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ICEDAX(1)		    General Commands Manual		     ICEDAX(1)

       icedax  -  a  sampling  utility that dumps CD audio data into wav sound

       icedax [-c chans] [-s] [-m]  [-b	 bits]	[-r  rate]  [-a	 divider]  [-t
       track[+endtrack]]  [-i  index] [-o offset] [-d duration] [-x] [-q] [-w]
       [-v optlist] [-V] [-Q] [-J] [-L cddbmode] [-R] [-P sectors]  [-F]  [-G]
       [-T] [-e] [-p percentage] [-n sectors] [-l buffers] [-N] [-J] [-H] [-g]
       [-B] [-D device] [-A  auxdevice]	 [-I  interface]  [-O  audiotype]  [-C
       input-endianess]	 [-E  output-endianess]	 [-M count] [-S speed] [-para-
       noia] [cddbp-server=servername] [cddbp-port=portnumber] [filename(s) or

       icedax  stands  for InCrEdible Digital Audio eXtractor. It can retrieve
       audio tracks (CDDA) from CDROM drives that are capable of reading audio
       data digitally to the host (see README for a list of drives).


       -D device

       -device device
	      uses  device  as	the  source  for  CDDA	reading.  For  example
	      /dev/cdrom or Bus,ID,Lun.	 The  device  specification  can  also
	      have  influence on the selection of the driver interface (eg. on
	      Linux).  See the -I option for details.

	      The setting of the environment variable CDDA_DEVICE is  overrid-
	      den by this option.

       -A auxdevice

       -auxdevice auxdevice
	      uses auxdevice as CDROM drive for ioctl usage.

       -I interface

       -interface interface
	      specifies	 the  interface	 for CDROM access: generic_scsi or (on
	      Linux, and FreeBSD systems) cooked_ioctl.

	      Using the cooked_ioctl is not recommended as this	 makes	icedax
	      mainly  depend  on the audio extraction quality of the operating
	      system which is usually extremely bad.

       -c channels  --channels
	      uses 1 for mono, or 2 for stereo	recording,  or	s  for	stereo
	      recording with both channels swapped.

       -s  --stereo
	      sets to stereo recording.

       -m  --mono
	      sets to mono recording.

       -x  --max
	      sets maximum (CD) quality.

       -b bits	--bits-per-sample
	      sets bits per sample per channel: 8, 12 or 16.

       -r rate	--rate
	      sets  rate  in  samples  per second.  Possible values are listed
	      with the -R option.

       -a divider  --divider
	      sets rate to 44100Hz / divider.  Possible values are listed with
	      the -R option.

       -R  --dump-rates
	      shows a list of all sample rates and their dividers.

       -P  sectors  --set-overlap
	      sets  the	 initial  number of overlap sectors for jitter correc-

       -n sectors  --sectors-per-request
	      reads sectors per request.

       -l buffers  --buffers-in-ring
	      uses a ring buffer with buffers total.

       -t track+endtrack  --track
	      selects the start track and optionally the end track.

       -i index	 --index
	      selects the start index.

       -o offset  --offset
	      starts offset sectors behind start track (one sector equivalents
	      1/75 seconds).

       -O  audiotype  --output-format
	      can be wav (for wav files) or aiff (for apple/sgi aiff files) or
	      aifc (for apple/sgi aifc files) or au or sun (for	 sun  .au  PCM
	      files)  or  cdr  or  raw (for headerless files to be used for cd

       -C endianess  --cdrom-endianess
	      sets endianess of	 the  input  samples  to  'little',  'big'  or
	      'guess' to override defaults.

       -E endianess  --output-endianess
	      sets  endianess  of  the	output samples to 'little' or 'big' to
	      override defaults.

       -d duration  --duration
	      sets recording time in seconds or frames.	 Frames (sectors)  are
	      indicated by a 'f' suffix (like 75f for 75 sectors).  0 sets the
	      time for whole track.

       -B  --bulk --alltracks
	      copies each track into a separate file.

       -w  --wait
	      waits for signal, then start recording.

       -F  --find-extremes
	      finds extreme amplitudes in samples.

       -G  --find-mono
	      finds if input samples are in mono.

       -T  --deemphasize
	      undo the effect of pre-emphasis in the input samples.

       -e  --echo
	      copies audio data to sound device e.g.  /dev/dsp.

