
	   usual separator for command in shell scripts.

	   print command = echo Printing %s >> /tmp/print.log; lpr -P %p %s;
	   rm %s

	   You may have to vary this command considerably depending on how you
	   normally print files on your system. The default for the parameter
	   varies depending on the setting of the printing parameter.

	   Default: For printing = BSD, AIX, QNX, LPRNG or PLP :

	   print command = lpr -r -P%p %s

	   For printing = SYSV or HPUX :

	   print command = lp -c -d%p %s; rm %s

	   For printing = SOFTQ :

	   print command = lp -d%p -s %s; rm %s

	   For printing = CUPS : If SAMBA is compiled against libcups, then
	   printcap = cups uses the CUPS API to submit jobs, etc. Otherwise it
	   maps to the System V commands with the -oraw option for printing,
	   i.e. it uses lp -c -d%p -oraw; rm %s. With printing = cups, and if
	   SAMBA is compiled against libcups, any manually set print command
	   will be ignored.

	   No default

	   Example: print command = /usr/local/samba/bin/myprintscript %p %s

       printer

	   This parameter is a synonym for printer name.

       printer name (S)

	   This parameter specifies the name of the printer to which print
	   jobs spooled through a printable service will be sent.

	   If specified in the [global] section, the printer name given will
	   be used for any printable service that does not have its own
	   printer name specified.

	   The default value of the printer name may be lp on many systems.

	   Default: printer name =

	   Example: printer name = laserwriter

       printing (S)

	   This parameters controls how printer status information is
	   interpreted on your system. It also affects the default values for
	   the print command, lpq command, lppause command , lpresume command,
	   and lprm command if specified in the [global] section.

	   Currently nine printing styles are supported. They are BSD, AIX,
	   LPRNG, PLP, SYSV, HPUX, QNX, SOFTQ, CUPS and IPRINT.

	   Be aware that CUPS and IPRINT are only available if the CUPS
	   development library was available at the time Samba was compiled or
	   packaged.

	   To see what the defaults are for the other print commands when
	   using the various options use the testparm(1) program.

	   This option can be set on a per printer basis. Please be aware
	   however, that you must place any of the various printing commands
	   (e.g. print command, lpq command, etc...) after defining the value
	   for the printing option since it will reset the printing commands
	   to default values.

	   See also the discussion in the [printers] section.

	   See testparm -v.  for the default value on your system

	   Default: printing =	# Depends on the operating system

       printjob username (S)

	   This parameter specifies which user information will be passed to
	   the printing system. Usually, the username is sent, but in some
	   cases, e.g. the domain prefix is useful, too.

	   Default: printjob username = %U

	   Example: printjob username = %D\%U

       print notify backchannel (S)

	   Windows print clients can update print queue status by expecting
	   the server to open a backchannel SMB connection to them. Due to
	   client firewall settings this can cause considerable timeouts and
	   will often fail, as there is no guarantee the client is even
	   running an SMB server. By default, the Samba print server will not
	   try to connect back to clients, and will treat corresponding
	   requests as if the connection back to the client failed.

	   Default: print notify backchannel = no

       queuepause command (S)

	   This parameter specifies the command to be executed on the server
	   host in order to pause the printer queue.

	   This command should be a program or script which takes a printer
	   name as its only parameter and stops the printer queue, such that
	   no longer jobs are submitted to the printer.

	   This command is not supported by Windows for Workgroups, but can be
	   issued from the Printers window under Windows 95 and NT.

	   If a %p is given then the printer name is put in its place.
	   Otherwise it is placed at the end of the command.

	   Note that it is good practice to include the absolute path in the
	   command as the PATH may not be available to the server.

	   Default: queuepause command =  # determined by printing parameter

	   Example: queuepause command = disable %p

       queueresume command (S)

	   This parameter specifies the command to be executed on the server
	   host in order to resume the printer queue. It is the command to
	   undo the behavior that is caused by the previous parameter
	   (queuepause command).

	   This command should be a program or script which takes a printer
	   name as its only parameter and resumes the printer queue, such that
	   queued jobs are resubmitted to the printer.

	   This command is not supported by Windows for Workgroups, but can be
	   issued from the Printers window under Windows 95 and NT.

	   If a %p is given then the printer name is put in its place.
	   Otherwise it is placed at the end of the command.

	   Note that it is good practice to include the absolute path in the
	   command as the PATH may not be available to the server.

	   Default: queueresume command =  # determined by printing parameter

	   Example: queueresume command = enable %p

       show add printer wizard (G)

	   With the introduction of MS-RPC based printing support for Windows
	   NT/2000 client in Samba 2.2, a "Printers..." folder will appear on
	   Samba hosts in the share listing. Normally this folder will contain
	   an icon for the MS Add Printer Wizard (APW). However, it is
	   possible to disable this feature regardless of the level of
	   privilege of the connected user.

	   Under normal circumstances, the Windows NT/2000 client will open a
	   handle on the printer server with OpenPrinterEx() asking for
	   Administrator privileges. If the user does not have administrative
	   access on the print server (i.e is not root or has granted the
	   SePrintOperatorPrivilege), the OpenPrinterEx() call fails and the
	   client makes another open call with a request for a lower privilege
	   level. This should succeed, however the APW icon will not be
	   displayed.

	   Disabling the show add printer wizard parameter will always cause
	   the OpenPrinterEx() on the server to fail. Thus the APW icon will
	   never be displayed.

	       Note
	       This does not prevent the same user from having administrative
	       privilege on an individual printer.
	   Default: show add printer wizard = yes

       spoolss: architecture (G)

	   Windows spoolss print clients only allow association of server-side
	   drivers with printers when the driver architecture matches the
	   advertised print server architecture. Samba's spoolss print server
	   architecture can be changed using this parameter.

	   Default: spoolss: architecture = Windows NT x86

	   Example: spoolss: architecture = Windows x64

       spoolss: os_major (G)

	   Windows might require a new os version number. This option allows
	   to modify the build number. The complete default version number is:
	   5.0.2195 (Windows 2000). The example is 6.1.7601 (Windows 2008 R2).

	   Default: spoolss: os_major = 5

	   Example: spoolss: os_major = 6

       spoolss: os_minor (G)

	   Windows might require a new os version number. This option allows
	   to modify the build number. The complete default version number is:
	   5.0.2195 (Windows 2000). The example is 6.1.7601 (Windows 2008 R2).

	   Default: spoolss: os_minor = 0

	   Example: spoolss: os_minor = 1

       spoolss: os_build (G)

	   Windows might require a new os version number. This option allows
	   to modify the build number. The complete default version number is:
	   5.0.2195 (Windows 2000). The example is 6.1.7601 (Windows 2008 R2).

	   Default: spoolss: os_build = 2195

	   Example: spoolss: os_build = 7601

       use client driver (S)

	   This parameter applies only to Windows NT/2000 clients. It has no
	   effect on Windows 95/98/ME clients. When serving a printer to
	   Windows NT/2000 clients without first installing a valid printer
	   driver on the Samba host, the client will be required to install a
	   local printer driver. From this point on, the client will treat the
	   print as a local printer and not a network printer connection. This
	   is much the same behavior that will occur when disable spoolss =
	   yes.

	   The differentiating factor is that under normal circumstances, the
	   NT/2000 client will attempt to open the network printer using
	   MS-RPC. The problem is that because the client considers the
	   printer to be local, it will attempt to issue the OpenPrinterEx()
	   call requesting access rights associated with the logged on user.
	   If the user possesses local administrator rights but not root
	   privilege on the Samba host (often the case), the OpenPrinterEx()
	   call will fail. The result is that the client will now display an
	   "Access Denied; Unable to connect" message in the printer queue
	   window (even though jobs may successfully be printed).

	   If this parameter is enabled for a printer, then any attempt to
	   open the printer with the PRINTER_ACCESS_ADMINISTER right is mapped
	   to PRINTER_ACCESS_USE instead. Thus allowing the OpenPrinterEx()
	   call to succeed.  This parameter MUST not be enabled on a print
	   share which has valid print driver installed on the Samba server.

	   Default: use client driver = no

       acl allow execute always (S)

	   This boolean parameter controls the behaviour of smbd(8) when
	   receiving a protocol request of "open for execution" from a Windows
	   client. With Samba 3.6 and older, the execution right in the ACL
	   was not checked, so a client could execute a file even if it did
	   not have execute rights on the file. In Samba 4.0, this has been
	   fixed, so that by default, i.e. when this parameter is set to
	   "False", "open for execution" is now denied when execution
	   permissions are not present.

	   If this parameter is set to "True", Samba does not check execute
	   permissions on "open for execution", thus re-establishing the
	   behaviour of Samba 3.6. This can be useful to smoothen upgrades
	   from older Samba versions to 4.0 and newer. This setting is not
	   meant to be used as a permanent setting, but as a temporary relief:
	   It is recommended to fix the permissions in the ACLs and reset this
	   parameter to the default after a certain transition period.

	   Default: acl allow execute always = no

       acl check permissions (S)

	   Please note this parameter is now deprecated in Samba 3.6.2 and
	   will be removed in a future version of Samba.

	   This boolean parameter controls what smbd(8) does on receiving a
	   protocol request of "open for delete" from a Windows client. If a
	   Windows client doesn't have permissions to delete a file then they
	   expect this to be denied at open time. POSIX systems normally only
	   detect restrictions on delete by actually attempting to delete the
	   file or directory. As Windows clients can (and do) "back out" a
	   delete request by unsetting the "delete on close" bit Samba cannot
	   delete the file immediately on "open for delete" request as we
	   cannot restore such a deleted file. With this parameter set to true
	   (the default) then smbd checks the file system permissions directly
	   on "open for delete" and denies the request without actually
	   deleting the file if the file system permissions would seem to deny
	   it. This is not perfect, as it's possible a user could have deleted
	   a file without Samba being able to check the permissions correctly,
	   but it is close enough to Windows semantics for mostly correct
	   behaviour. Samba will correctly check POSIX ACL semantics in this
	   case.

	   If this parameter is set to "false" Samba doesn't check permissions
	   on "open for delete" and allows the open. If the user doesn't have
	   permission to delete the file this will only be discovered at close
	   time, which is too late for the Windows user tools to display an
	   error message to the user. The symptom of this is files that appear
	   to have been deleted "magically" re-appearing on a Windows explorer
	   refresh. This is an extremely advanced protocol option which should
	   not need to be changed. This parameter was introduced in its final
	   form in 3.0.21, an earlier version with slightly different
	   semantics was introduced in 3.0.20. That older version is not
	   documented here.

	   Default: acl check permissions = yes

       acl map full control (S)

	   This boolean parameter controls whether smbd(8) maps a POSIX ACE
	   entry of "rwx" (read/write/execute), the maximum allowed POSIX
	   permission set, into a Windows ACL of "FULL CONTROL". If this
	   parameter is set to true any POSIX ACE entry of "rwx" will be
	   returned in a Windows ACL as "FULL CONTROL", is this parameter is
	   set to false any POSIX ACE entry of "rwx" will be returned as the
	   specific Windows ACL bits representing read, write and execute.

	   Default: acl map full control = yes

       cldap port (G)

	   This option controls the port used by the CLDAP protocol.

	   Default: cldap port = 389

	   Example: cldap port = 3389

       client ipc max protocol (G)

	   The value of the parameter (a string) is the highest protocol level
	   that will be supported for IPC$ connections as DCERPC transport.

	   Normally this option should not be set as the automatic negotiation
	   phase in the SMB protocol takes care of choosing the appropriate
	   protocol.

	   The value default refers to the latest supported protocol,
	   currently SMB3_11.

	   See client max protocol for a full list of available protocols. The
	   values CORE, COREPLUS, LANMAN1, LANMAN2 are silently upgraded to
	   NT1.

	   Default: client ipc max protocol = default

	   Example: client ipc max protocol = SMB2_10

       client ipc min protocol (G)

	   This setting controls the minimum protocol version that the will be
	   attempted to use for IPC$ connections as DCERPC transport.

	   Normally this option should not be set as the automatic negotiation
	   phase in the SMB protocol takes care of choosing the appropriate
	   protocol.

	   The value default refers to the higher value of NT1 and the
	   effective value of client min protocol.

	   See client max protocol for a full list of available protocols. The
	   values CORE, COREPLUS, LANMAN1, LANMAN2 are silently upgraded to
	   NT1.

	   Default: client ipc min protocol = default

	   Example: client ipc min protocol = SMB3_11

       client max protocol (G)

	   The value of the parameter (a string) is the highest protocol level
	   that will be supported by the client.

	   Possible values are :

	   o   CORE: Earliest version. No concept of user names.

	   o   COREPLUS: Slight improvements on CORE for efficiency.

	   o   LANMAN1: First modern version of the protocol. Long filename
	       support.

	   o   LANMAN2: Updates to Lanman1 protocol.

	   o   NT1: Current up to date version of the protocol. Used by
	       Windows NT. Known as CIFS.

	   o   SMB2: Re-implementation of the SMB protocol. Used by Windows
	       Vista and later versions of Windows. SMB2 has sub protocols
	       available.

	       o   SMB2_02: The earliest SMB2 version.

	       o   SMB2_10: Windows 7 SMB2 version.

	       o   SMB2_22: Early Windows 8 SMB2 version.

	       o   SMB2_24: Windows 8 beta SMB2 version.

	   By default SMB2 selects the SMB2_10 variant.

       o   SMB3: The same as SMB2. Used by Windows 8. SMB3 has sub protocols
	   available.

	   o   SMB3_00: Windows 8 SMB3 version. (mostly the same as SMB2_24)

	   o   SMB3_02: Windows 8.1 SMB3 version.

       By default SMB3 selects the SMB3_00 variant.

       Normally this option should not be set as the automatic negotiation
       phase in the SMB protocol takes care of choosing the appropriate
       protocol.

       The value default refers to NT1.

       IPC$ connections for DCERPC e.g. in winbindd, are handled by the client
       ipc max protocol option.

       Default: client max protocol = default

       Example: client max protocol = LANMAN1

       client min protocol (G)

	   This setting controls the minimum protocol version that the client
	   will attempt to use.

	   Normally this option should not be set as the automatic negotiation
	   phase in the SMB protocol takes care of choosing the appropriate
	   protocol.

	   See Related command: client max protocol for a full list of
	   available protocols.

	   IPC$ connections for DCERPC e.g. in winbindd, are handled by the
	   client ipc min protocol option.

	   Default: client min protocol = CORE

	   Example: client min protocol = NT1

       client use spnego (G)

	   This variable controls whether Samba clients will try to use Simple
	   and Protected NEGOciation (as specified by rfc2478) with supporting
	   servers (including WindowsXP, Windows2000 and Samba 3.0) to agree
	   upon an authentication mechanism. This enables Kerberos
	   authentication in particular.

	   When client NTLMv2 auth is also set to yes extended security
	   (SPNEGO) is required in order to use NTLMv2 only within NTLMSSP.
	   This behavior was introduced with the patches for CVE-2016-2111.

	   Default: client use spnego = yes

       dcerpc endpoint servers (G)

	   Specifies which DCE/RPC endpoint servers should be run.

	   Default: dcerpc endpoint servers = epmapper, wkssvc, rpcecho, samr,
	   netlogon, lsarpc, spoolss, drsuapi, dssetup, unixinfo, browser,
	   eventlog6, backupkey, dnsserver

	   Example: dcerpc endpoint servers = rpcecho

       defer sharing violations (G)

	   Windows allows specifying how a file will be shared with other
	   processes when it is opened. Sharing violations occur when a file
	   is opened by a different process using options that violate the
	   share settings specified by other processes. This parameter causes
	   smbd to act as a Windows server does, and defer returning a
	   "sharing violation" error message for up to one second, allowing
	   the client to close the file causing the violation in the meantime.

	   UNIX by default does not have this behaviour.

	   There should be no reason to turn off this parameter, as it is
	   designed to enable Samba to more correctly emulate Windows.

	   Default: defer sharing violations = yes

       dgram port (G)

	   Specifies which ports the server should listen on for NetBIOS
	   datagram traffic.

	   Default: dgram port = 138

       disable netbios (G)

	   Enabling this parameter will disable netbios support in Samba.
	   Netbios is the only available form of browsing in all windows
	   versions except for 2000 and XP.

	       Note
	       Clients that only support netbios won't be able to see your
	       samba server when netbios support is disabled.
	   Default: disable netbios = no

       durable handles (S)

	   This boolean parameter controls whether Samba can grant SMB2
	   durable file handles on a share.

	   Note that durable handles are only enabled if kernel oplocks = no,
	   kernel share modes = no, and posix locking = no, i.e. if the share
	   is configured for CIFS/SMB2 only access, not supporting
	   interoperability features with local UNIX processes or NFS
	   operations.

	   Also note that, for the time being, durability is not granted for a
	   handle that has the delete on close flag set.

	   Default: durable handles = yes

       ea support (S)

	   This boolean parameter controls whether smbd(8) will allow clients
	   to attempt to store OS/2 style Extended attributes on a share. In
	   order to enable this parameter the underlying filesystem exported
	   by the share must support extended attributes (such as provided on
	   XFS and EXT3 on Linux, with the correct kernel patches). On Linux
	   the filesystem must have been mounted with the mount option
	   user_xattr in order for extended attributes to work, also extended
	   attributes must be compiled into the Linux kernel.

