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SUDOERS.LDAP(5)		    BSD File Formats Manual	       SUDOERS.LDAP(5)

NAME
     sudoers.ldap -- sudo LDAP configuration

DESCRIPTION
     In addition to the standard sudoers file, sudo may be configured via
     LDAP.  This can be especially useful for synchronizing sudoers in a
     large, distributed environment.

     Using LDAP for sudoers has several benefits:

     o	 sudo no longer needs to read sudoers in its entirety.	When LDAP is
	 used, there are only two or three LDAP queries per invocation.	 This
	 makes it especially fast and particularly usable in LDAP environ-
	 ments.

     o	 sudo no longer exits if there is a typo in sudoers.  It is not possi-
	 ble to load LDAP data into the server that does not conform to the
	 sudoers schema, so proper syntax is guaranteed.  It is still possible
	 to have typos in a user or host name, but this will not prevent sudo
	 from running.

     o	 It is possible to specify per-entry options that override the global
	 default options.  /etc/sudoers only supports default options and lim-
	 ited options associated with user/host/commands/aliases.  The syntax
	 is complicated and can be difficult for users to understand.  Placing
	 the options directly in the entry is more natural.

     o	 The visudo program is no longer needed.  visudo provides locking and
	 syntax checking of the /etc/sudoers file.  Since LDAP updates are
	 atomic, locking is no longer necessary.  Because syntax is checked
	 when the data is inserted into LDAP, there is no need for a special-
	 ized tool to check syntax.

     Another major difference between LDAP and file-based sudoers is that in
     LDAP, sudo-specific Aliases are not supported.

     For the most part, there is really no need for sudo-specific Aliases.
     Unix groups or user netgroups can be used in place of User_Aliases and
     Runas_Aliases.  Host netgroups can be used in place of Host_Aliases.
     Since Unix groups and netgroups can also be stored in LDAP there is no
     real need for sudo-specific aliases.

     Cmnd_Aliases are not really required either since it is possible to have
     multiple users listed in a sudoRole.  Instead of defining a Cmnd_Alias
     that is referenced by multiple users, one can create a sudoRole that con-
     tains the commands and assign multiple users to it.

   SUDOers LDAP container
     The sudoers configuration is contained in the ou=SUDOers LDAP container.

     Sudo first looks for the cn=default entry in the SUDOers container.  If
     found, the multi-valued sudoOption attribute is parsed in the same manner
     as a global Defaults line in /etc/sudoers.	 In the following example, the
     SSH_AUTH_SOCK variable will be preserved in the environment for all
     users.

	 dn: cn=defaults,ou=SUDOers,dc=example,dc=com
	 objectClass: top
	 objectClass: sudoRole
	 cn: defaults
	 description: Default sudoOption's go here
	 sudoOption: env_keep+=SSH_AUTH_SOCK

     The equivalent of a sudoer in LDAP is a sudoRole.	It consists of the
     following attributes:

     sudoUser
	   A user name, user ID (prefixed with `#'), Unix group (prefixed with
	   `%'), Unix group ID (prefixed with `%#'), or user netgroup (pre-
	   fixed with `+').

     sudoHost
	   A host name, IP address, IP network, or host netgroup (prefixed
	   with a `+').	 The special value ALL will match any host.

     sudoCommand
	   A Unix command with optional command line arguments, potentially
	   including globbing characters (aka wild cards).  The special value
	   ALL will match any command.	If a command is prefixed with an
	   exclamation point `!', the user will be prohibited from running
	   that command.

     sudoOption
	   Identical in function to the global options described above, but
	   specific to the sudoRole in which it resides.

     sudoRunAsUser
	   A user name or uid (prefixed with `#') that commands may be run as
	   or a Unix group (prefixed with a `%') or user netgroup (prefixed
	   with a `+') that contains a list of users that commands may be run
	   as.	The special value ALL will match any user.

	   The sudoRunAsUser attribute is only available in sudo versions
	   1.7.0 and higher.  Older versions of sudo use the sudoRunAs
	   attribute instead.

     sudoRunAsGroup
	   A Unix group or gid (prefixed with `#') that commands may be run
	   as.	The special value ALL will match any group.