       -p  percentage --set-pitch
	      changes pitch of audio data copied to sound device.

       -v  itemlist  --verbose-level
	      prints verbose information about the CD.	Level  is  a  list  of
	      comma  separated suboptions. Each suboption controls the type of
	      information to be reported.

	      |Suboption |		      Description		     |
	      |	 disable | no information is given, warnings appear however  |
	      |	     all | all information is given			     |
	      |	     toc | show table of contents			     |
	      |	 summary | show a summary of the recording parameters	     |
	      |	 indices | determine and display index offsets		     |
	      |	 catalog | retrieve and display the media catalog number MCN |
	      |	 trackid | retrieve and display all International Standard   |
	      |		 | Recording Codes ISRC				     |
	      |	 sectors | show the table of contents in start sector nota-  |
	      |		 | tion						     |
	      |	  titles | show the table of contents with track titles	     |
	      |		 | (when available)				     |
       -N  --no-write
	      does  not	 write	to  a  file, it just reads (for debugging pur-

       -J  --info-only
	      does not write to a file, it just gives  information  about  the

       -L  cddb mode --cddb
	      does a cddbp album- and track title lookup based on the cddb id.
	      The parameter cddb mode defines how multiple  entries  shall  be

	      |Parameter |		 Description		    |
	      |	       0 | interactive mode. The user selects the   |
	      |		 | entry to use.			    |
	      |	       1 | first fit mode. The first entry is taken |
	      |		 | unconditionally.			    |
	      sets the server to be contacted for title lookups.

	      sets the port number to be used for title lookups.

       -H  --no-infofile
	      does not write an info file and a cddb file.

       -g  --gui
	      formats the output to be better parsable by gui frontends.

       -M  count --md5
	      enables  calculation  of	MD-5 checksum for 'count' bytes from a
	      beginning of a track.

       -S  speed --speed
	      sets the cdrom device to one of the selectable speeds for	 read-

       -q  --quiet
	      quiet operation, no screen output.

       -V  --verbose-SCSI
	      enable  SCSI command logging to the console. This is mainly used
	      for debugging.

       -Q  --silent-SCSI
	      suppress SCSI command error reports  to  the  console.  This  is
	      mainly used for guis.

	      Scan  all	 SCSI devices on all SCSI busses and print the inquiry
	      strings. This option may be used to find	SCSI  address  of  the
	      CD/DVD-Recorder  on a system.  The numbers printed out as labels
	      are computed by: bus * 100 + target

	      Like -scanbus but works in a more	 native	 way,  respecting  the
	      device  name  specification on the current operating system. See
	      wodim(1) for details.

	      use the paranoia library instead of icedax's routines for	 read-

       -h  --help
	      display version of icedax on standard output.

       Defaults depend on the
	      Makefile	  and	environment   variable	 settings   (currently
	      CDDA_DEVICE ).

       CDDA_DEVICE is used to set the device name. The device naming  is  com-
       patible with the one used by the wodim tool.

	      is used for cddbp title lookups when supplied.

	      is used for cddbp title lookups when supplied.

       RSH    If  the  RSH environment variable is present, the remote connec-
	      tion will not be created via rcmd(3) but by calling the  program
	      pointed  to  by  RSH.   Use  e.g.	  RSH=/usr/bin/ssh to create a
	      secure shell connection.

	      Note that this forces icedax to create a pipe to the rsh(1) pro-
	      gram  and disallows icedax to directly access the network socket
	      to the remote server.  This makes it impossible to set  up  per-
	      formance	parameters and slows down the connection compared to a
	      root initiated rcmd(3) connection.

       RSCSI  If the RSCSI environment variable is present,  the  remote  SCSI
	      server  will  not	 be the program /opt/schily/sbin/rscsi but the
	      program pointed to by RSCSI.  Note that the remote  SCSI	server
	      program name will be ignored if you log in using an account that
	      has been created with a remote  SCSI  server  program  as	 login

