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UMOUNT(2)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		     UMOUNT(2)

       umount, umount2 - unmount filesystem

       #include <sys/mount.h>

       int umount(const char *target);

       int umount2(const char *target, int flags);

       umount()	 and umount2() remove the attachment of the (topmost) filesys-
       tem mounted on target.

       Appropriate privilege (Linux: the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability) is required
       to unmount filesystems.

       Linux  2.1.116  added  the umount2() system call, which, like umount(),
       unmounts a target, but allows additional flags controlling the behavior
       of the operation:

       MNT_FORCE (since Linux 2.1.116)
	      Force  unmount  even  if busy.  This can cause data loss.	 (Only
	      for NFS mounts.)

       MNT_DETACH (since Linux 2.4.11)
	      Perform a lazy unmount: make the mount point unavailable for new
	      accesses, immediately disconnect the filesystem and all filesys-
	      tems mounted below it from each other and from the mount	table,
	      and  actually perform the unmount when the mount point ceases to
	      be busy.

       MNT_EXPIRE (since Linux 2.6.8)
	      Mark the mount point as expired.	If a mount point is  not  cur-
	      rently  in use, then an initial call to umount2() with this flag
	      fails with the error  EAGAIN,  but  marks	 the  mount  point  as
	      expired.	 The  mount  point remains expired as long as it isn't
	      accessed by any process.	A  second  umount2()  call  specifying
	      MNT_EXPIRE unmounts an expired mount point.  This flag cannot be
	      specified with either MNT_FORCE or MNT_DETACH.

       UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW (since Linux 2.6.34)
	      Don't dereference target if it is a symbolic  link.   This  flag
	      allows  security problems to be avoided in set-user-ID-root pro-
	      grams that allow unprivileged users to unmount filesystems.

       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and  errno  is
       set appropriately.

       The  error  values  given below result from filesystem type independent
       errors.	Each filesystem type may have its own special errors  and  its
       own special behavior.  See the Linux kernel source code for details.

       EAGAIN A call to umount2() specifying MNT_EXPIRE successfully marked an
	      unbusy filesystem as expired.

       EBUSY  target could not be unmounted because it is busy.

       EFAULT target points outside the user address space.

       EINVAL target is not a mount point.

       EINVAL umount2() was called with MNT_EXPIRE and	either	MNT_DETACH  or

       EINVAL (since Linux 2.6.34)
	      umount2() was called with an invalid flag value in flags.

	      A pathname was longer than MAXPATHLEN.

       ENOENT A pathname was empty or had a nonexistent component.

       ENOMEM The  kernel  could not allocate a free page to copy filenames or
	      data into.

       EPERM  The caller does not have the required privileges.

       MNT_DETACH and MNT_EXPIRE are available in glibc since version 2.11.

       These functions are Linux-specific and should not be used  in  programs
       intended to be portable.

   umount() and shared mount points
       Shared  mount points cause any mount activity on a mount point, includ-
       ing umount() operations, to be forwarded to every shared mount point in
       the  peer  group	 and every slave mount of that peer group.  This means
       that umount() of any peer in a set of shared mounts will cause  all  of
       its  peers  to  be unmounted and all of their slaves to be unmounted as

       This propagation of unmount activity can be particularly surprising  on
       systems where every mount point is shared by default.  On such systems,
       recursively bind mounting the root directory of the filesystem  onto  a
       subdirectory   and   then   later  unmounting  that  subdirectory  with
       MNT_DETACH will cause every mount in the mount namespace to  be	lazily

       To  ensure umount() does not propagate in this fashion, the mount point
       may be remounted using a mount() call with a mount_flags argument  that
       includes both MS_REC and MS_PRIVATE prior to umount() being called.

   Historical details
       The  original  umount() function was called as umount(device) and would
       return ENOTBLK when called with something other than  a	block  device.
       In  Linux  0.98p4,  a  call  umount(dir) was added, in order to support
       anonymous devices.  In Linux 2.3.99-pre7, the call  umount(device)  was
       removed,	 leaving only umount(dir) (since now devices can be mounted in
       more than one place, so specifying the device does not suffice).

       mount(2), mount_namespaces(7), path_resolution(7), mount(8), umount(8)

       This page is part of release 4.10 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of	the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest	 version    of	  this	  page,	   can	   be	  found	    at

Linux				  2016-07-17			     UMOUNT(2)