	   Default: ea support = no

       enable asu support (G)

	   Hosts running the "Advanced Server for Unix (ASU)" product require
	   some special accomodations such as creating a builtin [ADMIN$]
	   share that only supports IPC connections. The has been the default
	   behavior in smbd for many years. However, certain Microsoft
	   applications such as the Print Migrator tool require that the
	   remote server support an [ADMIN$] file share. Disabling this
	   parameter allows for creating an [ADMIN$] file share in smb.conf.

	   Default: enable asu support = no

       eventlog list (G)

	   This option defines a list of log names that Samba will report to
	   the Microsoft EventViewer utility. The listed eventlogs will be
	   associated with tdb file on disk in the $(statedir)/eventlog.

	   The administrator must use an external process to parse the normal
	   Unix logs such as /var/log/messages and write then entries to the
	   eventlog tdb files. Refer to the eventlogadm(8) utility for how to
	   write eventlog entries.

	   Default: eventlog list =

	   Example: eventlog list = Security Application Syslog Apache

       large readwrite (G)

	   This parameter determines whether or not smbd(8) supports the new
	   64k streaming read and write variant SMB requests introduced with
	   Windows 2000. Note that due to Windows 2000 client redirector bugs
	   this requires Samba to be running on a 64-bit capable operating
	   system such as IRIX, Solaris or a Linux 2.4 kernel. Can improve
	   performance by 10% with Windows 2000 clients. Defaults to on. Not
	   as tested as some other Samba code paths.

	   Default: large readwrite = yes

       map acl inherit (S)

	   This boolean parameter controls whether smbd(8) will attempt to map
	   the 'inherit' and 'protected' access control entry flags stored in
	   Windows ACLs into an extended attribute called user.SAMBA_PAI. This
	   parameter only takes effect if Samba is being run on a platform
	   that supports extended attributes (Linux and IRIX so far) and
	   allows the Windows 2000 ACL editor to correctly use inheritance
	   with the Samba POSIX ACL mapping code.

	   Default: map acl inherit = no

       max mux (G)

	   This option controls the maximum number of outstanding simultaneous
	   SMB operations that Samba tells the client it will allow. You
	   should never need to set this parameter.

	   Default: max mux = 50

       max ttl (G)

	   This option tells nmbd(8) what the default 'time to live' of
	   NetBIOS names should be (in seconds) when nmbd is requesting a name
	   using either a broadcast packet or from a WINS server. You should
	   never need to change this parameter. The default is 3 days.

	   Default: max ttl = 259200

       max wins ttl (G)

	   This option tells smbd(8) when acting as a WINS server (wins
	   support = yes) what the maximum 'time to live' of NetBIOS names
	   that nmbd will grant will be (in seconds). You should never need to
	   change this parameter. The default is 6 days (518400 seconds).

	   Default: max wins ttl = 518400

       max xmit (G)

	   This option controls the maximum packet size that will be
	   negotiated by Samba. The default is 16644, which matches the
	   behavior of Windows 2000. A value below 2048 is likely to cause
	   problems. You should never need to change this parameter from its
	   default value.

	   Default: max xmit = 16644

	   Example: max xmit = 8192

       min receivefile size (G)

	   This option changes the behavior of smbd(8) when processing
	   SMBwriteX calls. Any incoming SMBwriteX call on a non-signed
	   SMB/CIFS connection greater than this value will not be processed
	   in the normal way but will be passed to any underlying kernel
	   recvfile or splice system call (if there is no such call Samba will
	   emulate in user space). This allows zero-copy writes directly from
	   network socket buffers into the filesystem buffer cache, if
	   available. It may improve performance but user testing is
	   recommended. If set to zero Samba processes SMBwriteX calls in the
	   normal way. To enable POSIX large write support (SMB/CIFS writes up
	   to 16Mb) this option must be nonzero. The maximum value is 128k.
	   Values greater than 128k will be silently set to 128k.

	   Note this option will have NO EFFECT if set on a SMB signed
	   connection.

	   The default is zero, which disables this option.

	   Default: min receivefile size = 0

       min wins ttl (G)

	   This option tells nmbd(8) when acting as a WINS server (wins
	   support = yes) what the minimum 'time to live' of NetBIOS names
	   that nmbd will grant will be (in seconds). You should never need to
	   change this parameter. The default is 6 hours (21600 seconds).

	   Default: min wins ttl = 21600

       name resolve order (G)

	   This option is used by the programs in the Samba suite to determine
	   what naming services to use and in what order to resolve host names
	   to IP addresses. Its main purpose to is to control how netbios name
	   resolution is performed. The option takes a space separated string
	   of name resolution options.

	   The options are: "lmhosts", "host", "wins" and "bcast". They cause
	   names to be resolved as follows:

	   o   lmhosts : Lookup an IP address in the Samba lmhosts file. If
	       the line in lmhosts has no name type attached to the NetBIOS
	       name (see the manpage for lmhosts for details) then any name
	       type matches for lookup.

	   o   host : Do a standard host name to IP address resolution, using
	       the system /etc/hosts, NIS, or DNS lookups. This method of name
	       resolution is operating system depended for instance on IRIX or
	       Solaris this may be controlled by the /etc/nsswitch.conf file.
	       Note that this method is used only if the NetBIOS name type
	       being queried is the 0x20 (server) name type or 0x1c (domain
	       controllers). The latter case is only useful for active
	       directory domains and results in a DNS query for the SRV RR
	       entry matching _ldap._tcp.domain.

	   o   wins : Query a name with the IP address listed in the
	       WINSSERVER parameter. If no WINS server has been specified this
	       method will be ignored.

	   o   bcast : Do a broadcast on each of the known local interfaces
	       listed in the interfaces parameter. This is the least reliable
	       of the name resolution methods as it depends on the target host
	       being on a locally connected subnet.

       The example below will cause the local lmhosts file to be examined
       first, followed by a broadcast attempt, followed by a normal system
       hostname lookup.

       When Samba is functioning in ADS security mode (security = ads) it is
       advised to use following settings for name resolve order:

       name resolve order = wins bcast

       DC lookups will still be done via DNS, but fallbacks to netbios names
       will not inundate your DNS servers with needless querys for
       DOMAIN<0x1c> lookups.

       Default: name resolve order = lmhosts wins host bcast

       Example: name resolve order = lmhosts bcast host

       nbt port (G)

	   Specifies which port the server should use for NetBIOS over IP name
	   services traffic.

	   Default: nbt port = 137

       nt acl support (S)

	   This boolean parameter controls whether smbd(8) will attempt to map
	   UNIX permissions into Windows NT access control lists. The UNIX
	   permissions considered are the traditional UNIX owner and group
	   permissions, as well as POSIX ACLs set on any files or directories.
	   This parameter was formally a global parameter in releases prior to
	   2.2.2.

	   Default: nt acl support = yes

       nt pipe support (G)

	   This boolean parameter controls whether smbd(8) will allow Windows
	   NT clients to connect to the NT SMB specific IPC$ pipes. This is a
	   developer debugging option and can be left alone.

	   Default: nt pipe support = yes

       nt status support (G)

	   This boolean parameter controls whether smbd(8) will negotiate NT
	   specific status support with Windows NT/2k/XP clients. This is a
	   developer debugging option and should be left alone. If this option
	   is set to no then Samba offers exactly the same DOS error codes
	   that versions prior to Samba 2.2.3 reported.

	   You should not need to ever disable this parameter.

	   Default: nt status support = yes

       profile acls (S)

	   This boolean parameter was added to fix the problems that people
	   have been having with storing user profiles on Samba shares from
	   Windows 2000 or Windows XP clients. New versions of Windows 2000 or
	   Windows XP service packs do security ACL checking on the owner and
	   ability to write of the profile directory stored on a local
	   workstation when copied from a Samba share.

	   When not in domain mode with winbindd then the security info copied
	   onto the local workstation has no meaning to the logged in user
	   (SID) on that workstation so the profile storing fails. Adding this
	   parameter onto a share used for profile storage changes two things
	   about the returned Windows ACL. Firstly it changes the owner and
	   group owner of all reported files and directories to be
	   BUILTIN\\Administrators, BUILTIN\\Users respectively (SIDs
	   S-1-5-32-544, S-1-5-32-545). Secondly it adds an ACE entry of "Full
	   Control" to the SID BUILTIN\\Users to every returned ACL. This will
	   allow any Windows 2000 or XP workstation user to access the
	   profile.

	   Note that if you have multiple users logging on to a workstation
	   then in order to prevent them from being able to access each others
	   profiles you must remove the "Bypass traverse checking" advanced
	   user right. This will prevent access to other users profile
	   directories as the top level profile directory (named after the
	   user) is created by the workstation profile code and has an ACL
	   restricting entry to the directory tree to the owning user.

	   Note that this parameter should be set to yes on dedicated profile
	   shares only. On other shares, it might cause incorrect file
	   ownerships.

	   Default: profile acls = no

       read raw (G)

	   This is ignored if async echo handler is set, because this feature
	   is incompatible with raw read SMB requests

	   If enabled, raw reads allow reads of 65535 bytes in one packet.
	   This typically provides a major performance benefit for some very,
	   very old clients.

	   However, some clients either negotiate the allowable block size
	   incorrectly or are incapable of supporting larger block sizes, and
	   for these clients you may need to disable raw reads.

	   In general this parameter should be viewed as a system tuning tool
	   and left severely alone.

	   Default: read raw = yes

       rpc big endian (G)

	   Setting this option will force the RPC client and server to
	   transfer data in big endian.

	   If it is disabled, data will be transferred in little endian.

	   The behaviour is independent of the endianness of the host machine.

	   Default: rpc big endian = no

       max protocol

	   This parameter is a synonym for server max protocol.

       protocol

	   This parameter is a synonym for server max protocol.

       server max protocol (G)

	   The value of the parameter (a string) is the highest protocol level
	   that will be supported by the server.

	   Possible values are :

	   o   LANMAN1: First modern version of the protocol. Long filename
	       support.

	   o   LANMAN2: Updates to Lanman1 protocol.

	   o   NT1: Current up to date version of the protocol. Used by
	       Windows NT. Known as CIFS.

	   o   SMB2: Re-implementation of the SMB protocol. Used by Windows
	       Vista and later versions of Windows. SMB2 has sub protocols
	       available.

	       o   SMB2_02: The earliest SMB2 version.

	       o   SMB2_10: Windows 7 SMB2 version.

	       o   SMB2_22: Early Windows 8 SMB2 version.

	       o   SMB2_24: Windows 8 beta SMB2 version.

	   By default SMB2 selects the SMB2_10 variant.

       o   SMB3: The same as SMB2. Used by Windows 8. SMB3 has sub protocols
	   available.

	   o   SMB3_00: Windows 8 SMB3 version. (mostly the same as SMB2_24)

       By default SMB3 selects the SMB3_00 variant.

       Normally this option should not be set as the automatic negotiation
       phase in the SMB protocol takes care of choosing the appropriate
       protocol.

       Default: server max protocol = SMB3

       Example: server max protocol = LANMAN1

       min protocol

	   This parameter is a synonym for server min protocol.

       server min protocol (G)

	   This setting controls the minimum protocol version that the server
	   will allow the client to use.

	   Normally this option should not be set as the automatic negotiation
	   phase in the SMB protocol takes care of choosing the appropriate
	   protocol.

	   See Related command: server max protocol for a full list of
	   available protocols.

	   Default: server min protocol = LANMAN1

	   Example: server min protocol = NT1

       share:fake_fscaps (G)

	   This is needed to support some special application that makes
	   QFSINFO calls to check whether we set the SPARSE_FILES bit (0x40).
	   If this bit is not set that particular application refuses to work
	   against Samba. With share:fake_fscaps = 64 the SPARSE_FILES file
	   system capability flag is set. Use other decimal values to specify
	   the bitmask you need to fake.

	   Default: share:fake_fscaps = 0

       smb2 max credits (G)

	   This option controls the maximum number of outstanding simultaneous
	   SMB2 operations that Samba tells the client it will allow. This is
	   similar to the max mux parameter for SMB1. You should never need to
	   set this parameter.

	   The default is 8192 credits, which is the same as a Windows 2008R2
	   SMB2 server.

	   Default: smb2 max credits = 8192

       smb2 max read (G)

	   This option specifies the protocol value that smbd(8) will return
	   to a client, informing the client of the largest size that may be
	   returned by a single SMB2 read call.

	   The maximum is 8388608 bytes (8MiB), which is the same as a Windows
	   Server 2012 r2.

	   Please note that the default is 8MiB, but it's limit is based on
	   the smb2 dialect (64KiB for SMB == 2.0, 8MiB for SMB >= 2.1 with
	   LargeMTU). Large MTU is not supported over NBT (tcp port 139).

	   Default: smb2 max read = 8388608

       smb2 max trans (G)

	   This option specifies the protocol value that smbd(8) will return
	   to a client, informing the client of the largest size of buffer
	   that may be used in querying file meta-data via QUERY_INFO and
	   related SMB2 calls.

	   The maximum is 8388608 bytes (8MiB), which is the same as a Windows
	   Server 2012 r2.

	   Please note that the default is 8MiB, but it's limit is based on
	   the smb2 dialect (64KiB for SMB == 2.0, 1MiB for SMB >= 2.1 with
	   LargeMTU). Large MTU is not supported over NBT (tcp port 139).

	   Default: smb2 max trans = 8388608

       smb2 max write (G)

	   This option specifies the protocol value that smbd(8) will return
	   to a client, informing the client of the largest size that may be
	   sent to the server by a single SMB2 write call.

	   The maximum is 8388608 bytes (8MiB), which is the same as a Windows
	   Server 2012 r2.

	   Please note that the default is 8MiB, but it's limit is based on
	   the smb2 dialect (64KiB for SMB == 2.0, 8MiB for SMB => 2.1 with
	   LargeMTU). Large MTU is not supported over NBT (tcp port 139).

	   Default: smb2 max write = 8388608

       smb ports (G)

	   Specifies which ports the server should listen on for SMB traffic.

	   Default: smb ports = 445 139

       svcctl list (G)

	   This option defines a list of init scripts that smbd will use for
	   starting and stopping Unix services via the Win32 ServiceControl
	   API. This allows Windows administrators to utilize the MS
	   Management Console plug-ins to manage a Unix server running Samba.

	   The administrator must create a directory name svcctl in Samba's
	   $(libdir) and create symbolic links to the init scripts in
	   /etc/init.d/. The name of the links must match the names given as
	   part of the svcctl list.

	   Default: svcctl list =

	   Example: svcctl list = cups postfix portmap httpd

       time server (G)

	   This parameter determines if nmbd(8) advertises itself as a time
	   server to Windows clients.

	   Default: time server = no

       unicode (G)

	   Specifies whether the server and client should support unicode.

	   If this option is set to false, the use of ASCII will be forced.

	   Default: unicode = yes

       unix extensions (G)

	   This boolean parameter controls whether Samba implements the CIFS
	   UNIX extensions, as defined by HP. These extensions enable Samba to
	   better serve UNIX CIFS clients by supporting features such as
	   symbolic links, hard links, etc... These extensions require a
	   similarly enabled client, and are of no current use to Windows
	   clients.

	   Note if this parameter is turned on, the wide links parameter will
	   automatically be disabled.

	   See the parameter allow insecure wide links if you wish to change
	   this coupling between the two parameters.

	   Default: unix extensions = yes

       use spnego (G)

	   This deprecated variable controls whether samba will try to use
	   Simple and Protected NEGOciation (as specified by rfc2478) with
	   WindowsXP and Windows2000 clients to agree upon an authentication
	   mechanism.

	   Unless further issues are discovered with our SPNEGO
	   implementation, there is no reason this should ever be disabled.

	   Default: use spnego = yes

       web port (G)

	   Specifies which port the Samba web server should listen on.

	   Default: web port = 901

	   Example: web port = 80

       write raw (G)

	   This is ignored if async echo handler is set, because this feature
	   is incompatible with raw write SMB requests

	   If enabled, raw writes allow writes of 65535 bytes in one packet.
	   This typically provides a major performance benefit for some very,
	   very old clients.

	   However, some clients either negotiate the allowable block size
	   incorrectly or are incapable of supporting larger block sizes, and
	   for these clients you may need to disable raw writes.

	   In general this parameter should be viewed as a system tuning tool
	   and left severely alone.

	   Default: write raw = yes

       access based share enum (S)

	   If this parameter is yes for a service, then the share hosted by
	   the service will only be visible to users who have read or write
	   access to the share during share enumeration (for example net view
	   \\sambaserver). The share ACLs which allow or deny the access to
	   the share can be modified using for example the sharesec command or
	   using the appropriate Windows tools. This has parallels to access
	   based enumeration, the main difference being that only share
	   permissions are evaluated, and security descriptors on files
	   contained on the share are not used in computing enumeration access
	   rights.

	   Default: access based share enum = no

       acl group control (S)

	   In a POSIX filesystem, only the owner of a file or directory and
	   the superuser can modify the permissions and ACLs on a file. If
	   this parameter is set, then Samba overrides this restriction, and
	   also allows the primary group owner of a file or directory to
	   modify the permissions and ACLs on that file.

	   On a Windows server, groups may be the owner of a file or directory
	   - thus allowing anyone in that group to modify the permissions on
	   it. This allows the delegation of security controls on a point in
	   the filesystem to the group owner of a directory and anything below
	   it also owned by that group. This means there are multiple people
	   with permissions to modify ACLs on a file or directory, easing
	   manageability.