	   The sudoRunAsGroup attribute is only available in sudo versions
	   1.7.0 and higher.

     sudoNotBefore
	   A timestamp in the form yyyymmddHHMMSSZ that can be used to provide
	   a start date/time for when the sudoRole will be valid.  If multiple
	   sudoNotBefore entries are present, the earliest is used.  Note that
	   timestamps must be in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), not the
	   local timezone.  The minute and seconds portions are optional, but
	   some LDAP servers require that they be present (contrary to the
	   RFC).

	   The sudoNotBefore attribute is only available in sudo versions
	   1.7.5 and higher and must be explicitly enabled via the
	   SUDOERS_TIMED option in /etc/sudo-ldap.conf.

     sudoNotAfter
	   A timestamp in the form yyyymmddHHMMSSZ that indicates an expira-
	   tion date/time, after which the sudoRole will no longer be valid.
	   If multiple sudoNotAfter entries are present, the last one is used.
	   Note that timestamps must be in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC),
	   not the local timezone.  The minute and seconds portions are
	   optional, but some LDAP servers require that they be present (con-
	   trary to the RFC).

	   The sudoNotAfter attribute is only available in sudo versions 1.7.5
	   and higher and must be explicitly enabled via the SUDOERS_TIMED
	   option in /etc/sudo-ldap.conf.

     sudoOrder
	   The sudoRole entries retrieved from the LDAP directory have no
	   inherent order.  The sudoOrder attribute is an integer (or floating
	   point value for LDAP servers that support it) that is used to sort
	   the matching entries.  This allows LDAP-based sudoers entries to
	   more closely mimic the behaviour of the sudoers file, where the
	   order of the entries influences the result.	If multiple entries
	   match, the entry with the highest sudoOrder attribute is chosen.
	   This corresponds to the ``last match'' behavior of the sudoers
	   file.  If the sudoOrder attribute is not present, a value of 0 is
	   assumed.

	   The sudoOrder attribute is only available in sudo versions 1.7.5
	   and higher.

     Each attribute listed above should contain a single value, but there may
     be multiple instances of each attribute type.  A sudoRole must contain at
     least one sudoUser, sudoHost and sudoCommand.

     The following example allows users in group wheel to run any command on
     any host via sudo:

	 dn: cn=%wheel,ou=SUDOers,dc=example,dc=com
	 objectClass: top
	 objectClass: sudoRole
	 cn: %wheel
	 sudoUser: %wheel
	 sudoHost: ALL
	 sudoCommand: ALL

   Anatomy of LDAP sudoers lookup
     When looking up a sudoer using LDAP there are only two or three LDAP
     queries per invocation.  The first query is to parse the global options.
     The second is to match against the user's name and the groups that the
     user belongs to.  (The special ALL tag is matched in this query too.)  If
     no match is returned for the user's name and groups, a third query
     returns all entries containing user netgroups and checks to see if the
     user belongs to any of them.

     If timed entries are enabled with the SUDOERS_TIMED configuration direc-
     tive, the LDAP queries include a subfilter that limits retrieval to
     entries that satisfy the time constraints, if any.

   Differences between LDAP and non-LDAP sudoers
     There are some subtle differences in the way sudoers is handled once in
     LDAP.  Probably the biggest is that according to the RFC, LDAP ordering
     is arbitrary and you cannot expect that Attributes and Entries are
     returned in any specific order.

     The order in which different entries are applied can be controlled using
     the sudoOrder attribute, but there is no way to guarantee the order of
     attributes within a specific entry.  If there are conflicting command
     rules in an entry, the negative takes precedence.	This is called para-
     noid behavior (not necessarily the most specific match).

     Here is an example:

	 # /etc/sudoers:
	 # Allow all commands except shell
	 johnny	 ALL=(root) ALL,!/bin/sh
	 # Always allows all commands because ALL is matched last
	 puddles ALL=(root) !/bin/sh,ALL

	 # LDAP equivalent of johnny
	 # Allows all commands except shell
	 dn: cn=role1,ou=Sudoers,dc=my-domain,dc=com
	 objectClass: sudoRole
	 objectClass: top
	 cn: role1
	 sudoUser: johnny
	 sudoHost: ALL
	 sudoCommand: ALL
	 sudoCommand: !/bin/sh

	 # LDAP equivalent of puddles
	 # Notice that even though ALL comes last, it still behaves like
	 # role1 since the LDAP code assumes the more paranoid configuration
	 dn: cn=role2,ou=Sudoers,dc=my-domain,dc=com
	 objectClass: sudoRole
	 objectClass: top
	 cn: role2
	 sudoUser: puddles
	 sudoHost: ALL
	 sudoCommand: !/bin/sh
	 sudoCommand: ALL

     Another difference is that negations on the Host, User or Runas are cur-
     rently ignored.  For example, the following attributes do not behave the
     way one might expect.

