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UDP(7)			   Linux Programmer's Manual			UDP(7)

       udp - User Datagram Protocol for IPv4

       #include <sys/socket.h>
       #include <netinet/in.h>
       #include <netinet/udp.h>

       udp_socket = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);

       This  is	 an  implementation of the User Datagram Protocol described in
       RFC 768.	 It implements a connectionless,  unreliable  datagram	packet
       service.	  Packets  may	be reordered or duplicated before they arrive.
       UDP generates and checks checksums to catch transmission errors.

       When a UDP socket is  created,  its  local  and	remote	addresses  are
       unspecified.   Datagrams	 can  be  sent	immediately using sendto(2) or
       sendmsg(2) with a valid destination address as an argument.  When  con-
       nect(2) is called on the socket, the default destination address is set
       and datagrams can now be sent using send(2) or write(2) without	speci-
       fying  a	 destination  address.	 It is still possible to send to other
       destinations by passing an address  to  sendto(2)  or  sendmsg(2).   In
       order  to  receive  packets, the socket can be bound to a local address
       first by using bind(2).	Otherwise, the socket layer will automatically
       assign	a   free   local   port	  out	of   the   range   defined  by
       /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_port_range	and   bind   the   socket   to

       All  receive  operations	 return	 only  one packet.  When the packet is
       smaller than the passed buffer, only that much data is  returned;  when
       it  is  bigger,	the packet is truncated and the MSG_TRUNC flag is set.
       MSG_WAITALL is not supported.

       IP options may be sent or received using the socket  options  described
       in  ip(7).   They are processed by the kernel only when the appropriate
       /proc parameter is enabled (but still passed to the user even  when  it
       is turned off).	See ip(7).

       When  the MSG_DONTROUTE flag is set on sending, the destination address
       must refer to a local interface address and the packet is sent only  to
       that interface.

       By default, Linux UDP does path MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) discov-
       ery.  This means the kernel will keep track of the MTU  to  a  specific
       target  IP  address and return EMSGSIZE when a UDP packet write exceeds
       it.  When this happens, the  application	 should	 decrease  the	packet
       size.   Path MTU discovery can be also turned off using the IP_MTU_DIS-
       COVER socket option or the /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_no_pmtu_disc file; see
       ip(7)  for  details.   When  turned off, UDP will fragment outgoing UDP
       packets that exceed the interface MTU.  However, disabling  it  is  not
       recommended for performance and reliability reasons.

   Address format
       UDP uses the IPv4 sockaddr_in address format described in ip(7).

   Error handling
       All  fatal  errors  will	 be passed to the user as an error return even
       when the socket is not connected.  This	includes  asynchronous	errors
       received	 from the network.  You may get an error for an earlier packet
       that was sent on the same socket.   This	 behavior  differs  from  many
       other BSD socket implementations which don't pass any errors unless the
       socket is connected.  Linux's behavior is mandated by RFC 1122.

       For compatibility with legacy code, in Linux 2.0 and 2.2 it was	possi-
       ble  to set the SO_BSDCOMPAT SOL_SOCKET option to receive remote errors
       only when the socket has been connected (except for  EPROTO  and	 EMSG-
       SIZE).	Locally	 generated errors are always passed.  Support for this
       socket option was removed in later kernels; see socket(7)  for  further

       When  the  IP_RECVERR  option  is enabled, all errors are stored in the
       socket error  queue,  and  can  be  received  by	 recvmsg(2)  with  the
       MSG_ERRQUEUE flag set.

   /proc interfaces
       System-wide  UDP	 parameter  settings  can  be accessed by files in the
       directory /proc/sys/net/ipv4/.

       udp_mem (since Linux 2.6.25)
	      This is a vector of three integers governing the number of pages
	      allowed for queueing by all UDP sockets.

	      min	Below  this number of pages, UDP is not bothered about
			its memory appetite.  When the amount of memory	 allo-
			cated by UDP exceeds this number, UDP starts to moder-
			ate memory usage.

	      pressure	This value was introduced  to  follow  the  format  of
			tcp_mem (see tcp(7)).

	      max	Number	of pages allowed for queueing by all UDP sock-

	      Defaults values for these three items  are  calculated  at  boot
	      time from the amount of available memory.

       udp_rmem_min (integer; default value: PAGE_SIZE; since Linux 2.6.25)
	      Minimal  size,  in bytes, of receive buffers used by UDP sockets
	      in moderation.  Each UDP socket is able  to  use	the  size  for
	      receiving	 data,	even  if  total	 pages	of  UDP sockets exceed
	      udp_mem pressure.

       udp_wmem_min (integer; default value: PAGE_SIZE; since Linux 2.6.25)
	      Minimal size, in bytes, of send buffer used by  UDP  sockets  in
	      moderation.  Each UDP socket is able to use the size for sending
	      data, even if total pages of UDP sockets	exceed	udp_mem	 pres-

   Socket options
       To  set	or get a UDP socket option, call getsockopt(2) to read or set-
       sockopt(2) to write the option with the option level  argument  set  to
       IPPROTO_UDP.  Unless otherwise noted, optval is a pointer to an int.

       UDP_CORK (since Linux 2.5.44)
	      If  this	option is enabled, then all data output on this socket
	      is accumulated into a single datagram that is  transmitted  when
	      the  option is disabled.	This option should not be used in code
	      intended to be portable.

       These ioctls can be accessed using ioctl(2).  The correct syntax is:

	      int value;
	      error = ioctl(udp_socket, ioctl_type, &value);

	      Gets a pointer to an integer as argument.	 Returns the  size  of
	      the  next pending datagram in the integer in bytes, or 0 when no
	      datagram is pending.  Warning: Using FIONREAD, it is  impossible
	      to  distinguish  the  case where no datagram is pending from the
	      case where the next pending  datagram  contains  zero  bytes  of
	      data.   It  is  safer  to use select(2), poll(2), or epoll(7) to
	      distinguish these cases.

	      Returns the number of data bytes in the local send queue.	  Sup-
	      ported only with Linux 2.4 and above.

       In  addition,  all  ioctls  documented  in ip(7) and socket(7) are sup-

       All errors documented for socket(7) or ip(7) may be returned by a  send
       or receive on a UDP socket.

	      No  receiver  was associated with the destination address.  This
	      might be caused by a previous packet sent over the socket.

       IP_RECVERR is a new feature in Linux 2.2.

       ip(7), raw(7), socket(7), udplite(7)

       RFC 768 for the User Datagram Protocol.
       RFC 1122 for the host requirements.
       RFC 1191 for a description of path MTU discovery.

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       description  of	the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
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Linux				  2013-07-31				UDP(7)