	   This parameter allows Samba to also permit delegation of the
	   control over a point in the exported directory hierarchy in much
	   the same way as Windows. This allows all members of a UNIX group to
	   control the permissions on a file or directory they have group
	   ownership on.

	   This parameter is best used with the inherit owner option and also
	   on a share containing directories with the UNIX setgid bit set on
	   them, which causes new files and directories created within it to
	   inherit the group ownership from the containing directory.

	   This parameter was deprecated in Samba 3.0.23, but re-activated in
	   Samba 3.0.31 and above, as it now only controls permission changes
	   if the user is in the owning primary group. It is now no longer
	   equivalent to the dos filemode option.

	   Default: acl group control = no

       admin users (S)

	   This is a list of users who will be granted administrative
	   privileges on the share. This means that they will do all file
	   operations as the super-user (root).

	   You should use this option very carefully, as any user in this list
	   will be able to do anything they like on the share, irrespective of
	   file permissions.

	   Default: admin users =

	   Example: admin users = jason

       algorithmic rid base (G)

	   This determines how Samba will use its algorithmic mapping from
	   uids/gid to the RIDs needed to construct NT Security Identifiers.

	   Setting this option to a larger value could be useful to sites
	   transitioning from WinNT and Win2k, as existing user and group rids
	   would otherwise clash with system users etc.

	   All UIDs and GIDs must be able to be resolved into SIDs for the
	   correct operation of ACLs on the server. As such the algorithmic
	   mapping can't be 'turned off', but pushing it 'out of the way'
	   should resolve the issues. Users and groups can then be assigned
	   'low' RIDs in arbitrary-rid supporting backends.

	   Default: algorithmic rid base = 1000

	   Example: algorithmic rid base = 100000

       allow dcerpc auth level connect (G)

	   This option controls whether DCERPC services are allowed to be used
	   with DCERPC_AUTH_LEVEL_CONNECT, which provides authentication, but
	   no per message integrity nor privacy protection.

	   Some interfaces like samr, lsarpc and netlogon have a hard-coded
	   default of no and epmapper, mgmt and rpcecho have a hard-coded
	   default of yes.

	   The behavior can be overwritten per interface name (e.g. lsarpc,
	   netlogon, samr, srvsvc, winreg, wkssvc ...) by using 'allow dcerpc
	   auth level connect:interface = yes' as option.

	   This option yields precedence to the implementation specific
	   restrictions. E.g. the drsuapi and backupkey protocols require
	   DCERPC_AUTH_LEVEL_PRIVACY. The dnsserver protocol requires
	   DCERPC_AUTH_LEVEL_INTEGRITY.

	   Default: allow dcerpc auth level connect = no

	   Example: allow dcerpc auth level connect = yes

       allow trusted domains (G)

	   This option only takes effect when the security option is set to
	   server, domain or ads. If it is set to no, then attempts to connect
	   to a resource from a domain or workgroup other than the one which
	   smbd is running in will fail, even if that domain is trusted by the
	   remote server doing the authentication.

	   This is useful if you only want your Samba server to serve
	   resources to users in the domain it is a member of. As an example,
	   suppose that there are two domains DOMA and DOMB. DOMB is trusted
	   by DOMA, which contains the Samba server. Under normal
	   circumstances, a user with an account in DOMB can then access the
	   resources of a UNIX account with the same account name on the Samba
	   server even if they do not have an account in DOMA. This can make
	   implementing a security boundary difficult.

	   Default: allow trusted domains = yes

       auth methods (G)

	   This option allows the administrator to chose what authentication
	   methods smbd will use when authenticating a user. This option
	   defaults to sensible values based on security. This should be
	   considered a developer option and used only in rare circumstances.
	   In the majority (if not all) of production servers, the default
	   setting should be adequate.

	   Each entry in the list attempts to authenticate the user in turn,
	   until the user authenticates. In practice only one method will ever
	   actually be able to complete the authentication.

	   Possible options include guest (anonymous access), sam (lookups in
	   local list of accounts based on netbios name or domain name),
	   winbind (relay authentication requests for remote users through
	   winbindd), ntdomain (pre-winbindd method of authentication for
	   remote domain users; deprecated in favour of winbind method),
	   trustdomain (authenticate trusted users by contacting the remote DC
	   directly from smbd; deprecated in favour of winbind method).

	   Default: auth methods =

	   Example: auth methods = guest sam winbind

       check password script (G)

	   The name of a program that can be used to check password
	   complexity. The password is sent to the program's standard input.

	   The program must return 0 on a good password, or any other value if
	   the password is bad. In case the password is considered weak (the
	   program does not return 0) the user will be notified and the
	   password change will fail.

	   Note: In the example directory is a sample program called
	   crackcheck that uses cracklib to check the password quality.

	   Default: check password script =  # Disabled

	   Example: check password script = /usr/local/sbin/crackcheck

       client ipc signing (G)

	   This controls whether the client is allowed or required to use SMB
	   signing for IPC$ connections as DCERPC transport. Possible values
	   are auto, mandatory and disabled.

	   When set to mandatory or default, SMB signing is required.

	   When set to auto, SMB signing is offered, but not enforced and if
	   set to disabled, SMB signing is not offered either.

	   Connections from winbindd to Active Directory Domain Controllers
	   always enforce signing.

	   Default: client ipc signing = default

       client lanman auth (G)

	   This parameter determines whether or not smbclient(8) and other
	   samba client tools will attempt to authenticate itself to servers
	   using the weaker LANMAN password hash. If disabled, only server
	   which support NT password hashes (e.g. Windows NT/2000, Samba,
	   etc... but not Windows 95/98) will be able to be connected from the
	   Samba client.

	   The LANMAN encrypted response is easily broken, due to its
	   case-insensitive nature, and the choice of algorithm. Clients
	   without Windows 95/98 servers are advised to disable this option.

	   Disabling this option will also disable the client plaintext auth
	   option.

	   Likewise, if the client ntlmv2 auth parameter is enabled, then only
	   NTLMv2 logins will be attempted.

	   Default: client lanman auth = no

       client NTLMv2 auth (G)

	   This parameter determines whether or not smbclient(8) will attempt
	   to authenticate itself to servers using the NTLMv2 encrypted
	   password response.

	   If enabled, only an NTLMv2 and LMv2 response (both much more secure
	   than earlier versions) will be sent. Older servers (including NT4 <
	   SP4, Win9x and Samba 2.2) are not compatible with NTLMv2 when not
	   in an NTLMv2 supporting domain

	   Similarly, if enabled, NTLMv1, client lanman auth and client
	   plaintext auth authentication will be disabled. This also disables
	   share-level authentication.

	   If disabled, an NTLM response (and possibly a LANMAN response) will
	   be sent by the client, depending on the value of client lanman
	   auth.

	   Note that Windows Vista and later versions already use NTLMv2 by
	   default, and some sites (particularly those following 'best
	   practice' security polices) only allow NTLMv2 responses, and not
	   the weaker LM or NTLM.

	   When client use spnego is also set to yes extended security
	   (SPNEGO) is required in order to use NTLMv2 only within NTLMSSP.
	   This behavior was introduced with the patches for CVE-2016-2111.

	   Default: client NTLMv2 auth = yes

       client plaintext auth (G)

	   Specifies whether a client should send a plaintext password if the
	   server does not support encrypted passwords.

	   Default: client plaintext auth = no

       client schannel (G)

	   This controls whether the client offers or even demands the use of
	   the netlogon schannel.  client schannel = no does not offer the
	   schannel, client schannel = auto offers the schannel but does not
	   enforce it, and client schannel = yes denies access if the server
	   is not able to speak netlogon schannel.

	   Note that for active directory domains this is hardcoded to client
	   schannel = yes.

	   This option yields precedence to the require strong key option.

	   Default: client schannel = auto

	   Example: client schannel = yes

       client signing (G)

	   This controls whether the client is allowed or required to use SMB
	   signing. Possible values are auto, mandatory and disabled.

	   When set to auto or default, SMB signing is offered, but not
	   enforced.

	   When set to mandatory, SMB signing is required and if set to
	   disabled, SMB signing is not offered either.

	   IPC$ connections for DCERPC e.g. in winbindd, are handled by the
	   client ipc signing option.

	   Default: client signing = default

       client use spnego principal (G)

	   This parameter determines whether or not smbclient(8) and other
	   samba components acting as a client will attempt to use the
	   server-supplied principal sometimes given in the SPNEGO exchange.

	   If enabled, Samba can attempt to use Kerberos to contact servers
	   known only by IP address. Kerberos relies on names, so ordinarily
	   cannot function in this situation.

	   This is a VERY BAD IDEA for security reasons, and so this parameter
	   SHOULD NOT BE USED. It will be removed in a future version of
	   Samba.

	   If disabled, Samba will use the name used to look up the server
	   when asking the KDC for a ticket. This avoids situations where a
	   server may impersonate another, soliciting authentication as one
	   principal while being known on the network as another.

	   Note that Windows XP SP2 and later versions already follow this
	   behaviour, and Windows Vista and later servers no longer supply
	   this 'rfc4178 hint' principal on the server side.

	   This parameter is deprecated in Samba 4.2.1 and will be removed
	   (along with the functionality) in a later release of Samba.

	   Default: client use spnego principal = no

       create mode

	   This parameter is a synonym for create mask.

       create mask (S)

	   When a file is created, the necessary permissions are calculated
	   according to the mapping from DOS modes to UNIX permissions, and
	   the resulting UNIX mode is then bit-wise 'AND'ed with this
	   parameter. This parameter may be thought of as a bit-wise MASK for
	   the UNIX modes of a file. Any bit not set here will be removed from
	   the modes set on a file when it is created.

	   The default value of this parameter removes the group and other
	   write and execute bits from the UNIX modes.

	   Following this Samba will bit-wise 'OR' the UNIX mode created from
	   this parameter with the value of the force create mode parameter
	   which is set to 000 by default.

	   This parameter does not affect directory masks. See the parameter
	   directory mask for details.

	   Default: create mask = 0744

	   Example: create mask = 0775

       dedicated keytab file (G)

	   Specifies the path to the kerberos keytab file when kerberos method
	   is set to "dedicated keytab".

	   Default: dedicated keytab file =

	   Example: dedicated keytab file = /usr/local/etc/krb5.keytab

       directory mode

	   This parameter is a synonym for directory mask.

       directory mask (S)

	   This parameter is the octal modes which are used when converting
	   DOS modes to UNIX modes when creating UNIX directories.

	   When a directory is created, the necessary permissions are
	   calculated according to the mapping from DOS modes to UNIX
	   permissions, and the resulting UNIX mode is then bit-wise 'AND'ed
	   with this parameter. This parameter may be thought of as a bit-wise
	   MASK for the UNIX modes of a directory. Any bit not set here will
	   be removed from the modes set on a directory when it is created.

	   The default value of this parameter removes the 'group' and 'other'
	   write bits from the UNIX mode, allowing only the user who owns the
	   directory to modify it.

	   Following this Samba will bit-wise 'OR' the UNIX mode created from
	   this parameter with the value of the force directory mode
	   parameter. This parameter is set to 000 by default (i.e. no extra
	   mode bits are added).

	   Default: directory mask = 0755

	   Example: directory mask = 0775

       directory security mask (S)

	   This parameter has been removed for Samba 4.0.0.

	   No default

       encrypt passwords (G)

	   This boolean controls whether encrypted passwords will be
	   negotiated with the client. Note that Windows NT 4.0 SP3 and above
	   and also Windows 98 will by default expect encrypted passwords
	   unless a registry entry is changed. To use encrypted passwords in
	   Samba see the chapter "User Database" in the Samba HOWTO
	   Collection.

	   MS Windows clients that expect Microsoft encrypted passwords and
	   that do not have plain text password support enabled will be able
	   to connect only to a Samba server that has encrypted password
	   support enabled and for which the user accounts have a valid
	   encrypted password. Refer to the smbpasswd command man page for
	   information regarding the creation of encrypted passwords for user
	   accounts.

	   The use of plain text passwords is NOT advised as support for this
	   feature is no longer maintained in Microsoft Windows products. If
	   you want to use plain text passwords you must set this parameter to
	   no.

	   In order for encrypted passwords to work correctly smbd(8) must
	   either have access to a local smbpasswd(5) file (see the
	   smbpasswd(8) program for information on how to set up and maintain
	   this file), or set the security = [domain|ads] parameter which
	   causes smbd to authenticate against another server.

	   Default: encrypt passwords = yes

       force create mode (S)

	   This parameter specifies a set of UNIX mode bit permissions that
	   will always be set on a file created by Samba. This is done by
	   bitwise 'OR'ing these bits onto the mode bits of a file that is
	   being created. The default for this parameter is (in octal) 000.
	   The modes in this parameter are bitwise 'OR'ed onto the file mode
	   after the mask set in the create mask parameter is applied.

	   The example below would force all newly created files to have read
	   and execute permissions set for 'group' and 'other' as well as the
	   read/write/execute bits set for the 'user'.

	   Default: force create mode = 0000

	   Example: force create mode = 0755

       force directory mode (S)

	   This parameter specifies a set of UNIX mode bit permissions that
	   will always be set on a directory created by Samba. This is done by
	   bitwise 'OR'ing these bits onto the mode bits of a directory that
	   is being created. The default for this parameter is (in octal) 0000
	   which will not add any extra permission bits to a created
	   directory. This operation is done after the mode mask in the
	   parameter directory mask is applied.

	   The example below would force all created directories to have read
	   and execute permissions set for 'group' and 'other' as well as the
	   read/write/execute bits set for the 'user'.

	   Default: force directory mode = 0000

	   Example: force directory mode = 0755

       force directory security mode (S)

	   This parameter has been removed for Samba 4.0.0.

	   No default

       group

	   This parameter is a synonym for force group.

       force group (S)

	   This specifies a UNIX group name that will be assigned as the
	   default primary group for all users connecting to this service.
	   This is useful for sharing files by ensuring that all access to
	   files on service will use the named group for their permissions
	   checking. Thus, by assigning permissions for this group to the
	   files and directories within this service the Samba administrator
	   can restrict or allow sharing of these files.

	   In Samba 2.0.5 and above this parameter has extended functionality
	   in the following way. If the group name listed here has a '+'
	   character prepended to it then the current user accessing the share
	   only has the primary group default assigned to this group if they
	   are already assigned as a member of that group. This allows an
	   administrator to decide that only users who are already in a
	   particular group will create files with group ownership set to that
	   group. This gives a finer granularity of ownership assignment. For
	   example, the setting force group = +sys means that only users who
	   are already in group sys will have their default primary group
	   assigned to sys when accessing this Samba share. All other users
	   will retain their ordinary primary group.

	   If the force user parameter is also set the group specified in
	   force group will override the primary group set in force user.

	   Default: force group =

	   Example: force group = agroup

       force security mode (S)

	   This parameter has been removed for Samba 4.0.0.

	   No default

       force unknown acl user (S)

	   If this parameter is set, a Windows NT ACL that contains an unknown
	   SID (security descriptor, or representation of a user or group id)
	   as the owner or group owner of the file will be silently mapped
	   into the current UNIX uid or gid of the currently connected user.

	   This is designed to allow Windows NT clients to copy files and
	   folders containing ACLs that were created locally on the client
	   machine and contain users local to that machine only (no domain
	   users) to be copied to a Samba server (usually with XCOPY /O) and
	   have the unknown userid and groupid of the file owner map to the
	   current connected user. This can only be fixed correctly when
	   winbindd allows arbitrary mapping from any Windows NT SID to a UNIX
	   uid or gid.

	   Try using this parameter when XCOPY /O gives an ACCESS_DENIED
	   error.

	   Default: force unknown acl user = no

       force user (S)

	   This specifies a UNIX user name that will be assigned as the
	   default user for all users connecting to this service. This is
	   useful for sharing files. You should also use it carefully as using
	   it incorrectly can cause security problems.

	   This user name only gets used once a connection is established.
	   Thus clients still need to connect as a valid user and supply a
	   valid password. Once connected, all file operations will be
	   performed as the "forced user", no matter what username the client
	   connected as. This can be very useful.

	   In Samba 2.0.5 and above this parameter also causes the primary
	   group of the forced user to be used as the primary group for all
	   file activity. Prior to 2.0.5 the primary group was left as the
	   primary group of the connecting user (this was a bug).

	   Default: force user =

	   Example: force user = auser

       guest account (G)

	   This is a username which will be used for access to services which
	   are specified as guest ok (see below). Whatever privileges this
	   user has will be available to any client connecting to the guest
	   service. This user must exist in the password file, but does not
	   require a valid login. The user account "ftp" is often a good
	   choice for this parameter.

	   On some systems the default guest account "nobody" may not be able
	   to print. Use another account in this case. You should test this by
	   trying to log in as your guest user (perhaps by using the su -
	   command) and trying to print using the system print command such as
	   lpr(1) or lp(1).

	   This parameter does not accept % macros, because many parts of the
	   system require this value to be constant for correct operation.

	   Default: guest account = nobody # default can be changed at
	   compile-time

	   Example: guest account = ftp

       public

	   This parameter is a synonym for guest ok.

       guest ok (S)

	   If this parameter is yes for a service, then no password is
	   required to connect to the service. Privileges will be those of the
	   guest account.

	   This parameter nullifies the benefits of setting restrict anonymous
	   = 2

	   See the section below on security for more information about this
	   option.

	   Default: guest ok = no

       only guest

	   This parameter is a synonym for guest only.

       guest only (S)

	   If this parameter is yes for a service, then only guest connections
	   to the service are permitted. This parameter will have no effect if
	   guest ok is not set for the service.

