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GETPID(2)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		     GETPID(2)

       getpid, getppid - get process identification

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <unistd.h>

       pid_t getpid(void);
       pid_t getppid(void);

       getpid() returns the process ID of the calling process.	(This is often
       used by routines that generate unique temporary filenames.)

       getppid() returns the process ID of the parent of the calling process.

       These functions are always successful.

       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, 4.3BSD, SVr4.

       If the caller's parent is in a different PID namespace (see  pid_names-
       paces(7)), getppid() returns 0.

   C library/kernel differences
       Since  glibc  version  2.3.4,  the  glibc wrapper function for getpid()
       caches PIDs, so as to avoid additional  system  calls  when  a  process
       calls getpid() repeatedly.  Normally this caching is invisible, but its
       correct operation relies	 on  support  in  the  wrapper	functions  for
       fork(2),	 vfork(2),  and clone(2): if an application bypasses the glibc
       wrappers for these system calls by using syscall(2),  then  a  call  to
       getpid()	 in  the  child will return the wrong value (to be precise: it
       will return the PID of the parent process).  See also clone(2) for dis-
       cussion	of  a case where getpid() may return the wrong value even when
       invoking clone(2) via the glibc wrapper function.

       clone(2),  fork(2),  kill(2),  exec(3),	mkstemp(3),  tempnam(3),  tmp-
       file(3), tmpnam(3), credentials(7), pid_namespaces(7)

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       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
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Linux				  2015-07-23			     GETPID(2)