       icedax  uses  the  following  exit codes to indicate various degrees of

       |Exitcode |			  Description			     |
       |       0 | no errors encountered, successful operation.		     |
       |       1 | usage or syntax error. icedax got inconsistent arguments. |
       |       2 | permission (un)set errors. permission changes failed.     |
       |       3 | read errors on the cdrom/burner device encountered.	     |
       |       4 | write errors while writing one of the output files	     |
       |	 | encountered.						     |
       |       5 | errors with soundcard handling (initialization/write).    |
       |       6 | errors with stat() system call on the read device (cooked |
       |	 | ioctl).						     |
       |       7 | pipe communication errors encountered (in forked mode).   |
       |       8 | signal handler installation errors encountered.	     |
       |       9 | allocation of shared memory failed (in forked mode).	     |
       |      10 | dynamic heap memory allocation failed.		     |
       |      11 | errors on the audio cd medium encountered.		     |
       |      12 | device open error in ioctl handling detected.	     |
       |      13 | race condition in ioctl interface handling detected.	     |
       |      14 | error in ioctl() operation encountered.		     |
       |      15 | internal error encountered. Please report back!!!	     |
       |      16 | error in semaphore operation encountered (install /	     |
       |	 | request).						     |
       |      17 | could not get the scsi transfer buffer.		     |
       |      18 | could not create pipes for process communication (in	     |
       |	 | forked mode).					     |
       icedax is able to read parts of an audio CD or multimedia  CDROM	 (con-
       taining	audio parts) directly digitally. These parts can be written to
       a file, a pipe, or to a sound device.

       icedax stands for CDDA to WAV (where CDDA stands for compact disc digi-
       tal  audio  and WAV is a sound sample format introduced by MS Windows).
       It allows copying CDDA audio data from the CDROM drive into a  file  in
       WAV or other formats.

       The  latest  versions try to get higher real-time scheduling priorities
       to ensure smooth (uninterrupted) operation. These priorities are avail-
       able  for  super users and are higher than those of 'normal' processes.
       Thus delays are minimized.

       If your CDROM is on device DEV and it is loaded with an audio  CD,  you
       may  simply  invoke  icedax  dev=DEV  and it will create the sound file
       audio.wav recording the whole track beginning with track 1 in stereo at
       16  bit	at  44100 Hz sample rate, if your file system has enough space
       free.  Otherwise recording time will be limited. For details see	 files

	      Most  of	the  options are used to control the format of the WAV
	      file. In the following text all of them are described.

       Select Device
	      -D device selects the CDROM drive device to be used.  The speci-
	      fier  given  should  correspond  to  the selected interface (see
	      below).  CHANGE!	For the cooked_ioctl  interface	 this  is  the
	      cdrom  device  descriptor as before.  The SCSI devices used with
	      the generic SCSI interface however are now addressed with	 their
	      SCSI-Bus,	 SCSI-Id,  and	SCSI-Lun  instead  of the generic SCSI
	      device descriptor!!!  One example for a SCSI CDROM drive on  bus
	      0 with SCSI ID 3 and lun 0 is -D0,3,0.

       Select Auxiliary device
	      -A  auxdevice  is necessary for CD-Extra handling. For Non-SCSI-
	      CDROM drives this is the same device as given by -D (see above).
	      For  SCSI-CDROM drives it is the CDROM drive (SCSI) device (i.e.
	      /dev/sr0 ) corresponding to the SCSI device (i.e.	 0,3,0	).  It
	      has to match the device used for sampling.

       Select Interface
	      -I  interface selects the CDROM drive interface. For SCSI drives
	      use generic_scsi (cooked_ioctl may not yet be available for  all
	      devices):	 generic_scsi  and  cooked_ioctl.   The first uses the
	      generic SCSI interface, the latter uses the ioctl of  the	 CDROM
	      driver.  The  latter  variant  works only when the kernel driver
	      supports CDDA reading. This entry	 has  to  match	 the  selected
	      CDROM device (see above).

       Enable echo to soundcard
	      -e  copies  audio data to the sound card while recording, so you
	      hear it nearly simultaneously. The soundcard gets the same  data
	      that  is	recorded. This is time critical, so it works best with
	      the -q option.  To use icedax as	a  pseudo  CD  player  without
	      recording	 in  a	file  you could use icedax -q -e -t2 -d0 -N to
	      play the whole second track. This feature reduces the  recording
	      speed  to	 at most onefold speed. You cannot make better record-
	      ings than your sound card can  play  (since  the	same  data  is

       Change pitch of echoed audio
	      -p  percentage  changes the pitch of all audio echoed to a sound
	      card. Only the copy to the soundcard is affected,	 the  recorded
	      audio samples in a file remain the same.	Normal pitch, which is
	      the default, is given by 100%.  Lower percentages correspond  to
	      lower  pitches,  i.e.   -p  50  transposes  the audio output one
	      octave lower.  See also the script pitchplay as an example. This
	      option was contributed by Raul Sobon.