	 # does not match all but joe
	 # rather, does not match anyone
	 sudoUser: !joe

	 # does not match all but joe
	 # rather, matches everyone including Joe
	 sudoUser: ALL
	 sudoUser: !joe

	 # does not match all but web01
	 # rather, matches all hosts including web01
	 sudoHost: ALL
	 sudoHost: !web01

   Sudoers schema
     In order to use sudo's LDAP support, the sudo schema must be installed on
     your LDAP server.	In addition, be sure to index the sudoUser attribute.

     Three versions of the schema: one for OpenLDAP servers (schema.OpenLDAP),
     one for Netscape-derived servers (schema.iPlanet), and one for Microsoft
     Active Directory (schema.ActiveDirectory) may be found in the sudo dis-
     tribution.

     The schema for sudo in OpenLDAP form is also included in the EXAMPLES
     section.

   Configuring ldap.conf
     Sudo reads the /etc/sudo-ldap.conf file for LDAP-specific configuration.
     Typically, this file is shared amongst different LDAP-aware clients.  As
     such, most of the settings are not sudo-specific. Note that sudo parses
     /etc/sudo-ldap.conf itself and may support options that differ from those
     described in the system's ldap.conf(8) manual.

     Also note that on systems using the OpenLDAP libraries, default values
     specified in /etc/openldap/ldap.conf or the user's .ldaprc files are not
     used.

     Only those options explicitly listed in /etc/sudo-ldap.conf as being sup-
     ported by sudo are honored.  Configuration options are listed below in
     upper case but are parsed in a case-independent manner.

     URI ldap[s]://[hostname[:port]] ...
	   Specifies a whitespace-delimited list of one or more URIs describ-
	   ing the LDAP server(s) to connect to.  The protocol may be either
	   ldap ldaps, the latter being for servers that support TLS (SSL)
	   encryption.	If no port is specified, the default is port 389 for
	   ldap:// or port 636 for ldaps://.  If no hostname is specified,
	   sudo will connect to localhost.  Multiple URI lines are treated
	   identically to a URI line containing multiple entries.  Only sys-
	   tems using the OpenSSL libraries support the mixing of ldap:// and
	   ldaps:// URIs.  Both the Netscape-derived and Tivoli LDAP libraries
	   used on most commercial versions of Unix are only capable of sup-
	   porting one or the other.

     HOST name[:port] ...
	   If no URI is specified, the HOST parameter specifies a whitespace-
	   delimited list of LDAP servers to connect to.  Each host may
	   include an optional port separated by a colon (`:').	 The HOST
	   parameter is deprecated in favor of the URI specification and is
	   included for backwards compatibility.

     PORT port_number
	   If no URI is specified, the PORT parameter specifies the default
	   port to connect to on the LDAP server if a HOST parameter does not
	   specify the port itself.  If no PORT parameter is used, the default
	   is port 389 for LDAP and port 636 for LDAP over TLS (SSL).  The
	   PORT parameter is deprecated in favor of the URI specification and
	   is included for backwards compatibility.

     BIND_TIMELIMIT seconds
	   The BIND_TIMELIMIT parameter specifies the amount of time, in sec-
	   onds, to wait while trying to connect to an LDAP server.  If multi-
	   ple URIs or HOSTs are specified, this is the amount of time to wait
	   before trying the next one in the list.

     NETWORK_TIMEOUT seconds
	   An alias for BIND_TIMELIMIT for OpenLDAP compatibility.

     TIMELIMIT seconds
	   The TIMELIMIT parameter specifies the amount of time, in seconds,
	   to wait for a response to an LDAP query.

     TIMEOUT seconds
	   The TIMEOUT parameter specifies the amount of time, in seconds, to
	   wait for a response from the various LDAP APIs.