	   See the section below on security for more information about this
	   option.

	   Default: guest only = no

       allow hosts

	   This parameter is a synonym for hosts allow.

       hosts allow (S)

	   A synonym for this parameter is allow hosts.

	   This parameter is a comma, space, or tab delimited set of hosts
	   which are permitted to access a service.

	   If specified in the [global] section then it will apply to all
	   services, regardless of whether the individual service has a
	   different setting.

	   You can specify the hosts by name or IP number. For example, you
	   could restrict access to only the hosts on a Class C subnet with
	   something like allow hosts = 150.203.5.. The full syntax of the
	   list is described in the man page hosts_access(5). Note that this
	   man page may not be present on your system, so a brief description
	   will be given here also.

	   Note that the localhost address 127.0.0.1 will always be allowed
	   access unless specifically denied by a hosts deny option.

	   You can also specify hosts by network/netmask pairs and by netgroup
	   names if your system supports netgroups. The EXCEPT keyword can
	   also be used to limit a wildcard list. The following examples may
	   provide some help:

	   Example 1: allow all IPs in 150.203.*.*; except one

	   hosts allow = 150.203. EXCEPT 150.203.6.66

	   Example 2: allow hosts that match the given network/netmask

	   hosts allow = 150.203.15.0/255.255.255.0

	   Example 3: allow a couple of hosts

	   hosts allow = lapland, arvidsjaur

	   Example 4: allow only hosts in NIS netgroup "foonet", but deny
	   access from one particular host

	   hosts allow = @foonet

	   hosts deny = pirate

	       Note
	       Note that access still requires suitable user-level passwords.
	   See testparm(1) for a way of testing your host access to see if it
	   does what you expect.

	   Default: hosts allow =  # none (i.e., all hosts permitted access)

	   Example: hosts allow = 150.203.5. myhost.mynet.edu.au

       deny hosts

	   This parameter is a synonym for hosts deny.

       hosts deny (S)

	   The opposite of hosts allow - hosts listed here are NOT permitted
	   access to services unless the specific services have their own
	   lists to override this one. Where the lists conflict, the allow
	   list takes precedence.

	   In the event that it is necessary to deny all by default, use the
	   keyword ALL (or the netmask 0.0.0.0/0) and then explicitly specify
	   to the hosts allow = hosts allow parameter those hosts that should
	   be permitted access.

	   Default: hosts deny =  # none (i.e., no hosts specifically
	   excluded)

	   Example: hosts deny = 150.203.4. badhost.mynet.edu.au

       inherit acls (S)

	   This parameter can be used to ensure that if default acls exist on
	   parent directories, they are always honored when creating a new
	   file or subdirectory in these parent directories. The default
	   behavior is to use the unix mode specified when creating the
	   directory. Enabling this option sets the unix mode to 0777, thus
	   guaranteeing that default directory acls are propagated. Note that
	   using the VFS modules acl_xattr or acl_tdb which store native
	   Windows as meta-data will automatically turn this option on for any
	   share for which they are loaded, as they require this option to
	   emulate Windows ACLs correctly.

	   Default: inherit acls = no

       inherit owner (S)

	   The ownership of new files and directories is normally governed by
	   effective uid of the connected user. This option allows the Samba
	   administrator to specify that the ownership for new files and
	   directories should be controlled by the ownership of the parent
	   directory.

	   Common scenarios where this behavior is useful is in implementing
	   drop-boxes, where users can create and edit files but not delete
	   them and ensuring that newly created files in a user's roaming
	   profile directory are actually owned by the user.

	   Default: inherit owner = no

       inherit permissions (S)

	   The permissions on new files and directories are normally governed
	   by create mask, directory mask, force create mode and force
	   directory mode but the boolean inherit permissions parameter
	   overrides this.

	   New directories inherit the mode of the parent directory, including
	   bits such as setgid.

	   New files inherit their read/write bits from the parent directory.
	   Their execute bits continue to be determined by map archive, map
	   hidden and map system as usual.

	   Note that the setuid bit is never set via inheritance (the code
	   explicitly prohibits this).

	   This can be particularly useful on large systems with many users,
	   perhaps several thousand, to allow a single [homes] share to be
	   used flexibly by each user.

	   Default: inherit permissions = no

       invalid users (S)

	   This is a list of users that should not be allowed to login to this
	   service. This is really a paranoid check to absolutely ensure an
	   improper setting does not breach your security.

	   A name starting with a '@' is interpreted as an NIS netgroup first
	   (if your system supports NIS), and then as a UNIX group if the name
	   was not found in the NIS netgroup database.

	   A name starting with '+' is interpreted only by looking in the UNIX
	   group database via the NSS getgrnam() interface. A name starting
	   with '&' is interpreted only by looking in the NIS netgroup
	   database (this requires NIS to be working on your system). The
	   characters '+' and '&' may be used at the start of the name in
	   either order so the value +&group means check the UNIX group
	   database, followed by the NIS netgroup database, and the value
	   &+group means check the NIS netgroup database, followed by the UNIX
	   group database (the same as the '@' prefix).

	   The current servicename is substituted for %S. This is useful in
	   the [homes] section.

	   Default: invalid users =  # no invalid users

	   Example: invalid users = root fred admin @wheel

       kerberos method (G)

	   Controls how kerberos tickets are verified.

	   Valid options are:

	   o   secrets only - use only the secrets.(n)tdb for ticket
	       verification (default)

	   o   system keytab - use only the system keytab for ticket
	       verification

	   o   dedicated keytab - use a dedicated keytab for ticket
	       verification

	   o   secrets and keytab - use the secrets.(n)tdb first, then the
	       system keytab

       The major difference between "system keytab" and "dedicated keytab" is
       that the latter method relies on kerberos to find the correct keytab
       entry instead of filtering based on expected principals.

       When the kerberos method is in "dedicated keytab" mode, dedicated
       keytab file must be set to specify the location of the keytab file.

       Default: kerberos method = default

       kpasswd port (G)

	   Specifies which ports the Kerberos server should listen on for
	   password changes.

	   Default: kpasswd port = 464

       krb5 port (G)

	   Specifies which port the KDC should listen on for Kerberos traffic.

	   Default: krb5 port = 88

       lanman auth (G)

	   This parameter determines whether or not smbd(8) will attempt to
	   authenticate users or permit password changes using the LANMAN
	   password hash. If disabled, only clients which support NT password
	   hashes (e.g. Windows NT/2000 clients, smbclient, but not Windows
	   95/98 or the MS DOS network client) will be able to connect to the
	   Samba host.

	   The LANMAN encrypted response is easily broken, due to its
	   case-insensitive nature, and the choice of algorithm. Servers
	   without Windows 95/98/ME or MS DOS clients are advised to disable
	   this option.

	   When this parameter is set to no this will also result in
	   sambaLMPassword in Samba's passdb being blanked after the next
	   password change. As a result of that lanman clients won't be able
	   to authenticate, even if lanman auth is reenabled later on.

	   Unlike the encrypt passwords option, this parameter cannot alter
	   client behaviour, and the LANMAN response will still be sent over
	   the network. See the client lanman auth to disable this for Samba's
	   clients (such as smbclient)

	   If this option, and ntlm auth are both disabled, then only NTLMv2
	   logins will be permited. Not all clients support NTLMv2, and most
	   will require special configuration to use it.

	   Default: lanman auth = no

       log nt token command (G)

	   This option can be set to a command that will be called when new nt
	   tokens are created.

	   This is only useful for development purposes.

	   Default: log nt token command =

       map to guest (G)

	   This parameter can take four different values, which tell smbd(8)
	   what to do with user login requests that don't match a valid UNIX
	   user in some way.

	   The four settings are :

	   o   Never - Means user login requests with an invalid password are
	       rejected. This is the default.

	   o   Bad User - Means user logins with an invalid password are
	       rejected, unless the username does not exist, in which case it
	       is treated as a guest login and mapped into the guest account.

	   o   Bad Password - Means user logins with an invalid password are
	       treated as a guest login and mapped into the guest account.
	       Note that this can cause problems as it means that any user
	       incorrectly typing their password will be silently logged on as
	       "guest" - and will not know the reason they cannot access files
	       they think they should - there will have been no message given
	       to them that they got their password wrong. Helpdesk services
	       will hate you if you set the map to guest parameter this way
	       :-).

	   o   Bad Uid - Is only applicable when Samba is configured in some
	       type of domain mode security (security = {domain|ads}) and
	       means that user logins which are successfully authenticated but
	       which have no valid Unix user account (and smbd is unable to
	       create one) should be mapped to the defined guest account. This
	       was the default behavior of Samba 2.x releases. Note that if a
	       member server is running winbindd, this option should never be
	       required because the nss_winbind library will export the
	       Windows domain users and groups to the underlying OS via the
	       Name Service Switch interface.

       Note that this parameter is needed to set up "Guest" share services.
       This is because in these modes the name of the resource being requested
       is not sent to the server until after the server has successfully
       authenticated the client so the server cannot make authentication
       decisions at the correct time (connection to the share) for "Guest"
       shares.

       Default: map to guest = Never

       Example: map to guest = Bad User

       map untrusted to domain (G)

	   If a client connects to smbd using an untrusted domain name, such
	   as BOGUS\user, smbd replaces the BOGUS domain with it's SAM name
	   before attempting to authenticate that user. In the case where smbd
	   is acting as a PDC this will be DOMAIN\user. In the case where smbd
	   is acting as a domain member server or a standalone server this
	   will be WORKSTATION\user.

	   In previous versions of Samba (pre 3.4), if smbd was acting as a
	   domain member server, the BOGUS domain name would instead be
	   replaced by the primary domain which smbd was a member of. In this
	   case authentication would be deferred off to a DC using the
	   credentials DOMAIN\user.

	   When this parameter is set to yes smbd provides the legacy behavior
	   of mapping untrusted domain names to the primary domain. When smbd
	   is not acting as a domain member server, this parameter has no
	   effect.

	   Default: map untrusted to domain = no

       ntlm auth (G)

	   This parameter determines whether or not smbd(8) will attempt to
	   authenticate users using the NTLM encrypted password response. If
	   disabled, either the lanman password hash or an NTLMv2 response
	   will need to be sent by the client.

	   If this option, and lanman auth are both disabled, then only NTLMv2
	   logins will be permited. Not all clients support NTLMv2, and most
	   will require special configuration to use it.

	   Default: ntlm auth = yes

       ntp signd socket directory (G)

	   This setting controls the location of the socket that the NTP
	   daemon uses to communicate with Samba for signing packets.

	   If a non-default path is specified here, then it is also necessary
	   to make NTP aware of the new path using the ntpsigndsocket
	   directive in ntp.conf.

	   Default: ntp signd socket directory = /var/lib/samba/ntp_signd

       null passwords (G)

	   Allow or disallow client access to accounts that have null
	   passwords.

	   See also smbpasswd(5).

	   Default: null passwords = no

       obey pam restrictions (G)

	   When Samba 3.0 is configured to enable PAM support (i.e.
	   --with-pam), this parameter will control whether or not Samba
	   should obey PAM's account and session management directives. The
	   default behavior is to use PAM for clear text authentication only
	   and to ignore any account or session management. Note that Samba
	   always ignores PAM for authentication in the case of encrypt
	   passwords = yes. The reason is that PAM modules cannot support the
	   challenge/response authentication mechanism needed in the presence
	   of SMB password encryption.

	   Default: obey pam restrictions = no

       old password allowed period (G)

	   Number of minutes to permit an NTLM login after a password change
	   or reset using the old password. This allows the user to re-cache
	   the new password on multiple clients without disrupting a network
	   reconnection in the meantime.

	   This parameter only applies when server role is set to Active
	   Directory Domain Controller

	   Default: old password allowed period = 60

       only user (S)

	   To restrict a service to a particular set of users you can use the
	   valid users parameter.

	   This parameter is deprecated

	   However, it currently operates only in conjunction with username.
	   The supported way to restrict a service to a particular set of
	   users is the valid users parameter.

	   Default: only user = no

       pam password change (G)

	   With the addition of better PAM support in Samba 2.2, this
	   parameter, it is possible to use PAM's password change control flag
	   for Samba. If enabled, then PAM will be used for password changes
	   when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
	   passwd program. It should be possible to enable this without
	   changing your passwd chat parameter for most setups.

	   Default: pam password change = no

       passdb backend (G)

	   This option allows the administrator to chose which backend will be
	   used for storing user and possibly group information. This allows
	   you to swap between different storage mechanisms without recompile.

	   The parameter value is divided into two parts, the backend's name,
	   and a 'location' string that has meaning only to that particular
	   backed. These are separated by a : character.

	   Available backends can include:

	   o   smbpasswd - The old plaintext passdb backend. Some Samba
	       features will not work if this passdb backend is used. Takes a
	       path to the smbpasswd file as an optional argument.

	   o   tdbsam - The TDB based password storage backend. Takes a path
	       to the TDB as an optional argument (defaults to passdb.tdb in
	       the private dir directory.

	   o   ldapsam - The LDAP based passdb backend. Takes an LDAP URL as
	       an optional argument (defaults to ldap://localhost)

	       LDAP connections should be secured where possible. This may be
	       done using either Start-TLS (see ldap ssl) or by specifying
	       ldaps:// in the URL argument.

	       Multiple servers may also be specified in double-quotes.
	       Whether multiple servers are supported or not and the exact
	       syntax depends on the LDAP library you use.


	    Examples of use are:

	   passdb backend = tdbsam:/etc/samba/private/passdb.tdb

	   or multi server LDAP URL with OpenLDAP library:

	   passdb backend = ldapsam:"ldap://ldap-1.example.com ldap://ldap-2.example.com"

	   or multi server LDAP URL with Netscape based LDAP library:

	   passdb backend = ldapsam:"ldap://ldap-1.example.com ldap-2.example.com"

       Default: passdb backend = tdbsam

       passdb expand explicit (G)

	   This parameter controls whether Samba substitutes %-macros in the
	   passdb fields if they are explicitly set. We used to expand macros
	   here, but this turned out to be a bug because the Windows client
	   can expand a variable %G_osver% in which %G would have been
	   substituted by the user's primary group.

	   Default: passdb expand explicit = no

       passwd chat (G)

	   This string controls the "chat" conversation that takes places
	   between smbd(8) and the local password changing program to change
	   the user's password. The string describes a sequence of
	   response-receive pairs that smbd(8) uses to determine what to send
	   to the passwd program and what to expect back. If the expected
	   output is not received then the password is not changed.

	   This chat sequence is often quite site specific, depending on what
	   local methods are used for password control (such as NIS etc).

	   Note that this parameter only is used if the unix password sync
	   parameter is set to yes. This sequence is then called AS ROOT when
	   the SMB password in the smbpasswd file is being changed, without
	   access to the old password cleartext. This means that root must be
	   able to reset the user's password without knowing the text of the
	   previous password. In the presence of NIS/YP, this means that the
	   passwd program must be executed on the NIS master.

	   The string can contain the macro %n which is substituted for the
	   new password. The old passsword (%o) is only available when encrypt
	   passwords has been disabled. The chat sequence can also contain the
	   standard macros \n, \r, \t and \s to give line-feed,
	   carriage-return, tab and space. The chat sequence string can also
	   contain a '*' which matches any sequence of characters. Double
	   quotes can be used to collect strings with spaces in them into a
	   single string.

	   If the send string in any part of the chat sequence is a full stop
	   ".", then no string is sent. Similarly, if the expect string is a
	   full stop then no string is expected.

	   If the pam password change parameter is set to yes, the chat pairs
	   may be matched in any order, and success is determined by the PAM
	   result, not any particular output. The \n macro is ignored for PAM
	   conversions.

	   Default: passwd chat = *new*password* %n\n *new*password* %n\n
	   *changed*

	   Example: passwd chat = "*Enter NEW password*" %n\n "*Reenter NEW
	   password*" %n\n "*Password changed*"

       passwd chat debug (G)

	   This boolean specifies if the passwd chat script parameter is run
	   in debug mode. In this mode the strings passed to and received from
	   the passwd chat are printed in the smbd(8) log with a debug level
	   of 100. This is a dangerous option as it will allow plaintext
	   passwords to be seen in the smbd log. It is available to help Samba
	   admins debug their passwd chat scripts when calling the passwd
	   program and should be turned off after this has been done. This
	   option has no effect if the pam password change parameter is set.
	   This parameter is off by default.

	   Default: passwd chat debug = no

       passwd chat timeout (G)

	   This integer specifies the number of seconds smbd will wait for an
	   initial answer from a passwd chat script being run. Once the
	   initial answer is received the subsequent answers must be received
	   in one tenth of this time. The default it two seconds.

	   Default: passwd chat timeout = 2

       passwd program (G)

	   The name of a program that can be used to set UNIX user passwords.
	   Any occurrences of %u will be replaced with the user name. The user
	   name is checked for existence before calling the password changing
	   program.

	   Also note that many passwd programs insist in reasonable passwords,
	   such as a minimum length, or the inclusion of mixed case chars and
	   digits. This can pose a problem as some clients (such as Windows
	   for Workgroups) uppercase the password before sending it.

	   Note that if the unix password sync parameter is set to yes then
	   this program is called AS ROOT before the SMB password in the
	   smbpasswd file is changed. If this UNIX password change fails, then
	   smbd will fail to change the SMB password also (this is by design).