       Select mono or stereo recording
	      -m  or  -c  1  selects  mono recording (both stereo channels are
	      mixed), -s or -c 2 or -c s selects stereo recording. Parameter s
	      will swap both sound channels.

       Select maximum quality
	      -x  will	set  stereo,  16  bits per sample at 44.1 KHz (full CD
	      quality).	 Note that other format options given later can change
	      this setting.

       Select sample quality
	      -b  8  specifies 8 bit (1 Byte) for each sample in each channel;
	      -b 12 specifies 12 bit (2 Byte) for each sample in each channel;
	      -b  16 specifies 16 bit (2 Byte) for each sample in each channel
	      (Ensure that your sample player or  sound	 card  is  capable  of
	      playing  12-bit or 16-bit samples). Selecting 12 or 16 bits dou-
	      bles file size.  12-bit samples are aligned to  16-bit  samples,
	      so they waste some disk space.

       Select sample rate
	      -r  samplerate  selects  a  sample rate.	samplerate can be in a
	      range between 44100 and  900.  Option  -R	 lists	all  available

       Select sample rate divider
	      -a  divider selects a sample rate divider.  divider can be mini-
	      mally 1 and maximally 50.5 and everything between	 in  steps  of
	      0.5.  Option -R lists all available rates.

	      To  make the sound smoother at lower sampling rates, icedax sums
	      over n samples (where n is the specific dividend). So for	 22050
	      Hertz  output  we	 have  to sum over 2 samples, for 900 Hertz we
	      have to sum over 49 samples.  This cancels  higher  frequencies.
	      Standard	sector size of an audio CD (ignoring additional infor-
	      mation) is 2352 Bytes. In order to finish summing for an	output
	      sample  at  sector boundaries the rates above have to be chosen.
	      Arbitrary sampling rates in  high	 quality  would	 require  some
	      interpolation  scheme,  which needs much more sophisticated pro-

       List a table of all sampling rates
	      -R shows a list of all sample rates and their dividers. Dividers
	      can range from 1 to 50.5 in steps of 0.5.

       Select start track and optionally end track
	      -t n+m selects n as the start track and optionally m as the last
	      track of a range to be recorded.	These tracks must be from  the
	      table  of contents.  This sets the track where recording begins.
	      Recording can advance through the following tracks as well (lim-
	      ited by the optional end track or otherwise depending on record-
	      ing time). Whether one file or different files are then  created
	      depends on the -B option (see below).

       Select start index
	      -i  n  selects the index to start recording with.	 Indices other
	      than 1 will invoke the index scanner, which will take some  time
	      to find the correct start position. An offset may be given addi-
	      tionally (see below).

       Set recording time
	      -d  n sets recording time to n seconds or set recording time for
	      whole  track  if	n is zero. In order to specify the duration in
	      frames (sectors) also, the argument can have  an	appended  'f'.
	      Then  the	 numerical argument is to be taken as frames (sectors)
	      rather than seconds.  Please note that if track ranges are being
	      used  they define the recording time as well thus overriding any
	      -d option specified times.

	      Recording time is defined as the time the generated sample  will
	      play  (at	 the  defined  sample rate). Since it's related to the
	      amount of generated samples, it's not the time of	 the  sampling
	      process  itself  (which  can  be	less  or  more).  It's neither
	      strictly coupled with the	 time  information  on	the  audio  CD
	      (shown  by  your	hifi CD player).  Differences can occur by the
	      usage of the -o option (see below). Notice that  recording  time
	      will  be	shortened,  unless enough disk space exists. Recording
	      can be aborted at anytime by pressing the break character	 (sig-
	      nal SIGQUIT).
		 .IP  "Record  all  tracks  of a complete audio CD in separate
	      files" -B copies each track into a separate file.	 A  base  name
	      can  be  given.  File names have an appended track number and an
	      extension corresponding to the audio format. To record all audio
	      tracks of a CD, use a sufficient high duration (i.e. -d99999).

