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STARTX(1)							     STARTX(1)



NAME
       startx - initialize an X session

SYNOPSIS
       startx [ [ client ] options ... ] [ -- [ server ] options ... ]

DESCRIPTION
       The  startx  script  is	a  front end to xinit that provides a somewhat
       nicer user interface for running a single session of the X Window  Sys-
       tem.  It is often run with no arguments.

       Arguments  immediately following the startx command are used to start a
       client in the same manner as xinit(1).  The special argument '--' marks
       the  end	 of  client arguments and the beginning of server options.  It
       may be convenient to specify server options with startx to change on  a
       per-session  basis  the default color depth, the server's notion of the
       number of dots-per-inch the display device presents, or take  advantage
       of  a  different	 server layout, as permitted by the Xorg(1) server and
       specified in the	 xorg.conf(5x)	file.	Some  examples	of  specifying
       server  arguments  follow; consult the manual page for your X server to
       determine which arguments are legal.

	      startx -- -depth 16

	      startx -- -dpi 100

	      startx -- -layout Multihead

       To determine the client to run, startx first looks for  a  file	called
       .xinitrc	 in  the user's home directory.	 If that is not found, it uses
       the file xinitrc in the xinit library directory.

       If command line client options are given, they override	this  behavior
       and  revert  to the xinit(1) behavior.  To determine the server to run,
       startx first looks for a file called  .xserverrc	 in  the  user's  home
       directory.   If	that  is  not found, it uses the file xserverrc in the
       xinit library directory.	 If command line  server  options  are	given,
       they override this behavior and revert to the xinit(1) behavior.	 Users
       rarely need to provide a .xserverrc file.  See the xinit(1) manual page
       for more details on the arguments.

       The   system-wide   xinitrc  and	 xserverrc  files  are	found  in  the
       /etc/X11/xinit directory.

       The .xinitrc is typically a shell  script  which	 starts	 many  clients
       according  to  the  user's  preference.	 When this shell script exits,
       startx kills the server and performs any other session shutdown needed.
       Most  of	 the  clients  started	by .xinitrc should be run in the back-
       ground.	The last client should run in the foreground; when  it	exits,
       the  session  will exit.	 People often choose a session manager, window
       manager, or xterm as the ''magic'' client.

EXAMPLE
       Below is a sample .xinitrc that starts several applications and	leaves
       the  window manager running as the ''last'' application.	 Assuming that
       the window manager has been configured properly, the user then  chooses
       the ''Exit'' menu item to shut down X.

	   xrdb -load $HOME/.Xresources
	   xsetroot -solid gray &
	   xbiff -geometry -430+5 &
	   oclock -geometry 75x75-0-0 &
	   xload -geometry -80-0 &
	   xterm -geometry +0+60 -ls &
	   xterm -geometry +0-100 &
	   xconsole -geometry -0+0 -fn 5x7 &
	   exec twm

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       DISPLAY			This variable gets set to the name of the dis-
				play to which clients  should  connect.	  Note
				that this gets set, not read.

       XAUTHORITY		This  variable,	 if  not already defined, gets
				set to $(HOME)/.Xauthority.  This is  to  pre-
				vent  the  X  server,  if  not given the -auth
				argument, from automatically setting up	 inse-
				cure  host-based  authentication for the local
				host.  See  the	 Xserver(1)  and  Xsecurity(7)
				manual	 pages	 for  more  information	 on  X
				client/server authentication.

FILES
       $(HOME)/.xinitrc		Client to run.	Typically a shell script which
				runs many programs in the background.

       $(HOME)/.xserverrc	Server to run.	The default is X.

       /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc	Client	to  run	 if  the  user has no .xinitrc
				file.

       /etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc Server to run if the user  has	no  .xserverrc
				file.

SEE ALSO
       xinit(1), Xserver(1), Xorg(1)



X Version 11			  xinit 1.0.2			     STARTX(1)
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