Yolinux.com

ypserv manpage

Search topic Section
Get manual page for the search topic
List all commands matching the search topic
List all topics in the manpage index

YPSERV(8)		       Reference Manual			     YPSERV(8)



NAME
       ypserv - NIS server

SYNOPSIS
       /usr/sbin/ypserv [ -d [ path ] ] [ -p port ] [ -i iface ]


DESCRIPTION
       The  Network Information Service (NIS) provides a simple network lookup
       service consisting of databases and processes.  The databases are  gdbm
       files in a directory tree rooted at /var/yp.

       The  ypserv  daemon  is	typically activated at system startup.	ypserv
       runs only on NIS server machines with a complete NIS database. On other
       machines	 using	the  NIS services, you have to run ypbind as client or
       under Linux you could use the libc with NYS support.  ypbind  must  run
       on  every machine which has NIS client processes; ypserv may or may not
       be running on the same node, but must be running somewhere on the  net-
       work. On startup or when receiving the signal SIGHUP, ypserv parses the
       file /etc/ypserv.conf.  It is also possible to pass OPTIONS  to	ypserv
       using the environment variable YPSERV_ARGS and this variable can be set
       in /etc/sysconfig/network.


OPTIONS
       -d --debug [path]
	      Causes the server to run in  debugging  mode.  Normally,	ypserv
	      reports  only errors (access violations, dbm failures) using the
	      syslog(3) facility. In debug mode, the  server  does  not	 back-
	      ground  itself  and  prints  extra status messages to stderr for
	      each request that it receives.  path is an optionally parameter.
	      ypserv is using this directory instead of /var/yp

       -i --iface iface
	      Causes  the  server to only be available via interface iface Use
	      this if you want ypserv to only provide service on a  particular
	      network interface.  iface is a required parameter ypserv will be
	      using that interface instead of all the available network inter-
	      faces.

       -p --port port
	      ypserv will bind itself to this port.  This makes it possible to
	      have a router filter packets to the NIS ports, so that access to
	      the NIS server from hosts on the Internet can be restricted.

       -v --version
	      Prints the version number

SECURITY
       In general, any remote user can issue an RPC to ypserv and retrieve the
       contents of your NIS maps, if he knows your  domain  name.  To  prevent
       such  unauthorized  transactions,  ypserv  supports  a  feature	called
       securenets which can be used to restrict	 access	 to  a	given  set  of
       hosts.	At  startup  or	 when  arriving the SIGHUP Signal, ypserv will
       attempt	to  load  the  securenets  information	from  a	 file	called
       /var/yp/securenets .  This file contains entries that consist of a net-
       mask and a network pair separated by white spaces.  Lines starting with
       ''#'' are considered to be comments.

       A sample securenets file might look like this:

	      # allow connections from local host -- necessary
	      host 127.0.0.1
	      # same as 255.255.255.255 127.0.0.1
	      #
	      # allow connections from any host
	      # on the 131.234.223.0 network
	      255.255.255.0   131.234.223.0
	      # allow connections from any host
	      # between 131.234.214.0 and 131.234.215.255
	      255.255.254.0   131.234.214.0

       If  ypserv  receives  a	request	 from an address that fails to match a
       rule, the request will be ignored and a warning message will be logged.
       If  the	/var/yp/securenets file does not exist, ypserv will allow con-
       nections from any host.

       In the /etc/ypserv.conf you could specify some access rules for special
       maps  and  hosts.  But  it is not very secure, it makes the life only a
       little bit harder for a potential hacker. If a mapname doesn't match  a
       rule,  ypserv will look for the YP_SECURE key in the map. If it exists,
       ypserv will only allow requests on a reserved port.

       For security reasons, ypserv will only accept ypproc_xfr	 requests  for
       updating	 maps  from the same master server as the old one. This means,
       you have to reinstall the slave servers if you change the master server
       for a map.

FILES
       /etc/ypserv.conf /var/yp/securenets /etc/sysconfig/network

SEE ALSO
       domainname(1),	ypcat(1),   ypmatch(1),	 ypserv.conf(5),  netgroup(5),
       makedbm(8), revnetgroup(8), ypinit(8), yppoll(8), yppush(8),  ypset(8),
       ypwhich(8), ypxfr(8), rpc.ypxfrd(8)

       The  Network Information Service (NIS) was formerly known as Sun Yellow
       Pages (YP).  The functionality of the two remains the  same;  only  the
       name  has  changed.  The name Yellow Pages is a registered trademark in
       the United Kingdom of British Telecommunications plc, and  may  not  be
       used without permission.

AUTHOR
       ypserv  was  written  by Peter Eriksson <pen@lysator.liu.se>.  Thorsten
       Kukuk <kukuk@suse.de> added support for master/slave server and is  the
       new Maintainer.



YP Server			  August 2001			     YPSERV(8)
YoLinux.com Home Page
YoLinux Tutorial Index
Privacy Policy | Advertise with us | Feedback Form |
Unauthorized copying or redistribution prohibited.
    Bookmark and Share