     SUDOERS_BASE base
	   The base DN to use when performing sudo LDAP queries.  Typically
	   this is of the form ou=SUDOers,dc=example,dc=com for the domain
	   example.com.	 Multiple SUDOERS_BASE lines may be specified, in
	   which case they are queried in the order specified.

     SUDOERS_SEARCH_FILTER ldap_filter
	   An LDAP filter which is used to restrict the set of records
	   returned when performing a sudo LDAP query.	Typically, this is of
	   the form attribute=value or
	   (&(attribute=value)(attribute2=value2)).

     SUDOERS_TIMED on/true/yes/off/false/no
	   Whether or not to evaluate the sudoNotBefore and sudoNotAfter
	   attributes that implement time-dependent sudoers entries.

     SUDOERS_DEBUG debug_level
	   This sets the debug level for sudo LDAP queries.  Debugging infor-
	   mation is printed to the standard error.  A value of 1 results in a
	   moderate amount of debugging information.  A value of 2 shows the
	   results of the matches themselves.  This parameter should not be
	   set in a production environment as the extra information is likely
	   to confuse users.

     BINDDN DN
	   The BINDDN parameter specifies the identity, in the form of a Dis-
	   tinguished Name (DN), to use when performing LDAP operations.  If
	   not specified, LDAP operations are performed with an anonymous
	   identity.  By default, most LDAP servers will allow anonymous
	   access.

     BINDPW secret
	   The BINDPW parameter specifies the password to use when performing
	   LDAP operations.  This is typically used in conjunction with the
	   BINDDN parameter.

     ROOTBINDDN DN
	   The ROOTBINDDN parameter specifies the identity, in the form of a
	   Distinguished Name (DN), to use when performing privileged LDAP
	   operations, such as sudoers queries.	 The password corresponding to
	   the identity should be stored in /etc/ldap.secret.  If not speci-
	   fied, the BINDDN identity is used (if any).

     LDAP_VERSION number
	   The version of the LDAP protocol to use when connecting to the
	   server.  The default value is protocol version 3.

     SSL on/true/yes/off/false/no
	   If the SSL parameter is set to on, true or yes, TLS (SSL) encryp-
	   tion is always used when communicating with the LDAP server.	 Typi-
	   cally, this involves connecting to the server on port 636 (ldaps).

     SSL start_tls
	   If the SSL parameter is set to start_tls, the LDAP server connec-
	   tion is initiated normally and TLS encryption is begun before the
	   bind credentials are sent.  This has the advantage of not requiring
	   a dedicated port for encrypted communications.  This parameter is
	   only supported by LDAP servers that honor the start_tls extension,
	   such as the OpenLDAP and Tivoli Directory servers.

     TLS_CHECKPEER on/true/yes/off/false/no
	   If enabled, TLS_CHECKPEER will cause the LDAP server's TLS certifi-
	   cated to be verified.  If the server's TLS certificate cannot be
	   verified (usually because it is signed by an unknown certificate
	   authority), sudo will be unable to connect to it.  If TLS_CHECKPEER
	   is disabled, no check is made.  Note that disabling the check cre-
	   ates an opportunity for man-in-the-middle attacks since the
	   server's identity will not be authenticated.	 If possible, the CA's
	   certificate should be installed locally so it can be verified.
	   This option is not supported by the Tivoli Directory Server LDAP
	   libraries.

     TLS_CACERT file name
	   An alias for TLS_CACERTFILE for OpenLDAP compatibility.

     TLS_CACERTFILE file name
	   The path to a certificate authority bundle which contains the cer-
	   tificates for all the Certificate Authorities the client knows to
	   be valid, e.g. /etc/ssl/ca-bundle.pem.  This option is only sup-
	   ported by the OpenLDAP libraries.  Netscape-derived LDAP libraries
	   use the same certificate database for CA and client certificates
	   (see TLS_CERT).

     TLS_CACERTDIR directory
	   Similar to TLS_CACERTFILE but instead of a file, it is a directory
	   containing individual Certificate Authority certificates, e.g.
	   /etc/ssl/certs.  The directory specified by TLS_CACERTDIR is
	   checked after TLS_CACERTFILE.  This option is only supported by the
	   OpenLDAP libraries.

     TLS_CERT file name
	   The path to a file containing the client certificate which can be
	   used to authenticate the client to the LDAP server.	The certifi-
	   cate type depends on the LDAP libraries used.