	   If the unix password sync parameter is set this parameter MUST USE
	   ABSOLUTE PATHS for ALL programs called, and must be examined for
	   security implications. Note that by default unix password sync is
	   set to no.

	   Default: passwd program =

	   Example: passwd program = /bin/passwd %u

       password server (G)

	   By specifying the name of a domain controller with this option, and
	   using security = [ads|domain] it is possible to get Samba to do all
	   its username/password validation using a specific remote server.

	   Ideally, this option should not be used, as the default '*'
	   indicates to Samba to determine the best DC to contact dynamically,
	   just as all other hosts in an AD domain do. This allows the domain
	   to be maintained (addition and removal of domain controllers)
	   without modification to the smb.conf file. The cryptographic
	   protection on the authenticated RPC calls used to verify passwords
	   ensures that this default is safe.

	   It is strongly recommended that you use the default of '*', however
	   if in your particular environment you have reason to specify a
	   particular DC list, then the list of machines in this option must
	   be a list of names or IP addresses of Domain controllers for the
	   Domain. If you use the default of '*', or list several hosts in the
	   password server option then smbd will try each in turn till it
	   finds one that responds. This is useful in case your primary server
	   goes down.

	   If the list of servers contains both names/IP's and the '*'
	   character, the list is treated as a list of preferred domain
	   controllers, but an auto lookup of all remaining DC's will be added
	   to the list as well. Samba will not attempt to optimize this list
	   by locating the closest DC.

	   If parameter is a name, it is looked up using the parameter name
	   resolve order and so may resolved by any method and order described
	   in that parameter.

	   Default: password server = *

	   Example: password server = NT-PDC, NT-BDC1, NT-BDC2, *

	   Example: password server = windc.mydomain.com:389 192.168.1.101 *

       preload modules (G)

	   This is a list of paths to modules that should be loaded into smbd
	   before a client connects. This improves the speed of smbd when
	   reacting to new connections somewhat.

	   Default: preload modules =

	   Example: preload modules = /usr/lib/samba/passdb/mysql.so

       private directory

	   This parameter is a synonym for private dir.

       private dir (G)

	   This parameters defines the directory smbd will use for storing
	   such files as smbpasswd and secrets.tdb (or secrets.ntdb).

	   Default: private dir = /var/lib/samba/private

       raw NTLMv2 auth (G)

	   This parameter determines whether or not smbd(8) will allow SMB1
	   clients without extended security (without SPNEGO) to use NTLMv2
	   authentication.

	   If this option, lanman auth and ntlm auth are all disabled, then
	   only clients with SPNEGO support will be permitted. That means
	   NTLMv2 is only supported within NTLMSSP.

	   Default: raw NTLMv2 auth = no

       read list (S)

	   This is a list of users that are given read-only access to a
	   service. If the connecting user is in this list then they will not
	   be given write access, no matter what the read only option is set
	   to. The list can include group names using the syntax described in
	   the invalid users parameter.

	   Default: read list =

	   Example: read list = mary, @students

       write ok

	   This parameter is a synonym for read only.

       read only (S)

	   An inverted synonym is writeable.

	   If this parameter is yes, then users of a service may not create or
	   modify files in the service's directory.

	   Note that a printable service (printable = yes) will ALWAYS allow
	   writing to the directory (user privileges permitting), but only via
	   spooling operations.

	   Default: read only = yes

       rename user script (G)

	   This is the full pathname to a script that will be run as root by
	   smbd(8) under special circumstances described below.

	   When a user with admin authority or SeAddUserPrivilege rights
	   renames a user (e.g.: from the NT4 User Manager for Domains), this
	   script will be run to rename the POSIX user. Two variables, %uold
	   and %unew, will be substituted with the old and new usernames,
	   respectively. The script should return 0 upon successful
	   completion, and nonzero otherwise.

	       Note
	       The script has all responsibility to rename all the necessary
	       data that is accessible in this posix method. This can mean
	       different requirements for different backends. The tdbsam and
	       smbpasswd backends will take care of the contents of their
	       respective files, so the script is responsible only for
	       changing the POSIX username, and other data that may required
	       for your circumstances, such as home directory. Please also
	       consider whether or not you need to rename the actual home
	       directories themselves. The ldapsam backend will not make any
	       changes, because of the potential issues with renaming the LDAP
	       naming attribute. In this case the script is responsible for
	       changing the attribute that samba uses (uid) for locating
	       users, as well as any data that needs to change for other
	       applications using the same directory.
	   Default: rename user script =

       restrict anonymous (G)

	   The setting of this parameter determines whether user and group
	   list information is returned for an anonymous connection. and
	   mirrors the effects of the

	       HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\
			  Control\LSA\RestrictAnonymous

	   registry key in Windows 2000 and Windows NT. When set to 0, user
	   and group list information is returned to anyone who asks. When set
	   to 1, only an authenticated user can retrieve user and group list
	   information. For the value 2, supported by Windows 2000/XP and
	   Samba, no anonymous connections are allowed at all. This can break
	   third party and Microsoft applications which expect to be allowed
	   to perform operations anonymously.

	   The security advantage of using restrict anonymous = 1 is dubious,
	   as user and group list information can be obtained using other
	   means.

	       Note
	       The security advantage of using restrict anonymous = 2 is
	       removed by setting guest ok = yes on any share.
	   Default: restrict anonymous = 0

       root

	   This parameter is a synonym for root directory.

       root dir

	   This parameter is a synonym for root directory.

       root directory (G)

	   The server will chroot() (i.e. Change its root directory) to this
	   directory on startup. This is not strictly necessary for secure
	   operation. Even without it the server will deny access to files not
	   in one of the service entries. It may also check for, and deny
	   access to, soft links to other parts of the filesystem, or attempts
	   to use ".." in file names to access other directories (depending on
	   the setting of the wide smbconfoptions parameter).

	   Adding a root directory entry other than "/" adds an extra level of
	   security, but at a price. It absolutely ensures that no access is
	   given to files not in the sub-tree specified in the root directory
	   option, including some files needed for complete operation of the
	   server. To maintain full operability of the server you will need to
	   mirror some system files into the root directory tree. In
	   particular you will need to mirror /etc/passwd (or a subset of it),
	   and any binaries or configuration files needed for printing (if
	   required). The set of files that must be mirrored is operating
	   system dependent.

	   Default: root directory =

	   Example: root directory = /homes/smb

       samba kcc command (G)

	   This option specifies the path to the Samba KCC command. This
	   script is used for replication topology replication.

	   It should not be necessary to modify this option except for testing
	   purposes or if the samba_kcc was installed in a non-default
	   location.

	   Default: samba kcc command =
	   /builddir/build/BUILD/samba-4.2.10/source4/scripting/bin/samba_kcc

	   Example: samba kcc command = /usr/local/bin/kcc

       security (G)

	   This option affects how clients respond to Samba and is one of the
	   most important settings in the smb.conf file.

	   The default is security = user, as this is the most common setting,
	   used for a standalone file server or a DC.

	   The alternatives are security = ads or security = domain, which
	   support joining Samba to a Windows domain

	   You should use security = user and map to guest if you want to
	   mainly setup shares without a password (guest shares). This is
	   commonly used for a shared printer server.

	   The different settings will now be explained.

	   SECURITY = AUTO

	   This is the default security setting in Samba, and causes Samba to
	   consult the server role parameter (if set) to determine the
	   security mode.

	   SECURITY = USER

	   If server role is not specified, this is the default security
	   setting in Samba. With user-level security a client must first
	   "log-on" with a valid username and password (which can be mapped
	   using the username map parameter). Encrypted passwords (see the
	   encrypted passwords parameter) can also be used in this security
	   mode. Parameters such as user and guest only if set are then
	   applied and may change the UNIX user to use on this connection, but
	   only after the user has been successfully authenticated.

	   Note that the name of the resource being requested is not sent to
	   the server until after the server has successfully authenticated
	   the client. This is why guest shares don't work in user level
	   security without allowing the server to automatically map unknown
	   users into the guest account. See the map to guest parameter for
	   details on doing this.

	   SECURITY = DOMAIN

	   This mode will only work correctly if net(8) has been used to add
	   this machine into a Windows NT Domain. It expects the encrypted
	   passwords parameter to be set to yes. In this mode Samba will try
	   to validate the username/password by passing it to a Windows NT
	   Primary or Backup Domain Controller, in exactly the same way that a
	   Windows NT Server would do.

	   Note that a valid UNIX user must still exist as well as the account
	   on the Domain Controller to allow Samba to have a valid UNIX
	   account to map file access to.

	   Note that from the client's point of view security = domain is the
	   same as security = user. It only affects how the server deals with
	   the authentication, it does not in any way affect what the client
	   sees.

	   Note that the name of the resource being requested is not sent to
	   the server until after the server has successfully authenticated
	   the client. This is why guest shares don't work in user level
	   security without allowing the server to automatically map unknown
	   users into the guest account. See the map to guest parameter for
	   details on doing this.

	   See also the password server parameter and the encrypted passwords
	   parameter.

	   Note that the name of the resource being requested is not sent to
	   the server until after the server has successfully authenticated
	   the client. This is why guest shares don't work in user level
	   security without allowing the server to automatically map unknown
	   users into the guest account. See the map to guest parameter for
	   details on doing this.

	   See also the password server parameter and the encrypted passwords
	   parameter.

	   SECURITY = ADS

	   In this mode, Samba will act as a domain member in an ADS realm. To
	   operate in this mode, the machine running Samba will need to have
	   Kerberos installed and configured and Samba will need to be joined
	   to the ADS realm using the net utility.

	   Note that this mode does NOT make Samba operate as a Active
	   Directory Domain Controller.

	   Note that this forces require strong key = yes and client schannel
	   = yes for the primary domain.

	   Read the chapter about Domain Membership in the HOWTO for details.

	   Default: security = AUTO

	   Example: security = DOMAIN

       security mask (S)

	   This parameter has been removed for Samba 4.0.0.

	   No default

       server role (G)

	   This option determines the basic operating mode of a Samba server
	   and is one of the most important settings in the smb.conf file.

	   The default is server role = auto, as causes Samba to operate
	   according to the security setting, or if not specified as a simple
	   file server that is not connected to any domain.

	   The alternatives are server role = standalone or server role =
	   member server, which support joining Samba to a Windows domain,
	   along with server role = domain controller, which run Samba as a
	   Windows domain controller.

	   You should use server role = standalone and map to guest if you
	   want to mainly setup shares without a password (guest shares). This
	   is commonly used for a shared printer server.

	   SERVER ROLE = AUTO

	   This is the default server role in Samba, and causes Samba to
	   consult the security parameter (if set) to determine the server
	   role, giving compatable behaviours to previous Samba versions.

	   SERVER ROLE = STANDALONE

	   If security is also not specified, this is the default security
	   setting in Samba. In standalone operation, a client must first
	   "log-on" with a valid username and password (which can be mapped
	   using the username map parameter) stored on this machine. Encrypted
	   passwords (see the encrypted passwords parameter) are by default
	   used in this security mode. Parameters such as user and guest only
	   if set are then applied and may change the UNIX user to use on this
	   connection, but only after the user has been successfully
	   authenticated.

	   SERVER ROLE = MEMBER SERVER

	   This mode will only work correctly if net(8) has been used to add
	   this machine into a Windows Domain. It expects the encrypted
	   passwords parameter to be set to yes. In this mode Samba will try
	   to validate the username/password by passing it to a Windows or
	   Samba Domain Controller, in exactly the same way that a Windows
	   Server would do.

	   Note that a valid UNIX user must still exist as well as the account
	   on the Domain Controller to allow Samba to have a valid UNIX
	   account to map file access to. Winbind can provide this.

	   SERVER ROLE = CLASSIC PRIMARY DOMAIN CONTROLLER

	   This mode of operation runs a classic Samba primary domain
	   controller, providing domain logon services to Windows and Samba
	   clients of an NT4-like domain. Clients must be joined to the domain
	   to create a secure, trusted path across the network. There must be
	   only one PDC per NetBIOS scope (typcially a broadcast network or
	   clients served by a single WINS server).

	   SERVER ROLE = NETBIOS BACKUP DOMAIN CONTROLLER

	   This mode of operation runs a classic Samba backup domain
	   controller, providing domain logon services to Windows and Samba
	   clients of an NT4-like domain. As a BDC, this allows multiple Samba
	   servers to provide redundant logon services to a single NetBIOS
	   scope.

	   SERVER ROLE = ACTIVE DIRECTORY DOMAIN CONTROLLER

	   This mode of operation runs Samba as an active directory domain
	   controller, providing domain logon services to Windows and Samba
	   clients of the domain. This role requires special configuration,
	   see the Samba4 HOWTO

	   Default: server role = AUTO

	   Example: server role = DOMAIN CONTROLLER

       server schannel (G)

	   This controls whether the server offers or even demands the use of
	   the netlogon schannel.  server schannel = no does not offer the
	   schannel, server schannel = auto offers the schannel but does not
	   enforce it, and server schannel = yes denies access if the client
	   is not able to speak netlogon schannel. This is only the case for
	   Windows NT4 before SP4.

	   Please note that with this set to no, you will have to apply the
	   WindowsXP WinXP_SignOrSeal.reg registry patch found in the
	   docs/registry subdirectory of the Samba distribution tarball.

	   Default: server schannel = auto

	   Example: server schannel = yes

       server signing (G)

	   This controls whether the client is allowed or required to use SMB1
	   and SMB2 signing. Possible values are default, auto, mandatory and
	   disabled.

	   By default, and when smb signing is set to default, smb signing is
	   required when server role is active directory domain controller and
	   disabled otherwise.

	   When set to auto, SMB1 signing is offered, but not enforced. When
	   set to mandatory, SMB1 signing is required and if set to disabled,
	   SMB signing is not offered either.

	   For the SMB2 protocol, by design, signing cannot be disabled. In
	   the case where SMB2 is negotiated, if this parameter is set to
	   disabled, it will be treated as auto. Setting it to mandatory will
	   still require SMB2 clients to use signing.

	   Default: server signing = default

       smb encrypt (S)

	   This parameter controls whether a remote client is allowed or
	   required to use SMB encryption. It has different effects depending
	   on whether the connection uses SMB1 or SMB2 and newer:

	   o   If the connection uses SMB1, then this option controls the use
	       of a Samba-specific extension to the SMB protocol introduced in
	       Samba 3.2 that makes use of the Unix extensions.

	   o   If the connection uses SMB2 or newer, then this option controls
	       the use of the SMB-level encryption that is supported in SMB
	       version 3.0 and above and available in Windows 8 and newer.

       This parameter can be set globally and on a per-share bases. Possible
       values are off (or disabled), enabled (or auto, or if_required),
       desired, and required (or mandatory). A special value is default which
       is the implicit default setting of enabled.

       Effects for SMB1
	   The Samba-specific encryption of SMB1 connections is an extension
	   to the SMB protocol negotiated as part of the UNIX extensions. SMB
	   encryption uses the GSSAPI (SSPI on Windows) ability to encrypt and
	   sign every request/response in a SMB protocol stream. When enabled
	   it provides a secure method of SMB/CIFS communication, similar to
	   an ssh protected session, but using SMB/CIFS authentication to
	   negotiate encryption and signing keys. Currently this is only
	   supported smbclient of by Samba 3.2 and newer, and hopefully soon
	   Linux CIFSFS and MacOS/X clients. Windows clients do not support
	   this feature.

	   This may be set on a per-share basis, but clients may chose to
	   encrypt the entire session, not just traffic to a specific share.
	   If this is set to mandatory then all traffic to a share must be
	   encrypted once the connection has been made to the share. The
	   server would return "access denied" to all non-encrypted requests
	   on such a share. Selecting encrypted traffic reduces throughput as
	   smaller packet sizes must be used (no huge UNIX style read/writes
	   allowed) as well as the overhead of encrypting and signing all the
	   data.

	   If SMB encryption is selected, Windows style SMB signing (see the
	   server signing option) is no longer necessary, as the GSSAPI flags
	   use select both signing and sealing of the data.

	   When set to auto or default, SMB encryption is offered, but not
	   enforced. When set to mandatory, SMB encryption is required and if
	   set to disabled, SMB encryption can not be negotiated.

       Effects for SMB2
	   Native SMB transport encryption is available in SMB version 3.0 or
	   newer. It is only offered by Samba if server max protocol is set to
	   SMB3 or newer. Clients supporting this type of encryption include
	   Windows 8 and newer, Windows server 2012 and newer, and smbclient
	   of Samba 4.1 and newer.

	   The protocol implementation offers various options:

	   o   The capability to perform SMB encryption can be negotiated
	       during protocol negotiation.

	   o   Data encryption can be enabled globally. In that case, an
	       encryption-capable connection will have all traffic in all its
	       sessions encrypted. In particular all share connections will be
	       encrypted.

	   o   Data encryption can also be enabled per share if not enabled
	       globally. For an encryption-capable connection, all connections
	       to an encryption-enabled share will be encrypted.

	   o   Encryption can be enforced. This means that session setups will
	       be denied on non-encryption-capable connections if data
	       encryption has been enabled globally. And tree connections will
	       be denied for non-encryption capable connections to shares with
	       data encryption enabled.