       Set start sector offset
	      -o  sectors increments start sector of the track by sectors.  By
	      this option you are able to skip a certain amount at the	begin-
	      ning  of a track so you can pick exactly the part you want. Each
	      sector runs for 1/75 seconds, so you have very fine control.  If
	      your  offset  is	so high that it would not fit into the current
	      track, a warning message is issued and the  offset  is  ignored.
	      Recording time is not reduced.  (To skip introductory quiet pas-
	      sages automagically, use the -w option see below.)

       Wait for signal option
	      -w Turning on this option will suppress  all  silent  output  at
	      startup, reducing possibly file size.  icedax will watch for any
	      signal in the output signal and switches on writing to file.

       Find extreme samples
	      -F Turning on this option will display the most negative and the
	      most positive sample value found during recording for both chan-
	      nels. This can be useful for readjusting the volume. The	values
	      shown are not reset at track boundaries, they cover the complete
	      sampling process. They are taken from the original  samples  and
	      have  the same format (i.e. they are independent of the selected
	      output format).

       Find if input samples are in mono
	      -G If this option is given, input samples for both channels will
	      be  compared.  At	 the end of the program the result is printed.
	      Differences in the channels indicate stereo, otherwise when both
	      channels are equal it will indicate mono.

       Undo the pre-emphasis in the input samples
	      -T  Some	older audio CDs are recorded with a modified frequency
	      response called pre-emphasis. This is found mostly in  classical
	      recordings. The correction can be seen in the flags of the Table
	      Of Contents often. But there are recordings, that show this set-
	      ting only in the subchannels. If this option is given, the index
	      scanner will be started, which reads the	q-subchannel  of  each
	      track.  If  pre-emphasis	is  indicated in the q-subchannel of a
	      track, but not in the TOC, pre-emphasis will be  assumed	to  be
	      present,	and  subsequently a reverse filtering is done for this
	      track before the samples are written into the audio file.

       Set audio format
	      -O  audiotype can be wav (for wav files) or au or sun  (for  sun
	      PCM files) or cdr or raw (for headerless files to be used for cd
	      writers).	 All file samples are coded in linear pulse code modu-
	      lation  (as  done	 in the audio compact disc format). This holds
	      for all audio formats.  Wav  files  are  compatible  to  Wind*ws
	      sound  files,  they have lsb,msb byte order as being used on the
	      audio cd. The default filename extension is  '.wav'.   Sun  type
	      files  are  not  like the older common logarithmically coded .au
	      files, but instead as mentioned above linear PCM	is  used.  The
	      byte  order  is  msb,lsb	to be compatible. The default filename
	      extension is '.au'.  The AIFF and the newer  variant  AIFC  from
	      the  Apple/SGI  world  store  their  samples in bigendian format
	      (msb,lsb). In AIFC no compression is used.  Finally the  easiest
	      'format',	 the  cdr  aka	raw  format. It is done per default in
	      msb,lsb byte order to satisfy the order wanted by most cd	 writ-
	      ers.  Since  there  is no header information in this format, the
	      sample parameters can only be identified by playing the  samples
	      on  a  soundcard	or  similar. The default filename extension is
	      '.cdr' or '.raw'.

       Select cdrom drive reading speed
	      -S  speed allows to switch the cdrom drive to a certain level of
	      speed in order to reduce read errors. The argument is transfered
	      verbatim to the drive.  Details depend very much	on  the	 cdrom
	      drives.  An argument of 0 for example is often the default speed
	      of the drive, a value of 1 often selects single speed.

       Enable MD5 checksums
	      -M  count enables calculation of MD-5 checksum for 'count' bytes
	      from  the	 beginning  of	a track. This was introduced for quick
	      comparisons of tracks.

       Use Monty's libparanoia for reading of sectors
	      -paranoia selects an alternate way of extracting audio  sectors.
	      Monty's library is used with the following default options:


	      for details see Monty's libparanoia documentation.  In this case
	      the option -P has no effect.