	   OpenLDAP:
		 tls_cert /etc/ssl/client_cert.pem

	   Netscape-derived:
		 tls_cert /var/ldap/cert7.db

	   Tivoli Directory Server:
		 Unused, the key database specified by TLS_KEY contains both
		 keys and certificates.

		 When using Netscape-derived libraries, this file may also
		 contain Certificate Authority certificates.

     TLS_KEY file name
	   The path to a file containing the private key which matches the
	   certificate specified by TLS_CERT.  The private key must not be
	   password-protected.	The key type depends on the LDAP libraries
	   used.

	   OpenLDAP:
		 tls_key /etc/ssl/client_key.pem

	   Netscape-derived:
		 tls_key /var/ldap/key3.db

	   Tivoli Directory Server:
		 tls_cert /usr/ldap/ldapkey.kdb
	   When using Tivoli LDAP libraries, this file may also contain Cer-
	   tificate Authority and client certificates and may be encrypted.

     TLS_KEYPW secret
	   The TLS_KEYPW contains the password used to decrypt the key data-
	   base on clients using the Tivoli Directory Server LDAP library.  If
	   no TLS_KEYPW is specified, a stash file will be used if it exists.
	   The stash file must have the same path as the file specified by
	   TLS_KEY, but use a .sth file extension instead of .kdb, e.g.
	   ldapkey.sth.	 The default ldapkey.kdb that ships with Tivoli Direc-
	   tory Server is encrypted with the password ssl_password.  This
	   option is only supported by the Tivoli LDAP libraries.

     TLS_RANDFILE file name
	   The TLS_RANDFILE parameter specifies the path to an entropy source
	   for systems that lack a random device.  It is generally used in
	   conjunction with prngd or egd.  This option is only supported by
	   the OpenLDAP libraries.

     TLS_CIPHERS cipher list
	   The TLS_CIPHERS parameter allows the administer to restrict which
	   encryption algorithms may be used for TLS (SSL) connections.	 See
	   the OpenLDAP or Tivoli Directory Server manual for a list of valid
	   ciphers.  This option is not supported by Netscape-derived
	   libraries.

     USE_SASL on/true/yes/off/false/no
	   Enable USE_SASL for LDAP servers that support SASL authentication.

     SASL_AUTH_ID identity
	   The SASL user name to use when connecting to the LDAP server.  By
	   default, sudo will use an anonymous connection.

     ROOTUSE_SASL on/true/yes/off/false/no
	   Enable ROOTUSE_SASL to enable SASL authentication when connecting
	   to an LDAP server from a privileged process, such as sudo.

     ROOTSASL_AUTH_ID identity
	   The SASL user name to use when ROOTUSE_SASL is enabled.

     SASL_SECPROPS none/properties
	   SASL security properties or none for no properties.	See the SASL
	   programmer's manual for details.

     KRB5_CCNAME file name
	   The path to the Kerberos 5 credential cache to use when authenti-
	   cating with the remote server.

     DEREF never/searching/finding/always
	   How alias dereferencing is to be performed when searching.  See the
	   ldap.conf(8) manual for a full description of this option.

     See the ldap.conf entry in the EXAMPLES section.

   Configuring nsswitch.conf
     Unless it is disabled at build time, sudo consults the Name Service
     Switch file, /etc/nsswitch.conf, to specify the sudoers search order.
     Sudo looks for a line beginning with sudoers: and uses this to determine
     the search order.	Note that sudo does not stop searching after the first
     match and later matches take precedence over earlier ones.	 The following
     sources are recognized:

	 files	   read sudoers from /etc/sudoers
	 ldap	   read sudoers from LDAP

     In addition, the entry [NOTFOUND=return] will short-circuit the search if
     the user was not found in the preceding source.

     To consult LDAP first followed by the local sudoers file (if it exists),
     use:

	 sudoers: ldap files

     The local sudoers file can be ignored completely by using:

	 sudoers: ldap

     If the /etc/nsswitch.conf file is not present or there is no sudoers
     line, the following default is assumed:

	 sudoers: files

     Note that /etc/nsswitch.conf is supported even when the underlying oper-
     ating system does not use an nsswitch.conf file, except on AIX (see
     below).

