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GETPWENT(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		   GETPWENT(3)

       getpwent, setpwent, endpwent - get password file entry

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <pwd.h>

       struct passwd *getpwent(void);

       void setpwent(void);

       void endpwent(void);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       getpwent(), setpwent(), endpwent():
	   _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
	       || /* Glibc since 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
	       || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

       The getpwent() function returns a pointer to a structure containing the
       broken-out fields of a record from the  password	 database  (e.g.,  the
       local  password file /etc/passwd, NIS, and LDAP).  The first time getp-
       went() is called, it returns the first entry;  thereafter,  it  returns
       successive entries.

       The  setpwent() function rewinds to the beginning of the password data-

       The endpwent() function is used to close the  password  database	 after
       all processing has been performed.

       The passwd structure is defined in <pwd.h> as follows:

	   struct passwd {
	       char   *pw_name;	      /* username */
	       char   *pw_passwd;     /* user password */
	       uid_t   pw_uid;	      /* user ID */
	       gid_t   pw_gid;	      /* group ID */
	       char   *pw_gecos;      /* user information */
	       char   *pw_dir;	      /* home directory */
	       char   *pw_shell;      /* shell program */

       For more information about the fields of this structure, see passwd(5).

       The  getpwent()	function  returns  a pointer to a passwd structure, or
       NULL if there are no more entries or an error occurred.	 If  an	 error
       occurs,	errno is set appropriately.  If one wants to check errno after
       the call, it should be set to zero before the call.

       The return value may point to a static area, and may be overwritten  by
       subsequent  calls  to getpwent(), getpwnam(3), or getpwuid(3).  (Do not
       pass the returned pointer to free(3).)

       EINTR  A signal was caught; see signal(7).

       EIO    I/O error.

       EMFILE The per-process limit on the number of open file descriptors has
	      been reached.

       ENFILE The system-wide limit on the total number of open files has been

       ENOMEM Insufficient memory to allocate passwd structure.

       ERANGE Insufficient buffer space supplied.

	      local password database file

       For  an	explanation  of	 the  terms  used   in	 this	section,   see

       |Interface   | Attribute	    | Value			  |
       |getpwent()  | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe race:pwent	  |
       |	    |		    | race:pwentbuf locale	  |
       |setpwent(), | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe race:pwent locale |
       |endpwent()  |		    |				  |
       In  the	above  table, pwent in race:pwent signifies that if any of the
       functions setpwent(), getpwent(), or endpwent() are used in parallel in
       different threads of a program, then data races could occur.

       POSIX.1-2001,  POSIX.1-2008,  SVr4,  4.3BSD.  The pw_gecos field is not
       specified in POSIX, but is present on most implementations.

       fgetpwent(3), getpw(3), getpwent_r(3), getpwnam(3), getpwuid(3),	 putp-
       went(3), passwd(5)

       This  page  is  part of release 4.10 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest	  version     of     this    page,    can    be	   found    at

GNU				  2016-03-15			   GETPWENT(3)