       Do linear or overlapping reading of sectors
	      (This applies unless option -paranoia  is	 used.)	  -P   sectors
	      sets  the	 given	number of sectors for initial overlap sampling
	      for jitter correction. Two cases are to  be  distinguished.  For
	      nonzero  values,	some sectors are read twice to enable icedax's
	      jitter correction.  If an argument of zero is given, no  overlap
	      sampling	will  be  used.	  For  nonzero	overlap sectors icedax
	      dynamically adjusts the setting during sampling (like cdparanoia
	      does).   If  no match can be found, icedax retries the read with
	      an increased overlap.  If the amount of jitter is lower than the
	      current  overlapped samples, icedax reduces the overlap setting,
	      resulting in a higher reading speed.  The argument given has  to
	      be  lower	 than  the  total  number  of sectors per request (see
	      option -n below).	 Icedax will check this setting and  issues  a
	      error  message  otherwise.   The case of zero sectors is nice on
	      low load situations or errorfree (perfect) cdrom drives and per-
	      fect (not scratched) audio cds.

       Set the transfer size
	      -n   sectors will set the transfer size to the specified sectors
	      per request.

       Set number of ring buffer elements
	      -l  buffers will allocate the specified number  of  ring	buffer

       Set endianess of input samples
	      -C   endianess  will  override the default settings of the input
	      format.  Endianess can be set explicitly to "little" or "big" or
	      to  the  automatic  endianess  detection	based  on  voting with

       Set endianess of output samples
	      -E  endianess (endianess can be "little" or "big") will override
	      the default settings of the output format.

       Verbose option
	      -v  itemlist prints more information. A list allows selection of
	      different information items.

	      disable keeps quiet

	      toc displays the table of contents

	      summary displays a summary of recording parameters

	      indices invokes the index scanner and displays  start  positions
	      of indices

	      catalog retrieves and displays a media catalog number

	      trackid  retrieves and displays international standard recording

	      sectors displays track start positions in absolute sector	 nota-

	      To  combine  several requests just list the suboptions separated
	      with commas.

       The table of contents
	      The display will show the	 table	of  contents  with  number  of
	      tracks and total time (displayed in mm:ss.hh format, mm=minutes,
	      ss=seconds, hh=rounded 1/100 seconds).  The following list  dis-
	      plays  track  number and track time for each entry.  The summary
	      gives a line per track describing the type of the track.

		      track preemphasis copypermitted tracktype chans

	      The track column holds the track number.	preemphasis  shows  if
	      that  track  has	been  given  a	non linear frequency response.
	      NOTE: You can undo this effect with the -T option.  copy-permit-
	      ted  indicates  if this track is allowed to copy.	 tracktype can
	      be data or audio. On multimedia CDs (except  hidden  track  CDs)
	      both  of	them should be present.	 channels is defined for audio
	      tracks only. There can be two or four channels.

       No file output
	      -N this debugging option switches off writing to a file.

       No infofile generation
	      -H this option switches off creation of an info file and a  cddb

       Generation of simple output for gui frontends
	      -g  this	option	switches  on  simple line formatting, which is
	      needed to support gui frontends (like xcd-roast).

       Verbose SCSI logging
	      -V this option switches on logging of SCSI commands.  This  will
	      produce  a  lot  of  output  (when SCSI devices are being used).
	      This is needed for debugging purposes. The format is the same as
	      being used with the cdrecord program from Joerg Schilling or the
	      wodim tool. See there for details.

       Quiet option
	      -q suppresses all screen output  except  error  messages.	  That
	      reduces cpu time resources.

       Just show information option
	      -J  does	not write a file, it only prints information about the
	      disc (depending on the -v option). This is just for  information

CDDBP support
       Lookup album and track titles option
	      -L   cddbp  mode Icedax tries to retrieve performer, album-, and
	      track titles from a cddbp server. The default server  right  now
	      is 'freedb.freedb.org'.  It is planned to have more control over
	      the server handling later.  The parameter defines	 how  multiple
	      entries are handled:

       0	interactive mode, the user chooses one of the entries.

       1	take the first entry without asking.

       Set server for title lookups
	      cddbp-server   servername	 When  using  -L or --cddb, the server
	      being contacted can be set with this option.

       Set portnumber for title lookups
	      cddbp-port  portnumber When using -L or --cddb, the server  port
	      being contacted can be set with this option.

       Don't  create  samples  you cannot read. First check your sample player
       software and sound card hardware. I experienced problems with very  low
       sample  rates  (stereo <= 1575 Hz, mono <= 3675 Hz) when trying to play
       them with standard WAV players for sound blaster (maybe	they  are  not
       legal  in  WAV  format).	 Most  CD-Writers insist on audio samples in a
       bigendian format.  Now icedax supports the -E  endianess option to con-
       trol the endianess of the written samples.