   Configuring netsvc.conf
     On AIX systems, the /etc/netsvc.conf file is consulted instead of
     /etc/nsswitch.conf.  sudo simply treats netsvc.conf as a variant of
     nsswitch.conf; information in the previous section unrelated to the file
     format itself still applies.

     To consult LDAP first followed by the local sudoers file (if it exists),
     use:

	 sudoers = ldap, files

     The local sudoers file can be ignored completely by using:

	 sudoers = ldap

     To treat LDAP as authoratative and only use the local sudoers file if the
     user is not present in LDAP, use:

	 sudoers = ldap = auth, files

     Note that in the above example, the auth qualfier only affects user
     lookups; both LDAP and sudoers will be queried for Defaults entries.

     If the /etc/netsvc.conf file is not present or there is no sudoers line,
     the following default is assumed:

	 sudoers = files

FILES
     /etc/sudo-ldap.conf       LDAP configuration file

     /etc/nsswitch.conf	       determines sudoers source order

     /etc/netsvc.conf	       determines sudoers source order on AIX

EXAMPLES
   Example ldap.conf
       # Either specify one or more URIs or one or more host:port pairs.
       # If neither is specified sudo will default to localhost, port 389.
       #
       #host	      ldapserver
       #host	      ldapserver1 ldapserver2:390
       #
       # Default port if host is specified without one, defaults to 389.
       #port	      389
       #
       # URI will override the host and port settings.
       uri	      ldap://ldapserver
       #uri	       ldaps://secureldapserver
       #uri	       ldaps://secureldapserver ldap://ldapserver
       #
       # The amount of time, in seconds, to wait while trying to connect to
       # an LDAP server.
       bind_timelimit 30
       #
       # The amount of time, in seconds, to wait while performing an LDAP query.
       timelimit 30
       #
       # Must be set or sudo will ignore LDAP; may be specified multiple times.
       sudoers_base   ou=SUDOers,dc=example,dc=com
       #
       # verbose sudoers matching from ldap
       #sudoers_debug 2
       #
       # Enable support for time-based entries in sudoers.
       #sudoers_timed yes
       #
       # optional proxy credentials
       #binddn	      <who to search as>
       #bindpw	      <password>
       #rootbinddn    <who to search as, uses /etc/ldap.secret for bindpw>
       #
       # LDAP protocol version, defaults to 3
       #ldap_version 3
       #
       # Define if you want to use an encrypted LDAP connection.
       # Typically, you must also set the port to 636 (ldaps).
       #ssl on
       #
       # Define if you want to use port 389 and switch to
       # encryption before the bind credentials are sent.
       # Only supported by LDAP servers that support the start_tls
       # extension such as OpenLDAP.
       #ssl start_tls
       #
       # Additional TLS options follow that allow tweaking of the
       # SSL/TLS connection.
       #
       #tls_checkpeer yes # verify server SSL certificate
       #tls_checkpeer no  # ignore server SSL certificate
       #
       # If you enable tls_checkpeer, specify either tls_cacertfile
       # or tls_cacertdir.  Only supported when using OpenLDAP.
       #
       #tls_cacertfile /etc/certs/trusted_signers.pem
       #tls_cacertdir  /etc/certs
       #
       # For systems that don't have /dev/random
       # use this along with PRNGD or EGD.pl to seed the
       # random number pool to generate cryptographic session keys.
       # Only supported when using OpenLDAP.
       #
       #tls_randfile /etc/egd-pool
       #
       # You may restrict which ciphers are used.  Consult your SSL
       # documentation for which options go here.
       # Only supported when using OpenLDAP.
       #
       #tls_ciphers <cipher-list>
       #
       # Sudo can provide a client certificate when communicating to
       # the LDAP server.
       # Tips:
       #   * Enable both lines at the same time.
       #   * Do not password protect the key file.
       #   * Ensure the keyfile is only readable by root.
       #
       # For OpenLDAP:
       #tls_cert /etc/certs/client_cert.pem
       #tls_key	 /etc/certs/client_key.pem
       #
       # For SunONE or iPlanet LDAP, tls_cert and tls_key may specify either
       # a directory, in which case the files in the directory must have the
       # default names (e.g. cert8.db and key4.db), or the path to the cert
       # and key files themselves.  However, a bug in version 5.0 of the LDAP
       # SDK will prevent specific file names from working.  For this reason
       # it is suggested that tls_cert and tls_key be set to a directory,
       # not a file name.
       #
       # The certificate database specified by tls_cert may contain CA certs
       # and/or the client's cert.  If the client's cert is included, tls_key
       # should be specified as well.
       # For backward compatibility, "sslpath" may be used in place of tls_cert.
       #tls_cert /var/ldap
       #tls_key /var/ldap
       #
       # If using SASL authentication for LDAP (OpenSSL)
       # use_sasl yes
       # sasl_auth_id <SASL user name>
       # rootuse_sasl yes
       # rootsasl_auth_id <SASL user name for root access>
       # sasl_secprops none
       # krb5_ccname /etc/.ldapcache