       These features can be crontrolled with settings of smb encrypt as
       follows:

       o   Leaving it as default, explicitly setting default, or setting it to
	   enabled globally will enable negotiation of encryption but will not
	   turn on data encryption globally or per share.

       o   Setting it to desired globally will enable negotiation and will
	   turn on data encryption on sessions and share connections for those
	   clients that support it.

       o   Setting it to required globally will enable negotiation and turn on
	   data encryption on sessions and share connections. Clients that do
	   not support encryption will be denied access to the server.

       o   Setting it to off globally will completely disable the encryption
	   feature.

       o   Setting it to desired on a share will turn on data encryption for
	   this share for clients that support encryption if negotiation has
	   been enabled globally.

       o   Setting it to required on a share will enforce data encryption for
	   this share if negotiation has been enabled globally. I.e. clients
	   that do not support encryption will be denied access to the share.

	   Note that this allows per-share enforcing to be controlled in Samba
	   differently from Windows: In Windows, RejectUnencryptedAccess is a
	   global setting, and if it is set, all shares with data encryption
	   turned on are automatically enforcing encryption. In order to
	   achieve the same effect in Samba, one has to globally set smb
	   encrypt to enabled, and then set all shares that should be
	   encrypted to required. Additionally, it is possible in Samba to
	   have some shares with encryption required and some other shares
	   with encryption only desired, which is not possible in Windows.

       o   Setting it to off or enabled for a share has no effect.


       Default: smb encrypt = default

       smb passwd file (G)

	   This option sets the path to the encrypted smbpasswd file. By
	   default the path to the smbpasswd file is compiled into Samba.

	   An example of use is:

	       smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

	   Default: smb passwd file = /var/lib/samba/private/smbpasswd

       tls cafile (G)

	   This option can be set to a file (PEM format) containing CA
	   certificates of root CAs to trust to sign certificates or
	   intermediate CA certificates.

	   This path is relative to private dir if the path does not start
	   with a /.

	   Default: tls cafile = tls/ca.pem

       tls certfile (G)

	   This option can be set to a file (PEM format) containing the RSA
	   certificate.

	   This path is relative to private dir if the path does not start
	   with a /.

	   Default: tls certfile = tls/cert.pem

       tls crlfile (G)

	   This option can be set to a file containing a certificate
	   revocation list (CRL).

	   This path is relative to private dir if the path does not start
	   with a /.

	   Default: tls crlfile =

       tls dh params file (G)

	   This option can be set to a file with Diffie-Hellman parameters
	   which will be used with EDH ciphers.

	   This path is relative to private dir if the path does not start
	   with a /.

	   Default: tls dh params file =

       tls enabled (G)

	   If this option is set to yes, then Samba will use TLS when possible
	   in communication.

	   Default: tls enabled = yes

       tls keyfile (G)

	   This option can be set to a file (PEM format) containing the RSA
	   private key. This file must be accessible without a pass-phrase,
	   i.e. it must not be encrypted.

	   This path is relative to private dir if the path does not start
	   with a /.

	   Default: tls keyfile = tls/key.pem

       tls priority (G)

	   This option can be set to a string describing the TLS protocols to
	   be supported in the parts of Samba that use GnuTLS, specifically
	   the AD DC.

	   The default turns off SSLv3, as this protocol is no longer
	   considered secure after CVE-2014-3566 (otherwise known as POODLE)
	   impacted SSLv3 use in HTTPS applications.

	   The valid options are described in the GNUTLS Priority-Strings
	   documentation at
	   http://gnutls.org/manual/html_node/Priority-Strings.html

	   Default: tls priority = NORMAL:-VERS-SSL3.0

       tls verify peer (G)

	   This controls if and how strict the client will verify the peer's
	   certificate and name. Possible values are (in increasing order):
	   no_check, ca_only, ca_and_name_if_available, ca_and_name and
	   as_strict_as_possible.

	   When set to no_check the certificate is not verified at all, which
	   allows trivial man in the middle attacks.

	   When set to ca_only the certificate is verified to be signed from a
	   ca specified in the tls ca file option. Setting tls ca file to a
	   valid file is required. The certificate lifetime is also verified.
	   If the tls crl file option is configured, the certificate is also
	   verified against the ca crl.

	   When set to ca_and_name_if_available all checks from ca_only are
	   performed. In addition, the peer hostname is verified against the
	   certificate's name, if it is provided by the application layer and
	   not given as an ip address string.

	   When set to ca_and_name all checks from ca_and_name_if_available
	   are performed. In addition the peer hostname needs to be provided
	   and even an ip address is checked against the certificate's name.

	   When set to as_strict_as_possible all checks from ca_and_name are
	   performed. In addition the tls crl file needs to be configured.
	   Future versions of Samba may implement additional checks.

	   Default: tls verify peer = as_strict_as_possible

       unix password sync (G)

	   This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to
	   synchronize the UNIX password with the SMB password when the
	   encrypted SMB password in the smbpasswd file is changed. If this is
	   set to yes the program specified in the passwd program parameter is
	   called AS ROOT - to allow the new UNIX password to be set without
	   access to the old UNIX password (as the SMB password change code
	   has no access to the old password cleartext, only the new).

	   Default: unix password sync = no

       user

	   This parameter is a synonym for username.

       users

	   This parameter is a synonym for username.

       username (S)

	   To restrict a service to a particular set of users you can use the
	   valid users parameter.

	   This parameter is deprecated

	   However, it currently operates only in conjunction with only user.
	   The supported way to restrict a service to a particular set of
	   users is the valid users parameter.

	   Default: username =	# The guest account if a guest service, else
	   <empty string>.

	   Example: username = fred, mary, jack, jane, @users, @pcgroup

       username level (G)

	   This option helps Samba to try and 'guess' at the real UNIX
	   username, as many DOS clients send an all-uppercase username. By
	   default Samba tries all lowercase, followed by the username with
	   the first letter capitalized, and fails if the username is not
	   found on the UNIX machine.

	   If this parameter is set to non-zero the behavior changes. This
	   parameter is a number that specifies the number of uppercase
	   combinations to try while trying to determine the UNIX user name.
	   The higher the number the more combinations will be tried, but the
	   slower the discovery of usernames will be. Use this parameter when
	   you have strange usernames on your UNIX machine, such as
	   AstrangeUser .

	   This parameter is needed only on UNIX systems that have case
	   sensitive usernames.

	   Default: username level = 0

	   Example: username level = 5

       username map (G)

	   This option allows you to specify a file containing a mapping of
	   usernames from the clients to the server. This can be used for
	   several purposes. The most common is to map usernames that users
	   use on DOS or Windows machines to those that the UNIX box uses. The
	   other is to map multiple users to a single username so that they
	   can more easily share files.

	   Please note that for user mode security, the username map is
	   applied prior to validating the user credentials. Domain member
	   servers (domain or ads) apply the username map after the user has
	   been successfully authenticated by the domain controller and
	   require fully qualified entries in the map table (e.g. biddle =
	   DOMAIN\foo).

	   The map file is parsed line by line. Each line should contain a
	   single UNIX username on the left then a '=' followed by a list of
	   usernames on the right. The list of usernames on the right may
	   contain names of the form @group in which case they will match any
	   UNIX username in that group. The special client name '*' is a
	   wildcard and matches any name. Each line of the map file may be up
	   to 1023 characters long.

	   The file is processed on each line by taking the supplied username
	   and comparing it with each username on the right hand side of the
	   '=' signs. If the supplied name matches any of the names on the
	   right hand side then it is replaced with the name on the left.
	   Processing then continues with the next line.

	   If any line begins with a '#' or a ';' then it is ignored.

	   If any line begins with an '!' then the processing will stop after
	   that line if a mapping was done by the line. Otherwise mapping
	   continues with every line being processed. Using '!' is most useful
	   when you have a wildcard mapping line later in the file.

	   For example to map from the name admin or administrator to the UNIX
	   name
	    root you would use:

	       root = admin administrator

	   Or to map anyone in the UNIX group system to the UNIX name sys you
	   would use:

	       sys = @system

	   You can have as many mappings as you like in a username map file.

	   If your system supports the NIS NETGROUP option then the netgroup
	   database is checked before the /etc/group database for matching
	   groups.

	   You can map Windows usernames that have spaces in them by using
	   double quotes around the name. For example:

	       tridge = "Andrew Tridgell"

	   would map the windows username "Andrew Tridgell" to the unix
	   username "tridge".

	   The following example would map mary and fred to the unix user sys,
	   and map the rest to guest. Note the use of the '!' to tell Samba to
	   stop processing if it gets a match on that line:

	       !sys = mary fred
	       guest = *

	   Note that the remapping is applied to all occurrences of usernames.
	   Thus if you connect to \\server\fred and fred is remapped to mary
	   then you will actually be connecting to \\server\mary and will need
	   to supply a password suitable for mary not fred. The only exception
	   to this is the username passed to a Domain Controller (if you have
	   one). The DC will receive whatever username the client supplies
	   without modification.

	   Also note that no reverse mapping is done. The main effect this has
	   is with printing. Users who have been mapped may have trouble
	   deleting print jobs as PrintManager under WfWg will think they
	   don't own the print job.

	   Samba versions prior to 3.0.8 would only support reading the fully
	   qualified username (e.g.: DOMAIN\user) from the username map when
	   performing a kerberos login from a client. However, when looking up
	   a map entry for a user authenticated by NTLM[SSP], only the login
	   name would be used for matches. This resulted in inconsistent
	   behavior sometimes even on the same server.

	   The following functionality is obeyed in version 3.0.8 and later:

	   When performing local authentication, the username map is applied
	   to the login name before attempting to authenticate the connection.

	   When relying upon a external domain controller for validating
	   authentication requests, smbd will apply the username map to the
	   fully qualified username (i.e.  DOMAIN\user) only after the user
	   has been successfully authenticated.

	   An example of use is:

	       username map = /usr/local/samba/lib/users.map

	   Default: username map =  # no username map

       username map cache time (G)

	   Mapping usernames with the username map or username map script
	   features of Samba can be relatively expensive. During login of a
	   user, the mapping is done several times. In particular, calling the
	   username map script can slow down logins if external databases have
	   to be queried from the script being called.

	   The parameter username map cache time controls a mapping cache. It
	   specifies the number of seconds a mapping from the username map
	   file or script is to be efficiently cached. The default of 0 means
	   no caching is done.

	   Default: username map cache time = 0

	   Example: username map cache time = 60

       username map script (G)

	   This script is a mutually exclusive alternative to the username map
	   parameter. This parameter specifies and external program or script
	   that must accept a single command line option (the username
	   transmitted in the authentication request) and return a line on
	   standard output (the name to which the account should mapped). In
	   this way, it is possible to store username map tables in an LDAP or
	   NIS directory services.

	   Default: username map script =

	   Example: username map script = /etc/samba/scripts/mapusers.sh

       valid users (S)

	   This is a list of users that should be allowed to login to this
	   service. Names starting with '@', '+' and '&' are interpreted using
	   the same rules as described in the invalid users parameter.

	   If this is empty (the default) then any user can login. If a
	   username is in both this list and the invalid users list then
	   access is denied for that user.

	   The current servicename is substituted for %S. This is useful in
	   the [homes] section.

	   Note: When used in the [global] section this parameter may have
	   unwanted side effects. For example: If samba is configured as a
	   MASTER BROWSER (see local master, os level, domain master,
	   preferred master) this option will prevent workstations from being
	   able to browse the network.

	   Default: valid users =  # No valid users list (anyone can login)

	   Example: valid users = greg, @pcusers

       writable

	   This parameter is a synonym for writeable.

       writeable (S)

	   Inverted synonym for read only.

	   Default: writeable = no

       write list (S)

	   This is a list of users that are given read-write access to a
	   service. If the connecting user is in this list then they will be
	   given write access, no matter what the read only option is set to.
	   The list can include group names using the @group syntax.

	   Note that if a user is in both the read list and the write list
	   then they will be given write access.

	   Default: write list =

	   Example: write list = admin, root, @staff

       aio read size (S)

	   If Samba has been built with asynchronous I/O support and this
	   integer parameter is set to non-zero value, Samba will read from
	   file asynchronously when size of request is bigger than this value.
	   Note that it happens only for non-chained and non-chaining reads
	   and when not using write cache.

	   Current implementation of asynchronous I/O in Samba 3.0 does
	   support only up to 10 outstanding asynchronous requests, read and
	   write combined.

	   Related command: write cache size

	   Related command: aio write size

	   Default: aio read size = 0

	   Example: aio read size = 16384 # Use asynchronous I/O for reads
	   bigger than 16KB request size

       aio write behind (S)

	   If Samba has been built with asynchronous I/O support, Samba will
	   not wait until write requests are finished before returning the
	   result to the client for files listed in this parameter. Instead,
	   Samba will immediately return that the write request has been
	   finished successfully, no matter if the operation will succeed or
	   not. This might speed up clients without aio support, but is really
	   dangerous, because data could be lost and files could be damaged.

	   The syntax is identical to the veto files parameter.

	   Default: aio write behind =

	   Example: aio write behind = /*.tmp/

       aio write size (S)

	   If Samba has been built with asynchronous I/O support and this
	   integer parameter is set to non-zero value, Samba will write to
	   file asynchronously when size of request is bigger than this value.
	   Note that it happens only for non-chained and non-chaining reads
	   and when not using write cache.

	   Current implementation of asynchronous I/O in Samba 3.0 does
	   support only up to 10 outstanding asynchronous requests, read and
	   write combined.

	   Related command: write cache size

	   Related command: aio read size

	   Default: aio write size = 0

	   Example: aio write size = 16384 # Use asynchronous I/O for writes
	   bigger than 16KB request size

       allocation roundup size (S)

	   This parameter allows an administrator to tune the allocation size
	   reported to Windows clients. The default size of 1Mb generally
	   results in improved Windows client performance. However, rounding
	   the allocation size may cause difficulties for some applications,
	   e.g. MS Visual Studio. If the MS Visual Studio compiler starts to
	   crash with an internal error, set this parameter to zero for this
	   share.

	   The integer parameter specifies the roundup size in bytes.

	   Default: allocation roundup size = 1048576

	   Example: allocation roundup size = 0 # (to disable roundups)

       block size (S)

	   This parameter controls the behavior of smbd(8) when reporting disk
	   free sizes. By default, this reports a disk block size of 1024
	   bytes.

	   Changing this parameter may have some effect on the efficiency of
	   client writes, this is not yet confirmed. This parameter was added
	   to allow advanced administrators to change it (usually to a higher
	   value) and test the effect it has on client write performance
	   without re-compiling the code. As this is an experimental option it
	   may be removed in a future release.

	   Changing this option does not change the disk free reporting size,
	   just the block size unit reported to the client.

	   Default: block size = 1024

	   Example: block size = 4096

       deadtime (G)

	   The value of the parameter (a decimal integer) represents the
	   number of minutes of inactivity before a connection is considered
	   dead, and it is disconnected. The deadtime only takes effect if the
	   number of open files is zero.

	   This is useful to stop a server's resources being exhausted by a
	   large number of inactive connections.

	   Most clients have an auto-reconnect feature when a connection is
	   broken so in most cases this parameter should be transparent to
	   users.

	   Using this parameter with a timeout of a few minutes is recommended
	   for most systems.

	   A deadtime of zero indicates that no auto-disconnection should be
	   performed.

	   Default: deadtime = 0

	   Example: deadtime = 15

       getwd cache (G)

	   This is a tuning option. When this is enabled a caching algorithm
	   will be used to reduce the time taken for getwd() calls. This can
	   have a significant impact on performance, especially when the wide
	   smbconfoptions parameter is set to no.

	   Default: getwd cache = yes

       hostname lookups (G)

	   Specifies whether samba should use (expensive) hostname lookups or
	   use the ip addresses instead. An example place where hostname
	   lookups are currently used is when checking the hosts deny and
	   hosts allow.

	   Default: hostname lookups = no

	   Example: hostname lookups = yes

       keepalive (G)

	   The value of the parameter (an integer) represents the number of
	   seconds between keepalive packets. If this parameter is zero, no
	   keepalive packets will be sent. Keepalive packets, if sent, allow
	   the server to tell whether a client is still present and
	   responding.

	   Keepalives should, in general, not be needed if the socket has the
	   SO_KEEPALIVE attribute set on it by default. (see socket options).
	   Basically you should only use this option if you strike
	   difficulties.

	   Please note this option only applies to SMB1 client connections,
	   and has no effect on SMB2 clients.

	   Default: keepalive = 300

	   Example: keepalive = 600

       max connections (S)

	   This option allows the number of simultaneous connections to a
	   service to be limited. If max connections is greater than 0 then
	   connections will be refused if this number of connections to the
	   service are already open. A value of zero mean an unlimited number
	   of connections may be made.

	   Record lock files are used to implement this feature. The lock
	   files will be stored in the directory specified by the lock
	   directory option.

	   Default: max connections = 0

	   Example: max connections = 10

       max disk size (G)

	   This option allows you to put an upper limit on the apparent size
	   of disks. If you set this option to 100 then all shares will appear
	   to be not larger than 100 MB in size.

	   Note that this option does not limit the amount of data you can put
	   on the disk. In the above case you could still store much more than
	   100 MB on the disk, but if a client ever asks for the amount of
	   free disk space or the total disk size then the result will be
	   bounded by the amount specified in max disk size.

	   This option is primarily useful to work around bugs in some pieces
	   of software that can't handle very large disks, particularly disks
	   over 1GB in size.

	   A max disk size of 0 means no limit.

	   Default: max disk size = 0

	   Example: max disk size = 1000

       max open files (G)

	   This parameter limits the maximum number of open files that one
	   smbd(8) file serving process may have open for a client at any one
	   time. This parameter can be set very high (16384) as Samba uses
	   only one bit per unopened file. Setting this parameter lower than
	   16384 will cause Samba to complain and set this value back to the
	   minimum of 16384, as Windows 7 depends on this number of open file
	   handles being available.