       If your hardware is fast enough to run icedax uninterrupted and your CD
       drive is one of the 'perfect' ones, you will gain speed when  switching
       all overlap sampling off with the -P  0 option. Further fine tuning can
       be done with the -n  sectors option. You can specify how	 much  sectors
       should be requested in one go.

       Icedax supports pipes now. Use a filename of - to let icedax output its
       samples to standard output.

       Conversion to other sound formats can be done  using  the  sox  program
       package (although the use of sox -x to change the byte order of samples
       should be no more necessary; see option -E to change the	 output	 byte-

       If  you	want to sample more than one track into different files in one
       run, this is currently possible with the -B option. When recording time
       exceeds the track limit a new file will be opened for the next track.

       Icedax can generate a lot of files for various purposes.

       Audio files:

       There  are audio files containing samples with default extensions These
       files are not generated when option (-N) is given. Multiple  files  may
       be  written  when  the  bulk  copy option (-B) is used. Individual file
       names can be given as arguments. If the number of file names  given  is
       sufficient  to  cover all included audio tracks, the file names will be
       used verbatim.  Otherwise, if there are	less  file  names  than	 files
       needed  to  write the included tracks, the part of the file name before
       the extension is extended with '_dd' where dd  represents  the  current
       track number.

       Cddb and Cdindex files:

       If  icedax detects cd-extra or cd-text (album/track) title information,
       then .cddb and .cdindex files are generated unless  suppressed  by  the
       option  -H.  They  contain suitable formatted entries for submission to
       audio cd track  title  databases	 in  the  internet.  The  CDINDEX  and
       CDDB(tm)	 systems  are currently supported. For more information please
       visit www.musicbrainz.org and www.freedb.com.

       Inf files:

       The inf files are describing the sample files and  the  part  from  the
       audio  cd,  it was taken from. They are a means to transfer information
       to a cd burning program like wodim. For example, if the original	 audio
       cd had pre-emphasis enabled, and icedax -T did remove the pre-emphasis,
       then the inf file has pre-emphasis not set (since the audio  file  does
       not  have it anymore), while the .cddb and the .cdindex have pre-empha-
       sis set as the original does.

       IMPORTANT: it is prohibited to sell copies of copyrighted  material  by
       noncopyright  holders. This program may not be used to circumvent copy-
       rights.	The user acknowledges this constraint when using the software.

       Generation of md5 checksums is currently broken.

       Performance may not be optimal on slower systems.

       The index scanner may give timeouts.

       The resampling (rate conversion code)  uses  polynomial	interpolation,
       which is not optimal.

       Icedax should use threads.

       Icedax currently cannot sample hidden audio tracks (track 1 index 0).

       Thanks goto Project MODE (http://www.mode.net/) and Fraunhofer Institut
       fuer integrierte	 Schaltungen  (FhG-IIS)	 (http://www.iis.fhg.de/)  for
       financial  support.  Plextor Europe and Ricoh Japan provided cdrom disk
       drives and cd burners which helped a  lot  to  develop  this  software.
       Rammi  has  helped a lot with the debugging and showed a lot of stamina
       when hearing 100 times the first 16 seconds of the first track  of  the
       Krupps  CD.   Libparanoia contributed by Monty (Christopher Montgomery)

       Heiko Eissfeldt heiko@colossus.escape.de

       This manpage describes the program implementation of icedax as  shipped
       by  the cdrkit distribution. See http://alioth.debian.org/projects/deb-
       burn/ for details. It is a spinoff from the original  program  cdda2wav
       as  distributed	in  the	 cdrtools  package  [1]. However, the cdrtools
       developers are not involved in the  development	of  this  spinoff  and
       therefore  shall	 not be made responsible for any problem caused by it.
       Do not try to get support for this program by contacting	 the  original

       If you have support questions, send them to


       If you have definitely found a bug, send a mail to this list or to


       writing	at  least  a  short description into the Subject and "Package:
       cdrkit" into the first line of the mail body.

       26 Sep 2006

       [1] Cdrtools 2.01.01a08 from May 2006, http://cdrecord.berlios.de