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STRVERSCMP(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		 STRVERSCMP(3)

       strverscmp - compare two version strings

       #define _GNU_SOURCE	   /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <string.h>

       int strverscmp(const char *s1, const char *s2);

       Often  one  has	files  jan1, jan2, ..., jan9, jan10, ...  and it feels
       wrong when ls(1) orders them jan1, jan10, ...,  jan2,  ...,  jan9.   In
       order  to rectify this, GNU introduced the -v option to ls(1), which is
       implemented using versionsort(3), which again uses strverscmp().

       Thus, the task of strverscmp() is to compare two strings and  find  the
       "right"	order,	while  strcmp(3)  finds	 only the lexicographic order.
       This function does not use the locale category LC_COLLATE, so is	 meant
       mostly for situations where the strings are expected to be in ASCII.

       What  this  function does is the following.  If both strings are equal,
       return 0.  Otherwise, find the position	between	 two  bytes  with  the
       property that before it both strings are equal, while directly after it
       there is a difference.  Find the largest consecutive digit strings con-
       taining	(or  starting at, or ending at) this position.	If one or both
       of these is empty, then	return	what  strcmp(3)	 would	have  returned
       (numerical  ordering  of	 byte  values).	 Otherwise, compare both digit
       strings numerically, where digit strings with one or more leading zeros
       are  interpreted	 as  if they have a decimal point in front (so that in
       particular digit strings with more  leading  zeros  come	 before	 digit
       strings	with fewer leading zeros).  Thus, the ordering is 000, 00, 01,
       010, 09, 0, 1, 9, 10.

       The strverscmp() function returns an integer less than,	equal  to,  or
       greater	than  zero  if	s1 is found, respectively, to be earlier than,
       equal to, or later than s2.

       For  an	explanation  of	 the  terms  used   in	 this	section,   see

       |Interface    | Attribute     | Value   |
       |strverscmp() | Thread safety | MT-Safe |
       This function is a GNU extension.

       The  program  below  can be used to demonstrate the behavior of strver-
       scmp().	It uses strverscmp() to compare the two strings given  as  its
       command-line arguments.	An example of its use is the following:

	   $ i./a.out jan1 jan10
	   jan1 < jan10

   Program source

       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <string.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>

       main(int argc, char *argv[])
	   int res;

	   if (argc != 3) {
	       fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <string1> <string2>\n", argv[0]);

	   res = strverscmp(argv[1], argv[2]);

	   printf("%s %s %s\n", argv[1],
		   (res < 0) ? "<" : (res == 0) ? "==" : ">", argv[2]);


       rename(1), strcasecmp(3), strcmp(3), strcoll(3)

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GNU				  2017-03-13			 STRVERSCMP(3)