	   The limit of the number of open files is usually set by the UNIX
	   per-process file descriptor limit rather than this parameter so you
	   should never need to touch this parameter.

	   Default: max open files = 16384

       max smbd processes (G)

	   This parameter limits the maximum number of smbd(8) processes
	   concurrently running on a system and is intended as a stopgap to
	   prevent degrading service to clients in the event that the server
	   has insufficient resources to handle more than this number of
	   connections. Remember that under normal operating conditions, each
	   user will have an smbd(8) associated with him or her to handle
	   connections to all shares from a given host.

	   Default: max smbd processes = 0

	   Example: max smbd processes = 1000

       min print space (S)

	   This sets the minimum amount of free disk space that must be
	   available before a user will be able to spool a print job. It is
	   specified in kilobytes. The default is 0, which means a user can
	   always spool a print job.

	   Default: min print space = 0

	   Example: min print space = 2000

       name cache timeout (G)

	   Specifies the number of seconds it takes before entries in samba's
	   hostname resolve cache time out. If the timeout is set to 0. the
	   caching is disabled.

	   Default: name cache timeout = 660

	   Example: name cache timeout = 0

       socket options (G)

	       Warning
	       Modern server operating systems are tuned for high network
	       performance in the majority of situations; when you set socket
	       options you are overriding those settings. Linux in particular
	       has an auto-tuning mechanism for buffer sizes that will be
	       disabled if you specify a socket buffer size. This can
	       potentially cripple your TCP/IP stack.

	       Getting the socket options correct can make a big difference to
	       your performance, but getting them wrong can degrade it by just
	       as much. As with any other low level setting, if you must make
	       changes to it, make small changes and test the effect before
	       making any large changes.

	   This option allows you to set socket options to be used when
	   talking with the client.

	   Socket options are controls on the networking layer of the
	   operating systems which allow the connection to be tuned.

	   This option will typically be used to tune your Samba server for
	   optimal performance for your local network. There is no way that
	   Samba can know what the optimal parameters are for your net, so you
	   must experiment and choose them yourself. We strongly suggest you
	   read the appropriate documentation for your operating system first
	   (perhaps man setsockopt will help).

	   You may find that on some systems Samba will say "Unknown socket
	   option" when you supply an option. This means you either
	   incorrectly typed it or you need to add an include file to
	   includes.h for your OS. If the latter is the case please send the
	   patch to samba-technical@samba.org.

	   Any of the supported socket options may be combined in any way you
	   like, as long as your OS allows it.

	   This is the list of socket options currently settable using this
	   option:

	   o   SO_KEEPALIVE

	   o   SO_REUSEADDR

	   o   SO_BROADCAST

	   o   TCP_NODELAY

	   o   IPTOS_LOWDELAY

	   o   IPTOS_THROUGHPUT

	   o   SO_SNDBUF *

	   o   SO_RCVBUF *

	   o   SO_SNDLOWAT *

	   o   SO_RCVLOWAT *

       Those marked with a '*' take an integer argument. The others can
       optionally take a 1 or 0 argument to enable or disable the option, by
       default they will be enabled if you don't specify 1 or 0.

       To specify an argument use the syntax SOME_OPTION = VALUE for example
       SO_SNDBUF = 8192. Note that you must not have any spaces before or
       after the = sign.

       If you are on a local network then a sensible option might be:

       socket options = IPTOS_LOWDELAY

       If you have a local network then you could try:

       socket options = IPTOS_LOWDELAY TCP_NODELAY

       If you are on a wide area network then perhaps try setting
       IPTOS_THROUGHPUT.

       Note that several of the options may cause your Samba server to fail
       completely. Use these options with caution!

       Default: socket options = TCP_NODELAY

       Example: socket options = IPTOS_LOWDELAY

       strict allocate (S)

	   This is a boolean that controls the handling of disk space
	   allocation in the server. When this is set to yes the server will
	   change from UNIX behaviour of not committing real disk storage
	   blocks when a file is extended to the Windows behaviour of actually
	   forcing the disk system to allocate real storage blocks when a file
	   is created or extended to be a given size. In UNIX terminology this
	   means that Samba will stop creating sparse files.

	   This option is really designed for file systems that support fast
	   allocation of large numbers of blocks such as extent-based file
	   systems. On file systems that don't support extents (most notably
	   ext3) this can make Samba slower. When you work with large files
	   over >100MB on file systems without extents you may even run into
	   problems with clients running into timeouts.

	   When you have an extent based filesystem it's likely that we can
	   make use of unwritten extents which allows Samba to allocate even
	   large amounts of space very fast and you will not see any timeout
	   problems caused by strict allocate. With strict allocate in use you
	   will also get much better out of quota messages in case you use
	   quotas. Another advantage of activating this setting is that it
	   will help to reduce file fragmentation.

	   To give you an idea on which filesystems this setting might
	   currently be a good option for you: XFS, ext4, btrfs, ocfs2 on
	   Linux and JFS2 on AIX support unwritten extents. On Filesystems
	   that do not support it, preallocation is probably an expensive
	   operation where you will see reduced performance and risk to let
	   clients run into timeouts when creating large files. Examples are
	   ext3, ZFS, HFS+ and most others, so be aware if you activate this
	   setting on those filesystems.

	   Default: strict allocate = no

       strict rename (S)

	   By default a Windows SMB server prevents directory renames when
	   there are open file or directory handles below it in the filesystem
	   hierarchy. Historically Samba has always allowed this as POSIX
	   filesystem semantics require it.

	   This boolean parameter allows Samba to match the Windows behavior.
	   Setting this to "yes" is a very expensive change, as it forces
	   Samba to travers the entire open file handle database on every
	   directory rename request. In a clustered Samba system the cost is
	   even greater than the non-clustered case.

	   For this reason the default is "no", and it is recommended to be
	   left that way unless a specific Windows application requires it to
	   be changed.

	   Default: strict rename = no

       strict sync (S)

	   Many Windows applications (including the Windows 98 explorer shell)
	   seem to confuse flushing buffer contents to disk with doing a sync
	   to disk. Under UNIX, a sync call forces the process to be suspended
	   until the kernel has ensured that all outstanding data in kernel
	   disk buffers has been safely stored onto stable storage. This is
	   very slow and should only be done rarely. Setting this parameter to
	   no (the default) means that smbd(8) ignores the Windows
	   applications requests for a sync call. There is only a possibility
	   of losing data if the operating system itself that Samba is running
	   on crashes, so there is little danger in this default setting. In
	   addition, this fixes many performance problems that people have
	   reported with the new Windows98 explorer shell file copies.

	   Default: strict sync = no

       sync always (S)

	   This is a boolean parameter that controls whether writes will
	   always be written to stable storage before the write call returns.
	   If this is no then the server will be guided by the client's
	   request in each write call (clients can set a bit indicating that a
	   particular write should be synchronous). If this is yes then every
	   write will be followed by a fsync() call to ensure the data is
	   written to disk. Note that the strict sync parameter must be set to
	   yes in order for this parameter to have any effect.

	   Default: sync always = no

       use mmap (G)

	   This global parameter determines if the tdb internals of Samba can
	   depend on mmap working correctly on the running system. Samba
	   requires a coherent mmap/read-write system memory cache. Currently
	   only HPUX does not have such a coherent cache, and so this
	   parameter is set to no by default on HPUX. On all other systems
	   this parameter should be left alone. This parameter is provided to
	   help the Samba developers track down problems with the tdb internal
	   code.

	   Default: use mmap = yes

       use ntdb (G)

	   Beginning in Samba 4.1, a growing number of databases can use the
	   NTDB format rather than TDB.

	   If you enable this option these databases will default to a .ntdb
	   extension rather than .tdb. If the .tdb file exists, it will
	   automatically be converted to NTDB and renamed to .tdb.bak.

	   Filenames explicitly specified in smb.conf will be respected (i.e.
	   the format will depend on the .ntdb or .tdb extension).

	   Default: use ntdb = no

       use sendfile (S)

	   If this parameter is yes, and the sendfile() system call is
	   supported by the underlying operating system, then some SMB read
	   calls (mainly ReadAndX and ReadRaw) will use the more efficient
	   sendfile system call for files that are exclusively oplocked. This
	   may make more efficient use of the system CPU's and cause Samba to
	   be faster. Samba automatically turns this off for clients that use
	   protocol levels lower than NT LM 0.12 and when it detects a client
	   is Windows 9x (using sendfile from Linux will cause these clients
	   to fail).

	   Default: use sendfile = no

       write cache size (S)

	   If this integer parameter is set to non-zero value, Samba will
	   create an in-memory cache for each oplocked file (it does not do
	   this for non-oplocked files). All writes that the client does not
	   request to be flushed directly to disk will be stored in this cache
	   if possible. The cache is flushed onto disk when a write comes in
	   whose offset would not fit into the cache or when the file is
	   closed by the client. Reads for the file are also served from this
	   cache if the data is stored within it.

	   This cache allows Samba to batch client writes into a more
	   efficient write size for RAID disks (i.e. writes may be tuned to be
	   the RAID stripe size) and can improve performance on systems where
	   the disk subsystem is a bottleneck but there is free memory for
	   userspace programs.

	   The integer parameter specifies the size of this cache (per
	   oplocked file) in bytes.

	   Note that the write cache won't be used for file handles with a
	   smb2 write lease.

	   Default: write cache size = 0

	   Example: write cache size = 262144 # for a 256k cache size per file

       get quota command (G)

	   The get quota command should only be used whenever there is no
	   operating system API available from the OS that samba can use.

	   This option is only available Samba was compiled with quotas
	   support.

	   This parameter should specify the path to a script that queries the
	   quota information for the specified user/group for the partition
	   that the specified directory is on.

	   Such a script is being given 3 arguments:

	   o   directory

	   o   type of query

	   o   uid of user or gid of group

       The directory is actually mostly just "." - It needs to be treated
       relatively to the current working directory that the script can also
       query.

       The type of query can be one of:

       o   1 - user quotas

       o   2 - user default quotas (uid = -1)

       o   3 - group quotas

       o   4 - group default quotas (gid = -1)

       This script should print one line as output with spaces between the
       columns. The printed columns should be:

       o   1 - quota flags (0 = no quotas, 1 = quotas enabled, 2 = quotas
	   enabled and enforced)

       o   2 - number of currently used blocks

       o   3 - the softlimit number of blocks

       o   4 - the hardlimit number of blocks

       o   5 - currently used number of inodes

       o   6 - the softlimit number of inodes

       o   7 - the hardlimit number of inodes

       o   8 (optional) - the number of bytes in a block(default is 1024)

       Default: get quota command =

       Example: get quota command = /usr/local/sbin/query_quota

       host msdfs (G)

	   If set to yes, Samba will act as a Dfs server, and allow Dfs-aware
	   clients to browse Dfs trees hosted on the server.

	   See also the msdfs root share level parameter. For more information
	   on setting up a Dfs tree on Samba, refer to the MSFDS chapter in
	   the book Samba3-HOWTO.

	   Default: host msdfs = yes

       msdfs proxy (S)

	   This parameter indicates that the share is a stand-in for another
	   CIFS share whose location is specified by the value of the
	   parameter. When clients attempt to connect to this share, they are
	   redirected to one or multiple, comma separated proxied shares using
	   the SMB-Dfs protocol.

	   Only Dfs roots can act as proxy shares. Take a look at the msdfs
	   root and host msdfs options to find out how to set up a Dfs root
	   share.

	   No default

	   Example: msdfs proxy =
	   \otherserver\someshare,\otherserver2\someshare

       msdfs root (S)

	   If set to yes, Samba treats the share as a Dfs root and allows
	   clients to browse the distributed file system tree rooted at the
	   share directory. Dfs links are specified in the share directory by
	   symbolic links of the form msdfs:serverA\\shareA,serverB\\shareB
	   and so on. For more information on setting up a Dfs tree on Samba,
	   refer to the MSDFS chapter in the Samba3-HOWTO book.

	   Default: msdfs root = no

       ntvfs handler (S)

	   This specifies the NTVFS handlers for this share.

	   o   posix: Maps POSIX FS semantics to NT semantics

	   o   unixuid: Sets up user credentials based on POSIX gid/uid.

	   o   cifs: Proxies a remote CIFS FS. Mainly useful for testing.

	   o   nbench: Filter module that saves data useful to the nbench
	       benchmark suite.

	   o   ipc: Allows using SMB for inter process communication. Only
	       used for the IPC$ share.

	   o   posix: Maps POSIX FS semantics to NT semantics

	   o   print: Allows printing over SMB. This is LANMAN-style printing,
	       not the be confused with the spoolss DCE/RPC interface used by
	       later versions of Windows.

       Note that this option is only used when the NTVFS file server is in
       use. It is not used with the (default) s3fs file server.

       Default: ntvfs handler = unixuid, default

       set quota command (G)

	   The set quota command should only be used whenever there is no
	   operating system API available from the OS that samba can use.

	   This option is only available if Samba was compiled with quota
	   support.

	   This parameter should specify the path to a script that can set
	   quota for the specified arguments.

	   The specified script should take the following arguments:

	   o   1 - path to where the quota needs to be set. This needs to be
	       interpreted relative to the current working directory that the
	       script may also check for.

	   o   2 - quota type

	       o   1 - user quotas

	       o   2 - user default quotas (uid = -1)

	       o   3 - group quotas

	       o   4 - group default quotas (gid = -1)


       o   3 - id (uid for user, gid for group, -1 if N/A)

       o   4 - quota state (0 = disable, 1 = enable, 2 = enable and enforce)

       o   5 - block softlimit

       o   6 - block hardlimit

       o   7 - inode softlimit

       o   8 - inode hardlimit

       o   9(optional) - block size, defaults to 1024

       The script should output at least one line of data on success. And
       nothing on failure.

       Default: set quota command =

       Example: set quota command = /usr/local/sbin/set_quota

       vfs object

	   This parameter is a synonym for vfs objects.

       vfs objects (S)

	   This parameter specifies the backend names which are used for Samba
	   VFS I/O operations. By default, normal disk I/O operations are used
	   but these can be overloaded with one or more VFS objects.

	   Default: vfs objects =

	   Example: vfs objects = extd_audit recycle

       create krb5 conf (G)

	   Setting this parameter to no prevents winbind from creating custom
	   krb5.conf files. Winbind normally does this because the krb5
	   libraries are not AD-site-aware and thus would pick any domain
	   controller out of potentially very many. Winbind is site-aware and
	   makes the krb5 libraries use a local DC by creating its own
	   krb5.conf files.

	   Preventing winbind from doing this might become necessary if you
	   have to add special options into your system-krb5.conf that winbind
	   does not see.

	   Default: create krb5 conf = yes

       idmap backend (G)

	   The idmap backend provides a plugin interface for Winbind to use
	   varying backends to store SID/uid/gid mapping tables.

	   This option specifies the default backend that is used when no
	   special configuration set, but it is now deprecated in favour of
	   the new spelling idmap config * : backend.

	   Default: idmap backend = tdb

       idmap cache time (G)

	   This parameter specifies the number of seconds that Winbind's idmap
	   interface will cache positive SID/uid/gid query results. By
	   default, Samba will cache these results for one week.

	   Default: idmap cache time = 604800

       idmap config:OPTION (G)

	   ID mapping in Samba is the mapping between Windows SIDs and Unix
	   user and group IDs. This is performed by Winbindd with a
	   configurable plugin interface. Samba's ID mapping is configured by
	   options starting with the idmap config prefix. An idmap option
	   consists of the idmap config prefix, followed by a domain name or
	   the asterisk character (*), a colon, and the name of an idmap
	   setting for the chosen domain.

	   The idmap configuration is hence divided into groups, one group for
	   each domain to be configured, and one group with the asterisk
	   instead of a proper domain name, which specifies the default
	   configuration that is used to catch all domains that do not have an
	   explicit idmap configuration of their own.

	   There are three general options available:

	   backend = backend_name
	       This specifies the name of the idmap plugin to use as the
	       SID/uid/gid backend for this domain. The standard backends are
	       tdb (idmap_tdb(8)), tdb2 (idmap_tdb2(8)), ldap (idmap_ldap(8)),
	       rid (idmap_rid(8)), hash (idmap_hash(8)), autorid
	       (idmap_autorid(8)), ad (idmap_ad(8)) and nss (idmap_nss(8)).
	       The corresponding manual pages contain the details, but here is
	       a summary.

	       The first three of these create mappings of their own using
	       internal unixid counters and store the mappings in a database.
	       These are suitable for use in the default idmap configuration.
	       The rid and hash backends use a pure algorithmic calculation to
	       determine the unixid for a SID. The autorid module is a mixture
	       of the tdb and rid backend. It creates ranges for each domain
	       encountered and then uses the rid algorithm for each of these
	       automatically configured domains individually. The ad backend
	       uses unix ids stored in Active Directory via the standard
	       schema extensions. The nss backend reverses the standard
	       winbindd setup and gets the unix ids via names from nsswitch
	       which can be useful in an ldap setup.

	   range = low - high
	       Defines the available matching uid and gid range for which the
	       backend is authoritative. For allocating backends, this also
	       defines the start and the end of the range for allocating new
	       unique IDs.

	       winbind uses this parameter to find the backend that is
	       authoritative for a unix ID to SID mapping, so it must be set
	       for each individually configured domain and for the default
	       configuration. The configured ranges must be mutually disjoint.

	   read only = yes|no
	       This option can be used to turn the writing backends tdb, tdb2,
	       and ldap into read only mode. This can be useful e.g. in cases
	       where a pre-filled database exists that should not be extended
	       automatically.