   Sudo schema for OpenLDAP
     The following schema, in OpenLDAP format, is included with sudo source
     and binary distributions as schema.OpenLDAP.  Simply copy it to the
     schema directory (e.g. /etc/openldap/schema), add the proper include line
     in slapd.conf and restart slapd.

       attributetype ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.15953.9.1.1
	  NAME 'sudoUser'
	  DESC 'User(s) who may	 run sudo'
	  EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
	  SUBSTR caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch
	  SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 )

       attributetype ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.15953.9.1.2
	  NAME 'sudoHost'
	  DESC 'Host(s) who may run sudo'
	  EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
	  SUBSTR caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch
	  SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 )

       attributetype ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.15953.9.1.3
	  NAME 'sudoCommand'
	  DESC 'Command(s) to be executed by sudo'
	  EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
	  SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 )

       attributetype ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.15953.9.1.4
	  NAME 'sudoRunAs'
	  DESC 'User(s) impersonated by sudo'
	  EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
	  SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 )

       attributetype ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.15953.9.1.5
	  NAME 'sudoOption'
	  DESC 'Options(s) followed by sudo'
	  EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
	  SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 )

       attributetype ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.15953.9.1.6
	  NAME 'sudoRunAsUser'
	  DESC 'User(s) impersonated by sudo'
	  EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
	  SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 )

       attributetype ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.15953.9.1.7
	  NAME 'sudoRunAsGroup'
	  DESC 'Group(s) impersonated by sudo'
	  EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
	  SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 )

       attributetype ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.15953.9.1.8
	  NAME 'sudoNotBefore'
	  DESC 'Start of time interval for which the entry is valid'
	  EQUALITY generalizedTimeMatch
	  ORDERING generalizedTimeOrderingMatch
	  SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.24 )

       attributetype ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.15953.9.1.9
	  NAME 'sudoNotAfter'
	  DESC 'End of time interval for which the entry is valid'
	  EQUALITY generalizedTimeMatch
	  ORDERING generalizedTimeOrderingMatch
	  SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.24 )

       attributeTypes ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.15953.9.1.10
	   NAME 'sudoOrder'
	   DESC 'an integer to order the sudoRole entries'
	   EQUALITY integerMatch
	   ORDERING integerOrderingMatch
	   SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 )

       objectclass ( 1.3.6.1.4.1.15953.9.2.1 NAME 'sudoRole' SUP top STRUCTURAL
	  DESC 'Sudoer Entries'
	  MUST ( cn )
	  MAY ( sudoUser $ sudoHost $ sudoCommand $ sudoRunAs $ sudoRunAsUser $
		sudoRunAsGroup $ sudoOption $ sudoNotBefore $ sudoNotAfter $
		sudoOrder $ description )
	  )

SEE ALSO
     ldap.conf(8), sudoers(8)

CAVEATS
     Note that there are differences in the way that LDAP-based sudoers is
     parsed compared to file-based sudoers.  See the Differences between LDAP
     and non-LDAP sudoers section for more information.

BUGS
     If you feel you have found a bug in sudo, please submit a bug report at
     http://www.sudo.ws/sudo/bugs/

SUPPORT
     Limited free support is available via the sudo-users mailing list, see
     http://www.sudo.ws/mailman/listinfo/sudo-users to subscribe or search the
     archives.

DISCLAIMER
     sudo is provided ``AS IS'' and any express or implied warranties, includ-
     ing, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and
     fitness for a particular purpose are disclaimed.  See the LICENSE file
     distributed with sudo or http://www.sudo.ws/sudo/license.html for com-
     plete details.

Sudo 1.8.6p3			 July 12, 2012			  Sudo 1.8.6p3