	   The following example illustrates how to configure the idmap_ad(8)
	   backend for the CORP domain and the idmap_tdb(8) backend for all
	   other domains. This configuration assumes that the admin of CORP
	   assigns unix ids below 1000000 via the SFU extensions, and winbind
	   is supposed to use the next million entries for its own mappings
	   from trusted domains and for local groups for example.

		    idmap config * : backend = tdb
		    idmap config * : range = 1000000-1999999

		    idmap config CORP : backend	 = ad
		    idmap config CORP : range = 1000-999999


	   No default

       winbind gid

	   This parameter is a synonym for idmap gid.

       idmap gid (G)

	   The idmap gid parameter specifies the range of group ids for the
	   default idmap configuration. It is now deprecated in favour of
	   idmap config * : range.

	   See the idmap config option.

	   Default: idmap gid =

	   Example: idmap gid = 10000-20000

       idmap negative cache time (G)

	   This parameter specifies the number of seconds that Winbind's idmap
	   interface will cache negative SID/uid/gid query results.

	   Default: idmap negative cache time = 120

       winbind uid

	   This parameter is a synonym for idmap uid.

       idmap uid (G)

	   The idmap uid parameter specifies the range of user ids for the
	   default idmap configuration. It is now deprecated in favour of
	   idmap config * : range.

	   See the idmap config option.

	   Default: idmap uid =

	   Example: idmap uid = 10000-20000

       neutralize nt4 emulation (G)

	   This option controls whether winbindd sends the
	   NETLOGON_NEG_NEUTRALIZE_NT4_EMULATION flag in order to bypass the
	   NT4 emulation of a domain controller.

	   Typically you should not need set this. It can be useful for
	   upgrades from NT4 to AD domains.

	   The behavior can be controlled per netbios domain by using
	   'neutralize nt4 emulation:NETBIOSDOMAIN = yes' as option.

	   Default: neutralize nt4 emulation = no

       reject md5 servers (G)

	   This option controls whether winbindd requires support for aes
	   support for the netlogon secure channel.

	   The following flags will be required NETLOGON_NEG_ARCFOUR,
	   NETLOGON_NEG_SUPPORTS_AES, NETLOGON_NEG_PASSWORD_SET2 and
	   NETLOGON_NEG_AUTHENTICATED_RPC.

	   You can set this to yes if all domain controllers support aes. This
	   will prevent downgrade attacks.

	   The behavior can be controlled per netbios domain by using 'reject
	   md5 servers:NETBIOSDOMAIN = yes' as option.

	   This option takes precedence to the require strong key option.

	   Default: reject md5 servers = no

       require strong key (G)

	   This option controls whether winbindd requires support for md5
	   strong key support for the netlogon secure channel.

	   The following flags will be required NETLOGON_NEG_STRONG_KEYS,
	   NETLOGON_NEG_ARCFOUR and NETLOGON_NEG_AUTHENTICATED_RPC.

	   You can set this to no if some domain controllers only support des.
	   This might allows weak crypto to be negotiated, may via downgrade
	   attacks.

	   The behavior can be controlled per netbios domain by using 'require
	   strong key:NETBIOSDOMAIN = no' as option.

	   Note for active directory domain this option is hardcoded to 'yes'

	   This option yields precedence to the reject md5 servers option.

	   This option takes precedence to the client schannel option.

	   Default: require strong key = yes

       template homedir (G)

	   When filling out the user information for a Windows NT user, the
	   winbindd(8) daemon uses this parameter to fill in the home
	   directory for that user. If the string %D is present it is
	   substituted with the user's Windows NT domain name. If the string
	   %U is present it is substituted with the user's Windows NT user
	   name.

	   Default: template homedir = /home/%D/%U

       template shell (G)

	   When filling out the user information for a Windows NT user, the
	   winbindd(8) daemon uses this parameter to fill in the login shell
	   for that user.

	   Default: template shell = /bin/false

       winbind cache time (G)

	   This parameter specifies the number of seconds the winbindd(8)
	   daemon will cache user and group information before querying a
	   Windows NT server again.

	   This does not apply to authentication requests, these are always
	   evaluated in real time unless the winbind offline logon option has
	   been enabled.

	   Default: winbind cache time = 300

       winbindd privileged socket directory (G)

	   This setting controls the location of the winbind daemon's
	   privileged socket.

	   Default: winbindd privileged socket directory =
	   /var/lib/samba/winbindd_privileged

       winbindd socket directory (G)

	   This setting controls the location of the winbind daemon's socket.

	   Except within automated test scripts, this should not be altered,
	   as the client tools (nss_winbind etc) do not honour this parameter.
	   Client tools must then be advised of the altered path with the
	   WINBINDD_SOCKET_DIR environment varaible.

	   Default: winbindd socket directory = /var/run/samba/winbindd

       winbind enum groups (G)

	   On large installations using winbindd(8) it may be necessary to
	   suppress the enumeration of groups through the setgrent(),
	   getgrent() and endgrent() group of system calls. If the winbind
	   enum groups parameter is no, calls to the getgrent() system call
	   will not return any data.

	       Warning
	       Turning off group enumeration may cause some programs to behave
	       oddly.
	   Default: winbind enum groups = no

       winbind enum users (G)

	   On large installations using winbindd(8) it may be necessary to
	   suppress the enumeration of users through the setpwent(),
	   getpwent() and endpwent() group of system calls. If the winbind
	   enum users parameter is no, calls to the getpwent system call will
	   not return any data.

	       Warning
	       Turning off user enumeration may cause some programs to behave
	       oddly. For example, the finger program relies on having access
	       to the full user list when searching for matching usernames.
	   Default: winbind enum users = no

       winbind expand groups (G)

	   This option controls the maximum depth that winbindd will traverse
	   when flattening nested group memberships of Windows domain groups.
	   This is different from the winbind nested groups option which
	   implements the Windows NT4 model of local group nesting. The
	   "winbind expand groups" parameter specifically applies to the
	   membership of domain groups.

	   Be aware that a high value for this parameter can result in system
	   slowdown as the main parent winbindd daemon must perform the group
	   unrolling and will be unable to answer incoming NSS or
	   authentication requests during this time.

	   The default value was changed from 1 to 0 with Samba 4.2. Some
	   broken applications calculate the group memberships of users by
	   traversing groups, such applications will require "winbind expand
	   groups = 1". But the new default makes winbindd more reliable as it
	   doesn't require SAMR access to domain controllers of trusted
	   domains.

	   Default: winbind expand groups = 0

       winbind max clients (G)

	   This parameter specifies the maximum number of clients the
	   winbindd(8) daemon can connect with.

	   Default: winbind max clients = 200

       winbind max domain connections (G)

	   This parameter specifies the maximum number of simultaneous
	   connections that the winbindd(8) daemon should open to the domain
	   controller of one domain. Setting this parameter to a value greater
	   than 1 can improve scalability with many simultaneous winbind
	   requests, some of which might be slow.

	   Note that if winbind offline logon is set to Yes, then only one DC
	   connection is allowed per domain, regardless of this setting.

	   Default: winbind max domain connections = 1

	   Example: winbind max domain connections = 10

       winbind nested groups (G)

	   If set to yes, this parameter activates the support for nested
	   groups. Nested groups are also called local groups or aliases. They
	   work like their counterparts in Windows: Nested groups are defined
	   locally on any machine (they are shared between DC's through their
	   SAM) and can contain users and global groups from any trusted SAM.
	   To be able to use nested groups, you need to run nss_winbind.

	   Default: winbind nested groups = yes

       winbind normalize names (G)

	   This parameter controls whether winbindd will replace whitespace in
	   user and group names with an underscore (_) character. For example,
	   whether the name "Space Kadet" should be replaced with the string
	   "space_kadet". Frequently Unix shell scripts will have difficulty
	   with usernames contains whitespace due to the default field
	   separator in the shell. If your domain possesses names containing
	   the underscore character, this option may cause problems unless the
	   name aliasing feature is supported by your nss_info plugin.

	   This feature also enables the name aliasing API which can be used
	   to make domain user and group names to a non-qualified version.
	   Please refer to the manpage for the configured idmap and nss_info
	   plugin for the specifics on how to configure name aliasing for a
	   specific configuration. Name aliasing takes precedence (and is
	   mutually exclusive) over the whitespace replacement mechanism
	   discussed previously.

	   Default: winbind normalize names = no

	   Example: winbind normalize names = yes

       winbind nss info (G)

	   This parameter is designed to control how Winbind retrieves Name
	   Service Information to construct a user's home directory and login
	   shell. Currently the following settings are available:

	   o   template - The default, using the parameters of template shell
	       and template homedir)

	   o   <sfu | sfu20 | rfc2307 > - When Samba is running in security =
	       ads and your Active Directory Domain Controller does support
	       the Microsoft "Services for Unix" (SFU) LDAP schema, winbind
	       can retrieve the login shell and the home directory attributes
	       directly from your Directory Server. For SFU 3.0 or 3.5 simply
	       choose "sfu", if you use SFU 2.0 please choose "sfu20". Note
	       that retrieving UID and GID from your ADS-Server requires to
	       use idmap config DOMAIN:backend = ad as well. The primary group
	       membership is currently always calculated via the
	       "primaryGroupID" LDAP attribute.


       Default: winbind nss info = template

       Example: winbind nss info = sfu

       winbind offline logon (G)

	   This parameter is designed to control whether Winbind should allow
	   to login with the pam_winbind module using Cached Credentials. If
	   enabled, winbindd will store user credentials from successful
	   logins encrypted in a local cache.

	   Default: winbind offline logon = no

	   Example: winbind offline logon = yes

       winbind reconnect delay (G)

	   This parameter specifies the number of seconds the winbindd(8)
	   daemon will wait between attempts to contact a Domain controller
	   for a domain that is determined to be down or not contactable.

	   Default: winbind reconnect delay = 30

       winbind refresh tickets (G)

	   This parameter is designed to control whether Winbind should
	   refresh Kerberos Tickets retrieved using the pam_winbind module.

	   Default: winbind refresh tickets = no

	   Example: winbind refresh tickets = yes

       winbind request timeout (G)

	   This parameter specifies the number of seconds the winbindd(8)
	   daemon will wait before disconnecting either a client connection
	   with no outstanding requests (idle) or a client connection with a
	   request that has remained outstanding (hung) for longer than this
	   number of seconds.

	   Default: winbind request timeout = 60

       winbind rpc only (G)

	   Setting this parameter to yes forces winbindd to use RPC instead of
	   LDAP to retrieve information from Domain Controllers.

	   Default: winbind rpc only = no

       winbind sealed pipes (G)

	   This option controls whether any requests from winbindd to domain
	   controllers pipe will be sealed. Disabling sealing can be useful
	   for debugging purposes.

	   The behavior can be controlled per netbios domain by using 'winbind
	   sealed pipes:NETBIOSDOMAIN = no' as option.

	   Default: winbind sealed pipes = yes

       winbind separator (G)

	   This parameter allows an admin to define the character used when
	   listing a username of the form of DOMAIN \user. This parameter is
	   only applicable when using the pam_winbind.so and nss_winbind.so
	   modules for UNIX services.

	   Please note that setting this parameter to + causes problems with
	   group membership at least on glibc systems, as the character + is
	   used as a special character for NIS in /etc/group.

	   Default: winbind separator = \

	   Example: winbind separator = +

       winbind trusted domains only (G)

	   This parameter is designed to allow Samba servers that are members
	   of a Samba controlled domain to use UNIX accounts distributed via
	   NIS, rsync, or LDAP as the uid's for winbindd users in the hosts
	   primary domain. Therefore, the user DOMAIN\user1 would be mapped to
	   the account user1 in /etc/passwd instead of allocating a new uid
	   for him or her.

	   This parameter is now deprecated in favor of the newer idmap_nss
	   backend. Refer to the idmap_nss(8) man page for more information.

	   Default: winbind trusted domains only = no

       winbind use default domain (G)

	   This parameter specifies whether the winbindd(8) daemon should
	   operate on users without domain component in their username. Users
	   without a domain component are treated as is part of the winbindd
	   server's own domain. While this does not benefit Windows users, it
	   makes SSH, FTP and e-mail function in a way much closer to the way
	   they would in a native unix system.

	   This option should be avoided if possible. It can cause confusion
	   about responsibilities for a user or group. In many situations it
	   is not clear whether winbind or /etc/passwd should be seen as
	   authoritative for a user, likewise for groups.

	   Default: winbind use default domain = no

	   Example: winbind use default domain = yes

       dns proxy (G)

	   Specifies that nmbd(8) when acting as a WINS server and finding
	   that a NetBIOS name has not been registered, should treat the
	   NetBIOS name word-for-word as a DNS name and do a lookup with the
	   DNS server for that name on behalf of the name-querying client.

	   Note that the maximum length for a NetBIOS name is 15 characters,
	   so the DNS name (or DNS alias) can likewise only be 15 characters,
	   maximum.

	   nmbd spawns a second copy of itself to do the DNS name lookup
	   requests, as doing a name lookup is a blocking action.

	   Default: dns proxy = yes

       wins hook (G)

	   When Samba is running as a WINS server this allows you to call an
	   external program for all changes to the WINS database. The primary
	   use for this option is to allow the dynamic update of external name
	   resolution databases such as dynamic DNS.

	   The wins hook parameter specifies the name of a script or
	   executable that will be called as follows:

	   wins_hook operation name nametype ttl IP_list

	   o   The first argument is the operation and is one of "add",
	       "delete", or "refresh". In most cases the operation can be
	       ignored as the rest of the parameters provide sufficient
	       information. Note that "refresh" may sometimes be called when
	       the name has not previously been added, in that case it should
	       be treated as an add.

	   o   The second argument is the NetBIOS name. If the name is not a
	       legal name then the wins hook is not called. Legal names
	       contain only letters, digits, hyphens, underscores and periods.

	   o   The third argument is the NetBIOS name type as a 2 digit
	       hexadecimal number.

	   o   The fourth argument is the TTL (time to live) for the name in
	       seconds.

	   o   The fifth and subsequent arguments are the IP addresses
	       currently registered for that name. If this list is empty then
	       the name should be deleted.

       An example script that calls the BIND dynamic DNS update program
       nsupdate is provided in the examples directory of the Samba source
       code.

       No default

       wins proxy (G)

	   This is a boolean that controls if nmbd(8) will respond to
	   broadcast name queries on behalf of other hosts. You may need to
	   set this to yes for some older clients.

	   Default: wins proxy = no

       wins server (G)

	   This specifies the IP address (or DNS name: IP address for
	   preference) of the WINS server that nmbd(8) should register with.
	   If you have a WINS server on your network then you should set this
	   to the WINS server's IP.

	   You should point this at your WINS server if you have a
	   multi-subnetted network.

	   If you want to work in multiple namespaces, you can give every wins
	   server a 'tag'. For each tag, only one (working) server will be
	   queried for a name. The tag should be separated from the ip address
	   by a colon.

	       Note
	       You need to set up Samba to point to a WINS server if you have
	       multiple subnets and wish cross-subnet browsing to work
	       correctly.
	   See the chapter in the Samba3-HOWTO on Network Browsing.

	   Default: wins server =

	   Example: wins server = mary:192.9.200.1 fred:192.168.3.199
	   mary:192.168.2.61 # For this example when querying a certain name,
	   192.19.200.1 will be asked first and if that doesn't respond
	   192.168.2.61. If either of those doesn't know the name
	   192.168.3.199 will be queried.

	   Example: wins server = 192.9.200.1 192.168.2.61

       wins support (G)

	   This boolean controls if the nmbd(8) process in Samba will act as a
	   WINS server. You should not set this to yes unless you have a
	   multi-subnetted network and you wish a particular nmbd to be your
	   WINS server. Note that you should NEVER set this to yes on more
	   than one machine in your network.

	   Default: wins support = no

WARNINGS
       Although the configuration file permits service names to contain
       spaces, your client software may not. Spaces will be ignored in
       comparisons anyway, so it shouldn't be a problem - but be aware of the
       possibility.

       On a similar note, many clients - especially DOS clients - limit
       service names to eight characters.  smbd(8) has no such limitation, but
       attempts to connect from such clients will fail if they truncate the
       service names. For this reason you should probably keep your service
       names down to eight characters in length.

       Use of the [homes] and [printers] special sections make life for an
       administrator easy, but the various combinations of default attributes
       can be tricky. Take extreme care when designing these sections. In
       particular, ensure that the permissions on spool directories are
       correct.

VERSION
       This man page is correct for version 4 of the Samba suite.

SEE ALSO
       samba(7), smbpasswd(8), smbd(8), nmbd(8), winbindd(8), samba(8), samba-
       tool(8), smbclient(1), nmblookup(1), testparm(1).

AUTHOR
       The original Samba software and related utilities were created by
       Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open
       Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.

       The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer. The man page
       sources were converted to YODL format (another excellent piece of Open
       Source software, available at ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/) and
       updated for the Samba 2.0 release by Jeremy Allison. The conversion to
       DocBook for Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter. The conversion to
       DocBook XML 4.2 for Samba 3.0 was done by Alexander Bokovoy.



Samba 4.2			  08/12/2016			   SMB.CONF(5)